Religious culture is the core spirit of the modern western world culture. In the 17th century, Puritanism was originated in England, and spread to the North American continent. Then Puritanism rapidly became the dominant religious sect of North America, and the culture represented by Puritan became the dominant culture of society in North America. With the continuous development of American society, the spiritual connotation embodied by Puritan culture was gradually accepted by all American people, and Puritan culture became the core of modern American mainstream culture. And with the development of American mainstream culture which based on Puritan culture, the American social cognitive membrane gradually formed and increased. This cognitive membrane urged all Americans to unite to struggle for the construction of the USA, and withstood the impact of various external ideas of American society, and eventually made the USA as the world’s most powerful nation. China should also learn from the reasonable meaning of traditional Chinese culture and modernize it, thus building Chinese social cognitive membrane to provide strong pillars to protect the sustained and healthy development of Chinese society.