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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461824 matches for " A Kaboré "
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Pacéré as the demiurge of orature
A Kaboré
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2007,
Abstract: Not all unwritten literatures are oral literatures. They would more appropriately be referred to as “spoken literatures”, in the wider sense of literatures that use different means of communication (mouth, gestures, body movement, instruments). The dumb “speak” with signs. Pio Zirimu proposed the term “orature” to palliate the alleged contradiction in the phrase “oral literature” or “spoken literature”. However, as a result of in-depth studies that revealed that before writing, there was a literature, which was spoken, many literary critics prefer the traditional phrase “oral literature” instead of the suggested term “orature”. The term “orature” has been taken up in performance studies to designate a genre of written literature at the cusp between spoken and written literatures, referring to written fictions that mix different performing genres. This paper aims at defining orature with an illustration from the poetry of Frédéric Titinga Pacéré and, consequently, to present him as the demiurge of this innovative genre in emerging Burkinabè literature. The implications of the genre of orature are manifold. Orature calls for a redefinition of literature as whatever a given society considers as literature. It demands an interpretation of literature based on an understanding of culture.
Trauma of External Genitalia by Firearm: Therapeutic Strategy and Result, about a Case at CHU-YO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso  [PDF]
C.A.M.K.D. Yameogo, Brahima Kirakoya, Moussa Kaboré, Fasnéwindé A. Kaboré, Bienvenue D. Ky, Boukary Kabré, Barnabé Zango
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2016.64012
Abstract: Introduction: Ballistic traumas of the external genitalia are rare especially in civil practice. Emergency surgical exploration is the rule. Case Report: Mr. F.Y., 29 years old, a security agent, admitted to the Urological Emergency Unit of Yalgado Ouédraogo University Hospital of Ouagadougou for trauma of the penile and left purse by firearm. The clinical examination revealed a good hemodynamic status, bladder distension. A suprapubic catheterization was performed. We noted a transfixing and bleeding wound on the penile, and on the left purse which was edematous. The patient was admitted to the operation room 07 hours after trauma. Exploration found a total destruction of the left testicle classified grade 5 of the classification of the American Association of the Surgery of Trauma (AAST). We performed a left orchiectomy. There was a partial rupture of the ventral face of the penile urethra. We performed an end-to-end anastomosis on a Foley catheter CH 18. The Foley catheter was removed after two weeks. Urination was spontaneous without dysuria. Erections were painless and without kinking of penile. Conclusion: Open traumas of the external genitalia are rare and their treatment is an extreme surgical emergency.
From Traditional Management of Mental Illness to Self-Mutilation of the Penile: A Case Report  [PDF]
Barnabé Zango, Fasnéwindé A. Kaboré, Moussa Kaboré, Bienvenue D. Ky, Richard W. Ouédraogo, Brahima Kirakoya, Cl?taire Alexis Marie Kiemdiba Donega Yameogo, Kabré Kabré, Adama Sanou
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2016.63005
Abstract: Introduction: Self-mutilation of the external genitalia is rare. It occurs most often on a psychotic ground. Case Report: Mr. P.O. 25-year-old, a dress maker, admitted to the urological emergency for self-section of the penile. The patient had cut his penile with a razor blade and the amputated distal extremity had been thrown in the water closet. The patient was admitted 19 hours after the act of self-harm. Clinical examination had found a stable hemodynamic status, a section of the penile at its root. Psychiatrically schizophrenia evolving for 08 months was diagnosed. An attempt of penile reconstruction was performed. The patient benefited serum and tetanus vaccine, antibiotic and neuroleptics. The parents asked to go home against medical advice the 5th day. Conclusion: The management of self-mutilation of external genitalia is multidisciplinary including surgery and psychiatry.
Acute Generalized Peritonitis Due to the Migration of a Ballpoint Pen from Bladder to Great Peritoneal Cavity: A Case Report  [PDF]
Barnabé Zango, Fasnéwindé A. Kaboré, Moussa Kaboré, Brahima Kirakoya, Bienvenue D. Ky, Cl?taire Alexis Marie Kiemdiba Donega Yameogo, Adama Ouattara, Boukary Kabré, Timothée Kambou
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2016.63006
Abstract: Foreign bodies of the bladder are rares. The presence of a foreign body in the bladder is often anecdotic. We report a case of acute generalized peritonitis due to migration of a ballpoint pen from bladder to great peritoneal cavity in a 17-year-old man. He was admitted for a peritoneal syndrome after introducing a ballpoint pen into the urethra to masturbation purposes. He has no psychiatric history. Exploration had found an agglutination of small bowel loops around the ballpoint pen. The ballpoint pen was about 13.5 cm long and was transfixing the small intestine. We had noted about 20 cm of ileal necrosis about 30 cm from the ileocecal junction. An exit port was located at the posterior wall of the bladder. We performed?a resection of the necrotic portion followed by end-to-end anastomosis. Bladder foreign bodies can have serious complications such as the formation of an acute surgical abdomen after migration of the foreign body. The extraction must be quickly carried as soon as the diagnosis is made to avoid these complications.
Suprapubic Cystostomy at Urological Emergency Unit of CHU-YO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso: Indications, Technique and Complications  [PDF]
Barnabé Zango, Fasnéwindé A. Kaboré, Moussa Kaboré, Brahima Kirakoya, Bienvenue D. Ky, Boukary Kabré, Cl?taire Alexis Marie Kiemdiba Donega Yameogo, Adama Ouattara, Timothée Kambou
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2016.64013
Abstract: Introduction: Cystostomy allows under certain circumstances deriving the urine. This is the most performed surgery in uro-andrological emergencies. Complications can occur. We aim to analyze the indications, technical aspects and complications of suprapubic cystostomies in the urological emergency unit at CHU-YO. Patients and Methods: Between October 2013 and May 2014 we conducted a prospective study of all patients who underwent suprapubic cystostomy. Results: 86 cases of cystostomy were noted or 77.5% of surgical procedures performed in uro-andrological emergency. All patients were male. The average age of patients was 52.5 years. The AUR represented 88.4% of indications. The prostate tumor represented 65.8% of the etiologies of AUR. The cystostomy was performed under local anesthesia in 87.2% of cases. Peritoneal gap was noted in 5.8%, parietal suppuration in 12.8%. A death by generalized acute peritonitis was noted in one case. Conclusion: Suprapubic cystostomy presents a non-negligible morbidity and mortality and must be mastered.
Effets des digues filtrantes sur la productivité des paturages naturels en région sahélienne du Burkina Faso
Kiema, A.,Kaboré-Zoungrana, CY.,Nianogo, AJ.
Tropicultura , 2007,
Abstract: Effects of Straining Dams on the Productivity of Natural Pastures in the Sahelian Region of Burkina Faso. Des systèmes de cultures améliorés de niébé ont été introduits dans des exploitations mixtes agriculture-élevage de la zone semi-aride au Burkina Faso et ensuite évalués dans des modèles de programmation linéaire. Les résultats ont montré que les variétés améliorées de niébé associées aux céréales permettent d'accro tre la production agricole et le disponible fourrager, et de dégager des revenus pour acheter des compléments de vivriers. L'application de ces systèmes sur les terres de cultures peut varier entre 38% et 64% dans la partie sahélienne. Ils permettent aux agriculteurs de doubler la production de mil et de produire en plus annuellement 353 kg de niébé. Ces systèmes peuvent être promus dans la zone semi-aride du pays sans politique de soutien à la production. Par contre les soles améliorées de cultures pures de niébé ne sont pas profitables en raison des pertes liées au risque climatique, et aussi des co ts de production élevés par rapport aux capacités financières des exploitants. Elles permettent toutefois d'accro tre le disponible fourrager à la ferme. Des stratégies de diminution des co ts de production des systèmes améliorés auront un impact considérable sur la sécurité alimentaire et sur le revenu.
A Chiral Three Dimensional Potassium(I)/Strontium(II)/Chromium(III) Oxalato-Bridged Coordination Polymer: Synthesis, Characterization and Thermal Analysis  [PDF]
Justin Nenwa, Issoufou Kaboré, Yves A. Mbiangué, Patrick L. Djonwouo, Peter T. Ndifon
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications (CSTA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/csta.2014.34008
Abstract: A new compound of general formula {[(H2O)2K(μ-H2O)Sr]@[Cr(C2O4)3]}n (1) has been synthesized in water and characterized by elemental and thermal analyses, EDX, IR and UV-Vis spectroscopies and by single crystal X-ray structure determination. Compound 1 crystallizes in the chiral space group Fdd2 of orthorhombic system with a = 14.110 (4) ?, b = 36.074 (11)?, c =11.034 (3)? and Z = 16. Compound 1 is a coordination polymer in which the three-dimensional lattice framework is realized by the interconnectivity between K+ cations, Sr2+ cations, aqua ligands and [Cr(C2O4)3]3 complex anions. The asymmetric unit of 1 consists of one cationic motif formally written [(H2O)2K(μ-H2O)Sr]3+ and one anionic entity, [Cr(C2O4)3]3. The K+ and Sr2+ ions in the cationic motif are both eight-coordinate while the Cr3+ ions in the anionic complex are six-coordinate in a distorted octahedral geometry. Coulombic interactions between the ionic motifs and the three-dimensional H-bonding involving aqua ligands help to consolidate the bulk structure. Thermogra-vimetric analysis (TGA) shows that compound 1 is stable to heat up to ca. 80.
Acute Malnutrition and Infection with the Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus (HIV) in Children Followed up at the Pediatrics University Hospital Charles de Gaulle: Evolution of Anthropometric Parameters on Antiretroviral Treatment  [PDF]
A?ssata Kaboré, Sylvie Armelle P. Ouédraogo, Lassina Dao, Fla Koueta, Diarra Yé
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2016.61007
Abstract: Burkina Faso, a country with very scarce resources, undertook to fight against HIV infection. In 2013, according to UNAIDS, 110,000 persons were living in this country with HIV infection. 18,000 children among these persons were under 15. We conducted a retrospective study from January 2003 to December 2012 at the Pediatrics University Hospital Charles De Gaulle, Ouagadougou (CHUP CDG), Burkina Faso. The study aimed at assessing the children’s ponderal growth when under antiretroviral treatment. The children who were under 15 and who had been on antiretroviral treatment for at least 5 years were included in the study. Acute malnutrition concerned children whose height/weight ratio (H/W) was lower at -2 width type (or Z score) of the median of reference regarding age according to WHO. Two categories of malnutrition were outstanding in our study: moderate acute malnutrition, (-3 Z-score ≤ H/W -2 Z-score) and severe acute malnutrition (W/H -3 Z-score). The clinical and paraclinical data recorded during previous consultations were extracted from the ESOPE (Monitoring and follow-up of patients) data basis and exported to the ENA software and SPSS for their analysis. In total, 210 out of 529 children’s cases were considered. These children’s average age was 6.9 years. There were 55.7% of male and 44.3% of female children. HIV1 was found in 97.6% of the children against 2.4% for HIV2. In a 5 year follow-up, 46 among the children, namely 20.4% were on a second line protocol of antiretroviral treatment and 164 among them were still on a first line protocol of antiretroviral treatment. When they were admitted at hospital, 38% of the children showed characteristics of acute malnutrition. 17.8% of these children presented characteristics of severe form of acute malnutrition. During this 5-year follow-up, the average of the W/H index of the children gradually rised from -1.62 Z-score when being admitted to -0.18 Z-score at after a 60-month antiretroviral treatment. Our study showed an effective ponderal catch-up with an average of the W/H index at -1.02 Z-score after a 12-month antiretroviral treatment. This study completed by the search for nutritious factors is likely to influence the infected children’s ponderal growth.
Urachus Fistula about Two Cases in Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital, Ouagadougou (Burkina-Faso)  [PDF]
C. A. M. K. Yaméogo, M. Zida, A. Ouattara, R. Doamba, B. Ky, K. D. Zongo, F. A. Kaboré
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2018.86021
Abstract: The purpose of these serial cases was to report the diagnostic and therapeutic features of urachal fistulas at Yalgado Ouedraogo teaching Hospital. We have reported retrospectively two cases of urachus fistula at the Surgery Department of Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital in Ouagadougou. The parameters studied were sex, age, reason for consultation, clinical and paraclinical signs, treatment, length of hospital stay, delay of urinary catheterisation and evolution. Two serial cases of urachal fistula were reported, one 14 years old female patient and a 32 years old male patient. Clinical signs were marked by urine flow through the umbilicus. The diagnosis was made by fistulography in one case and during surgery for the second case. The treatment was surgical and consisted of laparotomy followed by removal of the urachal fistula from bladder. The urinary catheter was removed after 10 days. The postoperative course for the two patients was uneventful.
Febrile Convulsions in Infants at the Pediatrics University Hospital Center Charles de Gaulle of Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
A. Kaboré, A. Diallo, H. Savadogo, S. A. P. Ouédraogo, K. Nagalo, S. Yougbaré, D. Yé
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2018.82022
Abstract: Context: Seizures rank high among the commonest emergencies encountered in Pediatrics. As far as the etiologies are concerned, the most frequently confronted cause is infectious diseases. Therefore, particularly in the present work context, febrile seizures have been inadequately investigated. The study aimed at assessing the prevalence of febrile convulsions in our pediatrics department. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was performed in the Pediatrics Medical Service Department of the Pediatrics University Hospital Charles de Gaulle of Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso (West Africa). Infants from one and thirty months of age, hospitalized between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2012, were included in this study. Seizures are defined as those who accompany fevers above or equal to 38°C. However, the exclusions from the study included those infants recognized as epileptics; those with abnormal psychomotor development; those afflicted with encephalitis and meningitis; and children with hypoglycemia or dehydration with ionic disorders, as well as those infants who lacked lumbar puncture results. Data were analyzed using the Epi Info software version 3.5.1. Results: While the average age of the patients was 13 months, the average incidence of the febrile seizures was 2.5%. The seizures occurred all through the
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