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This study collected the spoken data of the follow-up question-and-answer sessions in the presentations delivered by 20 Japanese speakers in three different academic conferences conducted in Tokyo in 2011. The focus of our research was to investigate how the participants employed linguistic devices to construct question discourse. This study observed the following results: the topics that are mostly likely to be addressed, the patterns, the discoursal strategies, the language expressions, and the meta-discourse of those questions that distinguish the characteristic of Japanese academic scholars. Japanese scholars tend to be very polite and rarely ask questions abruptly. They usually use more than one question pattern, and use meta-discourse to mitigate the questions. In other words, for Japanese scholars, maintaining harmonious social relations is far more important than communicating and clarifying the questions.