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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461688 matches for " A Samanta "
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Assessment of physiological strain in inland fishing activity
Biswas R,Samanta A
Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine , 2006,
Abstract: Ten fishermen aged between 19 and 48 years of age, were examined in the field during inland fishing activity, which they perform individually. Physiological strain in terms of heart rate varied between 86 and 115 beats/min with mean net cardiac cost of 32 beats/min. The average relative cardiac cost was 36%. Analysis of physiological responses revealed that the recommended limits of cardiac strain indices were surpassed during the majority of the fishing period. Average energy cost was estimated to be 3.3 kcal.min-1, which was about 34% of the VO2max. Average intensity of the workload entailed in the whole fishing shift appeared to be moderate and acceptable. Furthermore, the heat load in the working situation did not appear to be a serious threat to the health of the workers. Analysis of work revealed more static exertions in the work. To reduce the postural load and musculoskeletal discomforts of the fishermen, ergonomic interventions are required, which represents a further scope of study.
Estrategias educativas para la valoración del patrimonio cultural en la educación básica en Venezuela
García Valecillo,Zaida Samanta;
Educere , 2007,
Abstract: the use of patrimonial education is posed as an approach for the development of valuating cultural patrimony in venezuelan basic education students. for that, curricular designs in this educational level and their relationship with cultural patrimony were analyzed. the result of this revision allowed indentifying contents and objectives already existing in the curriculum that allow using local cultural goods as recourses for the development of pedagogical projects. following, a methodology was conceived for the design of pedagogical projects by teachers and students. this will allow knowing the conservation state of local cultural patrimony, planning possible conservation actions and value their importance.
Double-layer shocks in a magnetized quantum plasma
A. P. Misra,S. Samanta
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.82.037401
Abstract: The formation of small but finite amplitude electrostatic shocks in the propagation of quantum ion-acoustic waves (QIAWs) obliquely to an external magnetic field is reported in a quantum electron-positron-ion (e-p-i) plasma. Such shocks are seen to have double-layer (DL) structures composed of the compressive and accompanying rarefactive slow-wave fronts. Existence of such DL shocks depends critically on the quantum coupling parameter $H$ associated with the Bohm potential and the positron to electron density ratio $\delta$. The profiles may, however, steepen initially and reach a steady state with a number of solitary waves in front of the shocks. Such novel DL shocks could be a good candidate for particle acceleration in intense laser-solid density plasma interaction experiments as well as in compact astrophysical objects, e.g., magnetized white dwarfs.
Asymmetric HIV-1 co-receptor use and replication in CD4+ T lymphocytes
Mariani Samanta A,Vicenzi Elisa,Poli Guido
Journal of Translational Medicine , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1479-5876-9-s1-s8
Abstract: Susceptibility to infection by the human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1), both in vitro and in vivo, requires the interaction between its envelope (Env) glycoprotein gp120 Env and the primary receptor (R), CD4, and Co-R, either CCR5 or CXCR4, members of the chemokine receptor family. CCR5-dependent (R5) viruses are responsible for both inter-individual transmission and for sustaining the viral pandemics, while CXCR4-using viruses, usually dualtropic R5X4, emerge in ca. 50% of individuals only in the late, immunologically suppressed stage of disease. The hypothesis that such a major biological asymmetry is explained exclusively by the availability of cells expressing CCR5 or CXCR4 is challenged by several evidences. In this regard, binding of the HIV-1 gp120 Env to the entry R complex, i.e. CD4 and a chemokine R, leads to two major events: virion-cell membrane fusion and a cascade of cell signaling. While the fusion/entry process has been well defined, the role of R/Co-R signaling in the HIV-1 life cycle has been less characterized. Indeed, depending on the cellular model studied, the capacity of HIV-1 to trigger a flow of events favoring either its own latency or replication remains a debated issue. In this article, we will review the major findings related to the role of HIV R/Co-R signaling in the steps following viral entry and leading to viral spreading in CD4+ T lymphocytes.
Cardiac workload of dressers in underground manual coal mines
R Saha,A Samanta,NC Dey
Journal of Institute of Medicine , 2010, DOI: 10.3126/joim.v32i2.4938
Abstract: Introduction: Occupational disorders invite absenteeism amongst the miners. Though rapid technological advancement has happened, yet assessment of cardiac workload was largely ignored in underground coal mines in India.
Electrical and magnetic transport study on strain driven ferromagnetic insulating thin film of low doped manganite
Rajib Nath,Sudeshna Samanta,A. K. Raychaudhuri
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper we have created a strain driven single crystal like ferromagnetic insulating (FMI) state in a PLD grown thin film of low doped LCMO(X = 0.15)on NGO(100) substrate and make a thorough study of strain effects on the electric and magnetic transport of this film. We have studied and compared the FMI state, ferromagnetic transition temperature (TC), ferromagnetic insulating temperature (TFMI) and the resistivity of the film in details with bulk single crystals of X=0.18 to 0.22 doping region. We have found that TFMI and the localisation length of the carriers are increased and there is also a decrease in the Coulomb gap. The magneto transport behavior of the film also differs from the bulk single crystals and the magnetoresistance of the sample is nearly 20 to 75% with the application of the applied field(0 to 10 T) and it falls up to 5 to 40% below a certain temperature and the TC of the film increases to higher temperature with the increasing field. The film also shows anisotropic magnetoresistance as large as 20% depending on applied magnetic field direction.
Lipschitz Robustness of Finite-state Transducers
Thomas A. Henzinger,Jan Otop,Roopsha Samanta
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: We investigate the problem of checking if a finite-state transducer is robust to uncertainty in its input. Our notion of robustness is based on the analytic notion of Lipschitz continuity --- a transducer is K-(Lipschitz) robust if the perturbation in its output is at most K times the perturbation in its input. We quantify input and output perturbation using similarity functions. We show that K-robustness is undecidable even for deterministic transducers. We identify a class of functional transducers, which admits a polynomial time automata-theoretic decision procedure for K-robustness. This class includes Mealy machines and functional letter-to-letter transducers. We also study K-robustness of nondeterministic transducers. Since a nondeterministic transducer generates a set of output words for each input word, we quantify output perturbation using set-similarity functions. We show that K-robustness of nondeterministic transducers is undecidable, even for letter-to-letter transducers. We identify a class of set-similarity functions which admit decidable K-robustness of letter-to-letter transducers.
Lipschitz Robustness of Timed I/O Systems
Thomas A. Henzinger,Jan Otop,Roopsha Samanta
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: We present the first study of robustness of systems that are both timed as well as reactive (I/O). We study the behavior of such timed I/O systems in the presence of "uncertain inputs" and formalize their robustness using the analytic notion of Lipschitz continuity. Thus, a timed I/O system is K-(Lipschitz) robust if the perturbation in its output is at most K times the perturbation in its input. We quantify input and output perturbation using "similarity functions" over timed words such as the timed version of the Manhattan distance and the Skorokhod distance. We consider two models of timed I/O systems --- timed transducers and asynchronous sequential circuits. While K-robustness is undecidable even for discrete transducers, we identify a class of timed transducers which admits a polynomial space decision procedure for K-robustness. For asynchronous sequential circuits, we reduce K-robustness w.r.t. timed Manhattan distances to K-robusness of discrete letter-to-letter transducers and show PSPACE-compeleteness of the problem.
Purification, Immobilization and Characterization of Lipase Isoenzyme from Aspergillus niger with C8 Magnetic Particles  [PDF]
Samanta Hernández-García, María Inmaculada García-García, Francisco García-Carmona
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2014.57075

The purification of a lipase isoenzyme from an Aspergillus niger lipase A is reported in this manuscript. Purification was carried out in a simple adsorption step, in which the lipase was offered at low ionic strength to the commercially available C8 modified magnetic particles, MaKProt C8. When the isoenzyme was desorbed with a 0.2% solution of Triton X-100, the SDS-PAGE gel showed a single pure band with a molecular weight of 35 KDa. The purified fraction showed 66.75-fold purification compared with the crude extract. The pure fraction was characterized along with the crude extract and the lipase adsorbed on the MaKProt C8. The purified and the adsorbed lipase showed better activity for the tested substrates (p-nitrophenyl acetate, decanoate, myristate and palmitate) than the crude extract, the preferred substrates being myristate (26.7 μmol·min-1·mg-1) and decanoate (17.4 μmol·min-1·mg-1), respectively. The temperature and pH profiles showed no change for the three enzymes, the optimum temperature being 37°C and the best pH 7.0.

Influence of different types of bedding materials on immune response and serum biochemical profile of caged mice
Vijayakumar . R,R.Samanta,A.K.Samanta,R. Guria and S. Joardar
Veterinary World , 2010,
Abstract: Contact bedding material is an important environmental factor and welfare creator for laboratory mice. It can alter important physiological process and create potential chance for experimental variation which puts hurdle for comparability. The present experiment was conducted to assess the possible impact of different types of bedding material viz CPS, NWS and PH with fifty one albino mice for a period of fifteen weeks in Laboratory Animal Facility. It was observed that local immunity in mice was enhanced in NWS. During in vitro immune assays, mice from NWS showed higher OD value for reactive oxygen radical, produced more NO2 and higher stimulation index i.e. 0.71 ± 0.01, 30.67 ± 0.88 μM and 7.90 ± 0.17, respectively than PH (0.23 ± 0.01, 17.0 ± 1.15 μM and 6.33 ± 0.21) and CPS (0.33 ± 0.03, 15.67 ± 1.20 μM and 6.46 ± 0.27). There was no influence of bedding type on systemic response. Reduced glutathione value in liver was higher in NWS than PH and CPS i.e. 8.54 ± 0.2, 7.09 ± 0.18 and 6.96 ± 0.14 μmole/ gm of tissue. But heart reduced glutathione showed no variation among different types of bedding materials. Serum analysis showed significantly (p<0.05) higher total protein and albumin value for enriched groups. But globulin value was not significantly differing for enriched and non-enriched groups. [Veterinary World 2010; 3(9.000): 417-420]
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