oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2020 ( 5 )

2019 ( 648 )

2018 ( 817 )

2017 ( 752 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461845 matches for " A. Hourlier "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /461845
Display every page Item
Size-dependent catalytic and melting properties of platinum-palladium nanoparticles
Guisbiers Grégory,Abudukelimu Gulmira,Hourlier Djamila
Nanoscale Research Letters , 2011,
Abstract: While nanocatalysis is a very active field, there have been very few studies in the size/shape-dependent catalytic properties of transition metals from a thermodynamical approach. Transition metal nanoparticles are very attractive due their high surface to volume ratio and their high surface energy. In particular, in this paper we focus on the Pt-Pd catalyst which is an important system in catalysis. The melting temperature, melting enthalpy, and catalytic activation energy were found to decrease with size. The face centered cubic crystal structure of platinum and palladium has been considered in the model. The shape stability has been discussed. The phase diagram of different polyhedral shapes has been plotted and the surface segregation has been considered. The model predicts a nanoparticle core rich in Pt surrounded by a layer enriched in Pd. The Pd segregation at the surface strongly modifies the catalytic activation energy compared to the non-segregated nanoparticle. The predictions were compared with the available experimental data in the literature. PACS 65.80-g; 82.60.Qr; 64.75.Jk
The Waveform Digitiser of the Double Chooz Experiment: Performance and Quantisation Effects on PhotoMultiplier Tube Signals
Y. Abe,T. Akiri,A. Cabrera,B. Courty,J. V. Dawson,L. F. G. Gonzalez,A. Hourlier,M. Ishitsuka,H. de Kerret,D. Kryn,P. Novella,M. Obolensky,S. Perasso,A. Remoto,R. Roncin
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1088/1748-0221/8/08/P08015
Abstract: We present the waveform digitiser used in the Double Chooz experiment. We describe the hardware and the custom-built firmware specifically developed for the experiment. The performance of the device is tested with regards to digitising low light level signals from photomultiplier tubes and measuring pulse charge. This highlights the role of quantisation effects and leads to some general recommendations on the design and use of waveform digitisers.
Polarization-dependent light extinction in ensembles of polydisperse, vertical semiconductor nanowires: A Mie scattering effective medium
Grzegorz Grzela,Djamila Hourlier,Jaime Gómez Rivas
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.86.045305
Abstract: We present an experimental and theoretical study of the angle- and polarization-dependent light extinction in random arrays of polydisperse semiconductor nanowires epitaxially grown on substrates. The specular reflectance is described by averaging the scattering properties of individual nanowires obtained from Lorenz-Mie theory over the diameter distribution. The complex effective refractive index describing the propagation and attenuation of the coherent beam scattered in forward direction is determined in the independent scattering approximation and used to calculate the angle- and polarization-dependent reflectance. Our measurements demonstrate the highly anisotropic scattering in ensembles of aligned nanowires.
Characterization of ion/electron beam induced deposition of electrical contacts at the sub-μm scale
D. Brunel,D. Troadec,D. Hourlier,D. Deresmes,M Zdrojek,T. Mélin
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1016/j.mee.2011.03.011
Abstract: We investigate the fabrication of electrical contacts using ion- and electron-beam induced deposition of platinum at the sub-\mu m scale. Halos associated with the metal surface decoration are characterized electrically in the 0.05-2 \mu m range using transport measurements, conducting atomic force microscopy and Kelvin probe microscopy. In contrast with IBID, EBID electrodes exhibit weakly conductive halos at the sub-\mu m scale, and can thus be used to achieve resist-free electrical contacts for transport measurements at the sub-\mu m scale. Four-point transport measurements using \mu m-spaced EBID contacts are provided in the case of a multiwalled carbon nanotube.
A Gene-Phenotype Network Based on Genetic Variability for Drought Responses Reveals Key Physiological Processes in Controlled and Natural Environments
David Rengel, Sandrine Arribat, Pierre Maury, Marie-Laure Martin-Magniette, Thibaut Hourlier, Marion Laporte, Didier Varès, Sébastien Carrère, Philippe Grieu, Sandrine Balzergue, Jér?me Gouzy, Patrick Vincourt, Nicolas B. Langlade
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045249
Abstract: Identifying the connections between molecular and physiological processes underlying the diversity of drought stress responses in plants is key for basic and applied science. Drought stress response involves a large number of molecular pathways and subsequent physiological processes. Therefore, it constitutes an archetypical systems biology model. We first inferred a gene-phenotype network exploiting differences in drought responses of eight sunflower (Helianthus annuus) genotypes to two drought stress scenarios. Large transcriptomic data were obtained with the sunflower Affymetrix microarray, comprising 32423 probesets, and were associated to nine morpho-physiological traits (integrated transpired water, leaf transpiration rate, osmotic potential, relative water content, leaf mass per area, carbon isotope discrimination, plant height, number of leaves and collar diameter) using sPLS regression. Overall, we could associate the expression patterns of 1263 probesets to six phenotypic traits and identify if correlations were due to treatment, genotype and/or their interaction. We also identified genes whose expression is affected at moderate and/or intense drought stress together with genes whose expression variation could explain phenotypic and drought tolerance variability among our genetic material. We then used the network model to study phenotypic changes in less tractable agronomical conditions, i.e. sunflower hybrids subjected to different watering regimes in field trials. Mapping this new dataset in the gene-phenotype network allowed us to identify genes whose expression was robustly affected by water deprivation in both controlled and field conditions. The enrichment in genes correlated to relative water content and osmotic potential provides evidence of the importance of these traits in agronomical conditions.
Transcriptomic analysis of the interaction between Helianthus annuus and its obligate parasite Plasmopara halstedii shows single nucleotide polymorphisms in CRN sequences
Falah As-sadi, Sébastien Carrere, Quentin Gascuel, Thibaut Hourlier, David Rengel, Marie-Christine Le Paslier, Amandine Bordat, Marie-Claude Boniface, Dominique Brunel, Jér?me Gouzy, Laurence Godiard, Patrick Vincourt
BMC Genomics , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-12-498
Abstract: A 454 pyrosequencing run of two infected sunflower samples (inbred lines XRQ and PSC8 infected with race 710 of P. halstedii, which exhibit incompatible and compatible interactions, respectively) generated 113,720 and 172,107 useable reads. From these reads, 44,948 contigs and singletons have been produced. A bioinformatic portal, HP, was specifically created for in-depth analysis of these clusters. Using in silico filtering, 405 clusters were defined as being specific to oomycetes, and 172 were defined as non-specific oomycete clusters. A subset of these two categories was checked using PCR amplification, and 86% of the tested clusters were validated. Twenty putative RXLR and CRN effectors were detected using PSI-BLAST. Using corresponding sequences from four races (100, 304, 703 and 710), 22 SNPs were detected, providing new information on pathogen polymorphisms.This study identified a large number of genes that are expressed during H. annuus/P. halstedii compatible or incompatible interactions. It also reveals, for the first time, that an infection mechanism exists in P. halstedii similar to that in other oomycetes associated with the presence of putative RXLR and CRN effectors. SNPs discovered in CRN effector sequences were used to determine the genetic distances between the four races of P. halstedii. This work therefore provides valuable tools for further discoveries regarding the H. annuus/P. halstedii pathosystem.Downy mildew in sunflowers (Helianthus annuus L.) is caused by the oomycete Plasmopara halstedii (Farl.) Berlese et de Toni. Both the host plant and the pathogen species originated in North America, where co-evolution has taken place [1]. As the result of the fast evolution of the pathogen and despite considerable efforts by public research and seed companies, downy mildew remains a major risk for the crop, as new races of the pathogen are bypassing the resistance of sunflower hybrids [2], which is generally based on race-specific Pl genes [3-6]. On
Direct Measurement of Backgrounds using Reactor-Off Data in Double Chooz
Y. Abe,C. Aberle,J. C. dos Anjos,J. C. Barriere,M. Bergevin,A. Bernstein,T. J. C. Bezerra,L. Bezrukhov,E. Blucher,N. S. Bowden,C. Buck,J. Busenitz,A. Cabrera,E. Caden,L. Camilleri,R. Carr,M. Cerrada,P. -J. Chang,P. Chimenti,T. Classen,A. P. Collin,E. Conover,J. M. Conrad,J. I. Crespo-Anadon,K. Crum,A. Cucoanes,M. V. D'Agostino,E. Damon,J. V. Dawson,S. Dazeley,D. Dietrich,Z. Djurcic,M. Dracos,V. Durand,J. Ebert,Y. Efremenko,M. Elnimr,A. Erickson,A. Etenko,M. Fallot,M. Fechner,F. von Feilitzsch,J. Felde,S. M. Fernandes,V. Fischer,D. Franco,A. J. Franke,M. Franke,H. Furuta,R. Gama,I. Gil-Botella,L. Giot,M. G?ger-Neff,L. F. G. Gonzalez,L. Goodenough,M. C. Goodman,J. TM. Goon,D. Greiner,N. Haag,S. Habib,C. Hagner,T. Hara,F. X. Hartmann,J. Haser,A. Hatzikoutelis,T. Hayakawa,M. Hofmann,G. A. Horton-Smith,A. Hourlier,M. Ishitsuka,J. Jochum,C. Jollet,C. L. Jones,F. Kaether,L. N. Kalousis,Y. Kamyshkov,D. M. Kaplan,T. Kawasaki,G. Keefer,E. Kemp,H. de Kerret,Y. Kibe,T. Konno,D. Kryn,M. Kuze,T. Lachenmaier,C. E. Lane,C. Langbrandtner,T. Lasserre,A. Letourneau,D. Lhuillier,H. P. Lima Jr,M. Lindner,J. M. Lopez-Castano,J. M. LoSecco,B. K. Lubsandorzhiev,S. Lucht,D. McKee,J. Maeda,C. N. Maesano,C. Mariani,J. Maricic,J. Martino,T. Matsubara,G. Mention,A. Meregaglia,M. Meyer,T. Miletic,R. Milincic,H. Miyata,Th. A. Mueller,Y. Nagasaka,K. Nakajima,P. Novella,M. Obolensky,L. Oberauer,A. Onillon,A. Osborn,I. Ostrovskiy,C. Palomares,I. M. Pepe,S. Perasso,P. Perrin,P. Pfahler,A. Porta,W. Potzel
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.87.011102
Abstract: Double Chooz is unique among modern reactor-based neutrino experiments studying $\bar \nu_e$ disappearance in that data can be collected with all reactors off. In this paper, we present data from 7.53 days of reactor-off running. Applying the same selection criteria as used in the Double Chooz reactor-on oscillation analysis, a measured background rate of 1.0$\pm$0.4 events/day is obtained. The background model for accidentals, cosmogenic $\beta$-$n$-emitting isotopes, fast neutrons from cosmic muons, and stopped-$\mu$ decays used in the oscillation analysis is demonstrated to be correct within the uncertainties. Kinematic distributions of the events, which are dominantly cosmic-ray-produced correlated-background events, are provided. The background rates are scaled to the shielding depths of two other reactor-based oscillation experiments, Daya Bay and RENO.
First Measurement of θ_13 from Delayed Neutron Capture on Hydrogen in the Double Chooz Experiment
Double Chooz Collaboration,Y. Abe,C. Aberle,J. C. dos Anjos,J. C. Barriere,M. Bergevin,A. Bernstein,T. J. C. Bezerra,L. Bezrukhov,E. Blucher,N. S. Bowden,C. Buck,J. Busenitz,A. Cabrera,E. Caden,L. Camilleri,R. Carr,M. Cerrada,P. -J. Chang,P. Chimenti,T. Classen,A. P. Collin,E. Conover,J. M. Conrad,J. I. Crespo-Anadón,K. Crum,A. Cucoanes,E. Damon,J. V. Dawson,S. Dazeley,D. Dietrich,Z. Djurcic,M. Dracos,V. Durand,J. Ebert,Y. Efremenko,M. Elnimr,A. Erickson,A. Etenko,M. Fallot,M. Fechner,F. von Feilitzsch,J. Felde,S. M. Fernandes,V. Fischer,D. Franco,A. J. Franke,M. Franke,H. Furuta,R. Gama,I. Gil-Botella,L. Giot,M. G?ger-Neff,L. F. G. Gonzalez,L. Goodenough,M. C. Goodman,J. TM. Goon,D. Greiner,N. Haag,S. Habib,C. Hagner,T. Hara,F. X. Hartmann,J. Haser,A. Hatzikoutelis,T. Hayakawa,M. Hofmann,G. A. Horton-Smith,A. Hourlier,M. Ishitsuka,J. Jochum,C. Jollet,C. L. Jones,F. Kaether,L. N. Kalousis,Y. Kamyshkov,D. M. Kaplan,T. Kawasaki,G. Keefer,E. Kemp,H. de Kerret,T. Konno,D. Kryn,M. Kuze,T. Lachenmaier,C. E. Lane,C. Langbrandtner,T. Lasserre,A. Letourneau,D. Lhuillier,H. P. Lima Jr,M. Lindner,J. M. López-Casta?o,J. M. LoSecco,B. K. Lubsandorzhiev,S. Lucht,D. McKee,J. Maeda,C. N. Maesano,C. Mariani,J. Maricic,J. Martino,T. Matsubara,G. Mention,A. Meregaglia,M. Meyer,T. Miletic,R. Milincic,H. Miyata,Th. A. Mueller,Y. Nagasaka,K. Nakajima,P. Novella,M. Obolensky,L. Oberauer,A. Onillon,A. Osborn,I. Ostrovskiy,C. Palomares,I. M. Pepe,S. Perasso,P. Perrin,P. Pfahler,A. Porta,W. Potzel
Statistics , 2013, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2013.04.050
Abstract: The Double Chooz experiment has determined the value of the neutrino oscillation parameter $\theta_{13}$ from an analysis of inverse beta decay interactions with neutron capture on hydrogen. This analysis uses a three times larger fiducial volume than the standard Double Chooz assessment, which is restricted to a region doped with gadolinium (Gd), yielding an exposure of 113.1 GW-ton-years. The data sample used in this analysis is distinct from that of the Gd analysis, and the systematic uncertainties are also largely independent, with some exceptions, such as the reactor neutrino flux prediction. A combined rate- and energy-dependent fit finds $\sin^2 2\theta_{13}=0.097\pm 0.034(stat.) \pm 0.034 (syst.)$, excluding the no-oscillation hypothesis at 2.0 \sigma. This result is consistent with previous measurements of $\sin^2 2\theta_{13}$.
Reactor electron antineutrino disappearance in the Double Chooz experiment
Y. Abe,C. Aberle,J. C. dos Anjos,J. C. Barriere,M. Bergevin,A. Bernstein,T. J. C. Bezerra,L. Bezrukhov,E. Blucher,N. S. Bowden,C. Buck,J. Busenitz,A. Cabrera,E. Caden,L. Camilleri,R. Carr,M. Cerrada,P. -J. Chang,P. Chimenti,T. Classen,A. P. Collin,E. Conover,J. M. Conrad,J. I. Crespo-Anadón,K. Crum,A. Cucoanes,M. V. D'Agostino,E. Damon,J. V. Dawson,S. Dazeley,D. Dietrich,Z. Djurcic,M. Dracos,V. Durand,J. Ebert,Y. Efremenko,M. Elnimr,A. Etenko,M. Fallot,M. Fechner,F. von Feilitzsch,J. Felde,D. Franco,A. J. Franke,M. Franke,H. Furuta,R. Gama,I. Gil-Botella,L. Giot,M. Goger-Neff,L. F. G. Gonzalez,M. C. Goodman,J. TM. Goon,D. Greiner,N. Haag,C. Hagner,T. Hara,F. X. Hartmann,J. Haser,A. Hatzikoutelis,T. Hayakawa,M. Hofmann,G. A. Horton-Smith,A. Hourlier,M. Ishitsuka,J. Jochum,C. Jollet,C. L. Jones,F. Kaether,L. N. Kalousis,Y. Kamyshkov,D. M. Kaplan,T. Kawasaki,G. Keefer,E. Kemp,H. de Kerret,Y. Kibe,T. Konno,D. Kryn,M. Kuze,T. Lachenmaier,C. E. Lane,C. Langbrandtner,T. Lasserre,A. Letourneau,D. Lhuillier,H. P. Lima Jr,M. Lindner,J. M. López-Castan?,J. M. LoSecco,B. K. Lubsandorzhiev,S. Lucht,D. McKee,J. Maeda,C. N. Maesano,C. Mariani,J. Maricic,J. Martino,T. Matsubara,G. Mention,A. Meregaglia,T. Miletic,R. Milincic,H. Miyata,Th. A. Mueller,Y. Nagasaka,K. Nakajima,P. Novella,M. Obolensky,L. Oberauer,A. Onillon,A. Osborn,I. Ostrovskiy,C. Palomares,I. M. Pepe,S. Perasso,P. Perrin,P. Pfahler,A. Porta,W. Potzel,J. Reichenbacher,B. Reinhold,A. Remoto,M. Rohling,R. Roncin,S. Roth
Statistics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.86.052008
Abstract: The Double Chooz experiment has observed 8,249 candidate electron antineutrino events in 227.93 live days with 33.71 GW-ton-years (reactor power x detector mass x livetime) exposure using a 10.3 cubic meter fiducial volume detector located at 1050 m from the reactor cores of the Chooz nuclear power plant in France. The expectation in case of theta13 = 0 is 8,937 events. The deficit is interpreted as evidence of electron antineutrino disappearance. From a rate plus spectral shape analysis we find sin^2 2{\theta}13 = 0.109 \pm 0.030(stat) \pm 0.025(syst). The data exclude the no-oscillation hypothesis at 99.8% CL (2.9{\sigma}).
Precision Muon Reconstruction in Double Chooz
Double Chooz collaboration,Y. Abe,J. C. dos Anjos,J. C. Barriere,E. Baussan,I. Bekman,M. Bergevin,T. J. C. Bezerra,L. Bezrukov,E. Blucher,C. Buck,J. Busenitz,A. Cabrera,E. Caden,L. Camilleri,R. Carr,M. Cerrada,P. -J. Chang,E. Chauveau,P. Chimenti,A. P. Collin,E. Conover,J. M. Conrad,J. I. Crespo-Anadón,K. Crum,A. Cucoanes,E. Damon,J. V. Dawson,D. Dietrich,Z. Djurcic,M. Dracos,M. Elnimr,A. Etenko,M. Fallot,F. von Feilitzsch,J. Felde,S. M. Fernandes,V. Fischer,D. Franco,M. Franke,H. Furuta,I. Gil-Botella,L. Giot,M. G?ger-Neff,L. F. G. Gonzalez,L. Goodenough,M. C. Goodman,C. Grant,N. Haag,T. Hara,J. Haser,M. Hofmann,G. A. Horton-Smith,A. Hourlier,M. Ishitsuka,J. Jochum,C. Jollet,F. Kaether,L. N. Kalousis,Y. Kamyshkov,D. M. Kaplan,T. Kawasaki,E. Kemp,H. de Kerret,D. Kryn,M. Kuze,T. Lachenmaier,C. E. Lane,T. Lasserre,A. Letourneau,D. Lhuillier,H. P. Lima Jr,M. Lindner,J. M. López-Casta no,J. M. LoSecco,B. Lubsandorzhiev,S. Lucht,J. Maeda,C. Mariani,J. Maricic,J. Martino,T. Matsubara,G. Mention,A. Meregaglia,T. Miletic,R. Milincic,A. Minotti,Y. Nagasaka,Y. Nikitenko,P. Novella,M. Obolensky,L. Oberauer,A. Onillon,A. Osborn,C. Palomares,I. M. Pepe,S. Perasso,P. Pfahler,A. Porta,G. Pronost,J. Reichenbacher,B. Reinhold,M. R?hling,R. Roncin,S. Roth,B. Rybolt,Y. Sakamoto,R. Santorelli,A. C. Schilithz,S. Sch?nert,S. Schoppmann,M. H. Shaevitz,R. Sharankova,S. Shimojima,V. Sibille,V. Sinev,M. Skorokhvatov,E. Smith,J. Spitz,A. Stahl,I. Stancu,L. F. F. Stokes,M. Strait,A. Stüken,F. Suekane
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2014.07.058
Abstract: We describe a muon track reconstruction algorithm for the reactor anti-neutrino experiment Double Chooz. The Double Chooz detector consists of two optically isolated volumes of liquid scintillator viewed by PMTs, and an Outer Veto above these made of crossed scintillator strips. Muons are reconstructed by their Outer Veto hit positions along with timing information from the other two detector volumes. All muons are fit under the hypothesis that they are through-going and ultrarelativistic. If the energy depositions suggest that the muon may have stopped, the reconstruction fits also for this hypothesis and chooses between the two via the relative goodness-of-fit. In the ideal case of a through-going muon intersecting the center of the detector, the resolution is ~40 mm in each transverse dimension. High quality muon reconstruction is an important tool for reducing the impact of the cosmogenic isotope background in Double Chooz.
Page 1 /461845
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.