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Relativistic configuration interaction methods including Breit interaction, quantum electrody- namics and finite nuclear mass corrections have been carried out with the combination of the energy level optimization method of multi-configuration Dirac-Fock to calculate the wavelengths, electric dipole transition rates and oscillator strengths of Mg-like ions. Through the use of the ac- tive space expanding method, the calculated experimental data are compared with the other available data on Mg-like ions and are found in good agreement with them. In this paper we give accurate transition properties of four Mg-like ions. These data provide reference for level lifetime, charge state distribution and average charge of Mg-like plasmas.
Since the high-temperature superconductivity had been discovered in 1986, people are being excited, but they are being bemused, because the successful theory of superconductivity in the past could not fully explain the superconductivity phase diagrams. Therefore, revealing the physical mechanism and developing room temperature superconducting materials have become an important orientation of scientists. In order to explore the interpretation of phase diagram, it is to begin from the zero-resistance of the superconducting state, to hold this main point that the appearing zero-resistance necessarily exists in a thoroughfare of no electrostatic field, or electrostatic field intensity everywhere equals zero in the thoroughfare; according to photoelectric effect or quantum tunneling, after any electron being emitted, a hole carrier is left necessarily, and it generates electrostatic field of the hole carrier around every atomic nucleus, thus a spherical surface that vector sum of electrostatic field intensity equals zero can appear around every atomic nucleus. To apply the Gauss theorem of electrostatic field, the expression of vector sum of electrostatic field intensity and vector sum to zero equaling qualifications have been derived. When the spherical surfaces of adjacent atoms with zero sum-vector are tangent or intersecting, no electrostatic field thoroughfare is formed within the whole piece of material, and the zero-resistance characteristics of the superconducting state are showed. Qualifications of the no electrostatic field, thoroughfare can explain the bemusement about the high-temperature phase diagram and the multi-superconducting state of the p-type and n-type materials. According to the force for a electron in the sum of electrostatic field, the motion equations of the composite force is established, then the energy solution is found. When hole carrier number is satisfied to that the electronic potential energy is bigger than zero in the solution, the electron has a positive energy level, but has not a normal minus energy level. When the electron has been moved from the