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The enterprises life cycle always has a significant effect on financial behavior. In this paper, we construct a panel data containing 571 listed SMEs during 2010 and 2014 as samples. We use cash flow structure to measure life cycle of our samples, and aim at exploring and comparing the decisions of capital structure of SMEs in different life cycle. It turns out that compared with maturation and recession stages, the growth stage has higher Debt-Asset Ratio (DAR) and Long Term Debt Ratio (LTD); influencing factors of the capital structure are various among different stages. The growth has a positive effect on DAR in growth stage while non-debt tax shield has a negative one. But the probability and DAR in maturation and recession stages are negatively correlated. Besides, the firm’s size has positive effects on LTD in growth and recession stages while the non-debt tax shield and growth have negative ones. Probability is negatively correlated with LTD in maturity stage.
Moral judgments of accounting professionals affect the quality of financial information, which is one of the keys to the smooth development of the capital market. Recent accounting scandals have raised concerns about the ethical orientations of accountants and auditors because accounting fraud is closely related to ethical problems. This paper reviews the development of theories in moral psychology and related accounting ethics research, and suggests a number of research areas and approaches for conducting accounting ethics research in the future.