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择业能力、风险态度与个人收入分布特征—从倒T、葫芦走向橄榄
Occupation Choice Power, Risk Manner and Characteristics of Income Distribution—From Pour T, Gourd to Olive
 [PDF]

云鹤,
Management Science and Engineering (MSE) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/MSE.2016.51003
Abstract: 本文通过对风险态度、择业能力等核心概念的辨析和界定,通过Logistic型个人收入函数的设定,在主流经济学分析框架下将历史上三种经典的收入分布理论进行了有机的综合,进而从理论上比较全面地阐释了收入分布的形成机制。经过随机模拟和案例分析,发现个人择业能力变异系数对收入分布特征所产生了决定性影响。根据模拟过程,基本可以预测,固然我国现阶段收入分布更多的呈现出“倒T型”分布特征,但随着“机会均等”时代的更加成熟,收入分布将经由“葫芦型”特征而最终走向“橄榄型”特征。
Based on the key definitions such as risk manner and occupational choice power, this article sets a Logistic income distribution function to integrate three classical theories about income distribution, and thus gives a more comprehensive framework to interpret the decision mechanism of income distribution. After stochastic simulation and case study, we found that variation coefficient of personal career capabilities had a decisive influence on features of income distribution. According to the simulation process which has forecast meaning, even though there is a “inverted T-shaped” distribution in China nowadays, if the “equal opportunity age” coming soon, we still realize the “olive-shaped” income distribution which is the transformation result of “gourd- shaped” distribution.
团队边界活动的概念构思、影响因素和结果
Team Boundary Activity: Conceptualization, Antecedents and Consequences
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Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2012, DOI: 10.12677/AP.2012.24031
Abstract: 团队边界活动指的是那些定向于外部环境并以此管理本团队与其他团队、组织以及外部群体之间关系的活动,它帮助团队获取、保护信息与资源,增强成员对团队的依附感。边界活动是多层次的概念,它受到来自于组织、团队、个体层面上的影响,并对团队效能、知识转移、创新等产生积极影响。未来还需要对团队边界活动的概念测量,以及内外部活动的平衡给予进一步探讨。
Team boundary activity is defined as team’s actions to establish linkages and to manage interac- tions with parties of the external environment. Such actions can assist a team in obtaining and securing re- sources and information, as well as enforcing members’ affiliation toward their team. Team boundary activity is a multilevel construct. Its antecedents include individual differences, as well as characteristics of groups and organizations. And it is able to boost team performance, knowledge transfer and innovation and so on. Future studies should pay much more attention to its conceptualization and measurement, and issues of equi- librium between internal and external activities.
皮肤老化分析中的皮沟检测方法研究
Research on Detecting Skin Grooves in Skin Aging Analysis
 [PDF]

邹耀
Computer Science and Application (CSA) , 2012, DOI: 10.12677/csa.2012.21007
Abstract: 皮沟检测是客观量化人体皮肤老化程度的一个关键问题,检测精度直接影响到后续皮肤表面二维几何特征的计算。本文提出了一种基于数据驱动和模型驱动的混合控制策略来检测皮沟。其中数据驱动的控制先对输入图像进行一系列增强处理,再进行分水岭变换以获得粗略的检测结果;而模型驱动的控制则利用数据驱动处理的结果及视觉感知的先验知识建立一个区域合并模型,该模型被用于移除粗略检测结果中的虚假皮沟。主观和客观实验表明,对不同粒度的皮肤图像,提出的方法均能精确地检测出皮沟,并能有效地抑制虚假皮沟的出现。
Detecting skin grooves plays an important role in the objective quantification of human skin aging, and the detection accuracy directly influences the subsequent computation of two-dimensional geometrical characteristics of the skin surface. Based on the combined control strategies consisting of data-driven and model-driven control, a novel seg-mentation approach to skin grooves detection was proposed in this paper. In data-driven control, the rough segmentation result was obtained by applying watershed transform to the enhanced image. In model-driven control, the information acquired from the data-driven control and prior knowledge derived from sense of vision were used for constructing a region merging model. The model was used for removing redundant watershed lines. Subjective and objective evalua-tions demonstrate the favorable performance of the proposed method in detecting precisely skin grooves and restraining false skin grooves.
燃料电池的挑战和新的机遇
Fuel Cells Challenges and New Opportunities
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黄秋安,
Sustainable Energy (SE) , 2012, DOI: 10.12677/SE.2012.24015
Abstract: 固体氧化物燃料电池(solid oxide fuel cellsSOFCs)是复杂的电化学能源转换设备,相比于传统的火力发电系统,具有高转换效率、低排放、零噪音的优势。纵观100多年的SOFCs发展史,一系列的挑战仍阻碍着其商业化进程,如高成本和低稳定性,上述挑战主要归咎于离子电导率和催化活性所要求的高温运行条件。传统的阴极、电解质和阳极三部件结构SOFCs主要从降低电解质厚度和提高电极催化活性入手,至今,所取得的关键技术发展和科学突破仍不够。因此,我们不得不反思SOFCs 100年来发展方向和研究焦点。2010年,单部件无电解质燃料电池在瑞典皇家工学院的发明和研制成功(Adv. Funct. Mater. 21 (2011) 2465),意味着燃料电池的一个革命和商业化瓶颈的突破,该研究成果被Nature Nanotechnology选为2011年研究亮点,以FUEL CELL: Three in one编辑文章报道。
 

Fuel cells, or specifically on solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are complex electrochemical energy conversion devices, compared to conventional thermal power system with the advantages of high conversion efficiency, low emissions and zero noise. Throughout the 100 years of history of SOFCs development, a number of challenges still hamper their commercialization, such as high

旅游业应对气候变化的选择–缓解与适应
Mitigation and Adaptation-Tourism Responding to Climate Change
 [PDF]

周连
Climate Change Research Letters (CCRL) , 2012, DOI: 10.12677/CCRL.2012.12007
Abstract: 由于气候变化的长期性和不确定性,旅游业缓解和适应气候变化也是一个复杂的长期过程。旅游业的节能减排与适应气候变化不但有利于增强旅游业应对气候变化的能力,而且也有利于促进旅游业的可持续发展。旅游交通、旅游住宿和旅游活动的节能减排是旅游业缓解气候变化的主要途径。而树立可持续旅游发展观、积极开发替代性旅游产品、大力发展旅游循环经济、构建旅游危机管理系统和开拓潜在旅游市场是旅游业适应未来气候变化的主要方式。
The tourism industries respond and adapt to climate change is a complicated long-term process because of chronic and uncertainty of climate change. Tourism’s mitigation and adaptation not only help enhance the capacity of the tourism industries to climate change, but also can promote sustainable tourism development. The mitigation of Tourism’s transportation and accommodation as well as activities will be the main ways for tourism responding to climate change. However, establish the concept of sustainable tourism development; promote the development of alternative tourism products and tourism circular economy; build the system of tourism crisis management and exploit potential tourism market so as to adapt the climate change in the future.
盐城滨海湿地生态系统的可持续发展研究
A Study on Sustainable Development of Yancheng Coastal Wetland Ecosystem
 [PDF]

包晓
Advances in Environmental Protection (AEP) , 2011, DOI: 10.12677/aep.2011.12002
Abstract: 本文在解析盐城滨海地区自然资源和社会经济状况的基础上,对区域湿地生态系统进行诊断。通过实地调查和相关利益者访谈,辨识滨海湿地生态系统服务功能,并按其综合价值分类。采用比较研究与实证研究相结合的方法,对项目区生态系统服务及其价值进行定量与定性分析,估算湿地生态系统各项服务功能的价值。通过比较不同时期、不同管理方式下湿地生态系统服务的经济价值变化,进行滨海湿地生态系统服务价值的损益分析,反映湿地生态系统服务水平的变化。在此基础上,提出了盐城滨海湿地生态系统可持续发展的政策建议。
Based on the natural resources and socio-economic situation on Yancheng coastal regions, the wet- land ecosystem was diagnosed. By the field surveys and stakeholder interviews, the service functions of coastal wetland ecosystem were identified and classified in values. By means of comparative study and substantial study, the service values of wetland ecosystem were quantitatively and qualitatively evaluated. The different service values of wetland ecosystem were estimated. In the light of the quantitative service value of wetland ecosystem under different stages and management modes, the losses and benefits of wetland ecosystem service functions were analysed in order to reflect the changes of wetland ecosystem service level. In last, the policy recom- mendations on sustainable development of Yancheng coastal wetland ecosystem were given.
随机变量特征函数的求法研究
A Method Study of Characteristic Function of Random Variable
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蒋同
Pure Mathematics (PM) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/PM.2014.41008
Abstract:
分布函数由其特征函数唯一决定,特征函数的基本要求、类型及其确定,利用积分变换和积分方法说明特征函数的求解方法,及其在实际当中的应用,解决实际问题。
Distillation function is regulated by its eigenfunction, whose basic requirement, types, and definition will help to illustrate the solution approaches resorting to integral transform and integral method so as to solve practical problems by analyzing its practical application.
油气悬架车辆振动非线性特性分析与仿真研究
Nonlinear Characteristics Analysis and Simulation on Vibration for Vehicle with Hydro-Pneumatic Suspensions
 [PDF]

丁继
Modeling and Simulation (MOS) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/MOS.2013.24006
Abstract:
建立了二自由度汽车油气悬架系统模型,分析了油气悬架和车身模型的非线性特性。运用AMEsim仿真软件,通过模型对不同的激振频率的时域和频谱响应分析,验证了油气悬架非线性振动模型的正确性仿真结果表明,系统产生了接近激振频率分数(或整数倍)的频率分量,造成亚谐波(或超谐波)共振,导致系统振动不稳定。
The non-linear characteristics of hydro-pneumatic suspension and car body model are analyzed in this paper, and two-degree-of-freedom vibration model of hydro-pneumatic suspension is modeled. Dynamic time domain and frequency response to different vibration frequency verify the correctness of the non-linear model by AMEsim simulation software. Results show that the unstable vibration state is due to subharmonic or ultraharmonic resonance produced by the frequency components which are close to the fraction or the integer times of excitation frequency in the system.
“毁不灭性”:儒家哀伤应对的构成要素与作用机制
Discussion of a Confucian Theory on Bereavement
 [PDF]

景怀
Advances in Psychology (AP) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/AP.2013.36A003
Abstract: 面对亲人亡故,儒家持有毁不灭性的主张。毁不灭性的构成要素包括儒家天道仁的终极观,以德永存的永恒观,以“礼”侍亲的伦理原则和习俗,中庸的处事原则。这一学说不仅提供了生命意义死亡的信念与认知框架,“礼”为中心,亲族乡亲参与的传统丧葬习俗具有哀伤心理释放、行为调整和社会支持功能。毁不灭性可以引入心理健康科学,经过心理学化后,可能发育为具有中国文化气质性质现代哀伤应对理论。
This article discusses the psychological mechanism of the Confucian theory on bereavement, “Huibumiexing” (the not carrying emaciation to such an extent to affect life) that argues against grieving excessively to the point of hurting the virtual nature in ethical life. Such an argument is based on the theory of Confucian spirituality and the related viewpoints. According to the Confucian principle of Filial Piety, grief is one’s natural ethical reaction. However, it should be expressed in proper ways and to proper extent. Spiritually, Confucianism maintains that human being is formed through the way of Heaven (Tiandao). Man has the responsibility to develop his innate sense of benevolence to the stage of stateliness and kingliness. From the perspective of Confucianism, life and death are as natural as the rise and fall of the moon and sun. Grief should be expressed on the principle of Zhongyong (the golden mean). The funeral ritual custom called “QiQi” (seven seven days), which involves the participation of kin and neighbors, functions as social support and behavior therapy. This bereavement theory in Confucianism, including its explanation of grief, recognition to grief, and cultural behavior therapy, can be adaptively included in clinical psychology to further develop Chinese bereavement theory.
父爱缺失与孔孟学说—论孔孟思想生发的心理动因
Father Absence and Confucian Ideas—On Psychological Motivation of Confucian Thoughts
 [PDF]

冉启
Chinese Traditional Culture (CnC) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/CnC.2014.24011
Abstract:
本文通过孔子和孟子的个体幼年经历分析孔孟学说的生发缘由和内在境况。孔子和孟子幼年均存在父爱缺失,由此引起的父性诉求心理导致了孔孟学说的大部分内容。父爱的需求呼唤在对尧舜以至文武周公等前代盛世的憧憬追忆中得到宣泄,并使孔孟在实践上对亦“师”亦“父”的角色进行了扮演。父性权威的诉求在对“礼”的强调提倡中得到实现,“礼”是对个体的规约,孝父、忠君、敬天是以“礼”为内在根由的逐次跃转和放大投射。孔孟学说对当时社会提出了大量批评,同时也没有得到当时社会的接纳,反映了父爱缺失带来的不完整的社会适应及认知能力特征。文章认为“父爱缺失”是孔孟学说得以提出的心理动因,是考察孔孟学说的一个可能而有效的切入点。
Based on the analysis of Confucius’ and Mencius’ childhood experiences, genetic cause and internal state of Confucian ideas are probed. Both Confucius and Mencius had the father-absence expe-riences in childhood, and the paternal demand aroused from which caused most parts of Confucian ideas. The demanding and calling of paternal love were expressed and abreacted in the extolling and recalling of the great past eras: from Yao, Shun to Wen Wang, Wu Wang and Zhou Gong. This psychological motivation also resulted in the role playing and acting of a teacher as a father. The demand of paternal authority was achieved in advocating and stressing of LI, which was the restriction to individuals. Confucius and Mencius called for filial obedience to father, faithful ob-edience to King, and respectful obedience to Heaven. These three behaviors were rooted in LI identically, escalated hierarchically and magnified in projection one by one. Confucius and Mencius criticized the times fiercely, and their proposals were not accepted by the society, reflecting their poor adaption and cognition to society which were brought about from father absence. Father absence was the psychological motivation of Confucian ideas, and it was a possible and effective point of view.
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