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物理化学综合运用了数学、物理等基础科学的理论和实验方法来研究化学过程的普遍规律及其与微观结构的关系，是理论性较强的一门学科，是化工、材料、冶金、生物、环境等诸多学科领域研究、发展的基础。对物理化学知识体系的认知和理解对培养学生的科学素养和实践能力至关重要。本文以物理化学的研究内容和发展状况为出发点，从教师自身素养的主动提升和学生科学素养的培养两个方面出发，探讨了我国高等学校物理化学课程教学过程中应注重的问题。Physical Chemistry studies the changes that matter can undergo and explains the observations on the physical and chemical properties of matter in terms of the principles of physics and the language of mathematics. The principles of physical chemistry are related with many scientific and technologic fields, such as chemical industry, materials science, metallurgy, environtology, life sciences and medicine. Learning and comprehending the knowledge of physical chemistry, therefore, are important for the development of student’s practical ability and scientific competency in higher education. In this paper, we discussed some questions that have to be noticed during physical chemistry teaching in two aspects: the self-improvement of teachers and the education of students.