The stable supply and strategic reserve of non-renewable natural resource is of greatly strategic significance for a country’s socioeconomic long-term stability, sustainable and healthy development. In the situation of global resource crisis, facing the many existing problems in the process of development and utilization of China’s non-renewable natural resources in the situation of global resource crisis. To establish a strategic reserve system of non-renewable natural resources under nationally unified management via the perspective of sustainable use of resources and socioeconomic development, is an important way to solve problems such as the scarce of our strategic resources, the large gap between supply and demand resources, and the low-cost loss of a large number of superior resources. In this paper, we firstly discuss the establish-ment of strategic reserve system of non-renewable natural resources under nationally unified management from the theoretical level, associated with the analysis of our country’s strategic reserve of non-renewable resources. On the basic of leaning from the successful experience of the strategic reserve of mineral resources in developed countries, we are trying to provide policy recommendations for the establishment of our coun-try’s strategic reserve of non-renewable natural resources.