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The heavy metal cadmium (Cd) enriched in soil is one of the most harmful pollution issues in the whole world. The most of the research related to plant response to Cd stress mainly focus on Cd stress alone, ignoring the question that multiple kinds of heavy metals including Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn) frequently combined with Cd in soil in the natural environment. It has brought great difficulties in governance. Here, we combine the recent research reports from the aspect of Cd harm, the resistance of plant and the interaction with other metal elements under Cd stress to make a brief summary. Then, the development and prospect in heavy metal contamination of soil research were proposed.
Programmed cell death (PCD) in plants is a kind of the spontaneous cell death events, which commonly occurs in plant developmental process and environmental adaptation. The study of plant PCD has become a hot issue of scholars at home and abroad in recent years. Accumulating evidences show that plant PCD process is tightly associated with plant growth, and this event can help plant change structure property, activate cascade of genes involved in stress-response genes. In this review, recent research progress with respect to the correlation between plant vegetative growth and PCD, the PCD-related signaling molecules, the function of PCD during plant typical adversity stress responses of salt stress and the innovative methods implicated in the plant PCD research. Ultimately, we raised some outlook regarding the trends and significance of PCD investigation in plants.