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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 175563 matches for " 陈湘媛 "
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绿行动方案之研拟与实践
Research and Practice of Green Action Program
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Advances in Environmental Protection (AEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/AEP.2014.46032
Abstract:
本研究为一环境改造实验计划,操作对象为高中与周边社区。为改善逐渐恶化的实质环境,公部门近几年持续提出城乡改造计划,并由不同单位分别督导,在营建署推动的是[城乡新风貌],在教育部则是[永续校园]。鉴于中小学校园规划向来为学校行政单位主导,少有师生参与决策的机会,本研究配合[永续校园]与[生态社区]规划理念,提出校园与社区软硬件的环境改造构想,并尝试将永续的观念从校园推广至社区,在操作上则从传统上而下的规划模式,转而为下而上的操作型式,让校园空间的主要使用者以及社区居民,在规划之初即有充分表达意见的机会,以确切掌握环境议题,同时也从互动讨论中了解使用者的空间需求与愿景,将环境议题转化为绿色行动方案,具体提出改善构想。
This research was an experimental project of environmental improvement. The study objects were the National Feng-Yuan Senior High School and its surrounding communities. The government con-tinues to propose urban and rural transformation plans to improve gradually deteriorating physical environment. Different sectors supervise these plans, for example, the Construction and Planning Agency leading the “Townscape Renaissance Project” and the Ministry of Education conducting the “Sustainable Campus”. Since school administration dominates campus planning for most of the cases, students and teachers rarely have opportunities to participate in decision-making. This study tried to propose hardware and software environment improving schemes for the campus and communities under the planning concepts of sustainable campus and eco-community. Furthermore, sustainable thought was promoted from campus to communities. Therefore, this case study was conducted as bottom-up instead of the traditional top-down planning pattern. The process not only provided the main users, including the residents, the chances to fully express their opinions at the beginning of planning, but also enabled the planners to handle the environmental issues more pre-cisely. Interactive discussions refined the space requirement and vision. Environmental issues was then successfully translated into a Green Action Program and practically improved under the sus-tainable concepts.
从台湾封溪护渔之执行成效检讨河川环境治理
A Review of the River Environmental Governance from Implementation Effects of the River Enclosing and Fish Protection in Taiwan
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Advances in Environmental Protection (AEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/AEP.2014.41001
Abstract:
封溪护渔之目的在于让河川休养生息,资源得以永续经营,然而至今于封溪河段仍可见不当疏浚或兴筑大型公共设施与景观餐厅等行为。本研究对苗栗县的封溪护渔执行成效进行检讨,发现其成败系于地方意见领袖的价值观与环境态度,是影响居民决定支持或反对的重要关键。至于公部门在护渔行动中所处之角色,则常是被动消极而非从整体资源保育的角度着眼,且其业务常彼此重迭,也连带影响河川环境管理之效率。鉴于现阶段之护渔工作仅局限于鱼类资源之保护,对于业已破坏或不当使用之河域资源,迄未建立环境监测系统以及拟订复育计划,因此局限了封溪护渔的效益,本研究据此建议应透过环境教育,动员民间的力量在河川环境复育方面扮演更积极的角色。
The objective of river enclosing and fish protection is to recuperate river ecology in an attempt to achieve sustainable management of natural resources. However, improper dredging works and construction of public facilities, as well as panoramic restaurants beside rivers, still commonly occur today. This project examined cases of river reserves at Miaoli, for their policies and implementation effects towards the river enclosing and fish protection. We found that the values and environmental attitudes of the local representatives were critical for residents to support or oppose certain reserve development. On the other hand, the public sectors generally played a passive role and did not operate based on the integral viewpoint of resource conservation. Additionally, the affairs of the public sectors often overlap which impact on the efficiency of environmental management. As the existing efforts of river reserve are mainly confined to protecting fish resources, holistic restoration strategies and environmental monitoring system for controlling land use and restoring natural ecology of disturbed land and ecology are deficient. This study suggested that environmental education with a more active and powerful role in environmental restoration played by the grassroots is considered important and should be encouraged.
从景观生态地图之建构探讨出磺坑产业地景之活化
Activation of Industrial Landscape of the Chu Hung Keng Oil Field through Constructing a Landscape Ecological Map
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, 郭城孟
Advances in Environmental Protection (AEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/AEP.2013.31003
Abstract:
苗栗县公馆乡的出磺坑是台湾第一口以石油与天然气开采为主的油井,也是全世界第二口油井,然而随着采油量减少而逐年没落,近来地方政府计划将出磺坑的产业地景重新整理,并开放为观光游憩区,却因未对本区的自然与人文资源详加调查之前即匆忙发包许多硬件工程,对植被的完整性与动物资源造成很大的破坏。鉴于传统的生态调查多为建立一份动植物的学名清单,并无法反应出物种间的依存关系,也无法反应其在空间上的分布区位,对实质环境规划的帮助有限,因此,本研究从环境永续经营的理念,将资源调查结果套绘于地形图上,为出磺坑的自然环境与产业地景建构一份景观生态地图,据以建议适宜的土地利用与经营型态,以达到产业地景活化与再利用的目的,研究结果同时建议出磺坑未来应朝向“生态地质园区”发展,以保全其亚热带阔叶林与产业地景,进而成为台湾生态旅游与教学之环境教育据点。
The Chu Hung Keng oil field is the first gas and oil field in Taiwan, which is also the second oil field devel-oped in the world. Followed with the reduction in oil production, it induced the come-down of Chu Hung Keng district concurrently. Local government thus planned to reform the oil field as a tourist spot by activating its industrial land-scape. However, many improper actions proceeded without surveying local natural and cultural resources. As a result, the integrity of fauna and flora were seriously destroyed. Instead of showing the interdependent relationship or the niche of species, traditional ecological survey only provides a name list of local wildlife, which is actually not practical for environmental planning. In this study, the natural and cultural resources were surveyed and mapped on the topographic map. Subsequently, a landscape ecological map was constructed. It aimed to bring forward a more appropriate land use and management for Chu Hung Keng district with a concept of sustainable management. By taking local natural and cultural resources into account, the industrial landscape could be activated and reused in a more proper manner. Our results suggested that, in order to preserve the subtropical broad-leaved forest and industrial landscape, the Chu Hung Keng oil field should be developed into an ecological and geological park. Furthermore, it could become an excellent place for environmental education and ecotourism.
神经原性膀胱物理治疗的研究进展
Research Progress about Physiotherapy of Diabetic Neurogenic Bladder
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, 张帆
Medical Diagnosis (MD) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/MD.2014.44007
Abstract:
神经原性膀胱(Neurogenic Bladder, NB)是一类由于神经系统病变导致膀胱和/或尿道功能障碍,进而产生一系列下尿路症状及并发症的疾病总称,包括糖尿病神经原性膀胱、脊髓损伤性病变导致的膀胱功能障碍、医源性导致的排尿异常症状等。NB的治疗尤其在物理治疗方法上发展迅速,并成为重要的核心治疗手段。下面将NB的物理治疗按无创和有创进行综述表明,超短波疗法、骶神经调节等在科研方面研究较广泛,但临床应用少。而经皮低频神经电刺激疗法(Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation, TENS)、骶神经前根调节、导尿治疗等在临床上获得一定的应用价值。
Neurogenic bladder (NB) is an umbrella term for this kind of diseases that, associated to bladder and/or urinary dysfunction due to the nervous system lesions, produce a series of lower urinary tract symptoms and complications, including diabetes neurogenic bladder, bladder dysfunction caused by spinal cord injury, abnormal micturition symptoms caused by bladder dysfunction, etc. At present, the treatment of NB has been developed rapidly, especially the physiotherapy which has been the important corn therapy of DNB. Review about the physiotherapy of DNB according to noninvasive and invasive therapy shows that ultrashortwave therapy, sacral neuromodulation, pudendal neuromodulation and so on have been researched more widely in experiments than in the clinic. Nevertheless, Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS), interferential current therapy, sacral anterior root stimulation and catheterization therapy and so on have obtained the certain application value in clinic.
中国和平发展道路的挑战及其思考
The Challenges of China’s Peaceful Development Road and Some New Thinking
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邝艳,
Advances in Social Sciences (ASS) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/ASS.2016.56114
Abstract:
和平发展道路是中国立足本国国情探索出的一条新型发展道路,是中国特色的外交战略,其核心在于以和平的方式实现中华民族的伟大复兴。但是,这一发展道路面临着来自理论、历史和现实等多方面的挑战。这些挑战表明,我国的和平发展道路仍有模糊之处,当前我们要做的工作不仅在于完善和平发展的理论体系,更重要的在于寻找到和平有效地解决我国在核心利益方面面临的各种现实挑战。
China’s peaceful development is a new road based on its realities and a diplomatic strategy with Chinese characteristics. The core of peaceful development strategy is to achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation by peaceful means. However, this strategy faces many challenges such as theoretical, historical and practical ones. These challenges show that China’s road of peaceful development is still vague. The work we now have to do is not only perfect the theory of peaceful development, but also to solve the troubles that China is facing peacefully and effectively.
微内容的自组织学习模式研究

开放教育研究 , 2014,
Abstract: 信息时代,随着海量信息的传播和新媒体的涌现,储备式的学习方式已不再适用。在社会化知识网络中,学习也不再是个人的内化活动,学习者的思维和认知都在不断重构,学习方式与知识的组织形式也在发生着深刻的变化。因此,我们必须从关联主义的视角出发审视学习。如何在“无尺度”的复杂网络世界中营造自身的学习“小世界”,将微型的、离散的、碎片化的信息整合为系统可用并可扩展的知识体系,对促进学习具有重要意义。文章通过分析网络学习的基本特征,描述泛网络形态下知识的组织过程,探讨具有个性特征的网络学习者在微内容环境特征中组织学习和整合认知的新范式,体现了数字时代学习的重要变革,以此透视后现代教育观从实体思维到关系思维的转换。
用于图像认证的可恢复半脆弱数字水印
王祖喜,
中国图象图形学报 , 2008, DOI: 10.11834/jig.20080706
Abstract: 为了提高图像认证的可靠性,提出了一种用于图像内容认证的可恢复半脆弱数字水印方案,该方案不仅能鉴别数字图像内容的真实性,还可近似恢复图像中被篡改的区域。该方案基于半色调处理技术,首先将图像半色调处理后生成的二值水印图像经JBIG2压缩后作为嵌入水印,然后经量化索引调制嵌入小波域。用该方案嵌入水印后的图像,在检测时,不但可以定位图像中被篡改的区域,还可以对提取的恢复水印进行解压,并可通过逆半色调处理来重建原图像,用它的对应部分替换被篡改区域来实现对被篡改图像的篡改恢复。此外,由于该算法采用密钥来控制水印的嵌入位置,从而保证了水印的安全性;仿真实验是采用一般性操作和篡改操作相结合的方法,实验结果表明,该算法在保护数字图像内容真实性方面是可行的。
鲜切菜中有害微生物及其防治方法探究
Microbial in Fresh-Cut Vegetables and Its Control Method
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马涌航,
Hans Journal of Food and Nutrition Science (HJFNS) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/HJFNS.2016.53010
Abstract:
鲜切蔬菜含有大量的水分,而且由于切割导致表面的细胞组织已经受到破坏,使其不再是一个整体,所以极易受到病原微生物的污染。病原微生物是影响鲜切蔬菜安全问题的主要因素之一,对鲜切蔬菜进行灭菌处理能够增加鲜切蔬菜的食用安全性。本文对鲜切蔬菜中微生物的种类以及目前存在的一些灭菌方法进行了探讨与展望。
Fresh-cut vegetables contain a lot of water, but because of cutting surface, tissue has been destroyed so that it is no longer a whole, so vulnerable to pathogenic microorganism pollution. Pathogenic microorganism is one of the main factors affecting the safety of fresh-cut vegetables. Fresh-cut vegetables sterilization treatment can increase the food safety of fresh-cut vegetables. This article has carried on the discussion and prospect of microorganisms in fresh-cut vegetables and some existing methods of sterilization.
“互联网+”背景下旅游行业企业商业模式的创新研究
Study on Business Model Innovation in Tourism Industry under the “Internet+” Background
 [PDF]

王岚, , 张彦
Service Science and Management (SSEM) , 2017, DOI: 10.12677/SSEM.2017.61001
Abstract:
“定制旅游”相比传统旅游方式,提升了旅游者的消费体验,也增强了产品的吸引力。传统的旅游行业企业在外部市场以及自身经营的双重压力之下,在互联网和大数据技术的影响不断加深和蔓延的背景下,创新商业模式具有重要的现实意义。传统旅游行业企业应对消费者的个性需求给予更多的关注,转向供需合作与定制旅行,积极融入在线旅游市场,利用互联网技术和大数据降低人资消耗进而降低运作成本。
“Customized Travel”, compared with the traditional way of tourism business, can improve cus-tomers’ traveling experience and increase the attractiveness of the service. For enterprises doing the travel business in the traditional way, they are faced with the pressures coming both from the outside and the inside, so to catch up with the “internet+” strategy and take advantage of the big data technology have become more and more important. This essay suggests that tourism industry enterprises pay more attention to care about the individuality of the customers, try to get closer to tailor-made travel business, get themselves used of the online platform and decrease the business cost by making the best use of the internet and the big data technology.
棉田生态系统氮营养元素循环的研究

生态学报 , 1998,
Abstract: 在棉田生态系统N循环中,低,中,高,超高产棉田N素的输入与输出不平衡,亏盈值(Bk)分别为-9.8,-10.6,-13.5和-16.2kg/hm^2,平衡值(B1)为0.9113,0.9435,0.9429.0.9458,每种1季棉花,土壤库现存N减少2‰~6‰,低,中,高,超高产棉田产物N输出,分别为棉田生态系统总输出N的54.4%,46.5%,44.9%和43.4%,其中经济产品(棉子和纤维)
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