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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 462412 matches for " A?ssata Moussa Abba "
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A qualitative study of the promotion of exclusive breastfeeding by health professionals in Niamey, Niger
Assata Moussa Abba, Maria De Koninck, Anne-Marie Hamelin
International Breastfeeding Journal , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1746-4358-5-8
Abstract: The purpose of this exploratory study, of which some results are presented here, was to document health professionals' attitudes and practices with regard to exclusive breastfeeding promotion in hospital settings in the urban community of Niamey, Niger.Fieldwork was conducted in Niamey, Niger. A qualitative approach was employed. Health professionals' practices were observed in a sample of frontline public healthcare facilities.The field observation results presented here indicate that exclusive breastfeeding is not promoted in healthcare facilities because the health professionals do not encourage it and their practices are inappropriate. Some still have limited knowledge or are misinformed about this practice or do not believe in it. They do not systematically discuss exclusive breastfeeding with mothers, or they mention it only briefly and without giving any explanation. Worse still, some encourage the use of breast milk substitutes, which are frequently promoted in healthcare facilities. Thus mothers often receive contradictory messages.The results suggest the need to train or retrain health professionals with regard to exclusive breastfeeding, and regularly supervise their activities.The WHO and UNICEF jointly recommend that women exclusively breastfeed their infants for the first six months and continue to breastfeed into the second year of life or longer. This feeding method is the normative model [1]. The importance of breastfeeding, especially exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), is well established for the infant, the mother and the family [2-8] and there are risks of not breastfeeding infants, particularly in poorer environments where social, economic and unsafe hygienic conditions increase the risk of infections and undernourishment. In those settings when infant formula are used, they are introduced early and over-diluted. In Niger, nearly all mothers start breastfeeding and continue until 21 months on average, but only 1% of infants are exclusively breastfed
D’un continent a l’autre : la littérature comme une arme du combat féminin
Intercambio , 2009,
Abstract: Although they may be the produce of different context and environment, Calixthe Beyala et Lalita Tademy, two famous black women novelists, respectively from Africa and USA, join in the same fight beyond continents through the themes they develop, the characters they present and their styles (writings), which is almost contrary.For African women writers, literature is not only an act of recovering women’s speech, for so long confiscated, but also a way to face, in many ways, male power and male society. The literary protagonists of African feminism just wish to keep distant from family, where young girls’ alienation and domestication have occurred for centuries. They break the myth of the admirable mother, celebrated by the Négritude movement, for it perpetuates alienating practices, among which excision. They condemn patriarchal order which deny their existence, stand for the right of selfmanagement. Afro-American women writers, on the on hand, have pointed out slavery and its consequences, then Afro-American life conditions in general and Afro-American women in particular in racism context. Nowadays, Afro-American women writers bring new narrative trends, namely as far as slavery history is concerned. They speak about new places, new city neighbourhoods, new schools, new friends, new working places, and describe new experiences which are clearly illustrated in the novels by Terry Mc Millan, Andrea Lee, Connie Porter or Tonni Morrison. In order to consider better this women struggle, we propose to study two of theses writers’ works that exemplify this new tendency in women’s literature in Africa and USA: Seul le DIABLE le savait by Calixthe Beyala and Au bord de la rivière Cane by Lalita Tademy.
Literary production in Niger: the case of the novel
A ssata S Kindo Patengouh
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2005,
Abstract: Literature, like all art, is in part geographically and historically determined. Despite its imaginary nature, literature maintains close ties with its context of emergence. African literature is in part an illustration of determinisms of this type and owes a great deal to colonial trauma. Nevertheless, it also draws on autochthonous myths – both old and new – on the colonial heritage, and on new mentalities generated by decolonisation and other factors. However, certain political and ideological choices visible in literary texts underline national specificities. My intention, as a citizen of Niger, is to contribute to bringing Nigérien literature, and the Nigérien novel, in particular, into the limelight. In fact, this production is only just emerging, as the first novel dates back to 1959. This paper focuses on the fundamental problem of the relation between the novel produced in Niger and the Nigérien society, and by extension, the relation between Nigérien literature and the society from which it is emerging. Based on a thematic study, in the spirit of socio-criticism, an attempt will be made to place a selected corpus of eleven novels, published between 1977 and 1993, in their context of emergence. The geographical (spatial and climatic) milieu is omnipresent and dominant in these works; focus on a traditional socio-cultural milieu is recurrent and is still of current importance, while the modern socio-cultural milieu is determinant but not quite as dominant as rural space. These are some of the basic elements composing the backdrop of Nigérien novelistic creation. They suggest aspects of a collective identity. Nonetheless these are not, in themselves, sufficient grounds on which to identify a specific literary production.
Caractéristiques temporelles et endocriniennes de la puberté et du cycle oestral chez la chèvre locale
Hamidou Tamboura,Laya Sawadogo,Assata Wereme
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement , 1998,
Abstract: Temporal and hormonal characteristics of puberty and oestrous cycle in a local goat breed (Mossi) of Burkina Faso.Age at puberty, duration of sequences in oestrous cycle and timespan of heat, and sex hormone (FSH, LH and E17Beta) levels in blood plasma were studied in local Mossi goats. The study was designed to provide the tools for an improved mating management of this breed in its natural eco-climatic environment. For heat detection, harnassed bucks without markers were put into female paddocks three times a day, and were continuously observed by a trained technicien. Sex hormones in blood plasma were analysed using radioimmunoassay (RIA). There were Ovide individuel variations in plasma FSH and E-17Beta levels. Apparent age at puberty (AAP) was observed around 7.5 months, but actuel AAP as shown by the first ovulation in reproductive life was six months. Mean duration of estrus cycle was 21 ± 6 days, characterized by two main sequences: a follicular phase lasting about three days, followed by an 18 day luteal phase. Visible signs of estrus lasted 20 ± 2 hours. Preovulatory LH peak surge (50 to 302 ng/ml blood plasma depending on animais) occurred between the 14th and the 22nd hour following the beginning of heat signs. This indicates that the best time for artificial or natural insemination of Mossi goat does fall between the 26th and the 34th hour after the first signs of heat
Une inégalité à poids pour un opérateur type potentiel
Assata Adama,Justin Feuto,Ibrahim Fofana
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: We establish a weighted inequality for an operator of convolution type, between weak Lebesgue spaces and a Wiener amalgam type space on $ \mathbb R $ equipped with an other measure which need not to be doubling.
Acute Malnutrition and Infection with the Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus (HIV) in Children Followed up at the Pediatrics University Hospital Charles de Gaulle: Evolution of Anthropometric Parameters on Antiretroviral Treatment  [PDF]
Assata Kaboré, Sylvie Armelle P. Ouédraogo, Lassina Dao, Fla Koueta, Diarra Yé
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2016.61007
Abstract: Burkina Faso, a country with very scarce resources, undertook to fight against HIV infection. In 2013, according to UNAIDS, 110,000 persons were living in this country with HIV infection. 18,000 children among these persons were under 15. We conducted a retrospective study from January 2003 to December 2012 at the Pediatrics University Hospital Charles De Gaulle, Ouagadougou (CHUP CDG), Burkina Faso. The study aimed at assessing the children’s ponderal growth when under antiretroviral treatment. The children who were under 15 and who had been on antiretroviral treatment for at least 5 years were included in the study. Acute malnutrition concerned children whose height/weight ratio (H/W) was lower at -2 width type (or Z score) of the median of reference regarding age according to WHO. Two categories of malnutrition were outstanding in our study: moderate acute malnutrition, (-3 Z-score ≤ H/W -2 Z-score) and severe acute malnutrition (W/H -3 Z-score). The clinical and paraclinical data recorded during previous consultations were extracted from the ESOPE (Monitoring and follow-up of patients) data basis and exported to the ENA software and SPSS for their analysis. In total, 210 out of 529 children’s cases were considered. These children’s average age was 6.9 years. There were 55.7% of male and 44.3% of female children. HIV1 was found in 97.6% of the children against 2.4% for HIV2. In a 5 year follow-up, 46 among the children, namely 20.4% were on a second line protocol of antiretroviral treatment and 164 among them were still on a first line protocol of antiretroviral treatment. When they were admitted at hospital, 38% of the children showed characteristics of acute malnutrition. 17.8% of these children presented characteristics of severe form of acute malnutrition. During this 5-year follow-up, the average of the W/H index of the children gradually rised from -1.62 Z-score when being admitted to -0.18 Z-score at after a 60-month antiretroviral treatment. Our study showed an effective ponderal catch-up with an average of the W/H index at -1.02 Z-score after a 12-month antiretroviral treatment. This study completed by the search for nutritious factors is likely to influence the infected children’s ponderal growth.
Mitochondrial Encephalomyopathy Presenting with Respiratory Failure in an Adult
Abdullah A. Abba
Journal of Medical Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: Mitochondrial disease, a recently recognised and rapidly expanding field of medicine, has variable presentation. A spectrum of conditions has been described as purely a consequence of mitochondrial defect(s) while others are presumed to be causally related. We present a case of mitochondrial disease presenting with respiratory failure and discuss the respiratory manifestations of this condition and its management. There is a need for awareness of the characteristics of respiratory manifestations of the mitochondrial diseases.
Recherche De Correlations Temporelles Des Muons Cosmiques Avec Macro Et Perte D'Energie Des Nuclearites
A. Moussa
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: The first parts of the thesis recalls the main features of the large MACRO experiment at the underground Gran Sasso Laboratory. It then describes the atmospheric muons measured by the experiment and the selection criteria to obtain and analyze a large sample of cosmic muons. The time series of MACRO muons was analyzed with two complementary approaches: search for the occurrence of bursts of muon events and search for periodicities in the muon time distribution. The Scan Statistics method was used in the first case and the Lomb-Scargle spectral analysis in the second case. The two techniques complete early analyses performed with "folding" methods. It is confirmed that the seasonal variation is the dominant periodic variation, and one also confirms the solar diurnal and sidereal modulations. A separate study concerns the analysis of the energy losses of the hypothetical Nuclearites in different materials and detectors; their importance for the searches performed by the MACRO and the SLIM experiments is discussed.
Taxonomic Significance of Foliar Epidermal Characters in Azanza garckaena (F. Hoffm.) Exell & Hillc in Tula, Kaltungo Local Government Area of Gombe State, Nigeria  [PDF]
H. M. Abba, H. Daniel, S. Sale, D. A. Zhigila
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2018.98121
Abstract: Leaf epidermal microscopy of Azanza garckeana was studied in search of stable taxonomic characters and delimitation of the plant. Fresh leaves were obtained from 3 accessions in Tula: Tula Wange, Tula Baule and Tula Yiri/Bwaile respectively. Leaf epidermal peels of both surfaces of the plant were made using free hand sectioning and maceration methods. Temporary slides were prepared for observations under light microscope to examine their stomatal features, epidermal cell shapes, and anticlinal cell-wall patterns. The result revealed epiamphistomatic leaves, Stomatal complex type (SCT) was exclusively anomocytic, epidermal cell shapes were all irregular in shape, with curved anticlinal cell wall
Lipodystrophy among Children Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus and on Antiretroviral Treatment in Ouagadougou  [PDF]
Caroline Yonaba, Assata Ouedraogo, Sylvie Armelle Pingwende Ouédraogo, Bourama Ouattara, Angel Kalmogho, Fla Koueta, Diarra Yé, Ludovic Kam
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2015.53030
Abstract: Management of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection remains a major challenge in many sub-Saharan African countries. Antiretroviral drugs which have reduced significantly the mortality rate of this pandemic disease are a source of side effects. Among these side effects, adult lipodystrophy has already been described by several authors. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of lipodystrophy and associate factors in children on antiretroviral therapy, managed at Charles De Gaulle Children University Hospital and Yalgado Ouedrago University Hospital in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. This is a cross-sectional study conducted from June 2013 to January 2014. We included children aged 2 to 15 years who had been on antiretroviral treatment for at least six months with no severe acute malnutrition (wasting). Lipodystrophy was diagnosed clinically after assessment of morphological changes. Overall, 323 children complying with the inclusion criteria were examined. The average duration of antiretroviral therapy was 5.3 years. Forty five children had lipodystrophy, i.e. 13.9% prevalence rate. One hundred and twenty seven different lipodystrophic lesions were noted, hence 82.7% lipoatrophy and 17.3% lipohypertrophy. The most common presentations were: face (32%), lower limbs (26%) and upper limbs (15.7%). Factors associated with lipoatrophy were: age above 10 years (P = 0.004); male gender (P = 0.0004); antiretroviral treatment duration of more than 60 months (P < 0.001) and treatment with stavudine (P = 0.01). Our study showed that lipodystrophy is not exceptional in children on antiretroviral therapy in Ouagadougou. However, more researches on lipid profiles of these children are necessary to prevent other common complications related to fat accumulation.
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