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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 53310 matches for " 燕良轼 "
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中国心理学史研究的继承与创新 ――兼论杨鑫辉教授的学术贡献

- , 2014,
Abstract: 中国心理学史经过老一辈心理学家的精心浇灌,已经成为心理学百花园中的一朵亮丽的花朵。在众多浇灌者的身影中有一位不能忽视,这就是心理学家杨鑫辉先生。中国心理学史的发展必须解决好继承与创新的问题。具体地说,就是要以建立中国人自己的心理学体系为目标; 研究者要有坚定的理论信仰与独立的研究立场; 在研究中要注意“求真”与“求解”的良性互动; 既要善于破“人蔽”也要善于破“己蔽”; 要将本土特色与国际视野相融合; 研究者既要善于独立思考,又要有合作创新精神。杨鑫辉先生无疑在这些方面都为我们做出了表率,值得后继者学习。
The history of Chinese Psychology, carefully watered by older generations of psychologists, has become a beautiful flower in the spring garden of psychology. Among those psychologists, Mr. Yang Xinhui is the last one to be ignored. In order to develop Chinese psychological history, we must solve the problem of inheritance and innovation. Specifically, it means that we have to: set as our goal to establish China’s own psychology system; have a firm faith in the theory and take an independent research position; and learn how to acquire an independent thinking and the spirit of innovation and cooperation. Mr. Yang Xinhui no doubt takes a leading role in these areas and is a worthy example for us followers
PSYCHOLOGICAL THOUGHTS OF NATURE AND HABIT DURING HAN DYNASTY
两汉时期的性习心理思想

Yan Liangshi,

心理学报 , 2001,
Abstract: The psychological thoughts of nature and habit which represent the course of history over 200 years of Han Dynasty can be summarized as: the theory of "following the natural law and going back to nature" in Huai Nanzi, Dong Zhongshu's thoughts of "nature needs instruction to become goodness" and Wang Chong's ideas of "men are born good or evil, who may be reversed by practice". These ideas were not only the culmination of all those good at that age, but also possess the values of enlightening and being used for reference for modern psychological research.
AN INQUIRY OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL THINKING INTHE PERIOD BEFORE THE QIN DYNASTY
先秦社会心理思想管窥

Yan Liangshi,

心理学报 , 1997,
Abstract: In this dissertation some social psychological thinking reflection on the features of Pre - Qin Dynasty are considered, such as Conformation of peoples ' mind: Making people have Constant Property and Common mind: Superiors behaving as Examples and Inferiors Imitating: Reward and Punishment according to Justice and Sincerity Conformation of the Peoples' mind is the key point of all of these thinking. Thinkers before the Qin Dynasty used system of concepts different from that of modern social psychology. With these concepts, they reflected precisely the state of social attitudes and mind of the Chinese at that historical age, and their thinking had reference value to modern times
中国理论心理学的原创性反思
,曾练平
心理科学 , 2011,
Abstract: 理论心理学已成为一门国际性的学科。中国理论心理学在世界理论心理学的发展中具有重要地位。我国老一辈心理学家对这个学科的发展做出了较大贡献,中青年学者在这一领域取得了可喜的成果。但我国理论心理学的发展状况与社会对理论心理学的期待还很不相称,有许多值得反思的地方,集中到一点就是中国理论心理学研究的原创性水平不足,这阻碍了中国心理学的发展。研究者认为,要提高中国理论心理学的原创性水平,理论研究者至少要从以下几个方面下功夫理论研究必须回归到人本身;理论创新最需要的是坚定的理论信念;提倡批判思维,鼓励建构思维;心理学不能走入理论与实证相互怨恨的歧途;鼓励多途径理论创新;理论心理学需要理论心理学家相互合作、共同攻关。
贫困大学生儒家式应对与主观幸福感关系
陈健,,彭志忠
中国公共卫生 , 2012, DOI: 10.11847/zgggws2012-28-03-63
Abstract: ?主观幸福感是评价生活质量的重要心理指标.有研究表明,人的主观幸福感与应对方式存在密切关联[1-2].有学者指出,应对具有文化属性,研究中国人的应对应注意中国文化对中国人应对的影响[3].儒家文化是中国传统文化的主流,对中国人的心理、行为影响深远.儒家式应对具有信念性、整体性、亲挫折性、发展性、认知转化性等特点[4].
论中国女书文化的心理治疗价值
,,,卞军凤
- , 2013,
Abstract: 中国女书是发现于20世纪50年代我国湖南省江永县的一种奇特的女性文字以及以这种文字为中心而形成的各种习俗文化。女书及女书文化以自己特有方式为世世代代生活在旧中国江永一带的劳动妇女及时、有效、合理地宣泄悲哀愤懑情绪提供了重要途径和工具; 以仪式化程序为当地妇女婚嫁提供了心理上的支持,在不自觉中起到了女性婚姻心理辅导的作用; 女性通过创立各种属于女性自己的节日,为女性个性自我和才能的展示、心理放松以及自尊与愿望的表达提供了平台。女书及女书文化对当地妇女群体心理具有支持、宽慰、辅导以及治疗的作用。
Chinese Nüshu(女书)is a unique type of women’s writings found at Jiangyong of Hunan Province in the 1950s. It is also used to refer to various cultural conventions related to these writings. Nüshu and its culture have brought great benefits to working women living in Jiangyong region: among others, it provides generations of women there with an effective and legitimate channel of catharsis. Meanwhile, it provides a psychological support and marriage counseling for women through establishing various rituals on weddings. Furthermore, it helps women create their own festivals, through which they can display their ability, characters, and desires for relief and self-esteem. Obviously, Nüshu and its culture have important significance to women in that region, providing them with psychological support, comfort, guidance, and even therapy
道德两难判断中亲属关系的认知研究:来自ERPs的证据
颜志雄,邹霞,,范伟,谭千保,邱小艳
- , 2015,
Abstract: 摘要: 采用事件相关电位技术,考察个体在道德两难情境下对不同亲属的加工特征及其亲属偏见效应。道德两难情境中的主人公为被试的两个亲属(父亲、叔父)和一个熟人,要求被试阅读道德两难情境故事后,对是否愿意救助故事中主人公作出判断。结果发现,直系亲属(父亲)比旁系亲属(叔父)和熟人诱发了更大的P2和LPC平均波幅,而旁系亲属与熟人之间并无显著差异。研究表明了个体对直系亲属更为关注和敏感,表现出明显的亲属偏见效应。
Abstract: For several decades, psychologists and neuroscientists have investigated ethical dilemmas to deeper understand the cognitive and brain mechanisms. Thus, typical dilemmas such as trolley dilemma and the footbridge dilemma have served as innovational experimental materials. Based on previous studies,the present study used event-related potential to investigate how the protagonist in moral dilemmas influenced our moral decision-making or how kinship influences moral dilemma decisions and to reveal the cognitive and neural mechanisms of dilemma decision-making relative to different blood kinship. We specifically adapted 10 revised versions of typical moral dilemma scenarios mainly developed by ethicist Greene (2003) and expanded it to reflect harm, care, and altruism. According to blood relationship, we took kinship’s name (the task types) as protagonists in the dilemma situation to investigate how kinship influenced moral judgment (Father’s name as lineal kin, Uncle’s name as close relative and the Acquaintance’s name as baseline). After the participants read the scenario description (no time limit), the kinship’ names was present and the participants were asked to decide whether or not to rescue the kinship as quickly as possible. We hypothesized that it would be much easier for subjects to decide rescuing Father, compared to Uncle and Acquaintance, and this should be reflected in an ERP activation pattern. Specifically, it would be related to an early relative positivity (P2) and a late positive component (LPC) in three (Father, Uncle and Acquaintance) conditions. In the experiment,we found that there was a main effect of task types (2 relatives and a Acquaintance) for reaction time. The time of choosing to rescue Father is significantly faster than that of choosing to rescue Uncle and Acquaintance. The rate for task types is also significantly different. The rate of choosing to rescue Father is higher than Uncle and Acquaintance. In addition, a repeated ANOVA measure on N1 amplitudes and latencies demonstrated no significant effects, but Father elicited a much more positive deflection (P2 average amplitude) than did Uncle and Acquaintance. More importantly, Father elicited a much more positive deflection (LPC average amplitude) than did Uncle and acquaintance. The results showed that three types of names were approximately equal in
作者、编辑要为期刊走向世界而共同努力

中国科技期刊研究 , 2000,
Abstract: 优秀科技论文稿件投往国外重要刊物上发表,其目的是积极参与国际交流与竞争,提高知名度,但过分的强调和引导,似乎有点片面性。对于某些学科来说,要达到这样的目的,论文在国内重要期刊上发表,会受到同样的效果。本文分析了影响期刊走向世界的根本原因,以及应采取的对策,呼吁广大科技工作者和广大编辑工作者一道,为期刊走向世界同心协力,共同奋斗。
太湖竺山湾支浜草本植物种类构成与分布
刘长娥,邹国,刘福兴,王金庆,付子,刘娅琴
草业科学 , 2014, DOI: 10.11829\j.issn.1001-0629.2013-0438
Abstract: ?研究支浜植物种类构成与分布特征,了解植物群落结构与生长习性,将有助于退化支浜系统的结构修复与功能完善。本研究选取太湖水污染最严重的竺山湾区域,采用点线面相结合的方法,按岸带、岸坡和水中不同区域调查各支浜植被的组成特征与生长状况。调查共统计了20科38属40种草本植物,其中,禾本科最多,其次是菊科和豆科。基于研究区10条支浜植被的调查,90%支浜多年生植物种类在60%以下,70%支浜岸带和岸坡植被盖度在80%以下,水中植被盖度普遍在60%以下。岸带以人工栽培植物居多,岸坡和水中主要为自然植被。区域内多年生常绿草本植物较少,植被世代更替快,易产生枯落物。90%的支浜植被存在不同程度的退化。
总氮浓度对3种沉水植物生长的影响
叶春,邹国,付子,宋祥甫,于海婵,孔海南
环境科学学报 , 2007,
Abstract: 在1/40Hoagland营养液的基础上,采用NH4NO3为氮源,设定了2、4、8、16mg·L-14个不同总氮浓度的培养液,以洗净的长江河沙为栽培基质,分别对3种我国湖泊中常见的沉水植物马来眼子菜(Potamogetonmalaianus)、苦草(Vallisnerianatans)和黑藻(Hydrillaverticillata)进行了为期45d的水培试验,研究了水体中不同总氮浓度对3种沉水植物分枝数、根长、株高、鲜重等生长指标的影响,以期为富营养化水体中沉水植被的恢复与先锋物种的选择提供科学依据.结果表明,试验结束时不同处理的马来眼子菜的各项生长指标均显著增加,苦草没有产生新的分枝,黑藻的根长没有显著的增加;不同处理的3种沉水植物的鲜重在试验结束时均有显著增加,其增加的顺序表现为马来眼子菜>苦草>黑藻的趋势;植物株高和鲜重的净积累随处理浓度的升高而显著增加,根系的净伸长则随处理浓度的升高而显著降低.由于马来眼子菜所有的生长指标均表现出比苦草和黑藻有显著的生长优势,因此,在符合本试验条件的水体沉水植被的恢复过程中可以作为先锋植物.
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