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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 119 matches for " 陶勇? "
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对社会保障供给中政府间责权配置的研究
陶勇
中央财经大学学报 , 2007,
Abstract: ?长期以来,我国社会保障制度面临的一大突出难题就是各级政府提供社会保障的责权不分。合理划分各级政府在社会保障供给中的责任和权力,已经成为我国社会保障制度进一步改革与完善的关键。本文将以财政分权理论为基础,借鉴西方发达国家的经验,结合中国的现实情况,对于如何合理划分各级政府在社会保障供给中的责权,提出若干政策建议。
nisin及其在食品防腐方面的应用
陶勇
食品科学 , 1991,
Abstract: ?<正>nisin即乳酸链球菌素,是某些乳酸链球菌(streptococeslactis)合成的一种多肽抗菌素。1947年mattick等制备出这种多肽,并命名为:
大学生课外体育生活方式评价体系构建研究
陶勇
武汉理工大学学报 , 2008,
Abstract: ?根据大学生课外体育生活方式的目标、特征和核心内容,制定问卷调查表,用特尔斐法筛选评价指标,经验证,指标真实有效;运用层次分析法“权重征询表”进行专家调查,得出各指标的权重及子权重;采用百分位数法建立指标评分等级标准,构建评价指标体系,经检验其具有较高的信度和效度。
2015-2016赛季CBA犯规特征分析与裁判员管理行为的研究
Analysis of Fouls Features and Management Behavior of Referees in 2015-2016 CBA Matches

陶勇
- , 2017, DOI: 10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2017.04.017
Abstract: 摘要:目的:分析2015-2016赛季CBA的犯规特征,提高裁判员在执裁过程中的预见性和准确性,提高裁判员的执裁水平和管理能力。方法:采用文献资料法、访谈法、观察法等。结果:CBA各队场均犯规次数为23.7,其中最高为浙江队,场均28.7次,最低为福建队,场均21.2次;时间特征是第2节平均12.4次,第4节平均15.2次,明显高于第1节的9.6次和3节的10.2次,第1节的最后2分钟,第2、3、4节的最后4分钟是犯规的高发时间段;犯规区域主要集中在篮下区域,且越靠近篮下犯规的比例也越高;各种犯规性质中,手部动作犯规频率最高,其中推人、拉人、打手三种性质的犯规所占比例高达70%以上;犯规对象主要是投篮动作和突破动作, 防投篮犯规38.6%、防突破犯规22.6% 结论:对篮球比赛的管理,主要体现在对比赛犯规的管理。预见性对临场裁判做出正确判罚至关重要,只有掌握篮球比赛的犯规特点才会做到心中有数,提前预判,一旦出现犯规迹象,裁判可以在第一时间做出判罚。掌握运动员犯规的时间特征、区域特征、性质特征和动作特征可以有效提高临场裁判预见性,提高裁判判罚的准确性。
Abstract: Objective: This study analyzed the fouls features in 2015-2016 CBA matches, aimed at improving the referee’s predictability and accuracy in the process of judgement, and improving referee’s judgement level and management ability. Methods: The methods of literature review, interview and observation were used. Results: Average number of fouls per match of CBA teams is 23.7, the most one is Zhejiang team (28.7) and the least one is Fujian team (21.2). The number of fouls in the second quarter of game is 12.4, and it in the fourth quarter is 15.2, higher than that in the first quarter (9.6) and the third quarter (10.2). The last two minutes of the first quarter of game, and the last four minutes of the second, the third and the fourth quarters of game are the high time of fouls. Fouls area is mainly concentrated in the basket area, and the more close to the basket, the higher the proportion of fouls. Hand action foul is the highest frequency, push, pull and hacking fouls are up to 70%. The main fouls are shooting action (38.6%) and breakthrough action (22.6%). Conclusions: The management of the basketball match is mainly reflected in fouls management. Predictability of correct decisions is crucial to the referees; only to master the characteristics of the basketball game fouls will do well; if there are signs of foul, the referee can make a penalty in the first time. It is effective to improve the predictability of the referee and improve the accuracy of the referee's judgement by grasping the features of time, region, type and action
CBA2017-2018外援球员与国内球员犯规特征的比较与裁判员管理比赛启示
Comparison Between CBA2017-2018 Foreign Players and Domestic Players' Foul Characteristics and Enlightenment from Referee Management Competition

陶勇
- , 2018, DOI: 10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2018.08.016
Abstract: 摘要:目的:根据2017-2018赛季CBA外援球员与国内球员的犯规特征进行分析比较,以期找出外援球员与国内球员犯规的不同特点和规律,并根据这些规律使裁判员在临场执裁过程中针对不同球员更有针对性地运用执裁技巧,更好发挥裁判员的临场管理能力。方法:采用文献资料收集、观察、问卷调查和数理统计等多因素综合分析方法。结果:2017-2018赛季中,CBA球员场均犯规次数统计显示,外援球员的均犯规次数明显高于国内球员;各时段的犯规次数,国内球员各时段的犯规次数比较接近;而外援球员在各时段的犯规次数起伏明显,犯规主要集中在第3、4节,尤其第3节的犯规次数较多。 从犯规区域特征看,犯规区域多集中在篮下5区,外援球员和国内球员在1、3、7区的犯规次数都较低, 而且外援球员的法规次数明显低于国内球员。从犯规的性质分析,手部动作犯规频率最高,其中推、拉、打3种性质的犯规所占比例高达65%以上;此外,外援球员和国内球员阻挡犯规的比例也很高,分别为总犯规数的29.7% 和15.9%。从被犯规对象的动作特征看, 主要出现在投篮动作、突破动作和无球队员(包括掩护犯规)等环节。 结论:本项综合分析和比较研究发现,外援球员与国内球员在球场各区域、时间段和对象动作等方面出现犯规的规律和特点显著不同。 对这些差异的分析和了解有利于裁判员在临场执裁中更精准执裁,包括把注意力更多地集中在特殊时间段、对重点区域做到提前到位和重点观察、对运动员手部动作重点监控并对投篮动作、突破动作和无球犯规的判罚更严格,进而提高裁判员的判罚水平和管理能力。
Abstract: Objective: This study compared and analyzed the foul characteristics of CBA foreign players and domestic players in the 2007-2018 season in order to find out the different characteristics and rules of fouls between foreign players and domestic players, and according to these rules, hoped referees could make more targeted use of refereeing skills for different players in the process of on-the-spot refereeing, to better play the referee's on-the-spot management ability. Methods: The literature collection, observation, questionnaire survey and mathematical statistics were used in this study. Results: In the 2017-2018 CBA season, the number of fouls made by foreign players per game was significantly higher than that of domestic players. The number of fouls by domestic players in each quarter was close, while that of fouls by foreign players fluctuated obviously, the fouls mainly concentrated on the 3rd and 4th quarters, especially the number of fouls in the 3rd quarter. From the perspective of the foul area, both foreign and domestic players made more fouls within the 5 areas under basket, and less fouls in the 1, 3 and 7 areas, and foreign players made significantly less fouls than the domestic players in the 1, 3 and 7 areas. According to the nature of fouls, the most frequent fouls were hand movements, in which the proportion of push, pull and hit fouls was as high as 65%; in addition, the proportion of foreign players and domestic players blocking fouls was also high, 29.7% and 15.9% of the total fouls, respectively. From the characteristics of the offended object, the fouls mainly appeared in shooting, breakthrough and no ball players (including cover fouls). Conclusion: From this comprehensive and comparative analysis, it was found that the rules and characteristics of fouls between foreign players and domestic players were significantly different from each other in the area, time
对功能货币和外币报表折算的理性思考
陶勇
财会月刊 , 2005,
Abstract: 一、功能货币理论  功能货币是美国财务会计准则公告第52号(SFAS52)中“外币折算”所阐述的一种货币理念,即一项资产或负债可以用同一种货币计量和标示,也可以用一种货币计量而用另一种货币标示。由这一理念进一步引申出,会计系统中的货币具有两种功能:计量功能和标示功能。在单一货币环境下,货币的计量功能和标示功能是合二为一的,而在非单一货币环境下,两者往往相互分离。功能货币特指充当计量尺度的货币,由于不同货币之间的比价关系经常发生变动,功能货币的不同选择就可能导致计量结果的迥异。
企业财务报表体系的新旧比较
陶勇,胡霞
财会月刊 , 2007,
Abstract: 与《企业会计制度》相比,《企业会计准则第30号——财务报表列报》及其应用指南勾勒出的新财务报表体系在内部构成、结构设计以及具体报表项目等方面发生了显著变化。本文对新旧财务报表体系进行了比较与分析,以期能帮助信息使用者正确解读财务信息,促进会计目标的实现。  【关键词】财务报表  企业会计准则  全面收益一、资产负债表  从总体上看,资产负债表的结构没有发生实质性变化,但是,《企业会计准则第30号——财务报表列报》在资产、负债项目分类名称的使用上更为科学,原“长期投资”、“固定资产”和“无形资产及其他资产”项目合并为“非流动资产”项目,原“长期负债”项目更名为“非流动负债”项目,从而使流动性项目与非流动性项目彼此对应。
空心莲子草茎的解剖结构对不同水湿生境的适应研究
陶勇,江明喜
植物科学学报 , 2004,
Abstract: ?研究了空心莲子草茎的解剖结构对水分变化的适应,这些空心莲子草生活在因水分差异而形成的3种生境类型中。对茎表蜡质层厚度、髓腔面积/髓部面积、厚角细胞层数、厚角细胞壁厚、韧皮纤维束数、韧皮纤维壁厚、导管束数、导管腔大小8个结构参数的分析结果表明:茎的全部结构参数随水分条件的变化都有显著或极显著的差异,其趋异程度的大小顺序是,导管腔大小>厚角细胞壁厚>蜡质层厚度>髓腔面积/髓面积>韧皮纤维细胞壁厚>韧皮纤维束数>厚角细胞层数>导管束数;水分变化对机械组织细胞壁结构影响较大,而对细胞数量的影响较小;茎的结构在旱生生境中变异较大,保证了它对不均一环境的适应;空心莲子草茎的结构既具有旱生性特点又具有水生性特点,其结构究竟朝哪个方向发展,取决于环境水分条件。从茎的结构上看,治理该种应以限制其导管腔和髓腔分化为主要手段。
科技进步的行政化约束与对策研究
陶勇,王益民
科技进步与对策 , 2014, DOI: 10.6049/kjjbydc.2012110467
Abstract: 采用对比方法,指出当前中国科技存在科研机构大而不强、对外技术依存度居高不下、高层次人才缺乏、科技产出低水平重复及国际分工地位低下等不足,并从价值迷思、角色迷思、体制迷思和社会迷思4个角度分析了行政化官本位行为意识对科技发展的阻碍,最后提出了相应的应对策略。科技发展官本位科技体制创新型国家
蛋白质预算:合成生物学的成本标尺
刘伟丰?,陶勇
生物工程学报 , 2013,
Abstract: 合成生物学以创建人工生命体系为目的。实践中人们希望人工生命体系具有更强的生产能力、转化能力、环境适应与监测能力,从而获得更优质的生产方式。生命体系的优化涉及到多层次的调控网络,而根本上还是对细胞中蛋白质的含量、定位、活性的控制。在蛋白质表达水平上进行控制是合成生物学元件设计、模块组装以及适配性研究最核心的手段。类似于工厂中的成本计算,合成生物学创建的人工生命体系(人工细胞工厂)以蛋白质预算为依据。优化蛋白质预算的研究策略已经成功应用于合成生物学研究实践中。
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