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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 201195 matches for " ángela Guzmán Carrasco "
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Starring the physiotherapist in the comprehensive health of pregnant
Patricia Guzmán Carrasco,Ana María Díaz López,Daniel Gómez López,ángela Guzmán Carrasco
NURE Investigación , 2013,
Abstract: Increasingly frequent settlement demand by pregnant women as urinary incontinence problems or musculoskeletal pain suffered during this period, which they should continue with their work life as long as possible, so that calls for quality of care often is not.Therefore, to think today, that the role of physiotherapy before the pregnant woman is prepared by learning some exercises at partum, is to limit the intervention of the therapist as an integral member of a multidisciplinary team that can do a job well as preventive care and education in a program of comprehensive health care for women. In this vital stage where they need a progressive and constant adaptation to physiological and anatomical changes throughout pregnancy.The purpose of this protocol is to facilitate the performance of the physiotherapist to prevent and treat musculoskeletal problems like incontinence both, which may occur in the gestational period and cause serious disorders permanently even at the mother.Following these rules will contribute to raising awareness of women to adopt safe practices and postures to prevent back and pelvic pain, learning exercises to relieve these pains if they occur, strengthen the pelvic floor to prevent urinary incontinence and therapeutic measures posture at the onset of carpal tunnel syndrome and other problems such as cramps, vascular and joint instability.
Shilajit: A Natural Phytocomplex with Potential Procognitive Activity
Carlos Carrasco-Gallardo,Leonardo Guzmán,Ricardo B. Maccioni
International Journal of Alzheimer's Disease , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/674142
Abstract: Shilajit is a natural substance found mainly in the Himalayas, formed for centuries by the gradual decomposition of certain plants by the action of microorganisms. It is a potent and very safe dietary supplement, restoring the energetic balance and potentially able to prevent several diseases. Recent investigations point to an interesting medical application toward the control of cognitive disorders associated with aging, and cognitive stimulation. Thus, fulvic acid, the main active principle, blocks tau self-aggregation, opening an avenue toward the study of Alzheimer's therapy. In essence, this is a nutraceutical product of demonstrated benefits for human health. Considering the expected impact of shilajit usage in the medical field, especially in the neurological sciences, more investigations at the basic biological level as well as clinical trials are necessary, in order to understand how organic molecules of shilajit and particularly fulvic acid, one of the active principles, and oligoelements act at both the molecular and cellular levels and in the whole organism. 1. Introduction Shilajit also known in the north of India as salajit, shilajatu, mimie, or mummiyo is a blackish-brown powder or an exudate from high mountain rocks, especially in the Himalayans mountains between India and Nepal, although it has been also found in Russia, Tibet, Afghanistan, and now in the north of Chile, named as Andean Shilajit [1]. Shilajit has been known and used for centuries by the Ayurvedic medicine, as a rejuvenator and as antiaging compound. There are two important characteristics of a rasayana compound in the ancient Indian Ayurvedic medicine: that is, to increase physical strength and to promote human health [2]. The health benefits of shilajit have been shown to differ from region to region, depending on the place from which it was extracted [3, 4]. 2. Origins of Shilajit Considering its unique composition as a phytocomplex, very rich in fulvic acid, researchers hypothesize that Shilajit is produced by the decomposition of plant material from species such as Euphorbia royleana and Trifolium repens [4, 5]. This decomposition seems to occur through centuries, and on this basis, shilajit is considered a millenary product of nature. However, further studies have identified that several other plant organisms may generate shilajit, such as molds as Barbula, Fissidens, Minium, and Thuidium and other species like Asterella, Dumortiera, Marchantia, Pellia, Plagiochasma, and Stephenrencella-Anthoceros [4]. 3. Molecular Composition of Shilajit Shilajit is composed
Palomo,Iván; Moore-Carrasco,Rodrigo; Carrasco,Gilda; Villalobos,Pablo; Guzmán,Luís;
Idesia (Arica) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-34292010000300016
Abstract: non-transmissible diseases (ntds), especially cardiovascular disease (cvd) and cancer, are a major public health problem. one strategy to reverse this situation is to increase consumption of fruits and vegetables. for these reasons, this review shows the epidemiological findings and mechanisms by which tomato intake may prevent the development of cvd and cancer. the tomato rich in lycopene is the most consumed vegetable in the world and the main crop in chile. since the nineties, several epidemiological studies have shown that tomato consumption may prevent the development of cardiovascular events (myocardial infarction and cerebrovascular disease) and certain types of cancers. regarding the protective mechanisms of cvd, it has been observed that the tomato has antiplatelet activity, endothelial protective, antioxidant and antiatherogenic. meanwhile, among the mechanisms by which it can prevent cancer has described the following activities: antioxidant, activation of apoptosis, decreased cell proliferation and angiogenesis and diminution of metastasis. in future it is necessary to advance the knowledge of the molecular mechanisms involved (cells, receptors and signaling pathways). also, taking into consideration the contribution of the tomato and its products in the prevention of ntd, along with the outstanding campaigns to increase domestic consumption and export, it will be essential to devise new functional foods and nutraceuticals food.
Starring home adressed to the caregiver after a stroke hemiplegic
Ana María Díaz López,Patricia Guzmán Carrasco,Raquel Guzmán Carrasco,Noemí Bellido Blanco
NURE Investigación , 2012,
Abstract: The incidence of cerebrovascular disease in Spain ranges between 120 and 350 cases per 100.000 inhabitants. The incidence is lower in women (169/100.000) than men (183-364/100.000). It is the leading cause of death in Spain by specific entities in women and the third in men.The main complication, hemiplegic, resulting in functional sequelae, they are going to affect both the patient and the relatives with whom he lives (sometimes is a family trauma, because the patient may need constant care). The figure of the caregiver at these cases is important because the recovery period may be extended in time or even undefined.The objective of this protocol is to improve the caregiver labour so that adequate hygienic postural measures should be taken at home in order to prevent side effects such as pressure ulcers, stiffness or deformities that worsen the diagnosis and quality of life of the person affected.Finally, we may add that following these rules contributes to the functional improvement of these patients, since it provides propioceptive information, it raises awareness of body image, decrease the muscle hypertonus as well as it helps a good gait pattern and contributes to prevent the onset of shoulder pain which is so common in this disease.
Guzmán-Alvis,ángela; Díaz,Juan Manuel;
Boletín de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras - INVEMAR , 1993,
Abstract: a preliminary characterization of macrozoobenthic assemblages on the continental shelf off southwestern santa marta, colombian caribbean, is made on the basis of bottom samples taken at 17 stations, in depths between 15 and 100 m. only families of the most abundant groups, mollusca and polychaeta, were taken into account for the analysis. cluster analysis of similarity between stations and between families revealed the ocurrence of three assemblages, whose spatial distribution is related with sediment type, depth, and some biological features: one assemblage is found on bottoms with fine to very fine sand and muds at dephts between 15 and 60 m, showing the greater abundances and families diversity; the second assemblage is found at about 60 m depth in muddy bottom; a last assemblage inhabits also muddy bottom below 100 m depth and exhibits the lowest numbers of abundance and diversity.
The importance of tracks and signs on habitat use caracterization of medium and big mammals in los mangos forest (Puerto López, Meta, Colombia) Importancia de los rastros para la caracterización del uso de hábitat de mamíferos medianos y grandes en el bosque Los Mangos (Puerto López, Meta, Colombia)
Guzmán-Lenis Angélica,Camargo-Sanabria ángela
Acta Biológica Colombiana , 2004,
Abstract: Tracks and signs are very useful for detecting medium and big mammals, which usually are out of sight. These are helpful tools on field investigation, provide detailed information on the identity and activities of an animal in a place, and can provide us indications of their habitat use (Aranda, 1981a; Navarro & Mu oz, 2000; Villalba & Yanosky, 2000). In this paper we characterize the habitat use of medium and big land mammals in Los Mangos forest. We use an observation and track tramp transect, and a modification of the Habitat Suitability Index (HSI) for evaluating habitat suitability. We detect six burrows, four footprints and five Seje palm (Oenocarpus batagua) feeding places, in addition to ten tracks compiled along the other days of field investigation. We recognized ten species of mammals which belong to five orders, using tracks and bitted fruits. The HSI calculated was 7.30 on inner forest, indicating that the habitat is appropriate for animals which use burrows. Resources like food (insects, fruits and preys), refuge, water and resting places converges generating favorable environment for immigration and residence of insectivore, frugivore and carnivore mammals. The fertile plane forest is an important habitat of this area because present there. It offers quality resources to the animal species in there. Los métodos indirectos ayudan a detectar mamíferos medianos y grandes los cuales son muy difíciles de observar. Los rastros son una herramienta valiosa para trabajar en campo, sirven de base para registrar la presencia de una especie en un lugar, y para determinar cómo está usando su hábitat (Aranda, 1981a; Navarro y Mu oz, 2000; Villalba y Yanosky, 2000). En este trabajo se caracteriza el uso que mamíferos terrestres medianos y grandes están haciendo del hábitat en el bosque de vega Los Mangos. Se realizó un transecto de trampas de huellas y de observación de rastros, y se utilizó una modificación del índice de calidad de hábitat (HSI) para evaluar la calidad de éste. Se observaron 6 madrigueras, 4 huellas y 5 comederos de la palma seje (Oenocarpus batagua), además de 10 huellas recopiladas durante el resto de la salida. Se identificaron 10 especies de mamíferos de 5 órdenes por medio de las huellas y frutos mordidos. El HSI calculado para el interior del bosque fue de 7.30, lo que indica que el hábitat es bueno para los animales que usan madrigueras. La convergencia de recursos como alimento (insectos, frutos y presas), bebederos, refugios y sitios de descanso generan un ambiente favorable para la inmigración y residencia de mamíferos insect
Torres U,Constanza; Guzmán J,Luis; Moore-Carrasco,Rodrigo; Palomo G,Iván;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182008000100002
Abstract: cardiovascular diseases (cvd) are the leading cause of death in the world. several risk factors for cvd, such as lipid disorders, hypertension and diabetes mellitus, are influenced by food. it is well known that fruits and vegetables contain antioxidants and its adequate consumption reduces cardiovascular risk. however, its antithrombotic effect (antiplatelet agent, anticoagulant and fibrinolytic) is little known. this review briefly describes these effects, both in vivo and in vitro, and the possible mechanisms that could explain this effect. fruits such as black grape, pineapple, strawberry and kiwi show this effect. among the vegetables that have antiaggregatory effect are garlic, onions, welsh onions, tomatoes and melons. on the other hand, the anticoagulant effect has only been found in fruits like pineapple, and among the vegetables in garlic and onions. the fibrinolytic effect has been described in fruits like kiwi and pineapple, and in vegetables such as garlic, onions and soybeans. some fruits (pineapple and kiwi) and vegetables (onion and garlic) have more than one antithrombotic effect so their regular consumption certainly protects from cvd. we have begun the study, initially in vitro, of the potential antithrombotic effect of fruits and vegetables in the maule region. it is necessary to increase our domestic consumption and export of fruits and vegetables, both to improve the health of the population and the economy. the reasons above stated describe the importance of the contribution of knowledge due to the fact that antioxidant effects are less known
Constanza Torres U,Luis Guzmán J,Rodrigo Moore-Carrasco,Iván Palomo G
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2008,
Abstract: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares (ECV) son la principal causa de mortalidad en el mundo. Varios de los factores de riesgo de las ECV, como dislipidemias, hipertensión arterial y diabetes mellitus, son influenciados por la alimentación. Es conocido que las frutas y hortalizas contienen antioxidantes, y que su consumo en una cantidad adecuada disminuye el riesgo cardiovascular. Sin embargo, su efecto antitrombótico (antiagregante plaquetario, anticoagulante y fibrinolítico) es poco conocido. En esta revisión se describen brevemente dichos efectos, tanto in vitro como in vivo, y los posibles mecanismos que podrían explicar éstos. En cuanto al efecto antiagregante plaquetario, entre las frutas que poseen dicha característica se incluyen uva negra, pi a, frutilla y kiwi. Entre las hortalizas en que se ha descrito efecto antiagregante están el ajo, la cebolla, el cebollín, el tomate y el melón. Por su parte, el efecto anticoagulante, entre las frutas, sólo se ha encontrado en la pi a, y entre las hortalizas en ajos y cebollas. El efecto fibrinolítico se ha descrito en frutas como el kiwi y la pi a, y hortalizas como el ajo, las cebollas y la soya. Algunas frutas (pi a y kiwi) y hortalizas (ajo y cebollas) presentan más de un efecto antitrombótico por lo que seguramente su consumo regular protege de las ECV. Nosotros hemos iniciado el estudio, por lo pronto in vitro, del posible efecto antitrombótico de frutas y hortalizas de la Región del Maule. Siendo necesario aumentar el consumo interno y las exportaciones de frutas y hortalizas, tanto para mejorar la salud de la población como desde el punto de vista económico, parece relevante contribuir al conocimiento de los efectos aquí descritos, los que son menos conocidos que el efecto antioxidante Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death in the world. Several risk factors for CVD, such as lipid disorders, hypertension and diabetes mellitus, are influenced by food. It is well known that fruits and vegetables contain antioxidants and its adequate consumption reduces cardiovascular risk. However, its antithrombotic effect (antiplatelet agent, anticoagulant and fibrinolytic) is little known. This review briefly describes these effects, both in vivo and in vitro, and the possible mechanisms that could explain this effect. Fruits such as black grape, pineapple, strawberry and kiwi show this effect. Among the vegetables that have antiaggregatory effect are garlic, onions, welsh onions, tomatoes and melons. On the other hand, the anticoagulant effect has only been found in fruits like pineapple, and a
Guías para el diagnóstico y manejo del asma: Recomendaciones de la Sociedad Chilena de Enfermedades Respiratorias. Revisión 2004
Revista Chilena de Enfermedades Respiratorias , 2004,
O mapeamento da unidade funcional hepática: uma ferramenta para diagnóstico e pesquisa
Soares Filho, Porphirio José;Carvalho,ngela Cristina Gouvêa;Guzmán-Silva, Maria Angélica;
Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-24442012000300008
Abstract: introduction: several theories have been proposed for the morphofunctional analysis of the liver. objective: the purpose of this paper is to establish a standard and pratical procedure to understand the liver morphophysiology and hepatic alterations, based on the correlation of the predominant metabolism with the porto-central circulation pattern. methods: this study presents a grid model of morphological study (gmms), designed with the use of microsoft? powerpoint software. furthermore, it demonstrates its application in histopathological diagnosis and interpretation of liver physiopathology. results: the gmms application in three clinicopathological cases allowed a more accurate analysis of liver lesions from several circulatory and metabolic areas of the liver lobe, which were defined in the grid accordingly. moreover, it allowed a better understanding of the pathophysiology in each case and the correlation of histopathology diagnosis with clinical data. discussion: the gmms shows the importance of the metabolic zoning with the definition of a virtual interlobular septum. the gmms application demonstrates the lobular asymmetry in the liver and its correspondence with different areas of the regular lobe, enabling a better definition of morphofunctional unit boundaries and its respective areas of metabolic predominance. conclusion: the gmms allows an integrated analysis of the liver by correlating its microanatomy with different circulatory and metabolic gradients, which provides a useful tool for histopathological diagnosis. the gmms should be used in cases that do not involve abnormalities in the liver structure since its implementation depends on the relationship between the portal spaces and the centrilobular vein as reference points.
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