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论人历史发展中的价值选择性与规律性
Discuss the Selectivity of Human Value and Regularity in Historical Development
 [PDF]

张立
Advances in Philosophy (ACPP) , 2015, DOI: 10.12677/ACPP.2015.42002
Abstract:
价值选择是主体的客体化和客体的主体化双向作用的过程,是人的本质得以实现的过程。在人类历史发展中,人的价值选择与规律性是一致的。人在进行价值选择的过程中,必须要遵循事物的客观规律性,只有符合客观规律,价值选择才可能实现它的目的,人才有可能实现全面而自由地发展。
The value choice is the double-acting process of the objectification of subject and the subjectification of object, and is the process of human essence that can be realized. In history of human de-velopment, the human value choice is consistent with regularity. When human is in the process of doing the value choice, they must follow the objective law of things, only in line with the objective law, the value choice can be realized possibly, then it is possible that human can achieve a free and comprehensive development.
丙丁酚治疗非增殖性糖尿病视网膜病变的临床观察
Clinical Observation of Probucol for Nonproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy
 [PDF]

蒋苏, 陈忠
Hans Journal of Ophthalmology (HJO) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/HJO.2014.32003
Abstract:
目的:观察丙丁酚治疗非增殖性糖尿病视网膜病变(NPDR)的临床疗效。方法:于2012年1月至2013年8月选取非增殖性糖尿病视网膜病变患者68例作为研究对象,再将非增殖性糖尿病视网膜病变(NPDR)患者分为四组:即:A组、强化治疗+丙丁酚组,共17例;B组、强化治疗组,共17例;C组、常规治疗 + 丙丁酚组,共17例;D组、常规治疗组,共17例,避免服用其它抗氧化剂。A、C组DR患者予丙丁酚0.375 g,每日2次。平均随访11.58 ± 0.17个月。并比较观察4组干预前、1年后的视力、眼底及血脂(TC、LDLC)变化。结果:最终随访发现:1、A、C组NPDR患者的眼底情况较干预前显著改善(P < 0.05),A、C组间干预后眼底情况无显著性差异(P > 0.05);B、D组患者的眼底情况均无显著改善(P > 0.05)。2、A、C组患者最佳矫正视力均较干预前显著提高(P < 0.05),A、C组间干预后最佳矫正视力无显著性差异(P > 0.05);B、D组患者最佳矫正视力均无显著提高(P > 0.05)。3、A、C组患者TC、LDLC水平均显著低于干预前(P < 0.05);B、D组干预前后血脂水平无显著性差异(P > 0.05);且干预后A、C组间TC、LDLC水平无显著性差异(P > 0.05)。结论 丙丁酚治疗非增殖性糖尿病视网膜病变疗效显著,且并发症较少。
Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of probucol for nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR). Methods: 68 patients with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) were studied from Jan. 2012 to Aug. 2013. These patients were divided into four groups. Group A consisted of 17 patients receiving enhanced therapy and probucol; Group B consisted of 17 patients receiving enhanced therapy; Group C consisted of 17 patients receiving regular therapy and probucol; Group D consisted of 17 patients receiving regular therapy. Group A and Group C were given probucol of 0.375 g twice per day. All patients were followed up for average 11.58 ± 0.17 months. The changes of best corrected visual acuity, fundus, total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein- cholesterol (LDL-C) before therapy and one year after therapy were observed. Results: 1) The fundi of Group A and Group C were significantly improved (P < 0.05), and there was no significant difference between the fundi of Group A and of Group C after therapy (P > 0.05); but the difference between the fundi of Group B and of Group D was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). 2) The best corrected visual acuity of Group A and Group C was improved significantly (P < 0.05), and there was no significant difference between the best corrected visual acuity of Group A and of Group C (P > 0.05); but the best corrected visual acuity of Group B and Group D did not change significantly (P > 0.05). 3) The TC and LDLC level of Group A and Group C decreased significantly (P < 0.05); The TC and LDLC level of Group B and Group D did not change significantly (P > 0.05); There was no significant difference between the TC and LDLC level of Group A and of Group C (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The efficacy of probucol for nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy is significant with less complications.
工业系统生态化研究的国际态势及其启示
International Research Advance of Industrial System Ecologization and Its Reflection
 [PDF]

方一
Sustainable Development (SD) , 2012, DOI: 10.12677/SD.2012.24020
Abstract: 根据工业既是资源配置器,又是资源消耗和污染物产生的控制体这一特征,在过程上促进从资源产品废弃物的开环流程到资源产品资源的闭环流程的转换,对产业共生关系和环境协调,促进工业系统的可持续发展具有重要意义。针对工业活动对自然生态系统的影响,20世纪80年代末逐步形成了工业生态学(IE)的思想,20世纪90年代以来,国际学术界对工业系统降低环境影响、提高生态化水平的调控研究不断拓展,文章从工业生态学理论和应用工具、工业系统生态效率、工业系统能值、工业系统风险和脆弱性、工业系统生态模拟、工业系统绿色化和持续性管理等6个方面的研究进展进行了梳理和总结,在此背景下,获得了工业系统生态化研究的战略视野由调整转向适应
森林与径流关系的模拟与分析
Modeling and Analysis of the Forest-Runoff Relations
 [PDF]

邓慧
Geographical Science Research (GSER) , 2012, DOI: 10.12677/GSER.2012.12004
Abstract:
为了揭示森林与径流关系的空间变化及原因,用生物物理/动态植被模型SSiB4/TRIFFID与TOPMODEL的耦合模型SSiB4T/TRIFFID模拟了西南山区长江上游的梭磨河流域不同气温下植被演替及蒸发与径流的动态响应过程,分析了气温变化对森林–径流关系的影响及机理。控制试验模拟结果表明:1) 由于亚高山区气温低雨季冠层湿润分数高,在蒸散三个分量中植被蒸腾最小,森林蒸腾与草和灌木差异小,流域蒸散在植被从C3草到灌木演替阶段增加并达到最大值,在植被从灌木到森林演替阶段减小甚至低于裸土蒸发,因此增加了流域径流量。2) 温度较控制试验减小1.5℃,由于森林冠层蒸散减小幅度大于草和灌木使森林增加径流的作用增加。3) 气温较控制试验增加2.0℃,森林冠层截留蒸发较草和灌木明显增加,蒸腾也高于草和灌木,森林对径流的影响已不明显。当气温较控制试验增加5℃,森林蒸腾和冠层截留蒸发较草和灌木明显增加,森林覆盖流域总蒸发最大,森林减小了径流量。随着山区海拔高度下降,森林对径流的影响将发生从增加径流量到对径流量影响不大和减小径流量的变化。由于森林冠层温度和冠层阻力对气温变化比草和灌木敏感,导致对于相同的气温减小(增加)幅度森林冠层截留蒸发和蒸腾的减小(增加)幅度均大于草和灌木,通过这种机制气温变化造成森林与径流的关系发生变化。
In order to reveal the spatial variation of the relationship between forests and runoff and explore the mechanism numerical simulations of the responses of evaporation and runoff to the dynamic changes of vegetation over the Suomo basin (a tributary of the Yangtze River in the mountain region of southwestern China) are conducted under different temperature change scenarios by using the coupled model SSiB4T/ TRIFFID (Plant Dynamic Vegetation Model TRIFFID and TOPMODEL are integrated into the land surface model SSiB4). The impacts of temperature changes on forest-runoff relationship and the mechanism are ana-lyzed. The results of control test show that in wet season canopy wetness fraction is high in the subalpine re-gion of southwestern China duo to low temperature. Transpiration is the minimum among three components of evapotranspiration. Transpiration of forests is no significant difference with transpiration of grass and shrub. The evapotranspiration of the basin increases and reaches its maximal value during the period of C3 grass succession into shrub and then decreases during the period of shrub succession into forest and reaches its minimal value which may be less than bare soil evaporation. As a result forests increase the total runoff of the basin. A decrease in temperature by 1.5°C enhances such effect of forests duo to more decrease in water loss through canopy interception evaporation and transpiration of forests. An increase in temperature by 2°C enhances the rate of transpiration and evaporation of forests more than that of grass and shrub. As a result forests have no significant effect on runoff. Temperature rises to 5°C will cause forests turn to reduce runoff duo to more significant increase in water loss through canopy interception evaporation and transpiration of forests. As elevation decreases (temperature increases) in the mountain region of southwestern China the
GPS导航,Internet网络等技术在无线充电中的运用
GPS Navigation, Internet Network Technology in the Use of Wireless Charging
 [PDF]

郭言
Artificial Intelligence and Robotics Research (AIRR) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/AIRR.2013.21006
Abstract:
纯电动汽车的充电方式一般为:使用家用的充电器进行慢速充电和在充电桩进行电动汽车的快速充电。然而以快速充电为例,大概在4个小时左右才能充满电,一定程度上制约了纯电动汽车产业的快速发展。后期运用快速换电的方式,可以在十几分钟内实现纯电动汽车的满电工作,可是这种方式前期投入大,运营相对困难,技术对接复杂,难以在短时间内推广。随着无线充电的技术的发展,利用非接触高能量传输方式,结合相关前沿技术,大大提高了纯电动汽车的充电灵活,降低运营成本。本文介绍了运用GPS导航,Internet网络等技术来实现纯电动汽车可连续运行。
Charging method of pure electric vehicles generally: the use of household charger trickle charge and electric vehicle charging piles in the fast charge. But in the fast charge as an example, probably in about 4 hours to fully charge, to some extent, restricted the rapid development of electric vehicle industry. By the late fast changing electric way, full power can achieve pure electric car in ten minutes, but this way the large initial investment, operation is relatively dif-ficult, complex and difficult to promote technology transfer, in a short period of time. With the development of wireless charging technology, using non-contact high energy transmission mode, combined with the advanced technology, greatly improving the charging of pure electric vehicles is flexible, reduce operating costs. This paper introduces the application of GPS navigation, Internet network technology to achieve pure electric vehicle capable of continuous op-eration.
基于成本收益分析的林业技术扩散问题研究
Research on the Forestry Technical Diffusion Based on Input-Output Analysis
 [PDF]


World Journal of Forestry (WJF) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/WJF.2013.21001
Abstract:

我国林业技术整体水平相对落后,不仅体现在研发环节,还反映在技术的普及度上。第三次集体林权改革激发了林农要技术的积极性,但是由于长期以来对林农层面的成本收益分析的忽视,使得林业技术扩散的效率依然较低,成为制约林业发展的重要因素。本文通过以毛竹林丰产技术在福建省永安市的推广为例,通过成本收益分析,得出了影响并决定林业技术扩散效率的因素,即林业技术的经济性。同时发现,在我国林业有集体经营体制向市场体制转型的形势下,技术的经济性不光受到亩均利润和总产出的影响,同时也受到制度安排、政府行为、社区机制以及农民本身的机会成本等的影响。
China’s forestry technical level is relatively lagged behind those of developed countries, not only in the R&D aspect, but also in the technical diffusion. The Third Collective Forestry Property Rights Reform trigged farmer’s demands for forestry techniques, but because of overlooking farmers’ consequent costs and benefits, the technical diffusion are still not efficient enough that it strictly constrains the further development of forestry. This paper bases on a cost benefit analysis of bamboo techniques in Yong’an County, and finds out that the economics of the technique is the main factor that influences the diffusion of forestry techniques. It’s concluded that in the reform period, the economics of forestry technique is strongly related to the institu-tion arrangement, government behavior, community functions and the opportunity cost of farmers.

相对M-特征标的替换引理
The Replacement Lemma on Relative M-Characters
 [PDF]

郝成功,
Pure Mathematics (PM) , 2012, DOI: 10.12677/pm.2012.21001
Abstract:
本文主要目的是将M-特征标的替换引理推广到相对M-特征标的情形,证明了如果 均为有限群G的正规子群使得K/L为奇数阶交换群,则G的每个关于L的相对M-特征标也是关于K的相对M-特征标。特别地,如果G为M-群且K为G的一个奇数阶亚交换正规子群,则G也是关于K的相对M-群。
The main goal of the present paper is to generalize the replacement lemma on M-characters to the relative M-characters. It is proved that if are normal subgroups of a finite group G such that K/L is commutative of odd order, then every relative M-character of G with respect to L is also a relative M-character with respect to K. In particular, if G is an M-group with a meta-commutative normal subgroup K of odd order, then G is a relative M-group with respect to K.
新加坡英语:语言迁移与华文元素
Singlish: Linguistic Transfer and Chinese Elements
 [PDF]

戴卫
Advances in Social Sciences (ASS) , 2012, DOI: 10.12677/ASS.2012.12004
Abstract: 作为众多英语变体中的一种,新加坡英语与英、美等所谓标准英语明显不同,主要原因在于受普通话、广东话、闽南话、海南话、客家话以及马来语、泰米尔语的影响。本文从新加坡英语中的语音、词汇、语法等方面探究具有华语和中华文化元素的新加坡英语及其语言迁移的深层机理。
As one of English varieties, Singlish differs from British or American English as it is heavily in- fluenced by Chinese in particular, Malay, and Tamil in general. There are varied factors of linguistic transfer in terms of phonology, vocabulary, sentence pattern, and grammar. This paper attempts to delve into the transfer of Chinese elements in the formation and development of Singlish.
有限群特征标的 π-次数
The π- Degrees of Characters for Finite Groups
 [PDF]

张月明,
Pure Mathematics (PM) , 2012, DOI: 10.12677/PM.2012.23026
Abstract: G为任意有限群,NG的子群,XG的一个不可约复特征标。记\"\"为X(1)的素因子集合。本文给出了XN的每个不可约分量均有次数的一个条件,推广了Dolfi的相关定理,并给出了若干应用。
Let G be a finite group, N a subgroup of G and   X an irreducible complex character of G
两两广义NQD列的r阶平均收敛性和几乎必然收敛性
Convergence in Mean of Order r and Almost Sure Convergence for Generalized Pairwise NQD Random Sequences
 [PDF]

邓总纲, 范伟
Pure Mathematics (PM) , 2011, DOI: 10.12677/pm.2011.12026
Abstract:
本文主要研究了两两广义NQD列的r阶平均收敛性和几乎必然收敛性,获得了与两两NQD列一样的r阶平均收敛性和几乎必然收敛性及三级数定理。
In this paper, we discuss convergence in mean of order r and almost sure convergence for generalized pairwise NQD random sequences. As pairwise NQD random sequence, we get convergence in mean of order r, almost sure convergence and three series theorem.
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