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????、?石、?床的基本概念
??
地质与勘探 , 1957,
Abstract: 在???床地?或者?地??告有??床部分?,我?常常?提到??、有用??、?石、以及?床等名?。但是?些名?的意?到底正?的指些什??在社?主??家和资本主??家??些名?的意?有何不同?它?彼此的??如何??些?题,我??都有提出??的必要。?在将我所知道的有??些名?的知?介?出?,供大家?考。由於?去??些名?定?和用法不很?格和注意,更重要的是?社?主???和资本主????这些定?的了解有所不同,加之?人??的??也有所不同,因此下面介?出?的名?也不?得合?,如有不同的
对爱孟司热液矿床带状分?的批判――学习苏联热液矿床新理论的体会
??
地质与勘探 , 1957,
Abstract: 美国矿床地质学家爱孟司在1937年对于个别矿床矿区,以及火成岩岩基和岩钟作过关于热液矿床带状分布的研究。根据他的研究从火成岩体向外,比较高温的造矿矿物成分渐渐向比较低温的矿物过渡。同样在矿脉中,由浅到深矿物也是由低温渐向高温方向过渡。爱孟司把这个此较复杂的成矿情况简单地分成十六个带,由地表到地下为:(1)无矿带,(2)汞带,(3)锑带,(4)金银带,(5)无矿带,(6)银带,(7)铅带,(8)锌带,(9)铜带,(10)铜带,(11)金带,(12)?带,(13)铋带,(14)锑带,(15)锡带,(16)无矿带,(石英)。爱孟司分为这十六带主要是根据地热分带如下:
期间交易及其对基金业绩的影响
Interim Trading and Its Effects to Fund Performance
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Finance (FIN) , 2012, DOI: 10.12677/fin.2012.22012
Abstract: 基于净值数据的基金业绩评价方法忽略了基金所持股票的特性,而基于持股数据的评价方法则不能反映基金在两次信息披露之间的期间交易行为。本文结合国内投资基金的净值数据和持股数据,专注于对两次信息披露之间的期间交易行为进行考察,发现在不同的基金之间期间交易的强度有持续性,但有成效的期间交易没有表现出持续性,而高强度的期间交易未必能给基金带来好的业绩。
The characters of fund holding stocks were ignored in the performance valuation approaches based on net value data of funds, while approaches based on stock-holding data cannot catch the interim trading of funds between the disclosure dates. This paper, using both net value data and stock-holding data, focuses on the interim trading of Chinese investment funds. We found that the strength of interim trading among funds persists, but beneficial interim trading shows no persistence, and more interim trading does not mean better performance.
类镁离子的组态互相作用计算
Relativistic Configuration Interaction Calculations for Mg-Like Ions
 [PDF]


Applied Physics (APP) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/APP.2014.45012
Abstract:

采用结合包含Breit相互作用、量子动力学效应和有限核质量修正的相对论的组态相互作用的方法以及多组态Dirac-Fock方法的能级优化法来计算类镁离子的波长、电偶极跃迁速率以及振子强度。利用活动空间扩大法,计算出的类镁数据与实验符合很好。在此基础上本文给出了4个类镁离子跃迁特性。这些数据可以给类镁等离子体的能级寿命、布居分布以及平均电荷提供参考。
Relativistic configuration interaction methods including Breit interaction, quantum electrody- namics and finite nuclear mass corrections have been carried out with the combination of the energy level optimization method of multi-configuration Dirac-Fock to calculate the wavelengths, electric dipole transition rates and oscillator strengths of Mg-like ions. Through the use of the ac- tive space expanding method, the calculated experimental data are compared with the other available data on Mg-like ions and are found in good agreement with them. In this paper we give accurate transition properties of four Mg-like ions. These data provide reference for level lifetime, charge state distribution and average charge of Mg-like plasmas.

大学生拖延行为与未来时间洞察力的关系
The Relationship between College Students’ Procrastination and Future Time Perspective
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Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/AP.2014.46099
Abstract:
研究对大学生唤起性和回避性两类拖延行为、未来时间洞察力的状况进行了调查,并探讨了它们之间的关系,旨在丰富大学生拖延与未来时间洞察力的研究内容,为广大高校心理工作者提供理论与数据支持。研究采用分层整群抽样的方法选取607名在校大学生为被试,考察了大学生唤起性和回避性两种拖延以及未来时间洞察力的状况和特点以及它们之间的关系。主要研究结果如下:1) 总体来说,大学生拖延程度不高,但仍有部分学生有拖延行为的存在;大学生未来时间洞察力高于平均水平;2) 大学生唤起性拖延存在显著的性别和生源地差异;回避性拖延在性别、学校类型、专业和生源地上皆差异显著;未来时间洞察力在性别和学校类型上差异显著;3) 未来时间洞察力总分及各维度与唤起性、回避性两类拖延行为之间都存在显著负相关。
This study investigated college students’ procrastination of arousal and avoidance and future time perspective and explored the relationship between them, aimed at enriching the research contents of college students’ procrastination and future time perspective to provide theory and data support for the broad psychologists in colleges and universities. The study adopted stratified cluster sam-pling method selecting 607 college students as subjects, and investigated status and characteristics of college students’ procrastination of arousal and avoidance and future time perspective and the relationship between them. The main findings are as follows: 1) in general, the degree of procras-tination is not high, but it still exists among some students; the level of future time perspective of college students is higher than that of average; 2) students’ procrastination of arousal is different in genders and places students come from; procrastination of avoidance is different in genders, types of school, specialities and places students come from; future time perspective is different in genders and types of school; 3) there is significant negative correlation between total score and dimensions of future time perspective and procrastination of arousal and avoidance.
西藏城乡发展一体化水平测度与评价研究
The Estimated and Assessed Study on Tibet Urban-Rural Integration Situation
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Urbanization and Land Use (ULU) , 2015, DOI: 10.12677/ULU.2015.32002
Abstract:
实现城乡发展一体化是城镇化的最终目的,也是解决“三农”问题的根本途径,本文从空间、经济、社会和生态环境四个方面构建了西藏城乡发展一体化的评价指标体系,运用主成分分析法测度了西藏城乡发展一体化水平。结果表明西藏2004~2013年的城乡发展一体化水平在不断提升,得益于城乡经济、空间和环境一体化水平的提升。不足处在于城乡社会的推动力度不够,并且城乡经济和社会公共服务存在显著的二元结构。最后在此分析的基础上,本文认为西藏未来城乡发展一体化的重点应该是在大力发展经济一体化的基础上,同步推进农村社会保障事业的发展。
To realize the integration of urban and rural areas is the ultimate goal of urbanization, as well as the basic way to solve the problem of “agriculture, rural areas and farmers”. This paper sets up an evaluation system in space, economy, and social and ecological environment, by using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to evaluate the level of urban-rural integration in Tibet. The results in-dicate that the level of urban-rural integration in Tibet from 2004 to 2013 is rising because of the development of economy, space and ecological environment, but the society is insufficient. And there is obvious dual structure in the economy and public services between urban and rural areas. Finally, on the basis of the analysis, this paper argues that the focus of the integration of urban and rural development in the future of Tibet should be based on the developing of economic integration and promoting the development of rural social security undertakings.
超导态零电阻特性形成条件和相图解释
How Is the Zero-Resistance of the Superconductor Generated and Is the Phase Diagram of the High-Temperature Superconductivity Explained
 [PDF]

秀园, 京砾, 纯有
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics (CMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/CMP.2014.32002
Abstract:

自从1986年发现高温超导体以来,令人兴奋也存在困惑,过去非常成功的超导理论却不能全面解释相图。为探索解释相图,从超导态零电阻特性入手,以超导电子配对机制为线索,抓住零电阻状态必定存在没有电场的通路,也就是在通路内电场强度处处为零;根据光电效应或者量子隧穿现象,当电子逸出后必定留下空穴,并且这些空穴一定在每一个原子核周围形成空穴电场,因而使每一个原子核周围可以出现合电场强度等于零的空间区域。应用静电场高斯定理,求出了核外合电场强度,找到了合电场强度等于零的条件。当相邻原子之间合电场强度等于零的球面相切或相交时,便形成了整块材料内零场强的通路,出现超导态零电阻特性。依据零场强通路的条件解释了令人困惑的p型和n型材料高温超导相图及多超导态。以核外电子在合电场中受力,建立了合力运动方程,求出了能量解,当空穴数量满足解中电子的电位能大于零时,电子具有正能级,而非负能级,电子从正能级激发到零能级便产生了赝能隙。根据超导电子配对机制和零场强通路的条件,提出了室温超导材料的研制方向。
Since the high-temperature superconductivity had been discovered in 1986, people are being excited, but they are being bemused, because the successful theory of superconductivity in the past could not fully explain the superconductivity phase diagrams. Therefore, revealing the physical mechanism and developing room temperature superconducting materials have become an important orientation of scientists. In order to explore the interpretation of phase diagram, it is to begin from the zero-resistance of the superconducting state, to hold this main point that the appearing zero-resistance necessarily exists in a thoroughfare of no electrostatic field, or electrostatic field intensity everywhere equals zero in the thoroughfare; according to photoelectric effect or quantum tunneling, after any electron being emitted, a hole carrier is left necessarily, and it generates electrostatic field of the hole carrier around every atomic nucleus, thus a spherical surface that vector sum of electrostatic field intensity equals zero can appear around every atomic nucleus. To apply the Gauss theorem of electrostatic field, the expression of vector sum of electrostatic field intensity and vector sum to zero equaling qualifications have been derived. When the spherical surfaces of adjacent atoms with zero sum-vector are tangent or intersecting, no electrostatic field thoroughfare is formed within the whole piece of material, and the zero-resistance characteristics of the superconducting state are showed. Qualifications of the no electrostatic field, thoroughfare can explain the bemusement about the high-temperature phase diagram and the multi-superconducting state of the p-type and n-type materials. According to the force for a electron in the sum of electrostatic field, the motion equations of the composite force is established, then the energy solution is found. When hole carrier number is satisfied to that the electronic potential energy is bigger than zero in the solution, the electron has a positive energy level, but has not a normal minus energy level. When the electron has been moved from the

葛兰西主义视域下中东政治风潮的成因—一种“市民社会与文化领导权”的视角
The Gramscianism Perspective of the Causes of the Political Turmoil in the Middle East—A “Civil Society and Cultural Leadership” Perspective
 [PDF]

晓迪
Advances in Social Sciences (ASS) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/ASS.2013.21001
Abstract: 作为对20世纪初期共产主义运动的深刻反思而得出的结论,葛兰西主义——以市民社会和文化领导权为核心的西方革命观——深刻揭示了随着市场经济的发展,社会结构所发生的改变及其意义。运用葛兰西主义的基本理论分析当代中东的市民社会,可以看出力量薄弱,具有社会契约性和伊斯兰性的双重属性是其两大特征。中东各国政府没有适应市民社会的产生而取得文化领导权也是导致此次剧变发生的重要原因之一。
As the conclusion of communist movement in early twentieth century, Gramscianism, the western perspective of revolution that civil society and cultural leadership is its core, revealed deeply that with the development of market economy, the social structure is changing. To the guidance of Gramscianism, we can see that weak and Islamic is the main characteristics of contemporary civil society in the Middle East. One of the important reasons why the political turmoil in the Middle East occurred is that the local governments are not adapted to the origin of the civil society and cultural leadership.
ZnO纳米晶的溶胶–凝胶法合成与光催化性能
Photocatalytic Activity of ZnO Nanocrystals Synthesized by Sol-Gel Method
 [PDF]

刘瑜,
Material Sciences (MS) , 2011, DOI: 10.12677/ms.2011.12012
Abstract: 纳米ZnO是一种新型功能性纳米材料,因其具有优异的光学、电学等性质而受到人们的广泛关注。本文以醋酸锌为锌源,二甘醇为溶剂,采用溶胶–凝胶法成功制备了ZnO纳米晶。通过控制乙酸锌的浓度得到平均粒径为3.5,4.7,5.6,6.7,8.6 nm的ZnO纳米晶,借助X射线衍射(XRD),扫描电子显微镜(SEM),透射电子显微镜(TEM)多种测试手段对其进行了表征,XRD表明,产物为结晶良好的纤锌矿ZnO。通过降解罗丹明B(RhB)研究了样品的光催化性能,结果表明ZnO纳米晶光催化活性随着晶粒的减小而逐渐增强,并对这一现象进行了阐述。
Zinc oxide (ZnO) was a new versatile material which has attracted much attention for its excellent optical and electrical properties. In this paper, ZnO nanocrystals were synthesized successfully via a facile sol-gel method, in which zinc acetate was used as zinc source and diethylene glycol was used as solvent. The ZnO nanocrystals with average size of 3.5, 4.7, 5.6, 6.7, and 8.6 nm were obtained by controlling the zinc precursor concentrations, respectively. The products were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), XRD pattern revealed that the ZnO nanocrystals are indexed as pure wurtzite phase with good crystallization. Furthermore, the pho-tocatalytic activity of the ZnO nanocrystals was investigated by degradation of the Rhodmine B (RhB), the results demonstrated that the photocatalytic activity of the ZnO nanocrystals was gradually enhanced with the decreasing of particle size.
应用电磁场驱动解释金属选择性光电效应
Applying the Electromagnetic Field Drive to Explain the Selective Photoemission of Metals
 [PDF]

京砾, 秀园, 娟秀, 纯有
Applied Physics (APP) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/APP.2014.46016
Abstract:
依据现有文献,列举了目前难以解释的多峰值选择性光电效应等物理现象。为了解释这些现象,应用经典理论,建立、求解了电子绕原子核旋转的矢量微分方程,根据方程的解,以数学语言解释了这些现象,并说明了真空不空、存在电磁场驱动激发逸出的运动电子。
According to the existing literature, this paper enumerates many physical phenomena of peak se-lective photoemission which are difficult to explain currently. In order to explain these phenomena, a vector differential equation of the electron orbiting nuclear rotation was established and solved by applying the classical theory. The solutions of the equation explained these phenomena by the mathematic language, and showed that the vacuum was not empty and existing sports electrons were transgressed by electromagnetic field drive.

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