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股权众筹近年来在国内快速发展，但实质上是互联网 + 私募或半公募的性质。本文在探讨股权众筹模式面临的风险和问题的基础上，通过对国内外平台数据的统计分析，对股权众筹融资进行恰当的战略定位，认为初创企业本身具有高风险性，其股权众筹并不适合降低门槛向公众投资者融资，股权众筹一定程度能够缓解但难以解决初创企业融资难问题。
Equity-based crowdfunding develops rapidly in China, but it is still private or half public in nature. On the basis of the risks and problems that the equity-based crowdfunding is facing, the study tries to find an appropriate strategic positioning for equity-based crowdfunding through analyzing the data of crowdfunding platforms at home and abroad statistically. The study shows that equity-based crowdfunding is not suitable for a lower threshold and the public investors because start-ups usually have high risks. To solve the problem of financing, start-ups can’t rely solely on equity-based crowdfunding.
软件项目管理的质量与开发成本，决定了软件项目的成功与否，时间、质量与成本项目的考虑，成为了影响软件开发成本的关键性要素，项目经理在面对软件开发项目时，即需要预估合理的软件开发成本，现行软件产业最普遍使用的软件成本预估方法，多以项目经理的经验为基础，参考过去开发过的软件项目数据作为主观的项目预估值，本研究提出一个能运行于软件项目开发成本预测模型之研究，运用主成分分析与广义回归类神经网络结合的一种新的预测方法。The quality of project management and project cost are important factors affecting the success of software projects. These critical factors for software development contain time, quality and cost. Nowadays, the most popular method for software development cost estimation is judged by the project manager’s experience. The project manager needs to estimate a reasonable software development cost according to the previous relevant data information of project while facing the problem. Therefore, in this research we propose a new cost estimation model based on the Principle Component Analysis (PCA) and General Regression Neural Network (GRNN) for software development project.