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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 232886 matches for " 陈志 "
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政策引导下人造板绿色供应链质量竞争、合作与协调研究
Quality Competition, Cooperation and Coordination for Green Supply Chain of Wood-Based Panel under the Policy Guidance
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Journal of Low Carbon Economy (JLCE) , 2015, DOI: 10.12677/JLCE.2015.44006
Abstract:
当前,我国人造板产业落后产能过剩,资源浪费和环境污染严重,产业上下游企业之间缺乏有效的合作和协调机制。本文结合人造板产业实际,界定了一个枝桠材供应商和两个相互竞争的人造板制造商组成的人造板绿色供应链系统;进而,分别构建了增值税即征即退和环境税等政策引导下人造板绿色供应链的质量竞争、合作与协调模型,并建立了政策引导下人造板绿色供应链的收益分享–成本分担质量协调机制,并进行了对比数值分析。研究结果表明:(1) 有条件的增值税即征即退政策和征收环境税政策,使得人造板企业有经济动因开展人造板绿色供应链管理,提高资源能源利用率和企业竞争力;(2) 人造板绿色供应链管理模式的资源循环利用和绿色环保优势,使得人造板企业有内在动力开展绿色供应链管理改进活动,推进产业的转型和升级;(3) 协调情形下的人造板绿色供应链及其成员的最优利润均高于竞争和合作情形,收益分享–成本分担的契约协调机制具有高效协同和帕累托改进的优势;(4) 通过自建经济林场、选用经济材,强化技术研发和工艺流程改进,降低加工成本和绿色供应链管理成本,有助于提高人造板供应链整体及其成员的运营绩效。
Currently, China’s wood based panel (WBP) industry is faced with backward overcapacity, waste of resources, environmental pollution, and lack of efficient cooperation and coordination mechanism between the upstream and downstream. Considering the practice of WBP industry, WBP green supply chain system with one branch-wood supplier and two competed WBP manu-facturers is defined, further, quality competition, cooperation and coordination model of WBP green supply chain under the policy guidance of value-added tax refund and environmental tax collection are respectively built, and the quality coordination mechanism of revenue-cost sharing for WBP green supply chain under the policy guidance is built, finally, the comparative numerical analysis is carried out. The results show that: (1) the policy of value-added tax refund with threshold and environmental tax collection makes WBP enterprises have economical motivation to implement green supply chain improvement, improving the efficiency of resources and energy, reducing the pollution emissions and improving the overall performance and competitiveness; (2) owing to the advantages of resource recycling, green environmental protection and high comprehensive efficiency in the WBP green supply chain management mode, WBP enterprises have internal motivation to carry out green supply chain improvement, promoting industrial restructuring and upgrading; (3) the optimal profits of supply chain and its members under coordination situations are higher than those under competition and cooperation situations, and coordination mechanism of revenue-cost sharing contract has advantages of high efficiency, cooperation and Pareto improvement; (4) self-construction of the economic forest farm and the choice of economical branch-wood can effectively reduce the unit cost of branch-wood, enhancing technology development and process improvement can effectively reduce the processing cost and improvement cost of WBP green supply chain management, which is beneficial for improving the
考虑战略顾客行为的人造板三级绿色供应链协调研究
Coordination Mechanism for Three-Stage Green Supply Chain of Wood-Based Panel in the Presence of Strategic Consumer’s Behavior
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Service Science and Management (SSEM) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/SSEM.2016.52004
Abstract:
当前,我国人造板产业落后产能过剩,资源浪费和环境污染严重,上下游企业之间缺乏有效的合作和协调机制,同时,战略顾客行为对于人造板上下游企业的协调运营决策有着重要的影响。本文结合我国人造板产业实际,界定了人造板三级绿色供应链系统;在增值税即征即退和环境税政策引导下,分别构建了战略顾客行为下的人造板三级绿色供应链收益分享–成本分担契约协调模型和传统人造板绿色供应链收益分享–成本分担契约协调模型,并进行了对比数值分析。研究结果表明:1) 有“门槛”的增值税即征即退补贴的政策以及征收环境税的政策,使得人造板企业有经济动因积极开展绿色供应链管理改进,提高资源能源利用率,提高企业综合运营绩效和竞争能力。2) 无论是传统人造板供应链视角还是人造板绿色供应链视角,收益分享–成本分担契约均可以实现战略顾客行为下人造板三级绿色供应链协调运营,且绿色供应链视角下的人造板供应链及其成员最优利润高于传统供应链视角,人造板供应链及其成员有经济动因实施绿色供应链管理改进。3) 强化地板产品促销价格的高低影响到人造板绿色供应链的优化决策和运营绩效,制定一个较低的促销价格,有利于提高人造板绿色供应链及其成员的绩效。4) 通过自建经济林场、选用经济型枝桠材等措施有效保障枝桠材供应,强化技术研发和工艺流程改进,促进资源能源回收和循环利用,有助于提高人造板绿色供应链的运营绩效。
Currently, China’s wood-based-panel (WBP) industry is faced with backward overcapacity, waste of resources, environmental pollution, with slow growth of downstream product demand and relative shortage of upstream branch-wood supply. Obviously, the development of the upstream does not match with the downstream in the WBP supply chain, and lack of efficient cooperation and coordination. Besides, strategic consumer’s behavior has an important impact on the coordination decision for the upstream and downstream of WBP enterprises. Considering the practice of WBP industry, WBP three-stage green supply chain system with one branch-wood supplier, one WBP manufacturer and one WBP processor is defined; further, under the policy guidance of value- added tax refund and environmental tax collection, the coordination models of WBP three-stage green supply chain and traditional WBP three-stage supply chain, considering the strategic consumer’s behavior, are respectively built via revenue sharing-cost allocation contract, finally, the comparative numerical analysis is carried out. The results show that: 1) The policy of value-added tax refund with threshold and environmental tax collection makes WBP enterprises have econo- mical motivation to implement green supply chain improvement, improving the efficiency of re- sources and energy, and improving the overall performance and competitiveness. 2) No matter under the perspective of traditional WBP supply chain or under the perspective of WBP green supply chain, revenue sharing-cost allocation contract can achieve coordination operations of WBP three-stage green supply chain, considering strategic consumer’s behavior; besides, the optimal profits of WBP supply chain and its members under the perspective of green supply chain are higher than that under the perspective of traditional supply chain. WBP supply chain and its members have economic incentives to implement green supply
基于墨卡托海图的大圆航线设计
Study of Great Circle Route Planning Based on Mercator Chart
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Open Journal of Transportation Technologies (OJTT) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/OJTT.2016.54011
Abstract:
随着船舶自动化程度的不断提升与航海仪器设备的日益升级,船舶的航行变得更加安全、高效、稳定、经济。但随之带来的问题是驾驶员的理论知识不扎实,当仪器设备出现故障时,处理问题的能力不足,可能造成巨大损失。在航线设计中,如果脱离ECDIS,则在墨卡托海图中绘制大圆航线显得异常困难,为了避免损失,可根据球面三角形的数学特性,利用Excel来计算数据并设计航线,然后在电子海图中显示数据点,比较大圆航线与恒向线的差异。
With the continuous improvement of the degree of ship automation and the upgrading of marine equipment, the navigation becomes more safe, efficient, stable and economical. But the problem is that the driver’s theoretical knowledge is not solid; when the equipment breaks down, the ability to deal with the problem is insufficient, which may cause huge losses. If separated from ECDIS, the route design drawing of the great circle route based on Mercator chart is very difficult. In this paper, in order to avoid the loss, according to the mathematical properties of the spherical triangle, Excel can be used to calculate the data and design route, then data are displayed in the electronic chart, and the differences between the great circle route and rhumb line are compared.
TTS技术在ECDIS报警中的应用研究
Application Study of TTS Technology in ECDIS Alarm
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Open Journal of Transportation Technologies (OJTT) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/OJTT.2016.54012
Abstract:
TTS (Text To Speech,文本转换为语音)以其便捷的特性,己在车载导航等领域得到了广泛的应用,但在航海领域还尚未进行过探讨。目前ECDIS警报主要是“哔哔”机械式的声响,驾驶员需要肉眼观看才能得知警报的内容,在一定程度上分散了驾驶员瞭望、操船等的精力,此时,ECDIS报警的语音提示功能就显得尤为重要。TTS技术能够缓解驾驶员的视觉疲劳,且使驾驶员更便捷的获取警报的内容,同时船舶安全航行也更有保障。
TTS (Text To Speech) with its convenient features has been widely used in the field of vehicle navigation and other fields, but the TTS has not yet been discussed in the field of navigation. At present, ECDIS alarm is mainly mechanical “beep” sound; the driver needs to know the contents of the naked eye to alert, so to a certain extent, the driver’s attention is dispersed. At this time, ECDIS alarm voice prompt function is particularly important. TTS technology can ease the driver’s visual fatigue, and make the driver more conveniently obtain the contents of the alarm, while the ship’s safe navigation is also securer.
多链竞争下的人造板绿色供应链协调机制研究
Coordination Mechanism for Green Supply Chain of Wood-Based-Panel under the Competition among Multi-Chains
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Service Science and Management (SSEM) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/SSEM.2016.54014
Abstract:
当前,我国人造板产业落后产能过剩,资源浪费和环境污染严重,其下游加工产品需求增长较慢,而上游枝桠材供给相对不足,人造板供应链上下游发展不匹配,缺乏有效的沟通与协调,人造板供应链同质化竞争严重。本文结合人造板产业实际,界定了人造板制造商和人造板加工商组成的人造板绿色供应链系统,进而,在增值税即征即退和环境税政策引导下,构建了多链竞争下的人造板绿色供应链协调模型,并进行了对比数值分析。研究结果表明:(1) 有“门槛”的增值税即征即退补贴的政策以及征收环境税的政策,使得人造板企业有经济动因积极开展绿色供应链管理改进,提高资源能源利用率,提高企业综合运营绩效和竞争能力。(2) 两部制价格契约可以有效地协调多链竞争下人造板绿色供应链运作,人造板绿色供应链要避免同质化竞争,而是通过降低单位枝桠材成本、人造板产品单位加工成本和强化地板的单位加工成本,与竞争对手拉开差距,以获得异质化竞争优势,有助于提升人造板绿色供应链的运作绩效。(3) 通过自建经济林场、选用经济型枝桠材等措施有效保障枝桠材供应,强化技术研发和工艺流程改进,促进资源能源回收和循环利用,有助于提高人造板绿色供应链的运营绩效。
Currently, China’s wood-based-panel (WBP) industry is faced with backward overcapacity, waste of resources, environmental pollution, with slow growth of downstream product demand and relative shortage of upstream branch-wood supply. Obviously, the development of the upstream does not match with the downstream in the WBP supply chain, and lacks an efficient cooperation and coordination. There are serious homogeneous competitions among WBP supply chains. Considering the practice of WBP industry, WBP green supply chain system with one branch-wood supplier and one WBP manufacturer is defined; further, under the policy guidance of value-added tax refund and environmental tax collection, the coordination models of WBP green supply chain, considering the homogeneous competitions among WBP supply chains, are respectively built; finally, the comparative numerical analysis is carried out. The results show that: (i) the policy of value- added tax refund with threshold and environmental tax collection makes WBP enterprises have economical motivation to implement green supply chain improvement, improving the efficiency of resources and energy, and improving the overall performance and competitiveness. (ii) Two-part tariff contract can effectively coordinate WBP supply chain operations under homogeneous com-petitions among multi-chains. WBP green supply chain should avoid the homogeneous compe- tition, but gain a heterogeneous competitive advantage via reducing the unit cost of branch-wood, the unit processing cost of WBP products and the unit processing cost of laminate flooring, which is beneficial for improving the operational performance of WBP green supply chain. (iii) Self- construction of the economic forest farm and the choice of economical branch-wood can effectively guarantee the branch-wood supply, enhancing technology development and process im- provement can effectively promote the recovery and recycling of resource and energy, which is beneficial for improving the operational performance of
Kano,QFD等工具在房地产售后服务质量提升方面的应用研究——以方远建设集团房地产开发有限公司为例
Research on Promoting After-Sales Service Quality of Real Estate Industry Based on Kano, QFD and Other Tools——Taking the Fangyuan Group Real Estate Development Co. Ltd as a Case
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,
Advances in Social Sciences (ASS) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/ASS.2013.24011
Abstract: 房地产的售后服务由于售后服务管理体制不健全,管理不规范和工作经验的缺乏该行业遭遇到成长过程中必然产生的各种问题,受到的消费者投诉在各行业之首,为了解决该问题,本文通过基于KANO模型与QFD集成的顾客(或业主)需求设计方法研究,为房地产售后服务行业分析顾客需求提供了一种新的方法。本项目还以浙江一家房地产开发有限公司的售后服务中心为例,分析该公司在房地产售后服务质量改进方面KANO 模型与 QFD等工具的应用过程及应用效果。
Various problems happened in the growth process of real estate service because of distempered- ness of after-sales service management system, irregularities of management and lack of work experience. Most consumer complaints appear in the real estate market. In order to solve the problems, this paper pro- vides after-sales service of real estate industry with a new approach by analyzing the customers’ requirements based on KANO model integrated with QFD customers (or owners) design method. This paper takes an after-sales service center of a real estate company in Zhejiang Province as an example and analyzes the application process and application result of this company with quality improvement tools: KANO model and QFD.
基于三维GIS的长江流域水利综合站网展示系统的设计与实现
Design and Realization of the Yangtze River Basin Water Conservancy Station Network Display System Based on 3D GIS
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, 春华
Journal of Water Resources Research (JWRR) , 2015,
Abstract:
本文阐述了长江流域水利综合站网展示系统建设的目标和意义,在需求分析的基础上提出系统设计的总体架构和技术路线,并从数据组织、数据访问、缓存技术以及瓦片金字塔和GIS服务技术等方面分析了系统实现的关键支撑技术,最后就系统的功能结构和主要实现的功能模块进行了介绍。
This paper expounds the goal and the significance of the Yangtze River basin water conservancy station network display system. The overall framework and technical route of system design was proposed based on the analysis of demand. The key technologies of realizing system including the data organization, data access, cache technology and tile Pyramid and GIS services etc. were discussed. Finally, the function of system structure and main modules were introduced.
Research and Customer Relationship Management in Foreign Trade Enterprise
外贸型企业客户关系管理方案


计算机系统应用 , 2003,
Abstract: 国外客户是外贸型企业最重要的竞争资源,是企业的生存之本.ERP等操作型的信息系统自动化企业内部流程,并积累了大量的客户交易历史数据,如何利用基于数据仓库之上的客户关系管理解决方案分析,挖掘客户有价值信息以保持和吸引客户成为培养外贸型企业核心竞争力的重要主题.本文结合ERP和CRM系统提出了综合的客户关系管理解决方案,以实现向客户提供一致的,集成的,个性化的优质服务.
我国地方性氟中毒的分布状况

中国公共卫生 , 1997,
Abstract: ?地方性氟中毒(简称地氟病)是一种生物地球化学性疾病。我国是世界上地方性氟中毒流行较严重的国家之一,病区范围广,病人多,病情重。迄今全国病情已基本查清,现介绍如下。
图书出版在网络时代的生存空间与发展对策

科技进步与对策 , 2003,
Abstract: 指出网络时代图书出版呈现业态复合化、市场国际化、流程加速化和图书精品化的新特点,提出了图书出版在网络时代的生存空间的三大悖论,研讨了图书出版在网络时代的发展对策。图书出版网络时代生存空间发展对策
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