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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 125574 matches for " érika Galv?o Lima "
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Knowledge about HPV and Screening of Cervical Cancer among Women from the Metropolitan Region of Natal, Brazil
érika Galvo Lima,Diego Breno Soares de Lima,Cleine Aglacy Nunes Miranda,Valeska Santana de Sena Pereira
ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/930479
Abstract:
Genital Infection with Herpes Simplex Virus Types 1 and 2 in Women from Natal, Brazil
Cleine Aglacy Nunes Miranda,érika Galvo Lima,Diego Breno Soares de Lima,Ricardo Ney Oliveira Cobucci,Maria da Concei??o de Mesquita Cornetta,Thales Allyrio Araújo de Medeiros Fernandes,Paulo Roberto Medeiros de Azevedo,Jenner Chrystian Veríssimo de Azevedo,Josélio Maria Galvo de Araújo,José Veríssimo Fernandes
ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/323657
Abstract: Objective. To evaluate the prevalence of HSV-1 and HSV-2 in pregnant and nonpregnant women, testing the correlation between DNA of the viruses with colposcopic and/or cytological changes, and evaluate association with sociodemographic characteristics and sexual activity. Methods. Included in this study were 106 pregnant and 130 nonpregnant women treated at primary health care units of Natal, Brazil, in the period 2010-2011. The patients were examined by colposcopy, and two cervical specimens were collected: one for cytology examination and another for analysis by PCR for detection of HSV-1 and HSV-2. Results. HSV-1 alone was detected in 16.0% of pregnant and 30.0% of nonpregnant women. For HSV-2, these rates were 12.3% and 15.5%, respectively. HSV-2 had a higher correlation with cytology and/or colposcopy changes than HSV-1 did. Genital HSV-1 infection was not associated with any of the variables tested, whereas HSV-2 infection was associated with ethnicity, marital status, and number of sexual partners. Conclusions. The prevalence of HSV-1 was higher than that observed for HSV-2 in both pregnant and nonpregnant women. The genital infection by HSV-2 was higher in women with changed colposcopy and/or cytology, and it was associated with ethnicity, marital status, and number of sexual partners. 1. Introduction Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a neurotropic virus that has a large linear, double-stranded DNA genome protected by a capsid with icosahedral symmetry surrounded by an envelope consisting of a lipid bilayer with embedded glycoproteins, having yet a proteinaceous region between the capsid and envelope called tegument [1]. The HSV belongs to the family of Herpesviridae, subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae, and genus Simplex virus [2, 3]. It is a virus that has a very complex life cycle and stands out as one of the most common pathogens in the etiology of sexually transmitted diseases worldwide [4]. HSV infects the mucosa of the mouth, eyes, and the human anogenital tract. After primary infection, the virus replicates productively within mucosal epithelial cells and enters sensory neurons via nerve termini. The virus is then transported to neuronal cell bodies where latency is established. The virus can remain in this latent state indefinitely but can be reactivated at any time during the lifetime of the host [4, 5]. During latent infection, no infectious virus is produced from infected cells, symptoms are absent in the host, and the transmission does not occur. However, reactivation can occur only in some cells, in the absence of symptoms, enabling the
Knowledge about HPV and Screening of Cervical Cancer among Women from the Metropolitan Region of Natal, Brazil
érika Galvo Lima,Diego Breno Soares de Lima,Cleine Aglacy Nunes Miranda,Valeska Santana de Sena Pereira,Jenner Chrystian Veríssimo de Azevedo,Josélio Maria Galvo de Araújo,Thales Allyrio Araújo de Medeiros Fernandes,Paulo Roberto Medeiros de Azevedo,José Veríssimo Fernandes
ISRN Obstetrics and Gynecology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/930479
Abstract: Objective. The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge level about HPV and screening of cervical cancer in women from the metropolitan region of Natal, Brazil. Materials and Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional study involving sexually active women was conducted. The participants were submitted to a face-to-face interview, using a structured questionnaire that permitted the quantification of data and opinions of the respondents. Results. Most participants (70.9%) had poor knowledge about HPV and also the Pap test (53.0%). The high level of knowledge about HPV was associated with age, education, marital status, household income, and pregnancy, while the high level of knowledge about the Pap test proved to be associated only with education and household income. Conclusion. The results highlight the need for performing educational campaigns emphasizing the role of HPV in the etiology of cervical lesions of different degrees, including cervical cancer, as well as the importance of having a Pap test regularly to prevent these diseases. 1. Introduction Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer affecting women, after nonmelanoma skin cancer and breast cancer, and is the third leading cause of death by cancer among women worldwide, with higher incidence in developing countries [1, 2]. It is estimated that about 500,000 new cases are reported every year, with approximately 230,000 deaths worldwide. In Brazil, the crude incidence rates per 100,000 women, estimated for the year 2012, were 17 for the country and 14 for the Rio Grande do Norte State. The incidence of the disease starts from the age of 20 and the risk gradually increases with age, reaching its peak generally at age 50 to 60 [3]. The natural history of cervical cancer reveals that, despite its high incidence, this malignant neoplasm stands out among those with the greatest potential for prevention and cure in view of their infectious nature [4]. Cervical cytology is one of the most efficient methods for the screening of cervical cancer and is the most commonly used method worldwide [5]. Despite its benefits, many women in developing countries have never been screened or are not screened at regular intervals, so that this screening program does not have the desired impact on women’s health [6]. Reasons for the lack of effectiveness of these screening programs in developing countries include low screening coverage and participation rates among women, lack of quality control, poor ability of the health care system to offer proper followup and access to colposcopy, and inappropriate
Educar meninas e meninos: rela es de gênero na escola
Aline Galvo Lima
Educar em Revista , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/s0104-40602010000100019
Abstract:
School Psychology on the Formation of the Social Educator: Assessment of the Professional Profile  [PDF]
Pollianna Galvo, Daniel Carvalho de Matos, Wirna Lima Gomes
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.92016
Abstract: In Brazilian scenario, the profession of the social educator is recent in the non-formal educative spaces, including institutions which act in benefit of the poorest segments of the population. With the intent to contribute to the discussion on the formation of the social educator, this manuscript seeks to investigate the professional profile resources of social educators from a Brazilian Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) and the possibilities of contribution from the School and Educational Psychology to the consolidation of this profession’s identity. In this study, it was utilized the theoretical-conceptual perspective of historical-cultural Psychology in articulation with the competence approach. Six social educators participated in this study. The first research step consisted of the review and expansion of the social educator’s professional profile proposed by Soares (2008) through a literature review in School and Educational Psychology and institutional visits to a Brazilian NGO, which categorizes six competence resources for the composition of the social educator’s profile: 1) theoretical and conceptual performances; 2) technical and scientific competences; 3) practical knowledge competences; 4) interpersonal competences; 5) ethical competences; 6) esthetical competences. The second step involved the application of the instrument in six social educators. The results indicated predominance in relation to the practical knowledge, interpersonal, ethical and esthetical competences. In counterpoint, the theoretical and conceptual competences and technical and scientific competences were the less evidenced ones, suggesting a profile still undeveloped through paths of initial and continuous formation specific in the field of social education. Against this challenge in research, it is understood that School Psychology may bring contributions to non-formal educative spaces of Third Sector to favor the development and consolidation of the professional identity of the social educator, of the theoretical and conceptual production on the formation and actuation of social educators, as well as the expansion of School and Educational Psychology to differentiated educative spaces.
Compreens?o de texto em crian?as: compara??es entre diferentes classes de inferência a partir de uma metodologia on-line
Spinillo, Alina Galvo;Mahon, érika da Rocha;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722007000300014
Abstract: this study, by means of using an on-line methodology, examined 7 and 9-year-old children's text comprehension in relation to different types of inferences constructed during a story reading task: causal inferences, state inferences and inferences of prediction (what happens next in the story). the on-line methodology consists of making inferential questions to the child during text comprehension immediately after the subject has read a passage. due to the fact that inferences of prediction involve extratextual information and require to raise hypothesis about the continuity of the narrative, children had difficulties in predicting events that had not occurred yet in the story. it was concluded that the ability to make inferences during text comprehension varies according to the type of inferential question presented and that this ability develops with age. the inovative aspect of the on-line methodology and its relevance to the research on text comprehension are discussed.
Text comprehension in children: comparing different classes of inferences by using on-line methodology / Compreens o de texto em crian as: compara es entre diferentes classes de inferência a partir de uma metodologia on-line
Alina Galvo Spinillo,érika da Rocha Mahon
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2007,
Abstract: This study, by means of using an on-line methodology, examined 7 and 9-year-old children's text comprehension in relation to different types of inferences constructed during a story reading task: causal inferences, state inferences and inferences of prediction (what happens next in the story). The on-line methodology consists of making inferential questions to the child during text comprehension immediately after the subject has read a passage. Due to the fact that inferences of prediction involve extratextual information and require to raise hypothesis about the continuity of the narrative, children had difficulties in predicting events that had not occurred yet in the story. It was concluded that the ability to make inferences during text comprehension varies according to the type of inferential question presented and that this ability develops with age. The inovative aspect of the on-line methodology and its relevance to the research on text comprehension are discussed.
Difficulties and/or facilities experienced by the Family Health Strategy professionals Difficulties and/or facilities experienced by the Family Health Strategy professionals
érika Simone Galvo Pinto,Rejane Maria Paiva Menezes
Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing , 2008,
Abstract: PROBLEM: Does the professional formation influence the Family Health Strategy (FHS) professionals’ experiences? OBJECTIVE: to analyze the facilities and difficulties experienced by the professionals of the FHS. METHODOLOGY: Descriptive and quantitative study realized at Ceará-Mirim, Rio Grande do Norte state, Brazil. A questionnaire was applied to 190 FHS professionals. The results were analyzed by frequencies, means and standard deviation. RESULTS: There is a predominance of the female gender (n=137) and the mean age is 38.9 (sd=7.8). The most developed activities are health care actions for doctors and nurses, oral hygiene for dentists, immunization for the nurses’ aides, educative meetings for the dental auxiliaries (ACD), and home visit for the Community Health Agent (ACS). About the work facilities, 93.2% reported to be the presence of professionals with public health profile. Concerning the difficulties, 86.8% of the professionals mentioned the unavailability of materials, followed by the salary range (81.6%). The drug unavailability is considered as difficulty degree one by ACS and doctors; the kind of contractual bond was mentioned as degree two by ACD and dentists; and in degree three the salary range was mentioned by dentists and nurses’ aides. CONCLUSION: the difficulties faced by the FHS professionals are divergent among them. PROBLEM: Does the professional formation influence the Family Health Strategy (FHS) professionals’ experiences? OBJECTIVE: to analyze the facilities and difficulties experienced by the professionals of the FHS. METHODOLOGY: Descriptive and quantitative study realized at Ceará-Mirim, Rio Grande do Norte state, Brazil. A questionnaire was applied to 190 FHS professionals. The results were analyzed by frequencies, means and standard deviation. RESULTS: There is a predominance of the female gender (n=137) and the mean age is 38.9 (sd=7.8). The most developed activities are health care actions for doctors and nurses, oral hygiene for dentists, immunization for the nurses’ aides, educative meetings for the dental auxiliaries (ACD), and home visit for the Community Health Agent (ACS). About the work facilities, 93.2% reported to be the presence of professionals with public health profile. Concerning the difficulties, 86.8% of the professionals mentioned the unavailability of materials, followed by the salary range (81.6%). The drug unavailability is considered as difficulty degree one by ACS and doctors; the kind of contractual bond was mentioned as degree two by ACD and dentists; and in degree three the salary range was ment
Difficulties and/or facilities experienced by the Family Health Strategy professionals
érika Simone Galvo Pinto;,Rejane Maria Paiva Menezes
Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing , 2008,
Abstract: PROBLEM: Does the professional formation influence the Family Health Strategy (FHS) professionals’ experiences? OBJECTIVE: to analyze the facilities and difficulties experienced by the professionals of the FHS. METHODOLOGY: Descriptive and quantitative study realized at Ceará-Mirim, Rio Grande do Norte state, Brazil. A questionnaire was applied to 190 FHS professionals. The results were analyzed by frequencies, means and standard deviation. RESULTS: There is a predominance of the female gender (n=137) and the mean age is 38.9 (sd=7.8). The most developed activities are health care actions for doctors and nurses, oral hygiene for dentists, immunization for the nurses’ aides, educative meetings for the dental auxiliaries (ACD), and home visit for the Community Health Agent (ACS). About the work facilities, 93.2% reported to be the presence of professionals with public health profile. Concerning the difficulties, 86.8% of the professionals mentioned the unavailability of materials, followed by the salary range (81.6%). The drug unavailability is considered as difficulty degree one by ACS and doctors; the kind of contractual bond was mentioned as degree two by ACD and dentists; and in degree three the salary range was mentioned by dentists and nurses’ aides. CONCLUSION: the difficulties faced by the FHS professionals are divergent among them.
Practical ways to deal with the high burden of cardiovascular disease in hemodialysis patients
Lima, José Jayme Galvo de;
Sao Paulo Medical Journal , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-31802006000100008
Abstract: cardiovascular disease is the main cause of death among hemodialysis patients. although uremia by itself may be considered to be a cardiovascular risk factor, a significant proportion of dialysis patients die because of cardiovascular disease not directly attributable to uremia. indeed, many of the cardiovascular diseases and cardiovascular risk factors in these patients are common to those occurring in the general population and are amenable to intervention. lack of proper medical care during the early stages of renal insufficiency and present-day dialysis routines, by failing to correct hypertension, hypervolemia and left ventricular hypertrophy in many patients, may also add to the cardiovascular burden. the author suggests that, in addition to early treatment and referral to a specialist, chronic renal failure patients should undergo intensive cardiovascular screening and treatment, and correction of cardiovascular risk factors based on guidelines established for the general population.
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