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加强淮安白马湖综合保护,建设淮安第二饮用水源地
Strengthen the White Horse Lake in Huai’an Comprehensive Protection, Construct the Second Drinking Water Source of Huai’an
 [PDF]

方高干, 王道
International Journal of Ecology (IJE) , 2012, DOI: 10.12677/ije.2012.11002
Abstract:

水是生命之源、生产之要、生态之基。水利是经济社会发展的重要基础和支撑,为有效保障供水安全,应对和预防水污染事故和其它突发事件引发的供水危机,提高淮安市供水可靠性,本文在充分研究白马湖特点、存在问题及相关规划等的基础上,结合新时期治水思路,通过科学规划,采取水利工程、水生态修复等有效措施,加强淮安白马湖综合保护,建设淮安第二饮用水源地。
Water is the source of life, the most primary factor of production and the foundation of the ecosystem. It is also important base and support strength of national economy, so we should effectively protect the water supply security, response and prevention of sudden water pollution accidents, the crisis of urban water supply caused by other sudden accident. Research on the characters, problems and the relevant planning of the White Horse Lake of Huai’an, with new era of water management ideas and scientific planning, we take water conservancy measures, water ecological recovery and other measures to strengthen the White Horse Lake in Huai’an comprehensive protection and construct the second drinking water source of Huai’an.


新疆艺术中心丙烯画表面污染物清洗方法初探
Exploring Propylene-Painting Surface Pollutant Cleaning Method of the Xinjiang Art Center
 [PDF]

, 梁涛
Advances in Material Chemistry (AMC) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/AMC.2014.21001
Abstract:
新疆艺术中心两幅珍贵丙烯画——《天山健儿》、《歌舞之乡》的表面已经受到涂料、沥青、粘结剂等污染,本文利用材料学为修复基础知识,依据文物古迹保护准则为保护指导方向,通过红外光谱确定污染物的种类,进一步探讨污染物以及丙烯颜料的化学性质和物理性质,为了能够更好地清洗该宝贵丙烯画表面的污染物提供科学数据和技术支持,使今后丙烯画的加固、修复、馆藏等后续保护工作得到不断完善。
There are two precious propylene-paintings named “The Snow Mountain Athletes” and “The Town of Song and Dance” in the Xinjiang art center, whose surface has been polluted by the coating, the asphalt and the binder. In this paper, using the basic knowledge of material science and the basis of cultural relics protection standards for the protection guidance, the type of pollutants was determined by the infrared spectrum, and the pollutants’ chemical and physical properties of the acrylic paint are further discussed, which will be able to promote better cleaning the pollutants on the surface of the precious propylene-painting and to provide scientific data and technical support for the protection of the propylene-painting. The reinforcement, repair and collection management of the propylene-painting will be improved.
城市结构形态功能研究——分析兴安县城市结构形态为例
Morphology and Function of the Urban Structure——Morphological Analysis of Urban Structure Xing’an County Case
 [PDF]

白鸽, 陈宜
Sustainable Development (SD) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/SD.2014.41002
Abstract:
城市形态结构的形成和变化是城市内部、外部各种社会力量相互作用的物质空间反应。通过研究中外生态城市发展,分析了兴安县城市空间结构发展进一步总结城市空间形态优化问题并从战略高度提出兴安县未来的城市形态结构模式和功能定位从而为优化城市结构、提高城市化和城乡一体化进程提供借鉴同时也为城市规划管理和决策提供科学依据。
The formation and changes of urban morphology are physical space responses determined by interactions between internal and external social forces. By studying on the development of eco-city both home and broad, the thesis mainly analyzes development of urban spatial structure in town Xing’an, and further summarizes the urban morphology optimization. It concludes with the morphological patterns and functions for the future from a strategic height so as to provide reference for optimizing the urban structure and improving the process of urbanization and urban-rural integration, also for urban planning and management with scientific basis for decision-making.
从低碳建筑角度分析低碳型生态城市的发展趋势
Development of Low-Carbon Eco-City Trend Analysis from the Perspective of Low-Carbon Buildings
 [PDF]

白鸽, 陈宜
Sustainable Development (SD) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/SD.2013.33014
Abstract: 城市化以来,人类的生存环境恶化,各种自然灾害频繁发生:2008年发生严重低温雨雪冰冻灾害、2010年冬春特大旱灾等,2011年阴霾天气,严重威胁到人类自身健康和生存环境。面对这些城市病,我们必须要处理好人与环境的关系,积极转变生产方式,发展低碳经济,建设低碳化生态城市,为人类创造良好的生活环境。因此研究低碳型生态城市具有十分重要的意义,本文从建筑设计的角度来介绍低碳建筑是低碳型生态城市发展的重要方面。以桂林市建筑为例,从建筑风格,建筑文化等方面一一介绍了它独具的特点。从而告诉我们建筑必将向着低碳方向发展,生态城市必将向着低碳方向发展。
Due to urbanization and environmental degradation, various natural disasters occur frequently in recent years: severe snow and ice storms in 2008, the drought in 2010, the haze of 2011 etc. All these disas- ters seriously threatened our health and living conditions. In the face of these urban diseases, we must take efforts to create a good living environment for human beings by coordinating the relationship between people and the environment, positively changing the mode of production, developing low-carbon economy and building a low-carbon eco-city. Therefore, study on low-carbon eco-city has very important significance. From the perspective of architectural designing, this article shows that a low-carbon building plays an important role in the development of low-carbon eco-city. The article introduces the unique features of ex- ampled buildings in Guilin city, in terms of architectural styles, architectural cultures, and tells us that low- carbon building is the inevitable trend of developing an eco-city.
高通量培养技术在生物过程中的发展和应用
发表于《J Biotechnol》2014年3期,引自
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24698846  [PDF]

白仲
QianRen Biology (QRB) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/QRB.2014.11005
Abstract:
本综述着重于高通量培养技术的最新进展,及其在质量源于设计驱动下的生物过程发展中的日益广泛应用。批判性地分析了几种实用的高通量培养策略,包括商业化高通量培养平台,例如深孔细胞培养板,微型生物反应器,以及平行发酵系统等,这些策略旨在缩短从DNA到大规模生产过程的研发时间。重点探讨了每一个平台相对的优缺点和局限性,同时也批判性的评价了近年来报道的诸如毫升规模的搅拌式生物反应器、集成微流体的微型生物反应器等新兴微型生物反应器原型,及其在质量源于设计驱动下的高通量过程研发中的潜在应用。由于这些技术的总体目标是快速获得过程参数,并且高通量系统中的分析技术对于这一目标的实现至关重要,本文也对这一快速发展领域进行了探讨。最后,本文批判性地分析了这项技术未来发展的趋势。
This review focuses on recent progress in the technology of high throughput (HTP) cultivation and its increasing application in quality by design (QbD)—driven bioprocess development. Several practical HTP strategies aimed at shortening process development (PD) timelines from DNA to large scale processes involving commercially available HTP technology platforms, including microtiter plate (MTP) culture, micro-scale bioreactors, and in parallel fermentation systems, etc., are critically reviewed in detail. This discussion focuses upon the relative strengths and weaknesses or limitations of each of these platforms in this context. Emerging prototypes of micro-bioreactors reported recently, such as milliliter (mL) scale stirred tank bioreactors, and microfludics integrated micro-scale bioreactors, and their potential for practical application in QbD-driven HTP process development are also critically appraised. The overall aim of such technology is to rapidly gain process insights, and since the analytical technology deployed in HTP systems is critically important to the achievement of this aim, this rapidly developing area is discussed. Finally, general future trends are critically reviewed.
一类潜在的文物表面防护材料:光致变色材料
A Potential Surface Protective Material of Cultural Relics: Photochromic Material
 [PDF]

, 梁涛
Advances in Material Chemistry (AMC) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/AMC.2014.23006
Abstract:

光致变色材料是一类具有特殊性能的功能材料,其在信息存储、细胞成像、分子开关、显示器材料、全息防伪及信息无损读出等方向有着潜在的应用价值。由于光致变色材料吸收强紫外线,因此在文物的表面修复过程中加入一些光致变色材料将提高文物表面的抗老化性和可再处理性,该材料有可能起到修复和保护的功能,进而带来经济效益。本文指出目前文物保护材料的不足之处,介绍一些光致变色材料的优点和合成方法,探讨这些新材料在文物保护方面应用的可能性。
The photochromic material is a functional material, which has a potential application value for the information store, cell imaging, molecular switch, display, holographic anti-counterfeiting materials and information non-destructive readout. Repairing surface of the cultural relics dopes some photochromic material into the protection material to absorb strong ultraviolet ray and to improve the aging resistance on the surface of the cultural relics. The photochromic material may have the function of restoration and protection, and bring economic benefits. This paper presents the deficiency of the current cultural relics protection material, introduces some advantages and synthesis methods of photochromic materials, and discusses the possibility of the new material application in the cultural relics protection field.

廖仲恺与新民主主义革命理论
Liao Zhongkai and New Democratic Revolution Theory
 [PDF]

刘珍,
Advances in Social Sciences (ASS) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/ASS.2016.51023
Abstract:
廖仲恺是我国杰出的资产阶级革命民主主义者,在共产国际代表和中国共产党的帮助下,不断进行着艰苦卓绝的反帝反封建斗争。在斗争过程中,廖仲恺对中国的反革命势力、革命力量、革命成功后的社会建设的认识不断发展与深化,为后来中国共产党的新民主主义革命理论奠定了基础。但同时,廖仲恺对革命对象的范围、对工农群众的地位、对社会主义社会等方面的了解还不够全面,存在着一些理论局限,而这局限大多是由其阶级立场决定的。
Liao Zhongkai is a outstanding bourgeois revolutionary democrat in our country, struggling against imperialism and feudalism continuously, with the help of Comintern representation and Chinese Communist Party. Liao Zhongkai’s understanding of China’s counter-revolutionary forces, the revolutionary forces and social construction after the successful revolution had been developed and deepened during the process, establishing the foundation of New Democratic Revolution Theory of Chinese Communist Party. However, the understanding of the scope of the revolutionary subject, the status of workers and peasants, and aspects of the socialist society is still not comprehensive enough, some theoretical limits remaining, which are decided by class position mostly.
超额货币、货币自膨胀与通货膨胀—基于中国数据的实证分析
Excess Money, Self-Expansion of Money and Inflation—Empirical Analysis Based on Chinese Data
 [PDF]

, 刘震宇
Finance (FIN) , 2012, DOI: 10.12677/fin.2012.22009
Abstract: 本文的目的是解释中国的超额货币问题,重点是研究超额货币增量。从中国中央银行基础货币的形成机制出发,通过讨论超额货币的形成过程和产生原因,本文将对于超额货币问题的讨论转化成了对于超额货币增量问题的讨论。为了分析和研究超额货币问题,本文定义了七种变量,来表现超额货币的特征,如货币自膨胀率、货币全膨胀率、货币超名义经济增长率、超额货币增长率、以增量货币数量方程式为基础的货币自膨胀率、存量货币化比率、增量货币化比率等。本文以中国1993~2010年的数据为样本进行实证分析表明,这些变量不仅比传统货币数量论能够更好地解释中国的超额货币现象,而且能够以不同的方式揭示出货币的超额增长率与经济增长率和通货膨胀率之间的关系。
The aim of this paper is to explain the issues of excess money in China. The important point on this paper is to study the issues of excess quantity of money changes. Beginning from the creating mechanism of the basic money issued by the Chinese central bank, by discussing the issuing procedures and producing reasons of excess money, this paper has focused on the discussion of the issues of excess money from the discussion of the issues of excess quantity of money changes. For analyzing and studying the issues of excess money, the paper defines seven variables to show the characteristics of excess money, such as self-expansion rate of money, total expansion rate of money, excess economic growth rate of money, excess growth rate of money, self-expansion rate of money defined in quantity equation of money changes, monetized ratio of money, monetized ratio of money changes. Based on the Chinese data from the period of 1993~2010, the empirical analysis has shown that not only the issues of excess money in China can be explained better than the traditional theory by using these seven variables, but also the correlations between excess growth rate of money and real economic growth rate and inflation rate can be revealed on different ways.
一个新的增量货币数量方程式—基于中国的数据分析
A New Quantity Equation of Money Changes—Empirical Analysis Based on Chinese Data
 [PDF]

, 刘震宇
Finance (FIN) , 2011, DOI: 10.12677/fin.2011.13012
Abstract: 本文从Friedman 的货币数量论出发,通过对Friedman 的货币数量方程式的批判性分析,提出了一个新的增量货币数量方程式模型。通过对该模型中各个变量的逻辑关系进行分析,并采用中国1991~2009 年的年度数据为样本进行实证分析,得出了一些有意义的结论。本文的主要结论是,对于货币M0、M1、M2 等货币类型来说,它们的超额货币增长率与价格指数之间的线性关系具有显著、且很强的负相关性。这一主要结论与Friedman 货币数量论的结论完全相反。
Based on the Friedman quantity theory of money, by critically analyzing the quantity equation of money, this paper has created a new model of quantity equation of money changes. After analyzing the new model’s logical relations between their variables and applying the Chinese annual data samples during 1991~2009 to the empirical analysis, several significant results have been achieved. The major result of this paper is that, for money such as M0, M1, and M2, a stronger substantial negative linear relationship exists between the excess money growth rate and inflation rate. This result is totally different to the result supposed on the Friedman quantity theory of money.
基于隐马尔可夫链的上证股指建模
A Hidden Markov Chain Modeling of Shanghai Stock Index
 [PDF]

龚健, 马成
Finance (FIN) , 2012, DOI: 10.12677/fin.2012.21005
Abstract: 本文引入了连续观测概率分布下的一类隐马尔可夫链模型。通过探讨该类模型的时间序列特征以及相应的模式辨识理论,提出一类新的指数预测方法。作为实证应用,我们选择上证指数2002年12月17日至2011年3月18日共2000个交易日的数据样本进行模型拟合和预测。结论显示,三维隐马尔可夫链模型能较好的拟合采样区间内的上证指数,而调整10日加权的预测方法则给出了关于样本外股指价格较为精确的预测。
This paper develops a model of financial forecasting using hidden Markov chains. Empirical ana- lysis was carried out with respect to Shanghai Stock Exchange Index (SSEI) using daily data for the period from 2002.12.17-2011.3.18 (2000 samples). A three dimensional hidden Markov chain is identified to fit the data in the sampling period. An altered 10-day weighted average method was proposed, and was found to be useful for out-of-sample forecasting.
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