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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8360 matches for " álvaro; Ortiz Moncada "
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Calidad de la dieta espa?ola según el índice de alimentación saludable
Norte Navarro,A. I.; Ortiz Moncada,R.;
Nutrición Hospitalaria , 2011,
Abstract: objective: to determine the quality of the spanish diet by means of the healthy feeding index (iase) and its relationship with geographical and socioeconomic variables. methods: cross-sectional descriptive study from the national heath questionnaire 2006 (ens-2006). 29,478 people answering the frequency of consumption questionnaire (cfc) were studied (women = 15,019; men =14,459). the iase comprises 10 variables (grains and derivatives, vegetables, fruits, dairy products, meats, legumes, cold-processed meats, sweets, beverages, and diet-variety) constructed from the cfc and the recommendations of the feeding guidelines (spanish society of community nutrition 2004). the iase categories (maximum score: 100) were: healthy feeding > 80 points; need-for-change > 5,080; little healthy, 50. a descriptive analysis was performed with differences of the means (kruskal-wallis and mann-whitney tests), and the chi-square test to study the independency of the variables such as age, gender, social class, and educational level with the iase categories. results: 72% of the whole sample needs changes in their feeding patterns. the mean score for women was 73.7 ± 10.5 and for men 69.9 ± 11.3 (p < 0.001). among the healthy category, the age group > 65 years and women obtain higher percentage (38.8% and 28.3%, respectively) in comparison to men (18.4%). besides, the higher the social class the higher the healthy diet index will be (class-i: 24.4%, class-ii: 25.0%, class-iii: 25.8%) (p < 0.001). the autonomous communities from valencia (5.4%), balearic islands (4.6%) and andalusia (4.3%) are the ones presenting the highest index of little healthy feeding. conclusions: the iase is a rapid and cheap method to estimate the quality of the diet in the population since it uses secondary data coming from the ens and the feeding guidelines. it is useful to planning the nutritional policies in spain.
Calidad de la dieta espa ola según el índice de alimentación saludable Spanish diet quality according to the healthy eating index
A. I. Norte Navarro,R. Ortiz Moncada
Nutrición Hospitalaria , 2011,
Abstract: Objetivo: determinar la calidad de la dieta espa ola mediante el índice de Alimentación-Saludable (IASE) y su relación con variables geográficas y socioeconómicas. Metodología: Estudio descriptivo transversal a partir de Encuesta-Nacional-Salud-2006 (ENS-2006) Se estudiaron 29.478 personas (Mujeres = 15.019; Hombres = 14.459) que respondieron el Cuestionario de Frecuencia de Consumo (CFC). El IASE se compone de 10 variables (Cereales-derivados, Verduras-hortalizas, Frutas, Leche-derivados, Carnes, Legumbres, Embutidos-fiambres, Dulces, Refrescos-azúcar y Variedad-dieta), construidas a partir del CFC y las recomendaciones de las Guías-Alimentarias (Sociedad-Espa ola-Nutrición-Comunitaria-2004). Categorías IASE (puntuación-máxima 100): Alimentación-saludable: > 80 puntos; Necesita-cambios: > 5.080; Poco-saludable: 50. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo, de diferencias de medias (pruebas Krus-kal-Wallis y Mann-Whitney), y prueba Chi-Cuadrado, para estudiar la independencia de las variables edad, sexo, clase-social y nivel de estudios con las categorías de IASE. Resultados: El 72% del total de la muestra necesita cambios en su alimentación. La puntuación media para mujeres es 73,7 ± 10,5 y para hombres 69,9 ± 11,3 (p < 0,001). En la categoría saludable obtienen mayor porcentaje (38,8%) el grupo de edad > 65 a os y las mujeres (28,3%) frente a los hombres (18,4%). Así mismo, las clases-sociales mas altas (clase-I: 24,4%, clase-II: 25,0%, clase-III: 25,8%) presentan mayor índice de alimentación-saludable, (p < 0,001). Las Comunidades-Autónomas: Comunitat Valenciana (5,4%), Illes Balears (4,6%) y Andalucía (4,3%) son las que presentan mayor índice en la categoría poco-saludable. Conclusiones: El IASE es un método rápido y económico de estimación de la calidad de la dieta de la población, porque utiliza datos secundarios procedente de la ENS y de las guías-alimentarias; siendo útil en la planificación de políticas nutricionales en Espa a. Objective: To determine the quality of the Spanish diet by means of the Healthy Feeding Index (IASE) and its relationship with geographical and socioeconomic variables. Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study from the National Heath Questionnaire 2006 (ENS-2006). 29,478 people answering the Frequency of Consumption Questionnaire (CFC) were studied (women = 15,019; men =14,459). The IASE comprises 10 variables (grains and derivatives, vegetables, fruits, dairy products, meats, legumes, cold-processed meats, sweets, beverages, and diet-variety) constructed from the CFC and the recommendations of the Feeding Guidelines (Spanish
Rese a de " Ciencia e Ilustración en Canarias y Venezuela. Juan Perdomo Bethancourt" de Manuel Hermández González
álvaro Pablo Ortiz
Revista Historia de la Educación Latinoamericana , 2005,
Abstract:
Valoración de los objetivos de desarrollo del milenio mediante la revisión de la literatura científica en 2008
Gil-González,Diana; Carrasco-Porti?o,Mercedes; Davó Blanes,Ma Carmen; Donat Castelló,Lucas; Franco-Giraldo,álvaro; Ortiz Moncada,Rocio; Palma Solís,Marco; Ruiz-Cantero,Ma Teresa; Vives-Cases,Carmen; Stein,Airton; Hernández Aguado,Ildefonso; álvarez-Dardet Díaz,Carlos;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272008000500002
Abstract: the millennium development goals (mdgs) are now at the midterm of their target period, as 2015 is the date scheduled by the united nations organisation (un) for their attainment. the purpose of this article is to review the current situation of the mdgs worldwide and to analyse the barriers which are preventing them from being attained in each of the mdg areas, as well as to assess a number of the indicators evaluated. in order to do so, a review has been made of the scientific literature published on the mdgs in the principal health sciences and social sciences databases, as well as the most significant reports on the issue drawn up by the united nations. the scientific studies on the 8 mdgs and their 18 targets make it possible to undertake a critical analysis of the situation in which each of these goals are found at the present time, identifying the determinants that are preventing the attainment of the goals and the actions considered necessary in order to achieve progress. although there have been improvements in some of the goals on a world level, the research carried out to date reveals barriers to the attainment of the mdgs, as well as the insufficient weight of the developing countries in the economic and political decision-making processes, together with the incoherence between the economic policies and the social and health policies. furthermore, sub-saharan africa constitutes the most disadvantaged region, which means that it will not attain the majority of the mdgs. spain and the developed countries, in addition to contributing resources, can also contribute to the mdgs by means of the identification and eradication of the barriers preventing attainment. this involves promoting international economic relations under conditions of social justice, by supporting a greater decision-making power for developing countries and denouncing actions that increase social inequalities and the impoverishment of the population.
Tomorrow's EFL teacher educators
González Moncada,Adriana; Quinchía Ortiz B,Diana Isabel;
Colombian Applied Linguistics Journal , 2003,
Abstract: teacher education programs are an important alternative to raise standards in the teaching of english as a foreign language (efl). however, there are few studies that have explored the roles of teacher educators in this setting. three main research questions guided this study: what actions have teachers taken to attain their professional objectives as efl teachers? what experience have they had in professional development programs? what are the characteristics of an ideal teacher education program? this paper reports the findings concentrating on the ideal characteristics of an efl teacher educator analyzing the testimonies of teachers from public and private schools. the study used four focus groups sessions and a questionnaire as the main data collection techniques. the results suggest that issues such as knowledge of local realities, broad experience in teaching efl, command of the language, and experience in research are identified as the most desirable characteristics of efl teacher educators.
La cobertura periodística de la obesidad en la prensa espa?ola (2000-2005)
Ortiz-Barreda,Gaby; Vives-Cases,Carmen; Ortiz-Moncada,Rocío;
Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana , 2012,
Abstract: antecedents: obesity is a public health problem in spain. mass media are considered a useful tool for public health. objectives: to explore press coverage of obesity in spanish newspapers between 2000-2005, taking into account the social context in relation to frequency of occurrence, main sources of information and focus. materials and methods: quantitative content analysis of 690 news published in el pais, el mundo and abc were performed. calculation of frequencies and odds ratio (or) with confidence intervals (ci) of 95% and statistical significance were performed. results: press coverage of obesity increased between 2000 (n=25) to 2005 (n=185). mainly it was focused on complaints (36,4%) and magnitude of the problem (15,7%) at the expense of news about initiatives-political strategies (3,8%). it was highlighted that men were the main sources of information (75,5%) and women as first signatories of the news (56,1%). men from the medical/sanitary field (or=1,98;ci95%,1,11-3,57) and women from the field of policy (or= 2,54; ci95%,1,46-4,42) were more likely to be the main source of information. conclusions: media coverage of obesity in the period 2000-2005 increased, coinciding with the development of policy responses on this issue. mainly, the news has reported the existence of the problem. it highlights the limited coverage of initiatives-policy strategies that could be related to an incipient interaction between the political and the media agenda.
ECONOMíA POLíTICA DE LA REFORMA DEL SISTEMA COLOMBIANO DE PENSIONES
Moreno R.,álvaro Martín; Ortiz,Fabio;
Revista de Economía Institucional , 2010,
Abstract: this paper offers a critical analysis of the arguments against the public pensions system. it shows that the defense of the fully funded system based on its solvency and its ability to automatically cope with the processes of aging society are mere fallacies. in fact, it can be shown that the pay-as-you-go and fully funded systems are equivalent, facing the same problems in the long term. finally, projections of conventional indicators show that the cries of alarm of fedesarrollo and bbva have no solid foundation.
Economía política de la reforma del sistema colombiano de pensiones
álvaro Martín Moreno R.,Fabio Ortiz
Revista de Economía Institucional , 2010,
Abstract: Este trabajo presenta un análisis crítico de los argumentos que se aducen contra el sistema público de pensiones. Muestra que la defensa del sistema privado a partir de las virtudes y fortalezas de su solvencia y de su capacidad para hacer frente de manera automática a los procesos de envejecimiento de la sociedad son simples falacias. Demuestra que el sistema pay-as-you-go y el de capitalización individual son equivalentes en el sentido de que enfrentan los mismos problemas en el largo plazo. Por último, con ayuda de proyecciones razonables de algunos indicadores convencionales se muestra que los gritos de alarma de los economistas de Fedesarrollo y del BBVA no tienen sólidos fundamentos.
Que es la Gestión de la Innovación y la Tecnología (GInnT)?
Ortiz Cantú, Sara,Pedroza Zapata, álvaro R.
Journal of technology management & innovation , 2006,
Abstract: This paper reviews the Management of Innovation and Technology (MIT) literature to identify areas, themes and questions for applying at the organization level, also a number of implications for managers. The authors analyze the concepts involved, and discussed the underpinnings of these three dimensions and their relations. It is highlighted the most interest areas of this field of knowledge and their strategic implications at micro level. A synthetic review of this information was the base to make a proposal of schemes of MIT for their application at enterprises; as well they make specific recommendations for the small and medium enterprises.
Que es la Gestión de la Innovación y la Tecnología (GInnT)? Que es la Gestión de la Innovación y la Tecnología (GInnT)? Que es la Gestión de la Innovación y la Tecnología (GInnT)?
Sara Ortiz Cantú,álvaro R. Pedroza Zapata
Journal of technology management & innovation , 2006,
Abstract: This paper reviews the Management of Innovation and Technology (MIT) literature to identify areas, themes and questions for applying at the organization level, also a number of implications for managers. The authors analyze the concepts involved, and discussed the underpinnings of these three dimensions and their relations. It is highlighted the most interest areas of this field of knowledge and their strategic implications at micro level. A synthetic review of this information was the base to make a proposal of schemes of MIT for their application at enterprises; as well they make specific recommendations for the small and medium enterprises. This paper reviews the Management of Innovation and Technology (MIT) literature to identify areas, themes and questions for applying at the organization level, also a number of implications for managers. The authors analyze the concepts involved, and discussed the underpinnings of these three dimensions and their relations. It is highlighted the most interest areas of this field of knowledge and their strategic implications at micro level. A synthetic review of this information was the base to make a proposal of schemes of MIT for their application at enterprises; as well they make specific recommendations for the small and medium enterprises. This paper reviews the Management of Innovation and Technology (MIT) literature to identify areas, themes and questions for applying at the organization level, also a number of implications for managers. The authors analyze the concepts involved, and discussed the underpinnings of these three dimensions and their relations. It is highlighted the most interest areas of this field of knowledge and their strategic implications at micro level. A synthetic review of this information was the base to make a proposal of schemes of MIT for their application at enterprises; as well they make specific recommendations for the small and medium enterprises.
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