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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 338294 matches for " 王红 "
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英汉时间隐喻的空间化认知对比分析
A Cognitive Contrastive Analysis of Spatialization of Temporal Metaphors in English and Chinese
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Modern Linguistics (ML) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/ML.2013.13021
Abstract:
由于其抽象性,时间概念在本质上是隐喻性构建的,并且时间的隐喻性思维具有跨文化的普遍性和相似性。基于Lakoff时间的流逝是运动这一总隐喻,参照NúnezMoore等学者提出的发展完善的自我参照和时间参照两大系统,本文对英汉时间隐喻空间化表征的异同进行了系统的探讨,涉及时间隐喻的源域维度,空间时间隐喻系统的共享及选择偏好,空间方向维度投射,希望能对时间概念化特别是时间隐喻的空间化表征维度达到全景式的认识。
The concept of time, being an abstract notion, is metaphorically structured in nature and such metaphorical conceptualization is shared by different cultures. Based on Lakoff’s “TIME PASSING IS MOTION” and under the developed metaphoric framework of “ego-based” and “time-based” models, the paper attempts to conduct a tentative systematic contrastive analysis of spatial-temporal metaphors in English and Chinese, with the investigation involving the classification of source domains, the elaboration on the co-occurrence of the spatial-temporal metaphorical systems, preference for a particular system and the adoption of spatial orientations. It is hoped that the paper will contribute to people’s comprehensive understanding of the conceptualization of time, and the spatial-metaphorical structuring of time in particular.
公司收购中企业社会责任问题
On the Issues of CSR in Company Takeover
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Open Journal of Legal Science (OJLS) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/OJLS.2014.24005
Abstract:
对公司收购施以社会责任之要求,事实上构成了对公司收购的一种阻碍,这与长久以来立法将公司收购市场作为公司治理的重要机制之一,促进公司收购市场发展,发挥其增进资本流动和管理层经营效率等作用的宗旨却有所背离。目前各国纷纷效仿的英美公司收购立法,对于公司收购中社会责任的价值判断,体现于对不同利益冲突的具体权衡之中,其核心是在公司和股东利益与利益相关者利益之间寻求平衡点。我国近年来有关公司立法一方面强化了公司和股东利益保护,另一方面,也引入了公司社会责任的理念。我国对公司目标的定位与美国相同,但又采纳了英国股东单独决定收购要约的模式,实际免除了管理层对利益相关者的信托义务。实践中对于国有股权、产业发展、经济安全和“民族品牌”的保护尤为重视,为利益相关者采取收购防御措施的很少,通过非法律途径的居多,内部人控制严重问题与国有资产管理体制的缺陷结合起来,实际演变成目标公司董事会与收购者之争。建议增加管理层的话语权、强化管理层的信托责任并借鉴西方成熟的司法规则,减少公司收购中不规范的利益诉求方式。
Considering CSR is a kind of block in company takeover, CSR as a common tool of takeover defense in practice deviates from the legal aim to promote company takeover market and takes advantage of its function in company governance. Nowadays, company takeover law in USA and UK are fol-lowed by most countries to help finding the value of CSR and balancing different interests in judicial judgment. In recent years, China’s company legislation drew into CSR while intensifying the protection of company and shareholders, and learned both from USA and UK in company takeover aim and decision model, which in fact excused the management from duties for stakeholders. In China’s practice, it was paid more attention in protecting state owned shares, industry development, economic safe and national brands, and less in takeover defense for stakeholders through legal ways. Inner control and problems in system of state owned assets, triggered the fighting between the board of directors in target company and the acquirer. It is proposed to increase the power of management in company takeover and consolidate their duties for stakeholder to decrease the nonstandard claims in company takeovers.
客体表象-空间表象-言语认知风格及其测验的研究进展
The Research of Object Imagery-Spatial Imagery-Verbal Cognitive Style and Measurement’s Develpoment
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李力, 海匣
Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2011, DOI: 10.12677/ap.2011.13019
Abstract: 本文综述了个体表征信息偏好性方式这一风格类型在理论上和代表性的测验工具的发展演变。通过前人对两类典型的测验工具信效度方面的研究,指出了目前客体表象-空间表象-言语表征风格测验存在的问题以及未来的发展方向,为编制新的信效度更好的测验工具奠定了一定的理论基础。
This article summarizes the preference representation on style type of individual, describles the evolution of its theories, and also shows the representative test tools. Trough the Previous research of two kind of representative test tools on their validity and reliablity,we point out the existence questions and the future development direction of object imagery-spatial imagery-verbal cognitive style test, and establish the theore- tical basis of new better test tools.
职校学生的心理健康现状及冲动性人格特征调查研究
Secondary Vocational Technical School Students’ Mental Health and Impulsive Personality Characteristics Research
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张妍,
Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/AP.2013.34026
Abstract: 目的了解中等职业技术学校学生心理健康状况和冲动性人格特征,为学校心理健康教育和进步干预提供依据。方法:应用SCL-90症状自评量表、经北京回龙观医院自杀与防控中心修订的中文版barratt冲动性人格特征量表,对随机抽取的重庆市3所职业技术学校2770名学生进行问卷调查。结果:1) 报告有心理健康问题的检出率为18.7%2) 职校学生的冲动性人格特质量表得分显著高于重庆大学新生3) 通过回归分析发现冲动性人格特质中三个维度都进入了回归模型,其中以行动因子对心理健康的预测作用最强。结论:冲动性人格特质是心理健康的重要影响因素,在对心理问题进行干预时应考虑不同人格特质采用有针对性的方法。
Objective: Understand secondary vocational technical school students’ mental health and impul- sive personality characteristics of school mental health education and provide a basis for further intervention. Methods: The scl-90 scale and the Barratt Impulsive Scale which developed by the Beijing suicide research and prevention center at
重庆市高中学生冲动性与网络成瘾相关研究
Association between Impulsivity and Internet Addiction Disorder among High School Students in Chongqing
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尹瑞,
Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/AP.2014.43052
Abstract: 为探讨重庆市高中学生冲动性和网络成瘾的概况以及两者之间的关系,使用BIS-11量表和Young的网络成瘾量表对重庆市4186名高中学生进行了测查。结果在冲动性方面,女生显著高于男生(t = ?4.933, p < .001);在网络成瘾方面,男生显著高于女生(t = 4.916, p < .001),城市学生显著高于农村学生(t = 8.894, p < .001)。在性别、城市、冲动性高低分组上均差异显著,且家庭所在地和性别、家庭所在地和冲动性高低在对网络成瘾的影响上有交互效应。结论:冲动性各维度一定程度上对网络成瘾有预测作用
To investigate impulsivity and internet addiction disorder in high school students in Chongqing and the relationship between both, the study, of which the subjects investigated were the 4186 high school students in Chongqing, used BIS-11 and Young’s Diagnostic Questionnaire. The results turned out that in impulsivity, girls’ scores are significantly higher than boys’; there were significant differences in gender, and urban and rural areas. In internet addiction disorder, boys’ scores were significantly higher than girls’; there were significant differences in gender, urban and rural areas, high and low score in impulsivity; there were effects of interaction between family and gender, family and high and low score in impulsivity. Conclusion: Internet addiction disorder is positively predicted by impulsivity.
重庆市高中生自杀意念的现状及影响因素初探
A Preliminary Study of the Status Quo and the Influence Factors of Senior High School Students’ Suicide Ideation
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肖婧,
Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/AP.2014.41005
Abstract:  为探讨高中生自杀意念的现状及影响因素,采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)、艾森克人格特征问卷(EPQ)、自杀意念发生率量表对重庆市14所高中10,384名学生进行问卷调查,发现:1) 重庆市高中生自杀意念低,自杀意念发生率为59.4%,自杀未遂率为2.6%。不同性别、来源高中生生自杀意念程度存在显著差异;不同性别、来源、年级高中生自杀意念发生率均存在显著差异。2) 忧郁、神经质、其他、强迫、敌对、人际、躯体、精神、内外向、精神质是高中生自杀意念的重要影响因素。建议学校在自杀预防与危机干预工作中加强对忧郁、情绪不稳定、饮食睡眠障碍、敌意、精神症状、内向、自我中心这类对象的关注。
To explore the status quo and the influence factors of senior high school students’ suicide ideation, 10,384 students who come from 14 high schools in Chongqing city were tested with the Symptom Check List (SCL-90), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and the Incidence of Suicide Ideation Scale. The results were as follows: 1) The suicide ideation of senior high school students in Chongqing is low, the incidence of suicide ideation was 59.4% and the attempted suicide rate was 2.6%. There were significant differences for gender and backgrounds in the degree of suicide ideation of senior high school students; there were significant differences for gender, backgrounds and grades in the incidence of suicide ideation of senior high school students. 2) Melancholy, nervosity, others, compulsion, hostile, interpersonal relationships, physical symptoms, spirit, extroversion or introversion and psychoticism were the important factors on senior high school students’ suicide ideation. We suggest that suicidal prevention and crisis intervention should pay more attention to the students who are melancholy, low on emotional stability, have diet or sleep problems, hostility, psychotic symptoms, introversion,
国外自杀遗书研究现状述评
Latest Introduction of Suicide Notes Research in the West
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梁书玉,
Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/AP.2014.44081
Abstract:
自杀是一个全世界普遍关注的问题,而自杀遗书是行为者结束自己生命意愿和想法的一种表达方式,心理学家进行自杀遗书研究对于了解自杀现象、探究自杀行为背后的原因非常必要。文章对国外近几十年来有关自杀遗书的心理学研究进行了述评,主要内容包括自杀遗书研究的发展状况、研究方法以及自杀遗书研究的临床应用,其中重点介绍了内容分析的研究状况和相应的研究方法。目前国内自杀遗书研究领域几乎是一片空白,因此,在中国文化背景下开展自杀遗书的研究对人们预测自杀者的动机、减少自杀行为至关重要。
Suicide is of catholic concern all over the world, and the suicide note is one way in which the suicide people express their willing and thought of killing themselves. It is necessary to study suicide notes in Psychology which can understand the suicide and explore its reasons. This article presented a concise summary of recent psychological studies on suicide notes which include the study’s focal points of suicide notes, research method and the clinical application within these aspects respectively in detail: research situation of content analysis and the corresponding research method. There has been almost a blank on the study of suicide notes in China at the present time; thereby the research on suicide notes in Chinese culture context is the trend of research in this field.
冲动性人格特质与自杀关系研究
The Study in the Relationship between Impulsive Personality Traits and Suicide
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张妍,
Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/AP.2014.44073
Abstract:
冲动性作为一种突出的人格特质,影响着人类的思维与行为控制,冲动性人格也从不同程度影响着自杀的发生。目的:调查重庆市高中生自杀意念和自杀未遂概况,探讨冲动性人格特质与自杀意念强弱和自杀未遂的关系。方法:采取整群抽样调查法,抽取重庆市11所中学共计12,024名学生,应用中文版Barratt冲动性量表,自杀意念调查表,自杀未遂调查表对被试样本进行调查研究。结果:1) 重庆市高中生自杀意念得分5.80 ± 2.41;2) 重庆市高中生自杀未遂发生检出率为2.6%;3) 冲动性人格特质是自杀意念的重要影响因素;4) 冲动性人格特质是自杀未遂的预测因子。结论:冲动性人格特质能从不同程度预测自杀意念的强弱和自杀未遂的发生。
As a prominent personality, impulsivity affects the human mind and behavior controlling, and it also affects the occurrence of suicide. Objective: To survey overview of suicidal ideation and attempted suicide of high school students in Chongqing, and to discuss the relationship between impulsive personality traits and suicidal ideation, attempted suicide. Methods: The number of the total sample is 12,024, which is from 11 high schools of Chongqing. We use the Chinese version of Barratt Impulsivity Scale, the suicidal ideation scale, and the attempted suicide scale to survey the students. Result: 1) The suicidal ideation score of high school students in Chongqing is 5.80 ± 2.41; 2) Detection rate of attempted suicide occurred by 2.6%; 3) The impulsive personality traits are the important factor to suicidal ideation; 4) Impulsive personality traits are predictors of attempted suicide. Conclusions: The impulsive personality traits can forecast the strength of suicidal ideation and the attempted suicide from different degrees.
不同水分胁迫下胡杨种子活力测定分析
Determination of Seed Vigor of Populus euphratica Oliv. under Different Water-Stress
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振锡,
World Journal of Forestry (WJF) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/WJF.2014.31001
Abstract:

以塔里木河下游采集的成熟胡杨种子为材料,采用室内实验法分别对不同贮藏条件下胡杨种子活力和不同水分胁迫下的胡杨种子发芽率等进行了研究。结果表明,胡杨种子不耐贮藏,4℃密封贮藏能够有效延长种子寿命;不同浓度的PEG胁迫处理对种子的萌发均有一定的抑制作用,种子的发芽率、发芽势随胁迫强度的增加呈现明显下降趋势,26%的PEG胁迫处理时,胡杨种子的发芽率和发芽势相对保持在较高水平,可以将其作为评价种子活力状况的关键浓度。
Using the ripe Populus euphratica Oliv. seed from the lower reaches of Tarim River as plant materials, seed vigor in two different storage conditions and under different water-stress was determined in laboratory conditions. The results showed that the seed of Populus euphratica Oliv. was not resistant to storage, and that aging of the seeds could be effectively extended in the storage of sealed under 4?C. Seed germination had certain inhibitive effect in different concentrations of PEG. Seed germination rate and germination potential presented an obvious downward trend with the increase of the water-stress intensity. Because seed germination rate and germination potential remained relatively at a higher level under 26% PEG treat, so the 26% PEG could be as a critical concentration of seed vigor evaluation.

基于文本分析的网上消费者评论影响机制研究
The Research of Online Customer Reviews on the Base of Text Analysis
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贝贝, 刘茂
Emergence and Transfer of Wealth (ETW) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/ETW.2014.44006
Abstract:
在Web2.0时代,消费者评论的作用日益凸显。为此,很多学者对消费者评论的影响做了大量的研究。通常,他们采用消费者评论的量和产品打分作为研究对象。事实上,消费者更关注的是评论中的文本。基于文本分析的方法,可以有效地挖掘出评论的文本中消费者对于产品的真实评价。利用对网上交易社区的数据研究发现,消费者产品评论的量对销量有正向影响,消费者评论的极性对销量有正向作用,且消费者评论量正向调节消费者评论机型对销量的作用。同时,本文消费者对产品不同属性的评价差异性越大,对产品越有利。相关研究结论深化了对消费者评论作用的理解,并为企业运用消费者评论提供了指导。
In the era of Web2.0, customer reviews have become more and more important. Many researchers have done a large number of researches. But they have just focused on the quantitative proxy such as volume and ratings. But the customers care more about the text. By text analysis, we can find more detail from the texts. From the empirical study, we find that volume and the valence of the customer reviews both positively influence sales and they have a positive interaction. We also find that the variance of the customer reviews has a positive influence on the sales. Our findings can expand the understanding of customer reviews and help marketers utilize online word-of-mouth.
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