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论鲁迅的民族脊梁在当今社会的传承
Theory of Lu Xun’s National Backbone in Today’s Society
 [PDF]

爱国, 陈建国, 孙强
Open Journal of Historical Studies (OJHS) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/OJHS.2014.23006
Abstract:

鲁迅的民族脊梁[1]精神可以折射出一个时代社会的缩影,能够反映出社会的变革,社会的进步。从20世纪初到本世纪经历了封建主义、帝国主义到改革开放、小康社会的变革,在这一系列的社会变革过程中,民族脊梁精神是不可或缺的一部分。民族脊梁的发展不仅是一脉相承也是与时俱进的,因为它需要丰富的内涵来武装自己,只有内涵丰富了才能使广大人民去传承。同时它与当今的社会主义核心价值观体系的有机融合,焕发出新的活力与魅力。中华民族之所以有五千年的文明史而且一直延续从未断过那是因为民族脊梁起到的决定性作用。民族精神是民族的魂,脊梁传承能够在当今社会的延续,需要的是人们不断的去继承、创新,即使是一个毫不起眼的角色在未来的生活中也能够承担起民族脊梁的作用。
 Lu Xun’s national backbone may be a reflection of the spirit of an era microcosm of society, able to reflect changes in society and social progress. From the early 20th century to now we have expe- rienced feudalism, imperialism, reform and opening up and well-off society. In this series of social change, national backbone spirit is an indispensable part. Development of national backbone not only comes down in one continuous line but also advances with the times, because it requires rich content to arm itself. Only when the connotation is rich, will people like to inherit. At the same time, it is full of new vitality and charm with the organic integration of today’s socialist core value system. Because of the decisive role played by the national backbone, the Chinese nation has five thousand years of civilization and has continued without breaks. National spirit is the soul of the nation. People need to constantly inherit and make innovations to let the backbone transmission continue in today's society; even a humble role in the future of life can undertake the role of na- tional backbone.

 

超大跨度公铁悬索桥结构体系参数分析
罗世东,夏正春,爱国
铁道工程学报 , 2014,
Abstract: ?研究目的:公铁合建悬索桥是大跨度海湾桥梁的优先选择,是经济与社会发展的需要。然而,超大跨度公铁悬索桥超出了目前的设计规范,并且还没有主跨超过2000m的悬索桥实例,一些关键技术有待研究。本文以某海湾双塔三跨悬索桥的可行性研究为背景,分析了主要设计参数对结构体系的影响规律,为今后的理论研究和工程设计提供参考。研究结论:(1)合理的主缆边中跨比为0.22-0.33,合理的加劲梁边中跨比为0.05-0.10;(2)加大加劲梁恒载对结构体系的竖向和横向刚度均有较大的改善,但是以增加主缆量为代价;(3)增加列车长度,有利于使主缆受力均匀,不至于加劲梁局部变形过大;(4)减小主缆矢跨比,有利于提高结构的刚度,但主缆轴力与锚旋规模相应增大,需综合考虑;(5)本文分析归纳的-般性规律,对类似超大跨度桥梁具有参考价值。
大跨度连续梁桥的地震碰撞模拟分析
Collision Simulation Analysis of the Bridge under the Seismic Action
 [PDF]

爱国
Open Journal of Transportation Technologies (OJTT) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/OJTT.2013.21006
Abstract:
本文通过对于一座大跨度连续梁桥地震碰撞过程的模拟分析和数据显微处理,首次发现并提出了碰撞群的概念,认为碰撞群中高频高强的加载卸载过程(可称之为冲击钻效应)是导致碰撞破坏的原因。在此基础上,本文提出了一种梁端碰撞损伤度评估方法,并针对本文的研究对象给出了碰撞损伤度评估结果。本文还通过对比大桥不同模型(不同墩高、不同基础类型)中所发生的地震碰撞,提出:1) 为减轻多跨连续梁桥地震碰撞、降低边跨落梁概率,应合理设置和设计制动墩;2) 在建模时,梁墩基础的模拟方式应谨慎、合理;3) 在高烈度区进行高墩大跨度连续梁的桥台设计时,应考虑碰撞中的冲击钻效应所。
In this paper, with a large span continuous girder bridge as the research object, the simulation analysis of seismic collision and the data microprocessing is carried out. based on this, a new the concept of the collision group was first discovered and put forward. Just because of the loading and unloading process in high-frequency and high-strength happened in a collision group (can also called impact drill effect), the collision damage is resulted. On this basis, we propose a beam end collision damage evaluation method and by applying the evaluation method on to the large span continuous girder bridge, the results of the assessment of the degree of collision damage is given. In this paper, by contrast seismic collision occurred in different models of bridge (with different pier, different base types) , the following suggestions should be pay attention: 1) To mitigate multi-span continuous girder bridge seismic collision, reducing side span girder falling probability, the setting and the design of a brake pier should be reasonable; 2) When set up the model of a bridge, how to simulating the base of pier should be cautious and reasonable; 3) When designing a long span continuous beam bridge with high pier in the high-intensity area, the impact drill effect should be considered.
对红石岩隧道可燃气体的认识
The Understanding to the Combustible Gas Leak in Hongshiyan Tunnel
 [PDF]

爱国
Open Journal of Transportation Technologies (OJTT) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/OJTT.2013.21013
Abstract:
合武高速铁路红石岩隧道位于大别山深处,开挖长度7857 m,隧道通过区域主要为片麻岩,但在开挖期间出现可燃气体燃烧现象,这种状况极为罕见,本文综合各类资料对此进行了全面研究,得出了个人的见解。
Hongshiyan Tunnel of Hewu high-speed rail is located in the depths of the Dabie Mountains, its excavation length is 7857mand passing through regional gneiss, but during excavation, a burning pheno- menon of combustible gas appeared. This situation is extremely rare, by combining with rich information, a comprehensive study is made in this paper and a series of personal opinion is resulted.
一次白喉暴发的流行病学特征及应急接种的效果
有望, 丁建明, 肖勇, 胡勇,爱国, 王波, 李士成
中国公共卫生 , 1990,
Abstract: ?近几年成人白喉暴发点似有增多的趋势,此文可供参考.60年代,白喉是严重危害我县儿童身体健康的传染病,平均年发病率为118.3/10万.
麻疹ELISAIgG抗体保护滴度的评价
有望, 肖勇, 胡勇, 王波, 李士成,爱国
中国公共卫生 , 1990,
Abstract: ?本文用ELISA间接法对145例麻疹密切接触者接触初期和后期双份滤纸血进行了IgG测定.对感染前ELISAIgG滴度与麻疹感染的关系进行了观察,结果表明,感染前IgG水平越高,显性感染率越低,<1:200和1:200组显性感染率分别为11.76%和11.49%,≥1:800者未见显性感染.隐性感染率也表现出同样的规律,1:3200者隐性感染率仅为16.67%.由此认为、麻疹ELISAIgG1:800为显性感染保护滴度,1:3200为完全保护滴度.
二次边界载荷下脆性材料动态拉伸承载能力
,欧卓成,段卓平,爱国,黄风雷
北京理工大学学报 , 2015, DOI: 10.15918/j.tbit1001-0645.2015.08.003
Abstract: 结合有限结构-时间准则,得到了二次边界载荷下脆性材料动态拉伸承载能力的解析表达式.分析说明:脆性材料的动态拉伸承载能力可以由外载荷的特征和材料的准静态材料参数相互作用完全决定,因此脆性材料动态强度的应变率效应并不是材料的内禀性质.此外,不同的外部载荷所导致的材料动态拉伸承载能力有所不同,这是以前动态实验数据中具有内在离散特性的原因.
大跨度刚构拱桥抗震性能研究
吴再新,贺国京,罗世东,爱国
铁道工程学报 , 2009,
Abstract: ?研究目的:宜万铁路宜昌长江大桥为新型刚梁柔拱组合桥梁结构体系,主跨跨度达275m。通过对该桥在地震作用下的动力响应分析,了解该类桥型的动力特征和抗震性能,找出有关部位存在的抗震薄弱环节,设计时予以重视和借鉴。研究结论:通过对新型刚梁柔拱组合桥梁结构抗震性能的研究与分析,得出如下结论:连续刚构柔性拱桥与传统梁桥类似,抗震性能较好,但刚构拱桥的墩梁结合区和主墩墩底存在抗震的薄弱环节,设计时应予以重视;主拱的地震内力响应较小,但位移响应较大,在地震高烈度区设计该类桥梁时,应研究采用必要的限位措施。
大跨度刚构拱桥横向设计参数研究
吴再新,贺国京,罗世东,爱国
铁道工程学报 , 2009,
Abstract: ?研究目的:针对宜万线宜昌长江大桥初步设计中横向受力不利的特点,提出4类有效的构造设计措施。通过对横隔板(横梁)的设置位置、构造尺寸等参数的敏感性分析,揭示构造措施的作用机理和效率。根据参数研究成果,提出现行最优构造设计方案,并通过仿真分析验证其可靠性,为同类桥型设计提供参考。研究结论:(1)采用横隔板方案的弹性支承效应对箱梁断面整体受力有一定影响,而采用横梁方案能够简单、直接地改善顶板应力状态。施工设计时应结合二者构造措施的长处,提出组合构造设计方案,全面改善箱梁整体受力性能。(2)从吊杆轴力变化规律可以看出,各计算方案下吊杆轴力基本无变化。这表明,横隔板(横梁)的设置只改变箱梁的横向刚度,对竖向刚度的影响极小。再次验证了横隔板的弹性支承效应只改变箱梁内部的传力途径,对梁、拱的刚度比例无明显影响。
货币政策、上市公司资本结构与超额价值—中国2006~2010
Monetary Policy, Capital Structure of Listed Companies and Excess Corporate Value—China 2006-2010
 [PDF]

爱国, 张轶凡
Finance (FIN) , 2012, DOI: 10.12677/fin.2012.22007
Abstract: 近年来货币政策放松容易收缩困难,在平抑经济的波动性方面效果不甚理想。我们以A股市场的上市公司(2006~2010)为样本实证研究货币政策对这些公司资本结构以及由此对公司超额价值所产生的影响。研究发现,货币政策显著影响不同类别公司的资本结构,而公司资本结构的调整导致小公司的超额价值损失比大公司大、市场竞争强的公司超额价值损失比竞争弱的公司大、融资约束大的公司的超额价值损失比融资约束小的公司大、民营控股公司超额价值的损失比国有控股公司大。究其原因,以总量控制为手段的货币政策调整偏离了市场的要求,中国需要发挥利率杠杆作用机制的货币政策。
In the past few years, monetary policies have been adjusted abnormally, but failed to make role to iron economic growth path. Using a sample of A-share listed corporate in China from 2006 to 2010, this paper studies the effect of monetary policy on capital structure adjustment, and tests the excess value changes under the capital structure adjustment in this period, we find that firms with small scale suffered greater losses than that of large scale, highly competitive firms suffered greater losses than that of less competitive, highly financing distressed firms suffered greater losses than that of less financing distress, and private-owned firms suffered greater losses than that of state-owned. Investigating its reason, the current monetary policy featured by total control deviates from the market requirements, therefore China is in urgent need of monetary policy characterized by interest rate leverage.
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