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As an important concept in the logistics disciplines, Logistics Volume is significant to the forecast of regional logistics quantity, the ratification of the logistics scale and the constitution of logistics strategy. In previous research, there was no unified definition and calculation method of logistics volume, which brought obscures to the conception and difficulties in practice. This paper gave reasonable definition to logistics volume, and made deep analysis of its connotation, considering logistics volume as the summation of the quantity of logistics operation, but not the simple superposition of the operation quantity. Logistics volume was defined as a multidimensional vector group, and the module of the vector group stands for the logistics scale while the value stands for logistics structure. On the base of these definitions, a general formula for the calculation of logistics volume was obtained, and a simplified calculation method was further derived upon reasonable deletion of complications in actual computations. The purpose of this research is to carry out useful explorations and to obtain helpful results and conclusions in the theoretical research of Logistics Volume.