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对“地理环境决定论”的全面清洗—评吕西安?费弗尔《大地与人类演进:地理学视野下的史学引论》
Comprehensive Cleaning of the “Geographical Environment Determinism”—Evaluation of Lucien Febvre’s A Geographical Introduction to History
 [PDF]


Open Journal of Historical Studies (OJHS) , 2015, DOI: 10.12677/OJHS.2015.33005
Abstract:
法国年鉴学派的创始人之一吕西安?费弗尔在其扛鼎之作《大地与人类演进:地理学视野下的史学引论》自始至终都对“地理环境决定论”进行全面的清洗,作者对该决定论所演化出来的诸多错误观念也一并进行剖析和批判。本文作者在逐字逐句、仔细阅读整部著作的基础上,对费弗尔在该著所有相关内容进行了全面的梳理和评价,同时对该著的主要贡献及其中的不足和商榷之处进行了较为系统的评述。
Lucien Febvre, one of the founders of French Annales School, gives a complete survey and criticism to the Geographical Determinism in his one of the most important work, A Geographical Introduction to History, collaborated with Lionel Bataillon. Lucien also decomposed the Determinism and many of illusions which were divided by it. After carefully reading and making a thorough inquiry about his book, we would analyze and evaluate all what he discussed in the book and then systematically present his main great contributions. However, we also point out some ideas or faults which should be re-explored in the book.
Study on the environment effect and its correction method for the formation resistivity logging Data through casing
过套管地层电阻率曲线环境影响校正方法研究

,杨景海,,
地球物理学进展 , 2010,
Abstract: Through casing resistivity logging is an electric logging technique measuring formation resistivity through metal casing. The measurement results are affected by borehole environment factors, such as casing, layer thickness/surrounding rock, cement sheath, so environment effect factors must be corrected in interpretation of through casing resistivity logging data. Based on discussing principle of through casing resistivity logging, aiming at ECOS, through casing resistivity logging tool of Russia that is introduced by Daqing oil field, this paper analyzes the response pattern of measurement results affected by layer thickness/surrounding rock and cement sheath respectively. Correction charts of layer thickness/surrounding rock effect and cement sheath are successful developed. Correction algorithm of layer thickness/surrounding rock and cement sheath are realized, and rationality of suggested method is verified by using model and logging example. This method can reduce the effect of cement sheath and improve resistivity measurement precision of thin layers that thickness is less than 1.0m, and provide guarantee for correct interpretation of through casing resistivity logging data.
中国北方杂草稻光合与水分生理特性
,马殿荣**,孔德秀,王文嘉,佟卉,赵明辉,徐正,陈温
应用生态学报 , 2013,
Abstract: 杂草稻是一类重要的稻属种质资源,具有耐寒、耐旱、耐瘠薄等优良特性.本文以88份中国北方杂草稻资源和4份栽培稻为材料,研究了中国北方杂草稻的光合速率、蒸腾速率、气孔导度等光合与水分生理特性及其相互关系.结果表明:北方杂草稻资源的光合和水分生理特性存在较大差异,具有丰富的多样性.杂草稻的光合速率变化范围在12.47~28.67μmolco2·m-2·s-1,瞬时水分利用效率的变化范围在1.39~3.40mg·g-1.光合参数中,胞间co2浓度的变异系数最小,气孔导度的变异系数最大.光合速率与蒸腾速率、气孔导度呈极显著的二次曲线关系,光合速率与胞间co2浓度呈显著的直线关系,瞬时水分利用效率与蒸腾速率、气孔导度呈极显著的二次曲线关系.可用杂草稻材料的优越性能对栽培稻进行品种改良.
“同一认定”的再认识

中外法学 , 1991,
Abstract:
从专题调查谈当前贪污贿赂犯罪的预防

中外法学 , 1995,
Abstract:
长江河口的演变规律与水动力作用

地理学报 , 1998, DOI: 10.11821/xb199803009
Abstract: 本文应用流体运动的最小阻力原理导出了长江河口崇明岛发育长度的理论公式。论述了科里奥利力在河道分流中的作用与河口演变的混沌现象。文中指出,在未来当崇明岛归并北岸时南支可能发生的环境问题。
冲积河流的汇合与分流

地理学报 , 1994, DOI: 10.11821/xb199405005
Abstract: 冲积河流具有一定的自动调整作用。遵循最小阻力原理,河道的汇合分流也应属于冲积河流的自动调整作用之列,事实上,在河道的汇合与分流处,支流与主流夹角的形成及其宽度比(或断面积比)的建立都不是随机的,它必须保证来自支流与主流的水和泥沙能在此通畅排泄。本文证明了水流在通过河道的汇合与分流处时所形成的夹角及其宽度比,对应于水头损失的最小值。河口段垂直于或趋向垂直于海岸线的特性,也是水流不断调整到最小阻力状态的结果。
非恒定孔口出流的几个新公式

力学与实践 , 1995, DOI: 10.6052/1000-0992-1995-167
Abstract: 非恒定孔口出流的几个新公式高进(湘潭矿业学院勘建系,湘潭411201)由水动力学知道,具有等横截面的柱形容器的非恒定孔口出流,放空容器所需的时间等于定水头孔口出流排出等量流体所需时间的两倍 ̄[1].事实上,非恒定孔口出流的规律并不止于此。本文的研究表...
桔子洲为何如此细长──兼论河流沙洲发育的水动力学原理

力学与实践 , 1998, DOI: 10.6052/1000-0992-1999-321
Abstract:
黄骅港外航道大风骤淤的机理及其整治

科技导报 , 2005,
Abstract: 黄骅港位于渤海湾西南,是建在淤泥质海岸上的人工港,在特殊大风期间,即E向或ENE向6级以上的海向风延时14小时以上时,外航道的淤积量大大超过原先的预测值,且淤积物为密实、坚硬、难以疏浚的粉沙。本研究表明,这一问题产生的原因是堤头旋涡的输沙作用,卫星图像和数模证明了堤头旋涡的存在;同时还对设置垂直和平行于海岸线防波堤的两种整治方案作了讨论。
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