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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 326244 matches for " 王宇 "
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中国社会保障制度的价值理念研究—基于公平与效率的理论视角
The Research on the Value Choice of Chinese Social Security—Based on the Theory of Fairness and Efficiency
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Advances in Social Sciences (ASS) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/ASS.2016.51003
Abstract:
纵观现代社会保障的发展历程不难发现,社会保障由单一的强调经济效率,被视为维护统治阶级的工具,到公平性不断增强,维护公平程度不断提高,以致成为社会经济的负担,再到社会福利的削减,效率的回归,这一过程始终伴随着对公平与效率的价值选择。对公平与效率关系的认识,理论界有三种观点:第一,公平与效率是相互矛盾的,二者不能同时实现,任何一方的增强都会导致另一方的削弱;第二,公平与效率整体是上统一的,不存在根本性的矛盾,公平的实现有助于提高效率,效率的提高为实现公平提供物质基础,二者处于一种动态平衡,依赖具体的社会背景存在何者优先的问题;第三,公平与效率就像天平的两端,必须二者并重,对任何一方的倾斜都是不正当的。笔者认为,在社会处于上升阶段,第二种观点适用范围更加广泛。本文从历史主义的角度出发,通过分析我国社会保障发展历程中的不公平现象以及它们赖以存在的经济效率基础,为探究公平与效率的关系提供经验佐证,进而明晰公平与效率的均衡状态并顺应社会实际而稍有偏移是社会保障理想的价值选择,旨在为我国社会保障一些问题的解决和制度的进一步完善提供理论支撑和思维范式。
Throughout the course of development of the modern social security, it is not difficult to find that social security just emphasizes economic efficiency at the beginning and it is regarded as a tool to maintain the ruling class. With the growing awareness of fairness, to maintain a fair degree of con-tinuous improvement, social security became a burden of the social economy. Then government began to cut social welfare and enhance the efficiency. This process is always accompanied by the value selection of the equity and efficiency. On the understanding of the relationship between fairness and efficiency, there are three points. Firstly, fairness and efficiency are mutually contra-dictory, and they cannot be achieved at the same time; any part’s enhancing will lead to the other enhanced weakening. Secondly, fairness and efficiency are unified. There is no fundamental con-tradiction, because it helps to improve efficiency to achieve fairness, and efficiency provides the material basis of fairness. They are in a state of dynamic equilibrium, and the specific social back-ground decides which priority is. Lastly, fairness and efficiency are the ends of the scale. You must try the two, and it is unfair to trend to anyone. The author believes that in the rise of society, the scope of the second view is more widely applicable. From the historicist perspective, this article analyzed the inequities of the development process of Chinese social security which were based on economic efficiency, providing evidence of experience for exploring the relationship between fairness and efficiency, and thus making it clearing that fairness and efficiency are equal but de-viated sometimes to adapt to the social reality which is the ideal value choice of social security; at last providing theory supports and thinking paradigm to solve the social security problems and improving the system of social security.
新教伦理与千禧年主义:现代性何以可能?
The Protestant Ethic and the Millenarianism: The Possibility of Modernity
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Modern Anthropology (MA) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/MA.2016.41001
Abstract:
历史长河中总是会出现社会混乱、思想混乱的曲折运动阶段,对于其具体时间点的确定是困难的,如我们去讨论现代性、现代革命的发生,不免会对先驱者的作用有所忽视。因此今天我们着力于讨论现代革命的动力因而非起始过程,即对现代性开端的路径分析,将韦伯论述下中产阶级的宗教改革运动和曼海姆语境下闵采尔领导的千禧年革命并置讨论,期待对现代革命的担纲者有所解读,同时努力将其探讨路径拓展到其他“政治”领域并验证有其效性。
There are amounts of zigzag motion stages appearing as social chaos and confusions of mind in the long history. It is difficult for the determination of the specific time point, such as the discussion about the occurrence of modernity or modern revolution inevitably will neglect the role of pioneer. So today we mainly focus on discussing the motive forces of the modern revolutionary rather than the motor process, namely the path of the beginning of modernity. We compare the Reformation by the middle class discussed by Marx Weber with the Millenarian Movement, led by Thomas Muntzer and discussed by Mannheim on juxtaposition, expecting to get some interpretation about the pioneers of modern revolution, and at the same time trying to put the thinking directions into other political field and verify its effectiveness.
Joubert综合征合并视网膜发育不良1例
A Case of Joubert Syndrome with Retinal Dysplasia
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淋淋,
Hans Journal of Ophthalmology (HJO) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/HJO.2013.22002
Abstract:
Joubert综合征(Joubert syndrome, JS)是一种较为罕见的脑干及小脑蚓部先天性发育畸形,属于常染色体隐性遗传性疾病,该病可合并其它器官功能异常,即JS及相关畸形(Joubert Syndrome and Related Disorders, JSRD),如视网膜营养不良、肾囊肿、肝纤维化、多指畸形等[1]。在我国已有几例个案报道,但多未见合并其它器官异常,本例Joubert综合征有合并视网膜发育不良,本文结合相关文献进行讨论。
Joubert syndrome (JS) is a rare autosomal recessive congenital malformation of the brainstem and cerebellar vermiswhich may be associated with other organ dysfunction (Joubert Syndrome and Related Disorders, JSRD), mainly as retinal dystrophy, nephronophthisis, hepatic fibrosis and polydactyly. It had been reported in the previous literature in our country, however, most do not mention other organ dysfunction. In the following case complicated with retinal dysplasia was discussed with relate literature.
中国大学EFL课堂互动中教师提问的礼貌策略
Politeness Strategies in Teachers’ Questioning in Chinese College EFL Classroom Interaction
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Modern Linguistics (ML) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/ML.2014.22008
Abstract:

本文依据Grice的合作原则、Leech的礼貌原则及Brown&Levinson的面子理论,采用课堂观察的方法,分析了有效促进课堂师生互动的六种教师提问礼貌策略,旨在提供借鉴,促进课堂师生互动,培养和提高学生的语言运用能力。
This study takes Grice’s Cooperative Principle, Leech’s Politeness Principle and Brown & Levin- son’s Face Theory as the theoretical framework, adopts the natural research method—classroom observation, and analyzes teacher talk mainly in the procedures of questioning. The paper sums up six typical politeness strategies to demonstrate how teachers improve the efficiency of class- room interaction by these strategies based on the collected data, aiming at giving inspiration and complementarities to the use of teachers’ politeness strategies to further improve teaching and learning to develop students’ competence in using English.

重夸克有效场论下重子矩阵元的1/mQ展开及Λb->Λclv-衰变
1/mQ Expansion for Heavy Baryons and Λb->Λclv-Transition in HQEFT
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邓英华,
Modern Physics (MP) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/MP.2013.35023
Abstract: 本文在重夸克有效场论框架下讨论了含有一个重夸克的重子间跃迁矩阵元的重夸克展开。该有效场论来自对完整QCD重夸克场的分解,其特点是有效拉氏密度中包括了正、反重夸克耦合项。本文将重子间跃迁矩阵元展开讨论到了\"\"阶,定义与重夸克自旋、味无关的波函数,得到形状因子、重子质量用这些波函数表示的1/mQ展开式。利用这些结果,文中从重子质量估计波函数的零反冲点值,并讨论了\"\"的衰变分支比。
The transition matrix elements between heavy baryons each of which contains a single heavy quark are stud-ied in the framework of heavy quark effective field theory. The framework is derived from the full QCD and the heavy quark-antiquark coupling effects are manifestly included in the effective Lagrangian. The transition matrix elements between heavy baryons are expanded up to order \"\". A set of heavy quark spin-flavor independent wave functions are defined to describe these transitions. The form factors and baryon masses are then related to these wave functions. Based on the 1/mQ expansion, we discuss the semileptonic branching fraction of \"\".
基于阅读的认知心理培养良好的英语阅读习惯
Fostering Good Reading Habits in Theory of Cognitive Psychology
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杜宛宜,
Modern Linguistics (ML) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/ML.2014.24026
Abstract:
本研究通过对94名理工科大学生的英语阅读习惯和阅读策略的调查问卷发现:93%的学生每天课外阅读英语不超过1小时,70.5%的学生没有形成课外阅读的习惯;只有15.9%的学生会在阅读后概括总结阅读内容。教育家杜威(1913)曾指出,兴趣是学习的关键。认知心理学认为阅读理解不仅是“自上而下”而且也是“自下而上”的复杂过程。教师在英语阅读教学中,首先要同时重视词汇习得和意义衍生的双重作用,根据教学内容和个体差异随时调整阅读策略的培养;其次,通过前导的调查,“可视化”的建立以及“后策略”的培养等方式激发学生的阅读动机和兴趣,帮助学生建立良好的从“文”到“意”再从“意”到“文”双向阅读习惯,提高阅读效率。
This study is derived from an investigation on 94 Chinese college undergraduates about their reading habits and the use of different reading strategies. The result shows that 93% of the students read English less than an hour everyday outside the curriculum schedule and 70.5% of students do not have a reading habit after class. Only 15.9% use reflective strategies such as summarizing and questioning. Dewey (1913) used to point out that interest is critical in school learning. In theory of cognitive psychology, reading comprehension is a very complicated mental process that happens both from “top-to-down” and “down-to-top”. Hence, it is suggested that English teachers need to 1) stress the vocabulary acquisition and derivation as well as adapt their teaching of reading strategies corresponding to the need and characteristics of the material contents and students interests; 2) help students practice “visualization” and “post- reading strategy” so as to inspire motivation for reading; 3) cultivate students to set up a bidirectional reading habit as from “text to meaning” and “meaning to text” to improve efficiency of reading.
中国大学EFL课堂互动中教师反馈的礼貌策略
Politeness Strategies in Teachers’ Feedback in Chinese College EFL Classroom Interaction
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Modern Linguistics (ML) , 2015, DOI: 10.12677/ML.2015.32009
Abstract:
本文依据课堂师生互动、教师反馈、礼貌策略等方面的研究,采用课堂观察的方法,分析了有效促进课堂师生互动的十种教师反馈礼貌策略,旨在提供借鉴,促进课堂师生互动,培养和提高学生的语言运用能力。
Based on the research of classroom interaction, teachers’ feedback and politeness strategies, this study adopts the natural research method-classroom observation, and analyzes ten typical po-liteness strategies teachers use in giving feedback to demonstrate how teachers improve the effi-ciency of classroom interaction by these strategies based on the collected data, aiming at giving inspiration and complementarities to the use of teachers’ politeness strategies to further improve teaching and learning to develop students’ competence in using English.
集约养殖粪污能源工程的经济性分析
The Economical Efficiency of Excrement Energy Engineering in Breeding Industry
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, 张珍
Sustainable Development (SD) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/SD.2016.63028
Abstract:
畜牧业集约化发展,随之带来的污染问题越来越严重,对农业生态和食品安全造成威胁,也成为妨碍禽畜养殖产业健康发展的重要因素。本文运用成本效益模型分析德清源沼气发电工程的经济可行性,得出集约养殖企业可以通过沼气发电能源工程串起粪污综合利用的循环农业产业链,实现畜牧业污染物从“治”到“化”的转变。同时,在分析中得出养殖业沼气发电存在的经济效益未凸显、电量收购、补贴及产业链断裂等问题,针对问题对集约养殖沼气发电提出几点建议。
With the development of stockbreeding, a lot of problems have been brought. The pollution is more and more serious, which has become a threat to the agricultural ecology and food safety. The pollution seriously affected the healthy development of the breeding industry simultaneously. In this paper, through the empirical analysis of Deqingyuan biogas power electricity generation en-gineering, it resulted that the breeding industry could make up a circulation agriculture industry chain by the project of biogas power electricity generation and change the situation of the livestock pollution from “cure” to “utilization”. At the same time, through the analysis, there are several problems, such as the economic benefits not reflected, the acquisition of power, subsidies and industrial-strand breaks. At last, there will be some suggestions to the biogas power electricity generation in breeding industry.
财政支持政策对促进长沙市重点领域节能减排的绩效研究
Research on the Performance of Financial Support Policies to Promote Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction in Key Areas of Changsha City
 [PDF]

肖丽,
Journal of Low Carbon Economy (JLCE) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/JLCE.2016.54007
Abstract:
“十二五”期间,我国在部分城市开始节能减排财政政策综合示范,通过整合财政政策,加大资金投入力度,我国节能减排进入新的发展阶段。以财政政策示范工作的主要内容为出发点,利用实证分析的方法,从产业低碳化、交通清洁化、建筑绿色化、服务业集约化、主要污染物减量化、可再生能源利用规模化六个方面对长沙市财政支持重点领域节能减排进行绩效评价。长沙市作为首批综合示范城市之一,节能减排工作在示范期间取得重大突破,但仍存在财政资金不足、财政政策与其他政策联动性弱、企业与公众参与度低等问题,最后提出对策建议。
During the “Twelve Five” period, China began to integrate the fiscal policy of energy conservation and emission reduction and increase financial investment. China’s energy-saving emission reduction had gained a new stage. Taking the work of fiscal policy as the starting point, we use the method of empirical analysis and evaluate the performance of key areas of energy-saving emission reduction about Changsha financial support from six aspects about the low carbon industry, trans- portation, construction, green cleaning service industry intensive, major pollutants reduction and renewable energy scale. As one of the first comprehensive demonstration cities, Changsha’s work has made a major breakthrough in the demonstration period. However, there are still problems. Fiscal policy can’t be well linked with other policy; the activity about enterprise and public participation is low. Finally, we put forward some measures and suggestions.
改良弯接头连接喉罩全身麻醉在小儿纤维支气管镜检查中的应用
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华西医学 , 2015, DOI: 10.7507/1002-0179.20150143
Abstract: 目的?探讨改良螺纹管弯接头连接普通喉罩用于全身麻醉下小儿纤维支气管镜检查的有效性及安全性。方法?2012年11月-2013年8月行小儿纤维支气管镜检查的患儿36例,采用改良弯接头连接喉罩行七氟醚吸入全身麻醉下小儿纤维支气管镜检查。结果?36例患儿检查均顺利结束,检查中无检查中断发生,无组织损伤,无喉痉挛及支气管痉挛,无喉头水肿,无血氧饱和度降低至90%以下。结论?改良螺纹管弯接头连接喉罩用于小儿纤维支气管镜检查简单价廉,能有效保证氧供,尤其适用于基层医院开展。
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