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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 222 matches for " 田野 "
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无限域中端弧长边孔的复变函数解及其应用
田野
力学与实践 , 1986,
Abstract: 本文按照文献1]复变函数解的方法,除给出无限域中端弧长边孔内承受压力作用下的复势函数表达式及孔周位移分量计算式,并列出长短轴之比a/b=7.7;10.3;13.3;16.3下的映射函
无限域中端弧长边孔的复变函数解及其应用
田野
力学与实践 , 1986, DOI: 10.6052/1000-0992-1986-078
Abstract: 本文按照文献[1]复变函数解的方法,除给出无限域中端弧长边孔内承受压力作用下的复势函数表达式及孔周位移分量计算式,并列出长短轴之比a/b=7.7;10.3;13.3;16.3下的映射函...
月球表层土壤初级包装装置研究
田野
包装工程 , 2014,
Abstract: 目的 为了给我国探月采样任务中月壤初级包装装置设计提供参考, 对月球表层土壤初级包装装置的受力情况进行研究。 方法 在简述我国月球探测器组成的基础上, 对月球表层土壤采集器所使用的月壤初级包装装置原理进行分析, 并基于土力学原理揭示月壤初级包装筒内径与筒内月壤高度的关系。 结果 通过对月壤筒进行有限元仿真分析, 得到了受压力作用时, 月壤初级包装筒产生的最大应力为 98 MPa,位移为 0.02 mm,二者均出现在包装筒底部中心处。 结论 通过建立月壤在初级包装筒内的受压模型, 揭示了筒内径与筒内高度的关系; 通过仿真分析, 指出了筒底部中心处产生的应力和位移最大,最大应力未超过月壤筒选用的硬铝合金屈服极限,而最大位移可由装配公差解决。
正负激励机制在科研管理中的运用
田野
科技进步与对策 , 2000,
Abstract: 在充分肯定激励机制在科研管理中所产生积极功效的同时,针对目前因过分依赖激励机制,使政策制定失衡而产生负面效应的现状,强调科研管理部门要迅速启动负激励机制.只有将正负激励机制紧密结合,共同实施。才能使科研工作健康、有序、可持续地向前发展。正负激励机制科研管理运用
erp同化的影响因素及其作用机制研究
田野
图书情报工作 , 2009,
Abstract: ?以erp同化为研究对象,首先构建包括质量因素、组织因素和环境因素三个方面的erp同化影响因素作用机制分析框架,然后通过对已实施erp系统企业的实证调研验证模型和假设,最后根据模型结论提出提高erp同化程度的相关建议。
?论非全日制用工中的均等待遇原则
??田野
天津大学学报(社会科学版) , 2014,
Abstract: ?摘要:差别待遇是非全日制用工发展中的突出问题,对此在比较法上以贯彻均等待遇原则为对策。均等待遇原则禁止单纯基于非全日制工身份的差别待遇,但有正当理由的除外。均等待遇原则的价值不仅在于提供宏观的理念指引,还在于对非全日制用工中具体劳动条件的确定与现行劳动法建立规则衔接。我国非全日制用工立法过度追求灵活性的取向存在偏差而需反思,应重新确立均等待遇原则的指导地位。现行法下无均等待遇原则之正面条文,但可依法律解释的方法迂回证成。未来立法应明确宣示均等待遇原则。
大数据时代知情同意原则的困境与出路――以生物资料库的个人信息保护为例
田野
- , 2018,
Abstract: 知情同意原则根植于自主价值,是个人信息保护之基石。在大数据时代,知情同意原则陷入困境之中,海量信息的批量处理、多方共享、目的不特定之频繁利用加大了有效同意获取的难度,同意作为个人信息处理正当性基础之地位受到质疑。生物资料库是管窥知情同意原则困境与解困之路的最佳范例,围绕使用库存样本是否需重新获得同意,存在特别同意与概括同意之争,各种折中改良方案继而被提出。革新而非放弃知情同意原则,是应对大数据挑战的应然立场。知情同意原则之重塑,应坚持以自主为核心价值,以保护与利用的平衡为理念,巧妙设计适应大数据需求的新型知情同意模式。应从整齐划一的同意向基于信息分类、场景化风险评估的分层同意转变,从一次性同意向持续的信息披露与动态同意转变,容许有条件的宽泛同意+退出权模式。
The principle of informed consent is rooted in autonomy, and acts as the cornerstone of individual data protection in the information age. It is in a crisis under the background of big data era. The mass processing and sharing of information make it difficult to get effective consent. It is even challenged that whether consent is the legitimate foundation for personal information processing. The bio-bank is the best example to rethink the crisis of informed consent principle and the solution. The arguments focus on whether re-consent is necessary for uses of stored samples. There is a serious conflict between specific consent and broad consent. Many new ideas are put forward to reform the informed consent. The correct standpoint for facing the challenges of big data times is reforming but not abandoning the principle. Autonomy should be enshrined as the supreme value when reshaping informed consent. New consent model should be designed to adapt to big data era,balancing protection and utilization well. The uniformed consent should be replaced by diversified and tiered consent. On-going mechanism of information disclosure and dynamic consent should be set up. Broad consent should be adopted with certain limitations,and the right to opt out should be ensured.??
植物抗菌肽的研究进展及其应用
田野
- , 2017, DOI: 10.13982/j.mfst.1673-9078.2017.11.041
Abstract: 抗菌肽是生物体先天免疫系统的重要组成部分,它们从广泛的生物体中分离得到,包括细菌、植物和动物。在过去的20年里,随着抗菌肽的不断被发现,抗菌肽的数量在快速的增长,它们的广谱抗菌活性也在被深入的研究。植物抗菌肽是从植物中分离得到的,与其他生命形式的抗菌肽存在许多不同点。常见的植物抗菌肽类型包括硫堇、植物防御素、橡胶蛋白、Knottins、脂转移蛋白和Snakins。由于病原微生物对抗生素的耐药性不断增强,因此迫切需要找到可以替代传统抗生素的药剂。植物抗菌肽具有广泛的生物活性,包括抗细菌、抗真菌、抗病毒、杀虫和抗癌,所以它们有希望成为治疗由病原体引起动物和人类感染的药物的候选者。植物抗菌肽发挥生物活性的机制是我们研究的重要方向,有助于找到治疗疾病的新疗法。本文主要阐述了植物抗菌肽的分类、分布、功能和作用机制;微生物对植物抗菌肽的抵抗机制;植物抗菌肽的发展前景。
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are an important part of innate immune system of organisms, which are isolated from a wide range of organisms, including bacteria, plants and animals. In the past 20 years, the number of antimicrobial peptides has been increasing rapidly and their broad spectrum antimicrobial activity is also being studied in depth with the continuous discovery of antimicrobial peptides, Plant AMPs are isolated from plants, showing many differences with other life forms of AMPs. Common types of plant AMPs include thionins, plant defensins, Heveins, Knottins, lipid transfer proteinsand and Snakins. Because of the increasing antibiotic resistance of pathogenic microorganisms, there is an urgent need to find alternatives of traditional antibiotic agents. Plant AMPs have the potential to be the drug candidates of animal and human’s infection caused by pathogens for their wide range of biological activities including antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anticancer and insecticidal.. The mechanism of antibacterial activity of plant AMPs is an important direction of our research, which is helpful to find a new therapy for disease. In this study, we provide an overview of all plant AMPs with their classification types, distribution, function, mechanism of microbial resistance to plant AMPs and development prospects.
论劳务派遣向正式雇佣的转换
On transition from labor dispatching to formal employment

田野
- , 2015, DOI: 1672-3104(2015)01-0089-09
Abstract: 摘 要: 劳务派遣的超常发展背离了立法本意,产生严重的负面效应,其回归理性发展轨道的路径之一在于向正式雇佣转换。基于用工自由与社会公正相平衡、法律管制与放松管制相协调、劳务派遣的过渡性特征等政策考量,劳务派遣转正具有充分正当性。在法律管制升格的背景下,劳务派遣向正式雇佣转换成为刚性的要求,因之在法律上需提供转换进行的通道和规则指引。对超出法定适用范围的劳务派遣,可以强制性地法律拟制为在用工单位与劳动者之间成立直接劳动关系,但应以不违背劳动法理的方式进行。合理范围内的劳务派遣,亦可依当事人协商机制而转化为直接雇佣。
Abstract: The abnormal development of labor dispatching deviates the essence of legislation and results in negative influences. To come back to the right way, labor dispatching should be transformed to formal employmen, which can be fully justified by some policy considerations including balance between employers’ freedom and social justice, co-ordination of legal regulation and deregulation, and the nature of labor dispatching as a kind of temporary employment. In the context of increasingly strict legislation for labor dispatching regulation, the transformation should be strongly stipulated, which provides some rules of legal guidance. If an employer uses dispatched workers beyond the scope set by the law, legislation should lay down through compulsive transition in a reasonable way that direct employment relation exists between them. Lawful use of dispatched workers can also be transformed to standard form of employment through negotiation mechanism
劳动者辞职权的合理边界――以制度制衡为中心
Employees’ right to resign and its reasonable limit: An analysis in view of institutional balance

田野
- , 2018, DOI: 1672-3104(2018)01-0027-11
Abstract: 摘 要: 关于劳动者辞职权的争论持续已久,在《劳动合同法》修改争议的背景下加剧。现行法之失在于以粗放的方式放纵了自由,辞职缺乏必要的条件限制与制度制约。辞职权重构的根本方向应当是为辞职权设定合理边界,为此应采制度制衡的系统化规制路径。应将辞职权与劳动合同期限制度衔接起来,对身份分层的劳动者实行个性化的辞职规则,劳动者辞职构成违约的应承担相应的违约责任,并充分发挥意思自治在增加辞职弹性方面的作用。
Abstract: The issue about employees’ right to resign has been in dispute for a long time which is intensified in the background of amending Employment Contract Law. The right is justified by at least such three factors as follows. First, it is included in the fundamental employment right; Second, it is a weight to balancing the interests of employers and employees; Third. it functions as a useful tool to allocate human resources in labor market. The shortcomings of current legislation lie in that the freedom to leave is unlimited and that there exist no restrictions and conditions. To reform the right to resign, the key is to set up a reasonable limit for employees’ freedom to leave by employing a systematic regulation. The right to resign should be connected with the term of employment contract, and it should be restricted more strictly under the contract with a fixed term. Diversified rules should be available for employees of all types, among whom executives and high-tech workers should be treated differently. The employees should take the liability for breaching caused by resigning. The party’s free will should be respected to increase the employment flexibility, and the validity of agreements about warning days and some other articles should be recognized
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