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迪庆州土地利用/土地覆盖及景观格局分析
Research in Land Use/Land Cover and Landscape Pattern in Diqing Prefecture
 [PDF]

, 席武俊
International Journal of Ecology (IJE) , 2015, DOI: 10.12677/IJE.2015.43006
Abstract:
近些年来,迪庆州随着土地利用/土地覆盖的变化演进,当地的居民生存安全和生物多样性保护都受到不同程度的威胁。为达到既保护生物多样性又促进当地居民发展的目的,寻找一个合理的土地利用就成为所关心的问题,而土地利用/土地覆盖的研究即是解决该问题的首要基本工作。通过对TM影像的解译,本文得到以下结论:迪庆州的土地利用/土地覆盖以有林地和城镇用地为主,但近年来林地大面积减少并且林地斑块破碎化程度有所增加。而草地的面积较小。由于人为活动的影响,景观斑块大,破碎程度高。
In recent years, with the evolution of land use/land cover change, survival of the local population and biodiversity protection in Diqing Prefecture were threatened. In order to achieve both biodiversity protection and promotion of development of local residents, it became an important problem that looked for a reasonable method of land utilization, and land use/land cover study was the primary work to solve the problem. By the interpretation of TM imagery, the conclusion could be drawn as follows. Land use/land cover of the Diqing Prefecture was dominated by forested land and urban land. But in recent years, many forest land disappeared and forest land patches fragmentation increased, and the area of grass land was small. For the influence of human activities, the number of Landscape patches was big, and degree of fragmentation was high.
浅谈“胃不和则卧不安”与哮喘
Discussions of the Relationship between Disharmony of Stomach Causing Restless Sleep and Asthma
 [PDF]

, 张伟
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/TCM.2013.24012
Abstract: “胃不和则卧不安”多被历代医家用来解释失眠或不寐的病因病机,笔者熟读原文并结合临床,对其内涵进行分析,认为其是用来阐释哮喘病机的。并从肺胃生理、病理关系和现代研究等三个方面,阐释了“胃不和”所致哮喘的发生机制。
“Disharmony of stomach causing restless sleep” is used to explain the etiology and pathogenesis of insomnia, but the authors maintain that its primary meaning is used to explain the pathogenesis of asthma. According to physiological and pathological relationship between lung and stomach, and modern research, the article explains the mechanism of asthma caused by “disharmony of stomach”.
生态旅游型城市“两化融合”推进机制研究
Research on Promoting the Integration of Industry and Information Technology of Ecological Tourism City
 [PDF]

段晓
Management Science and Engineering (MSE) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/MSE.2014.31B003
Abstract:

随着“两化融合”发展的深化,“两化融合”对经济增长、产业结调整的作用日益明显。在旅游业和工业双管齐下的发展前提下,生态旅游型城市具有“两化融合”发展的必要性和特殊性。本文在对生态旅游型城市“两化融合”作一般概述的基础上,分析生态旅游型城市“两化融合”的发展现状,研究生态旅游型城市“两化融合”的动力扩散机制,提出相应的制度保障措施以求实现生态旅游型城市生态环境保护、工业与旅游业发展的三位一体。

With the deeply development of integration of industry and information technology (it is hereinafter referred to as “Integration of the Two”), Integration of the Two is more and more obviously effecting on economic growth and industrial structure adjustment. At the prerequisite of the development of tourism and industry, ecological tourism city has the necessity and specialty for development of Integration of the Two. Based on the general overview of Integration of the Two of ecological tourism city, the essay analyses the present development situation of Integration of the Two of ecological tourism city, explores the dynamic diffusion mechanism, and offers system guarantee in order to realize the development of tourism ecological city, ecological environment protection, industrial and tourism at trinity.



随机Logistic扩散污染模型的稳健广义矩估计
Robust Generalized Method of Moment Estimator for the Contaminated Stochastic Logistic Diffusion Model
 [PDF]

胡雪
Statistics and Applications (SA) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/SA.2013.24017
Abstract:
本文首次研究了維勒过程受污染的随机Logistic扩散模型,提出了稳健的广义矩估计方法。模拟表明所建立的稳健广义矩估计优于通常的极大似然估计。
The Contaminated Stochastic Logistic Diffusion Model; Robust Generalized Method of Moment Estimator
旅游产业发展的灰色关联分析——以黑龙江省为例
Grey Correlation Analysis of the Development of Tourism Industry———Taking Heilongjiang Province as an Example
 [PDF]

杨春
Business and Globalization (BGlo) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/BGlo.2013.12005
Abstract:
旅游产业被誉为21世纪的朝阳产业,是现代服务业的龙头产业。旅游产业的发展涉及到旅行、游览、住宿、饮食、购物、娱乐等6个环节,要找到发展的重点才能更好的促进旅游产业的进步。本文运用灰色关联分析方法,以黑龙江省为例,充分结合2002~2011年的数据,研究旅行社、旅游饭店、旅游交通对于旅游产业的关联性。研究表明:旅游饭店与旅游产业的关联性最强,其次是旅游社,旅游交通的关联性最弱。因此应该重点发展旅游饭店,然后提高旅游社的发展,最后是对旅游交通进行投资,期望通过本文的研究对黑龙江旅游产业发展提供借鉴。
Tourism industry is known as the 21st century sunrise industry, and is the leading industry of modern service industry. The development of the tourism industry involves six aspects: travel, tour, accommodation, food, shopping, entertainment and so on, and we need to find the focus of the development to better promote the progress of the tourism industry. Taking Heilongjiang province as an example, and combining with the data of 2002-2011, the relevance of travel agencies, tourist hotel, tourism traffic and tourism industry is researched. The result shows: the tourist hotel and tourism industry’s relevance is the strongest, then the travel agency, and tour transport is the weakest. So we should focus on the development of tourist hotel, then improve the development of travel agency, and finally invest in tourism traffic. We hope this study could provide reference for the development of tourism industry in Heilongjiang.
初入职大学生员工心理契约与工作满意度的关系
Relationship between Psychological Contract and Job Satisfaction in Entrants with College Degree
 [PDF]

侯永
Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/AP.2013.35041
Abstract: 的:探讨初入职大学生员工心理契约与工作满意度之间的关系,为提高大学生的就业率,减少企业员工的流动提供参考意见。方法:采用心理契约量表和工作满意度量表对珠江三角洲地区多间企业的250名初入职的大学生员工进行调查,分析员工心理契约与工作满意度之间的关系,预测影响工作满意度的心理契约因素和人口学变量,并提出提高初入职大学生员工工作满意度的建议。结果:1) 初入职的大学生员工的心理契约处于中等偏上水平,其工作满意度处于中等水平。2) 心理契约的两大分量表总分及各维度得分与工作满意度量表总分及其5大维度得分之间均存在显著正相关。其中,人际维度发展维度组织人际责任3大维度得分对工作满意度具有显著预测力。3) 毕业年限不同的员工在心理契约量表总分及其各维度得分、工作满意度量表总分及其各维度上的得分差异显著。结论:心理契约是初入职大学生员工工作满意度的重要影响因素,也是影响企业凝聚力的的重要因素。
Objective: To find out the relationship between psychological contract and job satisfaction in en- trants with college degree. Method:
基于几何分数布朗运动的溢额再保险存款保险定价
Deposit Insurance Pricing of Excess Reinsurance Based on Geometric Fractional Brownian Motion
 [PDF]

刘海, 赵明清
Advances in Applied Mathematics (AAM) , 2015, DOI: 10.12677/AAM.2015.42012
Abstract:
在假定银行资产服从几何分数布朗运动的前提下,建立了溢额再保险存款保险定价模型,并利用保险精算方法推导出存款保险定价公式。最后选取了我国四大国有银行进行了实证分析,结果表明存款保险费率与银行资产波动率呈现一定的正相关性,且再保险费率均低于原保险费率。因此,所建立的基于几何分数布朗运动的溢额再保险的存款保险定价模型更能反映实际。
Under the assumption of bank assets subject to geometric fractional Brownian motion, the deposit insurance pricing model of excess reinsurance is established. And the deposit insurance pricing formula is derived with actuarial methods. Finally, China’s four major state-owned banks’ empirical analysis shows that the deposit insurance rates and the volatility of bank assets showed some positive correlation, and the reinsurance premium rates were lower than the original. Therefore, the established deposit insurance pricing model of excess reinsurance based on geometric frac-tional Brownian motion is better to reflect reality.
论我国海员外派服务机构的机制及其法律地位—兼论外派海员劳动法项下的权益保护
Mechanism and Legal Status of China Seafarer Dispatching Service Agencies—Also on Protecting Rights and Interests of Dispatched Seafarer
 [PDF]

阎萍, 吴晓
Dispute Settlement (DS) , 2015, DOI: 10.12677/DS.2015.14009
Abstract:
为保护派往国际航运劳务市场海员(下称外派海员)的权益,自1920年《水手安置公约》以来,国际劳工组织不断改善相关公约,就船东及招募安置机构(即我国俗称的海员外派服务机构)责任义务加以法律上的规范。自80年我国改革开放以来,我国派往国际航运劳务市场的海员队伍不断发展壮大,与之相适应,我国对外派海员的利益维护与对船东、外派服务机构的规范方面,也相继由国务院、商务部、交通部出台了一系列管理条例和部门规章。加之,因2006年《国际海事劳工公约》(简称MLC2006)业已生效,即使我国尚未加入该公约,则因该公约所设置的船旗国与港口国管理机制,使得我国的外派海员、外派服务机构,在外派实务中不得不遵守、履行该公约的相关义务。有鉴于此,我国交通部于2013年出台了《海员船上工作和生活条件管理办法》,以期符合MLC2006对于船员保护性的要求、对船东、外派服务机构的责任规范。在此背景下,笔者试图从对海员外派服务机构的机制与法律地位着眼,在法律规范上的变化与发展的探究中,从一定侧面反映对外派海员的权益保护问题必要性和紧迫性。
To protect the rights and interests of seafarers who have been dispatched to international shipping labor market (hereinafter referred to as “dispatched seafarers”), International Labor Organization continually improve relevant conventions by specifying the duty and obligation of shipowners and seafarer recruitment and placement services (generally called “seafarer dispatching service agencies” in China) ever since the year 1920 when Placing of Seamen Convention (No. 9) was issued. Since the reform and opening up in 1980s, China has been dispatching more and more seafarers to international shipping labor market. In view of this, the State Council, Ministry of Commerce, and Ministry of Transport issued a number of regulations and department rules in succession in respect of protecting interests of dispatched seafarers and regulating shipowners and dispatching service agencies. In addition, because the International Maritime Labor Convention 2006 (hereinafter referred to as MLC2006) has already come into effect, even if our country has not yet joined the convention, the flag and port state control mechanism set by the convention actually makes our country’s dispatched seafarers and dispatching service agencies abide by and fulfill the obligations of the convention. To this end, in 2013 China Ministry of Transport issued the Measures for the Administration of the Seafarers’ Working and Living Conditions on Board in accordance with MLC2006 to the requirement of the crew protection, specification to the owner and dispatching service agencies responsibility. In this background, we are trying to reflect the issue of protecting rights and interests of dispatched seafarers by discussing the change and development of mechanism and legal status of seafarer dispatching service agencies in respect of legal norms.
论正字法规则性和熟悉性在语言认知中的作用
The Role of Orthographic Regularity and Familiarity Effect in Language Recognition
 [PDF]

张顺, 王权红
Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/AP.2016.62014
Abstract:
语言认知是我们每天都要面对的事情,当我们面对大量以知觉形式呈现的语言符号时,如何将其转化为丰富的含义,是否有一些语言特性呢?本文通过查阅大量研究资料,从正字法规则性和熟悉性两个因素入手,阐述了正字法规则性和熟悉性在以词条的形式呈现的词汇认知中的作用以及在以句子呈现的语境条件下的作用,最后得出结论:正字法规则性和熟悉性在一定程度上可以影响词汇认知,但并非是影响语言理解的决定因素,在有语境的条件下,即使是无意义的字符串也可以进入语义加工通道。
Language cognition is something that we have to face every day. When we face a large number of linguistic symbols in the form of perception, questions are raised that how to convert it into a wealth of meaning, and whether there are some language peculiarities to help us understand the meaning. Through consulting a large number of materials, this paper expounds the role of ortho-graphic regularity and familiarity in cognitive vocabulary presented in the form of word list and in literature reading presented with the sentence context. Finally, the paper draws on that ortho-graphic regularity and familiarity are not the determining factors affecting language understanding though they have an effect on word recognition. And at least in a verbal context, semantic access may be attempted for any letter string, regardless of familiarity or regularity.
梯度法求解黎曼流行上的多指标最优化
A Gradient Method to Solve Multicriteria Optimization on Riemannian Manifolds
 [PDF]

唐凤
Pure Mathematics (PM) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/PM.2016.61002
Abstract:

在这篇文章中,我们提出了黎曼流形上的一种新的梯度法,来解决多指标最优化问题。当目标函数是拟凸时,由梯度法产生的迭代序列收敛到临界的Pareto点,若目标函数是伪凸的,则由新的梯度算法产生的迭代序列收敛到最优的Pareto点。

In this paper, we present a new gradient method in the Riemannian context to solve multicriteria optimization. If the objective function is quasiconvex, the sequence generated by this method converges to a critical Pareto point. If the objective function is pseudo-convex, then the sequence will converge to optimal Pareto point.

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