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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 136757 matches for " 汤晓敏 "
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一种基于网格控制的3维军标符号动态建模与优化方法
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中国图象图形学报 , 2009, DOI: 10.11834/jig.20090933
Abstract: 3维军标符号的动态建模是虚拟战场的重要内容,其对提高战场态势的直观性,增强辅助决策能力具有重要意义。提出了一种基于网格控制的3维军标符号动态建模与优化方法,首先对军标符号在2维平面上进行剖分,形成逼近线段;通过贝塞尔网格和DEM网格的约束,使逼近线段在3维空间中发生变形,控制其空间形态;依据空间线段剖分点与相邻点连线的角度,对剖分与变形后的空间点集进行优化;最后进行Delaunay三角网重构,从而得到3维空间中优化的动态模型。实验结果表明,该方法能够很好地控制3维军标符号的平面与空间形态,并能有效实现DEM地形跟随。
产城融合型工业园区绿地特征研究
Characteristics of Green Space in Industrial Park with City-Industry Integration

崔倩倩,
- , 2017,
Abstract: 产城融合是世界工业园区发展的普遍规律,也是近年来我国城市建设的热点问题。在产城互动过程中,园区的产业结构、土地利用和人口结构发生了变化,导致其绿地表现出一系列区别于传统工业绿地和城市一般地区绿地的特征,包括功能需求、分类构成和布局结构等。本文通过对比分析和实地调查得出,产城融合型工业园区绿地的服务对象由生产转向从业人员,功能需求由防护转为游憩;绿地构成上,防护绿地占比逐渐降低,公园绿地的比例逐步增加;布局结构方面,总体布局方式是“外防护,内游憩”,附属绿地布局组团化,呈现出由专有性向公共性的转变趋势。绿地特征的研究将为园区绿地进一步规划与建设提供一定的理论依据。
City-industry integration is the general law of industrial park,which has been a hot issue in nowadays city construction.City-industry integration is a dynamic process with the changes in the industrial structure,land-use plans and the population,which can influence the characteristics of green space.Through contrast analysis,field survey and questionnaire,the paper reached three main conclusions about green space in industrial park:firstly,the green space mainly serves the staff and its major function is outdoor recreation;secondly,the proportion of protective greenbelt is reduced and the park green space is increased in construction of green space;lastly,the green space layout is similar to the Garden City idea,which has greenbelt around park,and the affiliated green space is a kind of groups type.The findings are useful supplements towards the planning of green space of the integrated parks.
度假酒店景观评价研究——以杭州西溪悦榕庄为例
Study on Resort Hotel Landscape Evaluation ——Research for BANYAN Tree in Hangzhou

邵宁,
- , 2015,
Abstract: 度假酒店正受到越来越多游客的青睐。作者以“社会调查研究”理论为依据,选出最具代表性的江南地区度假酒店——杭州西溪悦榕庄作为研究对象并采用AHP层次分析法和综合指数法等数理方法建立度假酒店包括美感度、功能性、文化性和游憩度在内的4个准则层和17个因子层的景观质量评价模型。通过问卷调查获取数据,得出悦榕庄景观综合质量等级为优,其中Ⅰ级(优)因子14项、Ⅱ级(良)因子3项。同时,总结得出该酒店景观在美感度和文化性上具有一定优势,而游憩度上存在不足,并提出了丰富室外活动空间等景观提升对策。此次研究对度假酒店景观领域做了较为全面、深入的剖析,建立了度假酒店景观质量评价体系,针对江南地区特色度假酒店——悦榕庄景观设计提出了建议,为同类酒店景观的优化提升及设计提供了一定借鉴。
Resort hotel has attracted more and more attentions.This paper takes BANYAN Tree in Hangzhou as the research object based on ‘Social Survey Theory’.Firstly,hierarchical order weight value of evaluation index system and comprehensive evaluation model of landscape quality are achieved,with four criterion layers,including aesthetic,functional,cultural and recreational perceptions,and seventeen factor layers.Then,distribution of factors and comprehensive quality rank of BANYAN Tree is calculated as under the first lever.Finally,the current situation and disadvantages of the research object are analyzed and summarized,excellent in aesthetic perception and cultural layers and deficient in recreational layer,and the suggestions such as increasing more activity space are given.This study gains all-sided and in-depth analysis of landscape in resort hotels by building the evaluation index system of the landscape,and gives the suggestions of landscape design to provide some references to the resort hotels in the same style and in south region of Yangzte River.
明代江南运河沿岸驿站选址特征
Site Characteristics of Posthouses along Jiangnan Canal in Ming Dynasty

彭成,
- , 2016,
Abstract: 江南运河驿站是我国运河遗产和江南古建筑遗产的重要组成部分。其选址特征对大运河遗产的保护、修复、利用具有实践指导意义。在历史文献、地方志以及已有论文等资料的研究基础上,以明代江南运河沿岸驿站为研究对象,探索驿站的发展历程、职能和管理制度,并分析江南运河沿岸驿站的线性分布、具体位置及选址的影响因素和特征。研究得出,驿递制度、社会经济、自然环境、历史人文均影响驿站选址;而基本遵循“六十里制一驿”的原则,位于要冲之地和高亢之处,位于城外并临近城门,注重山水形胜,傍于商市构成驿站选址的基本特征。首次系统地研究了江南运河驿站的选址的特征与规律,完善了运河驿站研究的理论体系。这对其他相关驿站及运河遗产的研究也具有一定的理论借鉴意义。
The Jiangnan Canal posthouses are the important parts of the canal heritage and the ancient architectural heritage in south of the Yangtze River.The site characteristics have the practically guiding significance for protecting,restoring and using the Grand Canal heritage.Based on the study of historical documents,local records,the existing papers and other materials,taking the posthouses along Jiangnan Canal in Ming Dynasty as research object,it explored the development process,functions and management system,analyzed the linear distribution,specific location,the factors on site selection and the site characteristics.Study showed that their locations are affected by relay system,social economic,natural environment,the history and human culture.The basic features of the posthouses’ locations are made up of basically following the regulations of setting a posthouse each thirty kilometers,locating in the hub of land and the high place,ranking outside the city and near the gates,focusing on favorable lie of mountains and rivers,and being near the commodities market.It is the first time to explore systematically the site selection characteristics and rules of the posthouses along Jiangnan Canal,improved the theoretical system of canal posthouses study.The findings are useful supplements towards researches of other posthouses or the canal heritage.
黄浦江中心段滨江公共绿地游憩机会谱(ROS)构建
Construction of Recreation Opportunity Spectrum in Public Green Space along the Center Section of Huangpu River

张成秀,
- , 2017,
Abstract: 为有效提高滨江游憩体验质量与保护滨江公共绿地资源,基于滨江公共绿地的资源特征,探索把国外游憩机会谱理论应用于滨江公共绿地的案例研究中。选取黄浦江中心段15个已建成滨江公共绿地进行调查,寻求资源、活动、设施与管理之间的内在规律,借助因子分析法,提取环境条件与管理状况、体验与卫生设施供给、游憩活动的丰富度与开放度、微环境适宜性、植被状况与亲水性、导览与服务、可达性、场地空间适宜性和文化艺术9个环境因子,将黄浦江中心段滨江公共绿地划分为自然游息型、健身休闲型和人文体验型3个游憩环境类型,构建了黄浦江中心段滨江公共绿地游憩机会谱(ROS)。
Recreation opportunity spectrum(ROS)theory was applied to improve the quality of riverside recreation experience and protect the public green spaces along the center section of Huangpu River.Based on the investigation of 15 public green spaces along the center section of Huangpu River,the internal rules of resources,activities,facilities and management were found.By using factor analysis,9 environmental factors including environmental and management conditions,experience and sanitation supplies,richness and openness of recreational activities,micro environment suitability,vegetation and hydrophilic,tour guide and service,accessibility,space suitability,art and culture were identified.Besides,the recreation environment was divided into 3 types including natural tourism,leisure and fitness,cultural and art experience,and finally,the ROS was constructed.
面向自闭症儿童的景观——考特花园设计及其启示
Design for Autism—An Introduction of The Garden Court Design

胡婷婷,
- , 2016,
Abstract: 户外景观有助于儿童自闭症的恢复。考特花园将关注重心转向 “有特殊需求”的自闭症儿童群体,其中的自然元素和设施具有一定的限用范围和特殊功能。花园内的景观设计手法多样,通过营造丰富多彩的空间、设置吸引儿童的特色小品、增加感官体验项目、医学结合景观的治疗方法等,实现医学治疗方法融入景观。从细节到环境,为自闭症儿童营造优美的景致同时,还引导人们通过感受细节体会其中乐趣,以达到其康复治疗的目的。通过对考特花园的设计手法分析,总结出对自闭症儿童康复景观的启示,以期对今后的自闭症儿童康复景观设计提供帮助。
Landscape is helpful to autism recovery.The Garden Court gives extra care for special-need groups,providing special facilities for these people.The garden’s landscape design is full of varieties.It builds rich spaces for relaxation,sets distinctive landscape to attract children,increases sensory experience of projects and combines medical treatment with landscape.Restorative therapy is achieved while autism children enjoy the picturesque garden from details to environment.The garden gives landscape architects some enlightenments of designing gardens with the intention of being used to facilitate autism recovery.
上海苏州河滨水步道空间界面特征
Study on the Spatial Interface of Waterfront Trail of Suzhou River in Shanghai

余帆,
- , 2015,
Abstract: 空间界面作为滨水步道的重要组成部分,是限制空间的物质实体,其种类及构成方式直接决定了滨水步道空间中的观景对象及视觉感受。本文在界定滨水步道空间概念的基础上,通过实地调研法对上海苏州河滨水步道空间现状进行研究,分别得出其南北两岸连通度;其次,通过对比归类分析法对滨水步道的界面围合要素及特征、空间组合模式及视觉感受进行系统分析,归纳出以水、植物、墙体、建筑、道路为界面的空间特征及其组合模式形式;最后,总结出“水+植物”模式及“植物+植物”模式为苏州河滨水步道空间模式的典型代表,该模式在步道空间营造时会产生区别于其他模式比较柔性的视觉空间,视线更易穿越,且具备一定的空间围合感,在设计中可通过与景观小品及各类游憩设施等的组合形成更为丰富多变的景观空间。此次研究是对上海苏州河滨水步道空间研究的有益补充,同时也对同类滨水步道空间的设计与景观提升具有借鉴及指导作用。
As a crucial part of waterfront trail,the spatial interface is the material substantiality which confines the space and it’s type and form determines the visual object and perception in the waterfront trail space.Based on the concept definitions of waterfront trail,the present spatial situation of Suzhou River in Shanghai was analyzed through on-the-spot investigation method and the connectivity of southbank and northbank were calculated.In addition,comparative and classified analysis methods were applied in this research to study spaces which are surrounded by water,plant,wall,architecture or road as their interfaces.Meanwhile,all of the spatial combination modes and visual features of Suzhou River were summarized in this research.Finally,the conclusion was drawn that “water + plant” and “plant + plant” were the most typical representatives of the waterfront trail spatial modes of Suzhou River.Those modes have some advantages than others when creating the trail space,such as producing softer visual space,creating interface that is easier for sights to come through,and still well surrounded by the interfaces.Therefore,by combining all kinds of sketches and recreation facilities can create varied spaces.This research is a complement to the study of the waterfront trail space of Suzhou River in Shanghai,which also has a guidance and certain reference meaning for the further theory research and the design of waterfront trail.
上海社区公园儿童活动区特征研究
Characteristics Research of Children′s Activity Area of Community Parks in Shanghai

,
- , 2016,
Abstract: 本文综合运用文献研究、图像采集、平面测绘、实地观察等方法对上海24个社区公园儿童活动区进行调查,从区位与规模、界面要素、内部要素等方面分析了上海社区公园儿童活动区的特征:(1)33%的儿童活动区远离城市公园的出入口,可达性较差,83.3%的儿童活动区面积占公园总面积的比例低于2%,规模偏小;(2)儿童活动空间的界面要素基本为植物和道路场地2种类型,主要边界形态为口袋式和内凹式,场地类型单调;(3)没有明确的功能分区,活动设施只有组合滑梯、沙坑、木马、攀爬架等4类;(4)场地铺装主要有塑胶、地砖、混凝土等3类,形式简单、景观性与趣味性不高。由此提出设计优化策略:(1)儿童活动空间宜设置在临近公园主要出入口、并趋向自然的区域,与周边区域有相对的隔离;(2)通过边界形态和界面要素调节场地的开敞程度,形成更为丰富的活动空间;(3)根据不同年龄段儿童心理及行为特征合理分区、并导入相应的活动项目与设施,做到活动设施自然化、趣味化、景观化、安全化,提高场地空间的多功能性;(4)环境要素宜形式多样、色彩绚丽、安全可靠。以期对上海社区公园儿童活动区及同类项目的设计与改造提供借鉴。
Literature survey,image acquisition,plane mapping and field observation were employed to investigate children′s activity areas in 24 community parks in shanghai.The results showed that:(1)33.3% children′s activity areas had poor accessibility and 87.1% had small scales.(2)The main interface elements of children’ activity space were plants and roads.The boundary shapes of children’ activity space were monotonous with only pocket-like shape and concave-like shape.(3)There was no explicit sectorization.There were only 4 types of activity facilities,which were combined slide,bunkers,trojans and climbing frame.(4)The pavements were simple and lack of landscaping and entertainment,which were only made by elastic,tile and concrete.In addition,optimal design strategies were putted forward as follows:(1)Children’s activity area should locate nearby the main entrance of the park,tending to natural area,and relatively isolated from surrounding areas.(2)Children’s activity area should be more abundant by regulating the opening degree through the boundary morphology and the interface elements.(3)Natural,entertaining,landscaping and safe activity facilities and related activities projects should be introduced into children’ activity areas to improve the multi function of space,which should be reasonably sectorized according to psychological and behavioral characteristics of children at different ages.(4)The environmental factors should be diverse,colorful,safe and reliable.This study provides reference for planning and reforming children′s activities areas of community parks in Shanghai and the similar projects.
上海徐汇滨江绿地休憩设施质量评价
Quality Evaluation of Leisure Facilities in Shanghai Xuhui Riverside Green Space

廖嘉元,
- , 2017,
Abstract: 为进一步提升上海徐汇滨江公共绿地休憩设施的品质与游憩满意度,从规模、布局、形态等方面对其休憩设施进行调查,基于设施与空间环境的协调性、设施的功能性与艺术文化性三个层面,运用层次分析法构建滨江公共绿地休憩设施评价体系,对休憩设施质量进行评价研究。研究结果表明,徐汇滨江绿地内的休憩设施在规模和布局方面基本满足游客的游憩需求,但在地域特色的营造、设施舒适度、环境协调性方面有待提高。根据研究结果提出了优化策略,以期对滨江公共绿地休憩设施的规划设计及公园设计规范的完善提供有益的借鉴。
In order to further enhance the quality and recreation satisfaction of public recreation facilities in Shanghai Xuhui Binjiang public green space,the recreational facilities are surveyed from the aspects of scale,layout and shape. Based on the coordination of facilities and space environment,the functional and artistic culture of facilities this paper uses the analytic hierarchy process to construct the evaluation system of riverside public green space recreation facilities,and evaluates the quality of recreational facilities. The results show that the recreational facilities in Xuhui Binjiang green space basically satisfy the tourists' recreation needs in terms of size and layout. However,the characteristics of the building,facilities,comfort and environmental coordination remain to be improved. According to the research results,the optimization strategy is put forward,which will provide a useful reference for the planning and design of riverside public green space recreation facilities and the improvement of park design standard.
苏南滨江小城市绿地系统规划编制内容研究
Compilation Contents of Green Space System Planning of Small Riverside Cities in Southern Jiangsu Province

秦海燕,
- , 2017,
Abstract: 为探索具有个性化、差异化、地域性的苏南滨江小城市绿地系统规划编制内容,本文对苏南滨江小城市的城市、绿地特征进行分析,并对比国家《城市绿地系统规划编制纲要(试行)》(建城[2002]240号),分析得出苏南滨江小城市已有绿地系统规划编制内容的特征与问题,包括城乡生态空间待整合、衔接上位规划、地域性和差异化有待增强等。研究提出统筹生态空间、规划水系周边绿色空间、建立绿色廊道等策略,并从市域和中心城区两个层面对绿地系统规划编制内容进行优化。
To explore the urban green space system planning compilation contents of the small riverside cities which are characterized with personality,difference and regionalism in the southern Jiangsu province,the paper analyzes the characteristics of the city and green space of the small riverside cities in the southern Jiangsu province.Besides,compared with national “outline of urban green space system planning formulation(Trial)”(city of [2002]No.240),this paper systematically searches and analyzes the features and problems of the urban green space system planning compilation contents of the small riverside cities in the southern Jiangsu province,such as the urban and rural ecological space remains to be integrated,the upper rules remain to be connected,the regionalism and difference needs to be enhanced.According to the present study,we concluded that the green space system planning contents can be optimized from city territory and central city through strategies like overall planning ecological space,planning waterfront green space,establishing green corridors and so on.
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