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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 682262 matches for " ángela María Franco Cortés "
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Fluorosis dental en escolares de instituciones educativas privadas: Medellín, Colombia, 2007
Ramírez Puerta,Blanca Susana; Franco Cortés,ángela María; Gómez Restrepo,ángela María; Corrales Mesa,Diana Isabel;
Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia , 2010,
Abstract: introduction: the objective of this study was to establish the prevalence of dental fluorosis among 6-13-year-old children who attended private schools in 2007 in medellin, colombia. methods: seven hundred and fifty two children of 20 private schools selected at random were examined. two dentists who were trained and calibrated in dental fluorosis diagnosis carried out the clinical evaluation of the children after dental brushing. the labial surfaces of maxillary teeth were examined by visual inspection and with natural light. thylstrup and fejerskov index (tfi) for dental fluorosis was used to diagnose and register the alteration. results: the prevalence of dental fluorosis among school children was 79.1% (tfi ≥ 1); of which 50.8% had only mild degree (tfi1 or 2 ), while 5.1% of the children had severe fluorosis (tfi ≥ 5). besides, it was found that 17% had tfi ≥ 1 in 50% or less of the teeth. conclusions: the prevalence of dental fluorosis in children of private schools of medellin was high, although a mild degree was more prevalent. formulation of intervention strategies by health authorities are needed in order to contribute to the risk control processes of dental fluorosis.
Fluorosis dental en escolares de instituciones educativas privadas: Medellín, Colombia, 2007 Dental fluorosis in children of private schools: Medellín, Colombia, 2007
Blanca Susana Ramírez Puerta,ángela María Franco Cortés,ángela María Gómez Restrepo,Diana Isabel Corrales Mesa
Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia , 2010,
Abstract: INTRODUCCIóN: el propósito de este estudio fue estimar la prevalencia de fluorosis dental en escolares entre los 6 y 13 a os de edad, asistentes en 2007 a instituciones educativas privadas de la ciudad de Medellín, Colombia. MéTODOS: se examinaron 752 ni os de 20 colegios, seleccionados al azar. Dos odontólogas entrenadas y calibradas en el diagnóstico de fluorosis dental, realizaron la evaluación clínica de los escolares previo cepillado dental. Se examinaron las superficies vestibulares de los dientes superiores, mediante inspección visual y con luz natural. Se utilizó el índice de Thylstrup y Fejerskov (TFI) para el diagnóstico y registro de la fluorosis dental. RESULTADOS: la prevalencia de fluorosis dental en los escolares fue 79,1% (TFI ≥ 1); de los cuales el 50,8% tenía únicamente grados leves (TFI1 ó 2 ), mientras que el 5,1% presentó grados severos, TFI ≥ 5. Se encontró que el 17% de los ni os, tenía TFI ≥ 1 en el 50% o menos de los dientes. CONCLUSIONES: en los escolares de los colegios privados de Medellín la prevalencia de fluorosis dental fue alta. Se requiere la formulación de estrategias de intervención por parte de las autoridades de salud, que contribuyan al control de los procesos de riesgo para la fluorosis. INTRODUCTION: the objective of this study was to establish the prevalence of dental fluorosis among 6-13-year-old children who attended private schools in 2007 in Medellin, Colombia. METHODS: seven hundred and fifty two children of 20 private schools selected at random were examined. Two dentists who were trained and calibrated in dental fluorosis diagnosis carried out the clinical evaluation of the children after dental brushing. The labial surfaces of maxillary teeth were examined by visual inspection and with natural light. Thylstrup and Fejerskov index (TFI) for dental fluorosis was used to diagnose and register the alteration. RESULTS: the prevalence of dental fluorosis among school children was 79.1% (TFI ≥ 1); of which 50.8% had only mild degree (TFI1 or 2 ), while 5.1% of the children had severe fluorosis (TFI ≥ 5). Besides, it was found that 17% had TFI ≥ 1 in 50% or less of the teeth. CONCLUSIONS: the prevalence of dental fluorosis in children of private schools of Medellin was high, although a mild degree was more prevalent. Formulation of intervention strategies by health authorities are needed in order to contribute to the risk control processes of dental fluorosis.
Caries de la infancia temprana en ni?os de uno a cinco a?os. Medellín, Colombia, 2008
Ramírez Puerta,Blanca Susana; Escobar Paucar,Gloria; Franco Cortés,ángela María; Martínez Pabón,María Cecilia; Gómez Urrea,Liliana;
Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia , 2011,
Abstract: introduction: the purpose of this study was to estimate the experience, prevalence and severity of dental caries in 1-5 year-old children attending day care centers in a low and middle-low socioeconomic area. methods: 659 children who were attending day care centers in the north eastern area of the city of medellin were examined. a calibrated (intra examiner kappa 0.77 and inter examiner 0.71) examiner registered dental caries lesions, using international caries assessment and detection system (icdas) criteria. dental caries experience was calculated according to age, gender and distribution levels of severity. results: using icdas criteria, 69.7% of children had early childhood caries (ecc), the average affected surfaces was 5.12 (±7.5), with significant differences by age and predominance of early lesions in 1-3 year-old children. conclusion: the population studied had high levels of dental caries, reflecting that it is still necessary to advance in the definition of oral health policies for young children in the city.
Caries de la infancia temprana en ni os de uno a cinco a os. Medellín, Colombia, 2008 Early childhood caries in 1-5 year-old children. Medellín, Colombia, 2008
Blanca Susana Ramírez Puerta,Gloria Escobar Paucar,ángela María Franco Cortés,María Cecilia Martínez Pabón
Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia , 2011,
Abstract: INTRODUCCIóN: el objetivo de este estudio fue estimar la experiencia, prevalencia y severidad de caries dental en ni os de uno a cinco a os asistentes a hogares infantiles en una zona de estrato socioeconómico bajo y medio-bajo. MéTODOS: se evaluaron 659 ni os asistentes a hogares infantiles en la zona nororiental de la ciudad de Medellín. Un examinador calibrado (Kappa intraexaminador 0,77 e interexaminador 0,71) registró las lesiones de caries dental, siguiendo los criterios Sistema Internacional de Detección y Evaluación de Caries (ICDAS). Se calculó la experiencia de caries dental según edad y sexo y su distribución por niveles de severidad. RESULTADOS: utilizando los criterios ICDAS, el 69,7% de los ni os tenía caries de la infancia temprana (CIT), el promedio de superficies afectadas fue 5,12 (±7,5), con diferencias significativas por edad y predominio de lesiones iniciales. CONCLUSIONES: la población estudiada presenta niveles altos de caries dental, lo cual refleja que aún es necesario avanzar en la definición de políticas de salud bucal para la primera infancia en la ciudad. INTRODUCTION: the purpose of this study was to estimate the experience, prevalence and severity of dental caries in 1-5 year-old children attending day care centers in a low and middle-low socioeconomic area. METHODS: 659 children who were attending day care centers in the North Eastern area of the city of Medellin were examined. A calibrated (intra examiner Kappa 0.77 and inter examiner 0.71) examiner registered dental caries lesions, using International Caries Assessment and Detection System (ICDAS) criteria. Dental caries experience was calculated according to age, gender and distribution levels of severity. RESULTS: using ICDAS criteria, 69.7% of children had early childhood caries (ECC), the average affected surfaces was 5.12 (±7.5), with significant differences by age and predominance of early lesions in 1-3 year-old children. CONCLUSION: the population studied had high levels of dental caries, reflecting that it is still necessary to advance in the definition of oral health policies for young children in the city.
Necesidades de tratamiento en dentición primaria en ni?os de uno a cinco a?os con caries dental no tratada en una comunidad de bajos ingresos. Moravia, Medellín, 2006
Ramírez-Puerta,Blanca Susana; Escobar-Paucar,Gloria; Castro-Aguirre,José Fernando; Franco Cortés,ángela María;
Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia , 2009,
Abstract: introduction: the purpose was to establish non treated dental caries prevalence and treatment needs in 1 to 5 year old children living in a low-income neighborhood in medellin. methods: a cross-sectional study was performed in 162 children. a calibrated (kappa 0.73) examiner assessed dental status according to pitts & fyffe criteria. based on caries lesions advance (d1-d4), treatment needs were defined, according to current guidelines promoting a preventive and less invasive approach. the proportion of non treated dental caries was estimated, as well as the average and standard deviation of teeth per child requiring different treatment categories. results: from the total 162 children, 77.8% had non treated dental caries, each child having 5.8 ± 4.1 teeth needing some kind of treatment. from all dental caries lesions, 47% correspond to initial enamel lesions or small cavity confined to enamel (d1 - d2), potentially controlled by preventive treatment, and 53% compromise dentin and pulp (d3 - d4). treatment needs increased with age. conclusions: high prevalence of early childhood caries and non treated dental caries lesions reflects cumulated treatment needs in this low income population and support a relationship between dental caries, inequalities and living conditions, limiting access to effective and opportune dental care.
Necesidades de tratamiento en dentición primaria en ni os de uno a cinco a os con caries dental no tratada en una comunidad de bajos ingresos. Moravia, Medellín, 2006 Treatment needs in primary dentition in 1-5 year old children with non treated dental caries in a low-income community. Moravia, Medellín, 2006
Blanca Susana Ramírez-Puerta,Gloria Escobar-Paucar,José Fernando Castro-Aguirre,ángela María Franco Cortés
Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia , 2009,
Abstract: INTRODUCCIóN: el objetivo fue establecer la prevalencia de caries dental no tratada y las necesidades de tratamiento en ni os de uno a cinco a os del barrio Moravia de Medellín. MéTODOS: se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal, en 162 ni os. Un examinador calibrado (Kappa 0.73) evaluó el estado de la dentición de los ni os -según criterios de Pitts y Fyffe, que establecen niveles de avance de las lesiones de caries dental (D1-D4)- y con base en este se determinaron las necesidades de tratamiento, teniendo en cuenta lineamientos actuales de un enfoque más preventivo. Los datos se analizaron en el programa SPSS 15.0; se estimó la proporción de ni os con caries dental no tratada y el promedio de dientes para los diferentes tipos de tratamiento y sus desviaciones estándar. RESULTADOS: the gray tone scale varied from 0 to 255, corresponding to the value of the tones of pixels observable and dependent on electric current in Digital radiographic technology applied to maxillofacial area. CONCLUSIONES:la alta prevalencia de ni os con caries de la infancia temprana (ECC) y lesiones de caries dental no tratada reflejan el problema de necesidades de atención acumuladas en esta población, lo cual hace evidente la relación de la caries dental con la inequidad y condiciones de vida que limitan el acceso a la atención odontológica oportuna y efectiva. INTRODUCTION: the purpose was to establish non treated dental caries prevalence and treatment needs in 1 to 5 year old children living in a low-income neighborhood in Medellin. METHODS: a cross-sectional study was performed in 162 children. A calibrated (Kappa 0.73) examiner assessed dental status according to Pitts & Fyffe criteria. Based on caries lesions advance (D1-D4), treatment needs were defined, according to current guidelines promoting a preventive and less invasive approach. The proportion of non treated dental caries was estimated, as well as the average and standard deviation of teeth per child requiring different treatment categories. RESULTS: from the total 162 children, 77.8% had non treated dental caries, each child having 5.8 ± 4.1 teeth needing some kind of treatment. From all dental caries lesions, 47% correspond to initial enamel lesions or small cavity confined to enamel (D1 - D2), potentially controlled by preventive treatment, and 53% compromise dentin and pulp (D3 - D4). Treatment needs increased with age. CONCLUSIONS: high prevalence of Early Childhood Caries and non treated dental caries lesions reflects cumulated treatment needs in this low income population and support a relationship betw
Estudio de declaraciones nutricionales y saludables en el etiquetado de leches fermentadas
Montero Marín,A.; Limia Sánchez,A.; Franco Vargas,E.; Belmonte Cortés,S.;
Nutrición Hospitalaria , 2006,
Abstract: background: the consumption of fermented milk products in spain has been increased for the last 40 years. in addition to yogurt, new varieties of milk products fermented by bifidobacteria or other lactobacillus species have been introduced. the nutritional importance of these products, together with the likely beneficial effects of the fermentative strains, has propitiated labelling with nutritinal and health claims. present regulations do not specifically regulate these wordings and a proposal for a european regulation for standardization of these claims is currently under elaboration. objectives: to study the nutrition and health claims on labelling of fermented milk products taking into account current legislation, the proposal for a european regulation and the related literature. to compare labelling on yogurt with that of other fermented milk products, in relation to these claims. results: ninety-four percent of the studied labelling has nutritional information. nutritional claims have ben found on 38%, of which 20% have mentioned fat content, 12% calcium content, although 26% have less than 15% of the rda, 7% mention dietary fiber content. health claims has been presented in 32% of the studied labelling. conclusions: health claims have been more frequently found in fermented milk products other than yogurt, most of them mentioning the prebiotic or probiotic properties.a lack of information to consumers has been observed concerning the necessary amounts to be consumed and the real benefit provided by the product. nutrition claims in products with normal content of certaint nutrients have been found; this fact might create confusion as regards to really enriches foods.
Estudio de declaraciones nutricionales y saludables en el etiquetado de leches fermentadas Study of nutrition and health claims on labelling of fermented milk products
A. Montero Marín,A. Limia Sánchez,E. Franco Vargas,S. Belmonte Cortés
Nutrición Hospitalaria , 2006,
Abstract: Antecedentes: El consumo de leches fermentadas en Espa a ha aumentado enormemente en los últimos 40 a os. Además del yogur, se han introducido nuevas variedades fermentadas por bifidobacterias u otras especies de lactobacilos. La riqueza nutricional de estos alimentos junto con los posibles beneficios de las cepas fermentadoras, han propiciado la presencia de declaraciones nutricionales y saludables en su etiquetado. La normativa vigente no regula expresamente estas frases y actualmente se está elaborando una propuesta de Reglamento Europeo para la normalización de dichas declaraciones. Objetivos: Estudiar las declaraciones nutricionales y saludables en el etiquetado de leches fermentadas en base a la legislación actual, la propuesta de Reglamento Europeo y la bibliografía relacionada. Comparar el etiquetado del yogur con el del resto de leches fermentadas en lo referente a declaraciones. Resultados: El 94% del etiquetado presenta información nutricional. El 38% posee declaraciones nutricionales, de las cuales el 20% aluden al contenido en materia grasa, el 12% al calcio, aunque el 26% contienen menos del 15% de la CDR, el 7% al aporte de vitaminas, cuyo 22% tiene menos del 15% de la CDR o no indica el contenido y el 7% al de fibra. Las declaraciones saludables están en el 32% del etiquetado. Conclusiones: Las declaraciones saludables se encuentran con mayor frecuencia en leches fermentadas distintas del yogur haciendo referencia mayoritariamente a la condición de probióticos y prebióticos. Se observa una falta de información al consumidor en cuanto a las cantidades necesarias a consumir o respecto a cual es el beneficio real que proporciona el alimento. Se realizan declaraciones nutricionales en productos con contenido normal de ciertos nutrientes lo que puede crear confusión respecto a los alimentos realmente enriquecidos. Background: The consumption of fermented milk products in Spain has been increased for the last 40 years. In addition to yogurt, new varieties of milk products fermented by bifidobacteria or other Lactobacillus species have been introduced. The nutritional importance of these products, together with the likely beneficial effects of the fermentative strains, has propitiated labelling with nutritinal and health claims. Present regulations do not specifically regulate these wordings and a proposal for a European Regulation for standardization of these claims is currently under elaboration. Objectives: To study the nutrition and health claims on labelling of fermented milk products taking into account current legislation, the proposal fo
Contenido de flúor en bebidas de consumo frecuente por ni?os peque?os con riesgo de fluorosis dental. Medellín, 2006
López,Diego Andrés; Estrada,Jeisson Javier; Zapata,Jonathan Andrés; Franco,ángela María;
Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia , 2008,
Abstract: introduction: like others cities in the world, the prevalence of dental fluorosis has increased in medellin, along with a reduction in dental caries. these changes have been attributed in part to the widespread use of systemic and topical fluorides. the purpose of this study was to analyze the fluoride content of beverages consumed by boys and girls of age susceptible to dental fluorosis. methods: several kinds of beverages of 40 commercial brands (bottled waters, milk, natural juices, carbonated drinks, soft drinks and teas), purchased from supermarkets and grocery stores were analyzed. the fluoride content of all samples was determined in duplicate, using a fluoride ion selective electrode. results: fluoride ion concentrations ranged from 0.010 to 4.285 mg/l. the majority of beverages presented fluoride levels below 0.058 mg/l. the highest mean concentration of fluoride was found in teas (3.45 ± 1.49 mg/l; range 1.54-4.28 mg/l). the manufacturers? labelling did not inform about the content of fluoride concentration. conclusions: the majority of beverages did not reach the fluoride level to be considered a risk for fluorosis; however, some of the analyzed beverages may be important contributors to the total daily f intake. their consumption by children at the age of risk for dental fluorosis should be avoided. the f content in these products should be informed on their labels.
Contenido de flúor en bebidas de consumo frecuente por ni os peque os con riesgo de fluorosis dental. Medellín, 2006 Fluoride content in beverages of frequent intake by young children with risk of dental fluorosis. Medellín, 2006
Diego Andrés López,Jeisson Javier Estrada,Jonathan Andrés Zapata,ángela María Franco
Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia , 2008,
Abstract: INTRODUCCIóN: igual a lo sucedido en otros lugares del mundo, la prevalencia de la fluorosis dental se ha incrementado en Medellín concomitantemente con la reducción de la caries dental. Estos cambios han sido atribuidos al amplio uso, tanto sistémico como tópico, del flúor. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el contenido de flúor en las bebidas consumidas por ni os y ni as en edad de riesgo para la fluorosis dental. MéTODOS: varios tipos de bebidas (agua embotellada, bebidas lácteas, jugos naturales, gaseosas, refrescos, energizantes y té) de 40 marcas comerciales distintas, compradas en supermercados y tiendas de barrio, fueron analizadas. El contenido de flúor de todas las muestras de bebidas fue determinado por duplicado mediante el método de microdifusión, usando un electrodo selectivo para el ion flúor. RESULTADOS: las concentraciones de flúor oscilaron entre 0,010 a 4,285 mg/L. La mayoría de las bebidas presentaron concentraciones de flúor por debajo de 0,058 mg/L. La más alta concentración de flúor fue encontrada en las bebidas a base de té (3,45 ± 1,49 mg/L; rango 1,54-4,28 mg/L). Las etiquetas de los fabricantes no informaban acerca de la concentración de flúor en las bebidas analizadas. CONCLUSIONES: la mayoría de las bebidas no alcanzaban concentraciones de flúor que pudieran ser consideradas de riesgo para la fluorosis, sin embargo algunas de las bebidas analizadas podrían hacer una contribución importante a la ingestión diaria de flúor. Su consumo por los ni os y ni as en edad de riesgo de sufrir fluorosis debe ser evitado. El contenido de flúor de estos productos debería ser informado por el fabricante en las etiquetas de presentación. INTRODUCTION: like others cities in the world, the prevalence of dental fluorosis has increased in Medellin, along with a reduction in dental caries. These changes have been attributed in part to the widespread use of systemic and topical fluorides. The purpose of this study was to analyze the fluoride content of beverages consumed by boys and girls of age susceptible to dental fluorosis. METHODS: several kinds of beverages of 40 commercial brands (bottled waters, milk, natural juices, carbonated drinks, soft drinks and teas), purchased from supermarkets and grocery stores were analyzed. The fluoride content of all samples was determined in duplicate, using a Fluoride Ion Selective Electrode. RESULTS: fluoride ion concentrations ranged from 0.010 to 4.285 mg/L. The majority of beverages presented fluoride levels below 0.058 mg/L. The highest mean concentration of fluoride was found in teas (3.45 ± 1
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