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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 299273 matches for " 张小波 "
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论《荷花淀》对《红楼梦》的传承与发展
The Inheritance and Development of “Lotus Lake” to the “A Dream of Red Mansions”
 [PDF]

霍建,
Chinese Traditional Culture (CnC) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/CnC.2016.44005
Abstract:
《红楼梦》是中国古典文学的压卷之作,也是综合了古典文学诸种文学体裁的集大成之作。《荷花淀》是现当代文学中的经典作品,也是孙犁短篇小说的代表作。笔者以为,两者之间存在一定的传承和发展关系。孙犁从小熟悉《红楼梦》,在延安鲁迅艺术文学院作教员时讲授《红楼梦》,并在文章中多次表示应该学习《红楼梦》等古典文学作品的创作经验,这为《荷花淀》传承、发展《红楼梦》提供了理论上的可能性。认真考察孙犁的《荷花淀》等作品,能够发现其在刻画、塑造人物形象,运用语言塑造意境以及真、善、美的文学价值追求上,从中看到《红楼梦》等古典文学作品的重大影响,这充分体现了《荷花淀》对《红楼梦》的传承与发展。
“A Dream of Red Mansions” is the most outstanding masterpiece of classical literature Chinese, and it is also a combination of classical literature in various literary genres of the master. “Lotus Lake”, a classic works of modern and contemporary literature, is the representative work of Sun Li short stories. I think that there is a certain relationship on the inheritance and development between them. Sun Li was familiar with “A Dream of Red Mansions”, as a teacher taught “A Dream of Red Mansions” in Yanan Lu Xun College of art, and has repeatedly expressed in the article that it should learn “A Dream of Red Mansions” and other classical literatures’ creative experience, which provides a theoretical possibility for the “Lotus Lake” inheritance and development on “A Dream of Red Mansions”. Serious studying Sun Li’s “Lotus Lake” and other works, in the depiction of the characters, the language use to shape the artistic conception and the pursuit of literature values of truth, kindness and beauty, we can see the great influence by “A Dream of Red Mansions” and other classical literary works. It fully embodies the inheritance and development of “Lotus Lake” to the “A Dream of Red Mansions”.
压水堆堆芯稳态单通道热工计算
The Stable Single Channel Thermal Calculation for Pressurized Water Reactor Core
 [PDF]

, , 刘海峰
Modern Physics (MP) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/MP.2014.41003
Abstract:
本文通过对六控制体压水堆堆芯单通道热工计算及模拟,发现:1) 燃料棒包壳温度在第四控制体出现峰值;2) 燃料芯块外壁及中心温度最大值出现在第四控制体;3) 最小烧毁比在第四控制体。这些结果显示在压水堆运行安全监控中,对温度的监测重点应放在第四控制体。本文计算及模拟结果可为反应堆热工设计及堆芯温度校核提供一个参考。
The heat transfer in the pressurized water reactor (PWR) core, which is divided into six control volumes, is investigated by stable single channel calculation and simulation. It is concluded that: 1) Temperature peak of fuel cladding arises in the fourth control volume; 2) The maximum temperatures of the outer and center fuel pellets appear in the fourth control volume; 3) The minimum departure from nucleate boiling ratio (DNBR) also appears in the fourth control volume. These results suggest that the key of temperature monitoring should be in the fourth control volume in the PWR operation. This phenomenon may provide a reference for the thermal design of reactor and the check of core temperature.
南方鲇的饥饿代谢研究
,
海洋与湖沼 , 2000, DOI: 10.11693/hyhz200005003003
Abstract: 于1996年1月9日–6月12日,在西南师范大学鱼类能量学实验室,对南方鲇幼鱼(61.7–92.3g)进行了27.5℃条件下的饥饿耐受性实验,并采用连续流水式呼吸仪测定了实验鱼在此期间的静止代谢率。结果表明,饥饿至156d时,50%的实验鱼死亡。饥饿鱼代谢水平的变化可分为4个阶段:(1)饥饿1–20d,代谢率随饥饿时间延长而呈直线下降;(2)饥饿21–81d,处于相对稳定状态;(3)饥饿81–91d,代谢率再度明显下降;(4)饥饿91–156d,代谢率在一个更低水平又处于相对稳定状态,直至半数死亡。作者认为南方鲇在饥饿过程中代谢率出现的高低两个相对稳定期是南方鲇适应食物缺乏环境的能量生态学对策,并把高稳定期称为“饥饿适应代谢”,低稳定期称为“存活代谢”。在27.5℃条件下,南方鲇的这两个特征值分别为66.6mgO2/(kg*h)和52.9mgO2/(kg*h)。
客车空气悬架结构件参数化设计系统研究
,陈昆山
重庆交通大学学报(自然科学版) , 2013, DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-0696.2013.01.29
Abstract: :?将产品级参数化设计方法和实例推理技术运用到客车空气悬架设计中,分析了并构建了空气悬架的产品级参数化模型。在UG平台上,建立了典型客车空气悬架实例库及其参数化模板,通过UG二次开发工具设计界面,在VisualC++环境中结合COM组件与Access2007数据库技术,开发了客车空气悬架的结构件参数化设计系统。通过实例介绍了参数化设计过程,建立客车空气悬架的参数化模型,结果验证了该参数化设计系统的有效性。
青藏高原中部地壳和上地幔各向异性分析
,
地球物理学报 , 2011, DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.0001-5733.2011.11.006
Abstract: 对布设于青藏高原中部INDEPTH-III宽频带数字地震台阵的41个台站记录的远震体波资料所提取出的P波接收函数和SKS波形资料做偏振分析,并采用以误差为权的叠加分析方法求得每一个台站的Pms和SKS快波偏振方向和快慢波的时间延迟,获得了从拉萨块体中部,经喀喇昆仑—嘉黎断裂系和班公湖—怒江缝合带,到羌塘块体中部的地壳和岩石圈地幔的地震波各向异性图像.从各向异性分析结果可以看到:Pms快慢波的时间延迟为0.3~0.5s,在拉萨块体,快波方向主要为NE-SW向,在羌塘块体,快波方向为近E-W向.SKS快慢波的时间延迟为1~2s,主要分布在拉萨块体的北端和羌塘块体,并且向靠近班公湖—怒江缝合带和昆仑—嘉黎断裂带的方向时差增大,快波方向基本与Pms快波方向一致.在喀喇昆仑—嘉黎断裂带以南的拉萨块体中部没有测量到明显的SKS分裂,这可能与该区存在双层快轴方向近垂直的各向异性层有关.结合研究区已有的研究成果可以推测:拉萨块体地壳各向异性层的快轴方向与印度—欧亚板块汇聚方向一致,可能与地壳较强刚性有关,其在板块汇聚过程中不易发生流展变形;而羌塘块体地壳和岩石圈中各向异性层的快轴方向与青藏高原物质逃逸方向一致,表明这一块体流变性均较强,在板块汇聚挤压力的作用下发生了侧向流变变形.
玉米抗消化淀粉的制备及物理性质研究
,
食品科学 , 2004,
Abstract: ?以玉米淀粉为原料制备回生淀粉(rs3),用正交试验的方法确定最佳制备工艺。同时研究了rs3的一些常见的物理性质。实验结果表明:在影响rs3生成的四个因素加水量、糊化时间、回生温度和回生时间中,糊化时间和回生时间对产率的影响较大,而加水量和回生温度的影响较小。得出加水量是淀粉质量的3倍,糊化时间为1h,回生温度为3℃,回生时间为36h的最佳工艺。物理性质研究得出的结论为rs3淀粉颗粒形状不规则且颗粒小,溶胀性也较小,适合一般的重力沉降和离心沉降,酸对rs3沉降速度影响不大。
中国城市积分入户制比较研究:模块构成、偏好类型与城市改革特征
A Study on City Points System for Household Registration in China

劲 陈 
- , 2017,
Abstract: 摘要 作为一项混合研究方法的创新性尝试,本文以11个样本城市的积分体系为研究对象,通过重构积分体系建立统一的认知框架,将定性资料转化为可量化处理的定量数据,进而采用类型学方法对样本城市进行类型比较研究。研究发现,“筛选性”和“导向性”两条核心属性的不同决定了不同城市在类型学上的疏离,积分制可以被认为是城市偏好的制度性表达,体现了城市治理精细化的发展趋势。本文的研究结果为中国城市户籍制度改革提供了更为宏观和清晰的学理性呈现,也在一定程度上为解释城市户籍制度改革的曲折性与不稳定性提示了新的视角。
Abstract:Hukou(户口) is an important issue in China. So far, there are 11 cities where the points systems for household registration have been implemented since from the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the CPC. However, little is known about how the new reform on points system for household registration go. This paper, therefore, explores why and how this reform implemented. Moreover, the deeper incentives behind the points system are found. There are four different models among the 11 cities in China. Finally, the paper also suggests that the new policy reform could not only regulate the population, but also achieve good governance.
从翻译语境顺应模式论霍克斯 《红楼梦》詈语的英译
映先,
湖南工业大学学报(社会科学版) , 2015,
Abstract: 维索尔伦关于交际双方在语言选择上的语境顺应模式,解释了交际过程与语言选择相关的各种因素和心理特点,给人以重要的启示。翻译也是交际,是一种跨文化的交际,受维索尔伦语境顺应模式的启发,构建了翻译语境顺应模式。詈语是语言不可分割的部分,它有着别类语言不可替代的语用功能,通过对霍克斯英译《红楼梦》中詈语翻译典例的语用分析和解读,证明了翻译语境应用模式具有科学性和可操作性,为翻译策略和方法的选择建立了充分的理论检测正误的平台。
蒸发冷却冷凝除湿复合新风系统优化
Optimization of the compound fresh air treatment system of evaporative cooling and condensing dehumidification

,,
- , 2018, DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2018.04.009
Abstract: 为降低常规热泵驱动的蒸发冷却冷凝除湿新风系统负荷,提出在常规系统流程基础上增加由表冷器和喷淋填料组成的单级全热回收模块,得到改进流程Ⅰ,并建立系统数学模型.模拟结果表明:保持系统总传热传质能力不变,系统性能随全热回收模块传热传质能力的增加先上升后下降,在典型夏季工况下,系统最优性能系数COP相比基础流程提升0.33.为减少回风全热回收过程的损失,提高送风温度,在改进流程Ⅰ的基础上增加送风显热回收模块,得到改进流程Ⅱ,此时系统性能系数COP进一步提升0.12.此外,采用多级全热回收有助于提高空气与水传热传质的匹配性,但会增加水泵功耗,对系统总体性能的提升有限.最后,搭建了基于改进流程Ⅱ的系统试验台,对上述模拟结果进行了实验验证.
In order to reduce the load of the conventional evaporative cooling and condensing dehumidification fresh air system, a single-stage total heat recovery module consisting of a cooler and a spray filler is proposed based on the basic process, and then the improved process Ⅰ is obtained. The mathematical model of the system is established. The simulation results show that keeping total heat and mass transfer capacity of the system unchanged, the system performance first increases and then decreases with the increase of the heat and mass transfer capacity of the total heat recovery module. Under typical indoor and outdoor air conditions, the optimal COP(coefficient of performance)of the system is 0.33 higher than that of the basic process. In order to reduce the loss of exergy of heat recovery process and raise the supply air temperature, single stage of sensible heat recovery can be added to obtain the improved process Ⅱ on the basis of the improved process Ⅰ, and thus the COP of the system is further increased by 0.12 compared with the improved process Ⅰ. In addition, multi-stage total heat recovery can improve air-water heat and mass transfer matching, but the pump power consumption is increased, so the improvement of the overall system performance is limited. Finally, an experiment table based on the improved process Ⅱ was built, and the simulation values were verified
基于Drucker-Prager屈服准则的圆形巷道围岩弹塑性分析
,赵光明,孟祥瑞
煤炭学报 , 2013,
Abstract: 考虑不同程度的中间主应力对屈服的影响,以Drucker-Prager屈服准则作为巷道围岩的塑性条件,推算出巷道围岩弹塑性区应力、塑性区半径和位移的解析解。研究表明,中间主应力对塑性区半径和位移的大小以及围岩应力的分布均有重要影响,并且验证了中间主应力效应的区间性。用单因素分析法,分别考虑不同内聚力、内摩擦角、原岩应力和支护阻力情况下,塑性区半径和位移的Drucker-Prager准则解、Mohr-Coulomb准则解和统一强度准则解的变化规律并对其进行比较,分析表明:相同条件下,塑性区半径及位移的Drucker-Prager准则解比Mohr-Coulomb准则解和统一强度准则解大,并且在较高内聚力、较低内摩擦角或较低原岩应力情况下Drucker-Prager准则解接近于Mohr-Coulomb准则解。采用Flac3D进行数值模拟,模拟结果与理论分析结果较为吻合。因此,适当的应用Drucker-Prager屈服准则将更能保证工程实践的安全性,更具实践价值。
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