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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461800 matches for " A Khamesipour "
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Flow Cytometric Analysis of Leishmania Reactive CD4+/CD8+ Lymphocyte Proliferation in Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
M Nateghi Rostami,A Khamesipour,SE Eskandari,A Miramin Mohammadi
Iranian Journal of Parasitology , 2008,
Abstract: Background: Determination of the division history of T cells in vitro is helpful in the study of effector mechanisms against infections. Technique described here uses the intracellular fluorescent label carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE) to monitor the proliferation. Methods: In a cross sectional study, blood samples were collected from 7 volunteers with history of cutaneous leishmania-sis (CL) and one healthy control from endemic areas in Isfahan province who referred to the Center for Research and Training in Skin Diseases and Leprosy (CRTSDL), then CD4+/CD8+ lymphocytes and CD14+ monocytes were isolated from peri-pheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) using mAbs and magnetic nanoparticles. CFSE labeled CD4+ or CD8+ lympho-cytes cultured with autologous monocytes in the presence of PHA, SLA, live Leishmania major or as control with-out sti-mulation. Cells were harvested after 7 days and were analyzed using flow cytometry. Results: Five consecutive divisions were monitored separately. Stimulation of CD4+ or CD8+ lymphocytes from CL sub-jects with SLA showed a significant difference in proliferation comparing with unstimulated cells (P< 0.05). The signifi-cant difference in the percentages of CD4+ cells stimulated with SLA was revealed at different divisions for each subject. In CD8+ lymphocyte, significant stronger stimulation of SLA was evident later in the proliferation process. The mean number of divisions in both CD4+/CD8+ lymphocytes stimulated with SLA was significantly greater than when stimulated with live L. major (P=0.007 / P=0.012, respectively) Conclusion: The percentage of divided cells might be calculated separately in each division. The cells remained active following CFSE staining and there is possibility of functional analysis simultaneously.
Whatman Paper (FTA Cards) for Storing and Transferring Leishmania DNA for PCR Examination
A Fata,A Khamesipour,M Mohajery,Z Hosseininejad
Iranian Journal of Parasitology , 2009,
Abstract: "nBackground: Diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is often made based on clinical manifesta-tion. Correct diagnosis and identification of the parasite are crucial for choosing the effective treat-ment and for epidemiological studies. On the other hand, determination of Leishmania species is nec-essary for designing appropriate control programs. Diagnosis by PCR is becoming a 'gold standard'. For PCR preparation, storage and shipments of specimens are necessary. In this study, Whatman filter paper (FTA Card) was used to store and transfer samples for Leishmania identification using PCR. "nMethods: Among the patients who had CL lesion and referred to Parasitology Laboratory of Emam Reza Hospital, Mashhad, Iran, 44 consented cases with positive results in their direct smear were se-lected. An informed consent form and a questionnaire were completed and three different types of samples (direct smear, NNN culture, and spot on FTA card) were collected. DNA extraction and PCR were carried out on three different samples from each patient. "nResults: PCR results using Whatman paper samples revealed a significant difference (P<0.0001) compared to the culture method but no significant difference was seen between PCR results using samples stored on Whatman paper and direct smears. "nConclusion: The use of FTA cards is simple, rapid, and cost-effective, and can be readily employed for large-scale population screening, especially for regions where the specimens are to be transported from distant places to the laboratory.
IL-23 and IL-27 Levels in Macrophages Collected from Peripheral Blood of Patients with Healing Vs Non-Healing Form of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis
S Tolouei,K Ghaedi,A Khamesipour,M Akbari
Iranian Journal of Parasitology , 2012,
Abstract: Background: In this study the level of IL-23 and IL-27 produced by macrophages derived from peripheral blood mononuclear cell culture collected from patients with healing or non-healing form of cutaneous leishmaniasis lesion were compared before and after treatment with live Leishmania to explore whether IL-23 or IL-27 plays any role in healing process of cutaneous lesions induced by L. major.Methods: Twenty patients resident in Isfahan Province, with healing or non-healing form of cutaneous leishmaniasis lesion caused by Leishmania major participated in this study. In vitro productions of IL-23 and IL-27 by peripheral blood derived macrophages, before and after stimulation with live L. major (MRHO/IR/75/ER) promastigotes were evaluated using ELISA method. Patient with healing form of lesion received no treatment and patient with non-healing form of lesion received at least 2 courses of glucantime.Results: The mean production of IL-23 and IL-27 from macrophages of patients with healing form of lesion was significantly higher than patients with non-healing form of lesion. The levels of IL-23 and IL-27 in culture supernatants before and after stimulation in healing form of CL was significantly higher than non- healing form of CL (P < 0.001).Conclusion: IL-23 and IL-27 might play a role in human leishmaniasis and further studies are needed to understand the role of IL-23 and IL-27 in leishmaniasis.
Leishmanicidal Activity of Films Containing Paromomycin and Gentamicin Sulfate both In Vitro and In Vivo
S Tolouei,SJ Hasheminia,M Narimani,A Khamesipour
Iranian Journal of Parasitology , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Based on the efficacy of paromomycin ointment and recent ongoing clinical trials of combination of paromomycin and gentamicin, a new physical form of films of the paromomy-cin and gentamicin was prepared and anti-Leishmania activities of the prepared films were as-sessed in vitro and in vivo.Methods: Paromomycin 15% and gentamicin 0.5% was incorporated in a film using ethyl cellu-lose and HPMC (Hydroxyl Propyl Methyl Cellulose). In order to assess the drug release and anti-Leishmania activities of the preparation, a clone L. major parasite was established using a set of modified NNN medium without overlay liquid layer. Therapeutic effects of the films were evalu-ated using Balb/c mice model. The mice were inoculated with 2×106 L. major promastigotes (MRHO/IR/75/ER) and then when the lesions developed the mice were randomly divided in 3 groups, 10 mice per group, and treated with either perpetrated films or placebo for 28 days or left untreated.Results: Growth inhibition of cloned promastigotes showed that the films have enough releasing capacity and in vivo system, the films containing paromomycin and gentamicin was able to re-duce the lesion size and induced complete cure in 80% of the mice but relapse was seen in 60% of the cured mice and overall 50% cure rate was seen during 20 weeks period of the study.Conclusion: It seems that the prepared films might be further used in human clinical trials.
Cloning and Expression of TRYP6 Gene from Leishmania major (MRHO/IR/75/ER)
G Eslami,R Salehi,H Hejazi,A Khamesipour
Iranian Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases , 2008,
Abstract: Background: Leishmania, needs to detoxify the macrophage derived potent peroxides (H2O2). Tryparedoxin path-way contains tryparedoxin peroxidase (TSA or TRYP). The aim of the study was to detect the full-length gene se-quence and its encoded protein of the LmTRYP6 gene (EU251502), and comparison the gene sequence with LmTRYP6 (LmjF15.1140), another previously reported member of this gene family. Methods: L.major (MRHO/IR/75/ER) promastigotes were cultured, DNA and RNA were extracted and the inter-ested gene was amplified using PCR and RT-PCR methods. PCR/ RT-PCR fragments were purified and cloned first in pTZ57R/T and then in pET15b expression vector. The expressed protein was verified using western blot method. Char-acterization of the expressed protein was performed bioinformatically. Results: Molecular evaluation revealed that the cloned LmTRYP6 gene (EU251502) encoded a predicted 184 amino acid long protein with a theoretical isoelectric point of 6.1101. Alignment showed a number of changes in amino acid composition including the replacement of highly conserved Trp177 by Cys in LmTRYP6 (ABX26130). Conclusion: So far no study has been done on this group, i.e. TRYP6 gene, from tryparedoxin peroxidase family. The low homology with LmTRYP6 (LmjF15.1140) and vast array of differences observed in the gene under study (LmTRYP6; EU251502) could open new windows in the field of anti-Leishmania combat. Based on its important role in the viability and successful establishment of the parasite in the host organism it looks to be very good candi-date for vaccine development and any other sort of novel drug development.
Dermatology eponyms – phenomen / sign – Lexicon (D)
Brzeziński Piotr,Wollina Uwe,Pokl?kowska Katarzyna,Khamesipour Ali
Our Dermatology Online , 2011,
Abstract:
Effect of Leishmania gerbilli Injection on Mice Immunization Against Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) Caused by Leishmania major
Abedi Said,Khamesipour Ali,Izadi Shahrokh,Hejazi Hosein
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: In the present study Leishmania gerbilli were used to immunize BALB/c mice against pathogenic strains of leishmania to determine whether injection of L. gerbilli in mice could protect them against later L. major inoculation. Eighty female BALB/c mice were divided by random in eight groups. Promastigotes of L. major and L. gerbilli were used. Mice were inoculated with three different doses of L. gerbilli (3x106, 2x107 and 5x107) via subcutaneous (SC) in the base of their tails or interpretoen (IP). Forty days after the first injection, all mice received the same doses as a booster. Two control groups received PBS (SC or IP) only. All BALB/c mice were inoculated subcutaneously with 2x106. Promastigotes of L. major in the base of their tails after 75 days of the first injection of L. gerbilli. When leishmania lesion developed (35 days after challenge), the size was measured and continued once a week for 12 weeks. Meanwhile, the liver and spleen samples of dead mice moved to culture media and examined for the parasite. Delaed Type Hypersensitivity (DTH) and immunoflurecent tests were used to determine results of immunization. Compared with the control group and the other groups that received different doses of L. gerbilli via IP, an evident decrease in lesion size was observed in group that received 2x107 promastigotes (p<0.05). By contrast, in those groups received L. gerbilli subcutaneously, no difference was observed through the different doses of inoculated parasite. Comparison of the inoculation styles showed that IP method caused smaller lesions than SC (p<0.05).
Comparison of efficacy of intralesional injection of meglumine anti-moniate once-weekly with twice-weekly in the treatment of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Mashhad: a randomized clinical trial
Ali Khamesipour,Mohammad Hossein Ghoorchi,Alireza Khatami,Seyed Ebrahim Eskandari
Dermatology and Cosmetic , 2011,
Abstract: Background and Aim: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in Iran, where it is one of the most important health problems. Both anthroponotic CL (ACL) caused by L. tropica and zoonotic CL (ZCL) caused by L. major are reported. Antimoniate derivatives as the standard therapy for CL need multiple injections and are not easy to tolerate for the patients. This study was conducted in Mashhad to compare the efficacy of weekly versus twice a week intralesional injections of meglumine antimoniate (MA) in the treatment of ACL."n"nMethods: This randomised controlled trial was performed during 2006 to 2008 in Mashhad, Iran. Using computerized sequence of random numbers, participants were randomly allocated in the two arms of the study: one receiving weekly and the other receiving twice-a-week intralesional injections of MA. The lesion size, induration and healing rate were assessed, recorded and compared. Healing was defined as complete re-epithelialisation and disappearance of induration."n"nResults: A total of 252 suspected CL patients with 372 lesions were screened. 82 parasitologically proven cases with 121 lesions caused by L. tropica were included and 74 patients with 113 lesions completed the study. At 12th week after initiation of treatment, complete healing was observed in 38 out of 44 lesions (86.4%) in the group which received weekly intralesional MA injection. The median time-to-heal in this group was 36 days (95% confidence interval [CI]: 32.0-39.9). Complete healing was recorded in 60 out of 69 lesions (86.9%) in the group which received twice a week intralesional injections of MA with a median time-to-heal of 25 days (95% CI: 20.9-29.1). While no significant difference was observed between the two groups in terms of complete healing rate (P=0.999), time-to-heal was significantly different between the 2 groups (P=0.003)."n"nConclusion: It seems that the effectiveness of twice-weekly intralesional injections of MA is similar to once-weekly regimen while the former regimen causes more rapid healing of lesions.
Comparison of the efficacy of weekly vs. twice a week intralesional injections of meglumine antimoniate in the treatment of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis: a randomized clinical trial
Ali Khamesipour,Alireza Khatami,Iraj Sharifi,Mahdie Bahrami
Dermatology and Cosmetic , 2010,
Abstract: "nBackground and Aim: Treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis, especially when caused by L. tropica, is challenging. Meglumine antimoniate (Glucantime ) is used as the standard treatment, but multiple injectiond are necessary. The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of weekly intralesional injections with twice weekly injections of Glucantime for the treatment of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL)."n"nMethods: This randomized open clinical trial was conducted, in Bam, Kerman province, Iran. 96 eligible patients according to inclusion and exclusion criteria who were willing to participate were included. The included patients were randomly assigned into two groups, one group treated with weekly intralesional injections of Glucantime and the other group treated with intralesional Glucantime twice a week. Type and size of each lesion (induration, ulcer and scar) were recorded weekly. Complete healing was defined as complete re-epithelialization and absence of induration in all lesions and was considered as the primary outcome measure."n"nResults: A total of 48 patients completed the study; complete cure was seen in 24 of 27 (89%) patients who received weekly intralesional MA with a mean duration of healing equals to 70±10 days. Complete cure was seen in 24 of 31 (77%) patients who received intralesional MA twice a week, the mean duration of healing in the latter group was 58±5 days. There was no significant difference between the two groups (P=0.23)."n"nConclusion: It seems that the efficacy of intralesional injections of Glucantime once a week is similar to efficacy of twice a week Glucantime injections.
Identification of Malassezia species associated with pityriasis versicolor using PCR-RFLP
Mahnaz Mahmoudi Rad,Akram Miramin Mohammadi,Parviz Tousi,Ali Khamesipour
Dermatology and Cosmetic , 2011,
Abstract: "nBackground and Aim: Malassezia is a lipophilic and dimorphic fungus which has different species. Some of them can be found as natural flora on skin and in some conditions may cause pityriasis versicolor. The aim of this study was to identify Malassezia species associated with pityriasis versicolor in Iranian patients, using PCR-RFLP."n"nMethods: In this study out of 65 patients with pityriasis versicolor to have pityriasis versicolor,isolates of 60 patients were positive. Malassezia species. using by PCR-RFLP. The Internal Transcribed Spacer 2 (ITS2) region was amplified by PCR employing the ITS3 and ITS4 primers and The restriction endonucleases AluI, BanI and MspAI were selected for producing distinct RFLP patterns."n"nResults: M. furfur (36.7%), M. globosa (30.0%), M. sympodialis (20.0%), M. slooffiae (8.3%), M. restricta (3.3%) and M. obtusa (1.7%) were the microorganisms responsible for the infection among participants. The M. sympodialis infection was strongly correlated with the female gender (P=0.02)."n"nConclusion: Our findings suggest that, the most common Malassezia species associated with pityriasis versicolor was M. furfur, followed by M. globosa.
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