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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 462028 matches for " A. Coulibaly "
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Critique of John Locke Objection to the Innate Ideas  [PDF]
Coulibaly Yacouba
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2016.64030
Abstract: The debate about innetivism is not a new subject in philosophy. From the earlier philosophers up to the recent ones, the main question that remains is: men are born with some ideas or we only know through experience? In this study, the emphasis will not be the process of human knowledge but the controversy in the objection of Locke to the innate Idea. From the beginning of his objection, John Locke shows that we are born with empty mind. Then through experience we build the knowledge little by little. But later on, Locke recognizes that it’s also possible that children may have some ideas from the womb. They may experience wants, diseases, hunger, and heat. To him many of those ideas which were produced in the minds of children, in the beginning of their sensation, if they are not repeated in future, then they are quite lost. If we choose the fact that people are born with ideas from pre-experience, that view is more scientific and more logical than the religious view of Plato. The paper concludes that even though there is no complete agreement on how innate ideas are made, we did not come in the world with blank mind and what is important is not how innate ideas have been made but their existence and application in life.
Impact of the Association of a High Fructose Diet and Chronic Mild Stress on Metabolic and Affective Disorders in Male Rat  [PDF]
Y. Chahirou, M. Lamtai, A. Mesfioui, A. Ouichou, M. Coulibaly, R. Boussekkour, A. El Hessni
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2018.84010
Abstract: An early unbalanced nutritional diet can induce affective disorders in adulthood. As well as stress in adolescence can accentuate these disorders. Both human and rat structural changes have been demonstrated in the hippocampus, likewise, oxidative stress may be involved in these disturbances. The objective of this study is to see the impact of a high-fructose diet (PN21) associated with chronic mild stress (CMS) at the end of adolescence (PN55) on metabolic and affective disorders in rats Wistar. This study was performed on four groups of male rats: control group, CMS for five weeks (PN55), fructose for ten weeks (PN21) and fructose for ten weeks (PN21) associated with CMS for five weeks (PN55). These animals underwent behavioral tests to evaluate their affective states (open field test, Sucrose preference test). After sacrifice, the dosage of glucose, triglycerides and total cholesterol was performed at the prefrontal cortex (CPF) and also at the hippocampus; the dosage of nitric oxide (NO) was performed, too. The bulk of our results show that fructose induces metabolic disturbances; the CMS induces a state of depression-like, while the association potentiated metabolic disturbances, depression-like state and also inducing anxiety. This study has shown that fructose and CMS can disrupt the various functions of the body and their association can potentiate these disturbances.
Acute Hydrocephalus Revealing Unusual Cerebellar Mass: Dysplastic Cerebellar Gangliocytoma or Lhermitte-Duclos Disease (LDD)  [PDF]
C. Karekezi, M. Boutarbouch, O. Coulibaly, S. Derraz, A. El Ouahabi, A. El Khamlichi
Neuroscience & Medicine (NM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/nm.2013.43026
Abstract:

Lhermitte-Duclos disease (LDD) or dysplastic gangliocytoma of the cerebellum is a rare benign lesion of uncertain pathogenesis characterized by overgrowth of cerebellar ganglion cells which replace granular cells and Purkinje cells; this results in gross thickening of the cerebellar folia. It is revealed by symptoms of raised intracranial pressure, cerebellar impairment and obstructive hydrocephalus. We reported the case of a 41-year-old male who presented with symptoms of acute raised intracranial pressure. Brain computed tomography (CT) scan revealed hydrocephalus due to compression of the 4th ventricle by a large non-enhancing left cerebellar mass. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a space-occupying lesion within the left cerebellar hemisphere with unusual striation. Radical surgery was retained though the margins with normal cerebellar tissue were not distinct. Clinical complications after gross total or partial removal of Lhermitte-Duclos lesions have been rarely reported in the literature; herein we stress the importance of extreme caution in removing these lesions in cerebellar areas that have no distinct margins between the lesion and normal tissue.

Development of a Malian food exchange system based on local foods and dishes for the assessment of nutrient and food intake in type 2 diabetic subjects
A Coulibaly, HT O’Brien, I Galibois
South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: To develop exchange lists for the assessment of food and nutrient intakes for people with diabetes in Mali. Design: Based on North American exchange lists, a Malian food exchange system was developed using food composition tables for Mali. Dietary intakes were assessed by two 48-hour dietary recalls. Daily numbers of exchanges were determined for the whole sample and for each gender. Energy and macronutrient intakes obtained by a software-based nutritional analysis of the dietary recalls were compared with the average energy and nutrient values calculated with the exchange lists. Setting: Centre National de Lutte contre le Diabète. Subjects: Seventeen male and 40 female adults with type 2 diabetes. Results: The analysis of food recalls using the Malian exchange system showed that subjects consumed the following numbers of exchanges per day: 2.6 ± 1.5 meat and substitutes, 0.5 ± 0.8 legumes, 0.7 ± 1.2 milk, 8.0 ± 4.1 fat, 8.3 ± 3.0 starch, 1.5 ± 0.9 vegetables, 0.2 ± 0.5 fruit, and 0.0 ± 0.2 sugar-added foods, totalling 1 854 ± 648 kcal, 260 ± 92 g carbohydrate, 56 ± 23 g protein and 63 ± 31 g fat. These results concerning energy and macronutrients did not differ significantly from those obtained from the nutritional analysis of food recalls with software using data from the Food Composition Table for Mali. Compared to women, men consumed significantly larger numbers of exchanges of meat and substitutes, fat, starch, and fruit. No significant differences were found for the intakes of legumes, milk, vegetables and sugar-added foods. Conclusions: This study allowed the development of Malian food exchange lists and demonstrated their usefulness for the description of the dietary pattern and energy and macronutrient intakes of male and female Malian type 2 diabetic patients.
Propriétés physico-chimiques de l'amidon de gingembre (Zingiber officinale roscoe) de C te d'Ivoire
Amani, NGG.,Tetchi, FA.,Coulibaly, A.
Tropicultura , 2004,
Abstract: Physico-chemical Properties of Starch from Ginger Rhizome (Zingiber officinale roscoe) of Ivory Coast. The ginger or rhizome of Zingiber officinale roscoe is one of spice valued for its characteristic aroma and pungency. It grows in tropical region, specially in south and east part of Asia. That spice in commercialised in dry form. In Ivory Coast, the ginger is often consumed in the form of drink commonly called "Gnamakoudji". In order to increase the value of ginger, studies about the physico-chemical and functional properties of ginger starch have been investigated. Its amylose, ash, lipid and protein content are respectively 28.3%, 0.14%, 0.12% and 0.18%. The granule size is between 6.43 and 38.56 μm. Native ginger starch shows a very low sensitiveness to snail's digestive sap, on the other hand, gelatinized starch is very sensitive. Acid hydrolysis gave two phases: a fast one during the first fortnight and a slow one beyond. The swelling and solubility study has revolted a weak swelling power and a low solubility in water. The thermogram showed a high gelatinization temperature in order of 83.2 °C and a gelatinization enthalpy of 14.65 J/g. Retrogradation study reveals that starch retrogrades at the end of two days and at J0, syneresis is 44% and clarity is 11.5%.
Chemical Composition, Nutritive and Energetic Value of Plantain (Musa ssp.) Hybrids CRBP 14, CRBP 39, FHIA 17, FHIA 21and Orishele Variety
Coulibaly, S.,Nemlin, GJ.,Kamenan, A.
Tropicultura , 2007,
Abstract: Chemical characteristics as well as contents in main components such as dry matter, sugars, lipids proteins and some minerals were determined in four banana hybrids CRBP 14, CRBP 39, FHIA 17, FHIA 21 and Orishele variety (used as control). Titrable acidity, pH, and calorific energy of these various cultivars of banana (Musa ssp.) were also determined. The results indicated that Orishele variety had the highest content of dry matter, total carbohydrate and potassium. On the other hand, CRBP 39 hybrid which had the highest total acidity was the richest in total sugars and was the most energetic. Concerning FHIA 17, it contained the highest amount of proteins, lipids, magnesium, calcium and iron.
Mineralogical and Chemical Characteristics of Clays Consumed in the District of Abidjan (CÔte D’Ivoire)  [PDF]
Vamoussa Coulibaly, Joseph Sei, Léon Konan Koffi, Samuel Oyetola, El-A?d Jdid, Fabien Thomas
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2014.514108
Abstract: Clay materials of the quarry of Bingerville (district of Abidjan) have been characterized by chemical analysis, X-rays diffraction, infrared spectroscopy and thermal analysis. These materials contain kaolinite (41% - 84%), illite (4% - 10%), quartz (14% - 27%), goethite (2% - 5%) and small amount of rutile (1%) that are not toxic minerals. They also contain some heavy metals which are beneficial to human biological activity (cobalt, copper, molybdenum, zinc) in tiny quantities. Some other heavy metals (lead, cadmium) which are considered as poisonous for human are present in very low content. The samples characterized by relatively fine grains are moderately crystallized. Their specific surface area varied from 26 to 43 m2·g1. The mineralogical and physicochemical characteristics of these samples are like ones known for their healing properties. The consumption by internal way of studied materials, although it may be beneficial, requires a sifting to remove coarse grains (Φ > 2 μm) and a previous microbiological control.
Maxillary Osteitis in the Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital: Epidemiological, Clinical and Therapeutic Aspects  [PDF]
T. Konsem, M. Millogo, V. Ili, A. Coulibaly, R. W. L. Ouedraogo, L. Ouedraogo, D. Ouedraogo
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2018.84009
Abstract: Purpose: Report the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic aspects of maxillary osteitis. Material and Methods: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional retrospective study carried out in the Department of Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Yalgado OUEDRAOGO Teaching Hospital, covering a period of 7 years. Results: We registered 68 cases of maxillary osteitis with an annual hospital frequency of 9.71 cases. The mean age was 27.5 years +/-4.02 with extremes of 4 years and 72 years. Farmers/herders were the most concerned in 67.65% of the cases. Reasons for consultation were dominated by swelling of the cheek in 79.41% of cases. The average time to consultation was 7 months. Tooth decays and dental avulsions were mostly implicated in etiologies in 79.41% of the cases. Treatment provided was medical and surgical. All patients received antibiotic therapy. Surgical treatment involved 51.47% of patients. The evolution was favorable in 89.70% of the patients. Sequelae were found in 58.82% of the patients. Conclusion: Maxillary osteitis is common in our regions. Treatment is medical and surgical. It is marked by many difficulties, especially the delay in consultation.
Maxillary Ameloblastoma, Epidemiological Aspects and Treatment at the Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
T. Konsem, M. Millogo, R. W. L. Ouedraogo, V. Ili, L. Ouedraogo, A. Coulibaly, D. Ouedraogo
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2018.85014
Abstract: Purpose: To report any epidemiological, anatomo-clinical and therapeutic aspects of maxillary ameloblastoma at the Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital (CHU-YO). Materials and Method: This was a descriptive and retrospective study covering the period ranging from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2016. All patients received in the stomatology department for maxillary ameloblastoma with histological confirmation were included in the study. Consultation registers were used as the basis for data collection. Results: In our study, 50 cases were reported, i.e. an incidence of 7.14 cases per year. The mean age was 30.16 years with a sex ratio of 0.56. Housewives were the most affected and the average time to consultation was 2.5 years. The site of the tumor was in the majority of cases the mandible 82%, with swelling as the main reason for consultation. X-rays showed a predominance of monogeodic images in 56% of the cases. Conservative surgery was performed in 56% of the cases. Conclusion: Ameloblastoma is common in our area, characterized by delayed consultation. Strengthening of the technical facilities and awareness campaigns for the populations for early consultation are required.
Management of Kidney Cancers in Urology Department of the Gabriel Toure University Hospital/Bamako  [PDF]
MT Coulibaly, I. Sissoko, A. Berthé, Issa Amadou, B. Traore, M. Ly, Z. Ouattara
Surgical Science (SS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2018.96021
Abstract:

Objective: to report our experience in the management of adult kidney cancer. Patients and Methods: This was a prospective and descriptive study, carried out in the Urology Department of Gabriel Touré University Hospital, during the period from January 1, 2001 to December 31, 2017 for a period of six years, interesting all the medical records of 24 adult patients diagnosed with kidney cancer. Results: During the study period, 24 patients met our inclusion criteria; the mean age was 48.23 ± 8.02 years with extreme ranging from 17 to 82 years. Most of our patients were female (58.3%), and were referred or consulted for lumbar mass in 66.7% of cases. The average tumor size was 13.6 ± 5.8 cm with extremes of 7.8 to 21.1 cm. Management included total nephrectomy in 50% and total nephrectomy expanded in 50% of cases. The histological type found was renal cell carcinoma in 23 patients and papillary carcinoma in one patient. Conclusion: Kidney cancer is rare in our context, its clinical and histological characteristics remain the same for two decades. Its management is largely based on enlarged total nephrectomy.

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