oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

3 ( 3 )

2020 ( 3 )

2019 ( 388 )

2018 ( 947 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 73551 matches for " women's health. "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /73551
Display every page Item
Report on the Educational Process for the Promotion of Health of Women Attended in a Reference Center of Social Assistance  [PDF]
Daiane Pontes Bezerra, Jéssica Raissa Carlos Gomes, Maria Izabel Ludovico de Souza, Ana Hortência de Azevedo Medeiros, Daísy Vieira de Araújo, Fábia Barbosa de Andrade
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.713196
Abstract: This article discusses one experienced by students and preceptors of Programs Pro-Pet-Health and Health of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte/Faculty of Health Sciences of Trairí in the Reference Center for Social Assistance (CRAS) in the municipality of experience Santa Cruz/RN, with a view to the relationship between preventive health activities and social assistance. The proposed work of Pro-Pet in the assistance unit sought to unravel the lifestyle of the target audience in order to know the risk factors and suggest the adoption of health measures for disease prevention. Work to guide the educational process for health promotion with socioeconomic and cultural contextualization built on scientific papers surveyed in Lilacs and Scielo data was used. On average, 12 women aged between 35 and 60 years participated in the group. Eight group sessions occurred in the period from March to May 2014. Regarding work methodologies, we used dynamic integration and self-knowledge; dialogued lectures; lectures; reports of experiences; thematic workshops; educational videos; wheels conversation complemented by the use of texts and poems; as well as application of the checklist in conducting health and anthropometry. The experience helped identify the characteristics of the group and plan understandable and meaningful guidance for women, facilitating the understanding of the importance of self-care in preventing disease.
Attention Model for Chronic Conditions: Blind Women and Their Sons  [PDF]
Mariana Gon?alves de Oliveira, Aline Tomaz de Carvalho, Lorita Marlena Freitag Pagliuca, Ana Karina Bezerra Pinheiro, Camila Pontes Bezerra, Márcia Maria Tavares Machado
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.76089
Abstract: It aimed to analyze the assistance to the blind woman during prenatal care, childbirth, and child-care in light of the Model of Attention to Chronic Conditions. This is a descriptive, qualitative study. A collection was done through semi-structured interview and analysis of the speeches, conducted by content technique proposed by Bardin, emerging from the screening process. Ten mothers aged between 21 and 42 years old participated in the study. Three categories were identified: prescriptive and focused attention on the disease; for collaborative and focused attention on the person; uniprofessional attention to the multidisciplinary attention; establishment of relationship between the family health strategy and the specialized outpatient care. The women experienced chronic conditions according to the Model in addition to blindness. Study results show that for blind women, attention in the health service has weaknesses in service, both in the prenatal period and childbirth, and in childcare. It deems necessary transformation in assisting the blind woman.
Description of socioeconomic and demographic profile of young women vulnerable to infection by human papillomavirus and risk behavior in a school in Rio de Janeiro  [PDF]
M.C. de Melo Pessanha Carvalho, Ana Beatriz Azevedo Queiroz, Maria Aparecida Vasconcelos Moura
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.511246
Abstract: Background: HPV is one of the main sexually transmitted diseases, especially among the female population. This is an important etiologic agent for the development of cervical intraepithelial lesions and cervical cancer. It is considered a public health problem, since young women are the most vulnerable group to this virus. Therefore, it is important that the socioeconomic and demographic profile of these women and their risk behaviors are known, so that it is possible to contribute in reducing infection occurrences in the studied population. Objectives: To describe the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics and investigate the behavioral sexual-affective aspects of risk of adolescents and young students from Rio de Janeiro/Brazil when tackling HPV infection. Methods: A group composed by 128 individuals susceptible to HPV—classified as adolescent women and young women who are students at a high school in one unity of the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. The studied period was from May to November. A quantitative descriptive approach was used, in which data were highlighted in variables, divided into economic, demographic and behavioral characteristics. Data were entered into an Excel spreadsheet and organized by descriptive statistics performed by simple frequency (%). Results: The age range of the young women who have the possibility of being infected with HPV was from 15 to 25. The focused family income among these young women was up to 2 minimum wages. The risk behavior detected in 37.5% of adolescent women and in 43.8% of young women is that these women never used condoms in sexual intercourse. Conclusion: The research showed that the studied women are vulnerable due to risk behavior practices that may lead to the virus acquisition. More focuses on educational actions of preventive measures regarding HPV infection should be emphasized, favoring a lower incidence of human papillomavirus infection and cervical cancer.
Maternal Mortality Interventions: A Systematic Review  [PDF]
Gina Marie Piane, Eliva Ambugo Clinton
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.49079
Abstract: Background: In order to achieve the World Health Organization’s Millennium Development Goal of reducing maternal mortality by three quarters by 2015, a strong global commitment is needed to address this issue in low-income nations where the risk to women is greatest. A comprehensive international effort must include provision of obstetric and general medical care as well as community-based interventions, with an emphasis on the latter in nations where the majority of women deliver babies at home without a trained attendant. Methods: This systematic analysis evaluates interventions published in Medline and CINAHL whose outcome measure is maternal mortality. Analysis includes components of the intervention, nation and maternal death rates. Results: Nine studies documented the effectiveness of various clinical and community-based interventions, including specific drug regimens and procedures, in reducing the risk of maternal death. Six studies reported interventions that did not significantly alter maternal mortality outcomes, and the intervention in one study demonstrated increased risk of maternal death. Conclusion: The dearth of evidence highlights the need for increased focus on translational research that bridges the gap between medical advances and community-based interventions that are feasible in low-income nations. This cannot be accomplished without a stronger commitment to reducing maternal mortality by global health practitioners and researchers.
Magnesium in Women’s Health and Gynecology  [PDF]
Shawna Tonick, Ozgul Muneyyirci-Delale
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2016.65041
Abstract: Magnesium is well known in the world of obstetrics for many important uses. It has been utilized in treating pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, and preventing preterm labor, though it has been found recently that prolonged magnesium administration in pregnant women may result in adverse outcomes to fetal bone metabolism, resulting in a new FDA warning [1]. Outside of obstetrics, magnesium is recommended for treating the arrhythmias torsades de pointes and rapid atrial fibrillation, treating severe acute asthma, improving migraine symptoms, and for treating dyspepsia and constipation [2]. Many women in our modern society are magnesium deficient due to low dietary intake, and low dietary magnesium intake resulting in hypomagnesaemia has recently been shown to have many deleterious effects. Magnesium’s uses are wide-reaching, touching many areas of women’s health and gynecology from pre-menstrual syndrome to menopause, PCOS to endometriosis, and beyond.
Acting Front to Nursing Psychological Repercussions in Breast Cancer Patients  [PDF]
Maria do Socorro Santos de Oliveira, Adalberto Cruz Sampaio, Camila Macêdo de Figueiredo, Silva Morais de Santana Ferreira, Natália Moreira Garcia Feitosa, Rosangela Rodrigues dos Santos, Petrúcya Fraz?o Lira, Milana Drumond Ramos Santana
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2016.612095
Abstract: Breast cancer is a heterogeneous and complex disease with different situations of threat to their patients, which can cause psychological discomfort, anxiety and a depressed state in women. The aim of this study was to analyze the performance of nursing to psychological repercussions on living with breast cancer. This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study with qualitative characteristics. It was conducted with professional nurses in Basic Health Units (UBS) in the municipality of Juazeiro do Norte-CE, Northeast of Brazil, located in the region of Cariri. The study began to be developed after the approval of the Research Ethics Committee, CAAE: 50809315.8. 0000.5624. Data collection occurred through a semi-structured interview. For the interpretation of the results, the technique of content analysis was used. The results showed that nurses realize that emotional support, care and assistance in coping, improve the construction of a good performance of the professional nurse. However, it is possible to realize the need for information and qualified assistance by multidisciplinary team to these patients and even their family members. It was identified as difficulty in assisting the denial of patient to start the treatment, but the facility is in the intimacy that the professional nurse can engage with the customer. It highlighted the care through dialogue and health education. And, finally, the nurse is aware of such importance of his/her role when supporting the patient. Thus, the improvement of professional assistance was evidenced as regards emotional support, reception, qualified listening, health education measures leading to self-knowledge, self-esteem and acceptance of the disease and the creation of bonds with the patients.
Depression in Climacteric Women: Most Meaningful Symptoms  [PDF]
Olivia A. Figueira, Helena A. Figueira, Joana A. Figueira, Antonio A. Garcia, Alan A. Figueira, Geraldo Maranh?o Neto, Estelio H. M. Dantas
Health (Health) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/health.2019.114034
Abstract: Background: With population aging occurring worldwide, promoting climacteric women’s health has become the object of important studies. Purpose: Observing the prevalence of depression in climacteric women and their self-evaluation of the depression factors is the main goal of this study. Design: This cross-sectional research is enquiry descriptive. Methods: The sample was composed of 48 climacteric women (between 45 and 65 years old) non-selected volunteers, served by the Centers for Psycho and Social Attention (CAPS) of Specialized Mental Medicine, in Sorocaba, via the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) questionnaire. Results: Checking the mean and frequency distribution, the climacteric women presented a prevalence of 37.5% of moderate depression (BDIindex = 24.39 ± 3.13), and 47.92% of severe depression (BDIindex = 38.13 ± 6.78). Concerning the symptoms, Spearman rank order correlation was found as the highest concerns, hierarchically: indecision (r = 0.72, p < 0.001), anhedonia (r = 0.66, p < 0.001), guilt (r = 0.63, p < 0.001), crying (r = 0.62, p < 0.001), self-esteem (r = 0.60, p < 0.001), inutility (r = 0.59, p < 0.001), self-criticism (r = 0.58, p < 0.001) and loss of concentration (r = 0.57, p < 0.001). Conclusions: The prevalence of depression in these CAPS climacteric women was considered very high (86% ranking from moderate to severe) caused mostly by indecision, anhedonia, guilt, crying and self-esteem, followed by inutility, self-criticism and loss of concentration.
Patterns of medication use for the treatment of menopausal symptoms before and after the women’s health initiative; implications for decision-making practices of women and women’s health professionals  [PDF]
Chioma Uzoigwe Smith, Srini Rajagopalan, Shiva Sajjan, Shuvayu Sankar Sen, Wenchen Kenneth Wu, Henry Hu
Health (Health) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/health.2011.37069
Abstract: Background: The Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) published findings in 2002 that changed the perception of the use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for the reduction of cardiovascular risks. Menopausal women using HRT for the relief of vasomotor symptoms were advised to use the lowest possible dose of HRT over the shortest possible duration. Objective: This study sought to examine patterns of HRT use for the treatment of menopausal symptoms before and after the WHI among women at least 40 years of age. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on a total of 1367 women in the pre-WHI group and 6467 women in the post-WHI group using the U.S. General Electric (GE) Centricity electronic medical record database. Menopause diagnosis was assessed using ICD-9 codes. Clinical characteristics and medication use were assessed for women with at least 3 years of enrollment (1 year baseline, 2 years follow-up). Results: The proportion of women in the post-WHI group that initiated HRT was significantly less than that of women in the pre-WHI group (31.3% vs. 56.9%, respectively; p < 0.001). Combination HRT use declined significantly (21.9% pre-WHI cohort vs. 7.2% post- WHI cohort, p < 0.001) among increases in non-HRT use, namely SSRIs (15.2% pre-WHI cohort v. 22.3% post-WHI cohort, p < 0.001) and tranquilizers (9.5% pre-WHI cohort v. 15.8% post-WHI cohort, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The results of the WHI 2002 publication made an impression on the perception of HRT’s role in the relief of menopausal symptoms. Decision-making on the part of women seeking treatment for vasomotor symptoms and women’s health professionals demonstrates that despite HRT precautions, women continue to exhibit a need for HRT use. This study’s findings suggest that women seeking treatment for menopausal symptom relief and women’s health professionals continue to work together to find the appropriate balance between therapy use and adherence to therapy use guidelines.
Limitations and possibilities on health assessment to women in violence situation  [PDF]
Laura Ferreira Cortes, Stela Maris de Mello Padoin, Cristiane Cardoso de Paula, Letícia Becker Vieira, Maria Celeste Landerdahl, Ethel Bastos da Silva
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.57A4007
Abstract:

The aim was to know how health assessment to women in violence situation is developed. Literature review on LILACS and MEDLINE databases was conducted in April 2013 with the descriptors: “domestic violence” and “women’s health”, on a 1994-2012 timeframe. Statistics characterization and content theme analysis of the scientific production were developed. Results showed that the assessment is permeated by institutional limitation and an approach strictly clinical that makes identification and diagnosis of violence difficult, reinforcing invisibility in health care. Professional assessment is influenced by socio-cultural and the naturalization of the phenomena, which is not considered a public health issue. Technical knowledge is insufficient, making the possibility of promoting violence cycle rupture difficult. However, we envisage reception as a possibility to assess female demands. We conclude the need to include the theme in health undergraduate courses and also the urgency of this learning experience to support a multidisciplinary and intersectoral work web. Thus, rethinking assessment as a way of (re)organizing how health care is structured in order to compose an assessment web to women and guarantee reception of their demands is needed. Else, constructing competence allied to coping public policy to the problem and guaranteeing a human and full assistance will stay only on the academic field, constituting itself as a limit on protecting life of these women and their families.

Tendências de pesquisas brasileiras sobre mulheres mastectomizadas
Azevedo,Elisangela Braga de; Bezerra,Pollyana Amorim Ponce de Leon; Neto,José Melquiades Ramalho; Bustorff,Leila Alcina Correia Vaz; Souto,Cláudia Maria Ramos Medeiros;
Revista de Enfermagem Referência , 2012,
Abstract: the objective was to analyze the trends in research conducted in brazil with women having mastectomies. this was a bibliographical study using a quantitative approach, performed from june 15 to july 31, 2009. to collect empirical data, we used a structured instrument, then the data were tabulated, analyzed, transformed into percentages and grouped into a table for easy viewing of the information. the sample consisted of abstracts obtained through an electronic search, using the bireme, lilacs, scielo, medline and bdenf databases. one hundred and eleven articles were found and after applying the inclusion criteria, there was a final sample of 69 articles. trends identified in the majority of abstracts were for qualitative research, the main focus being on rehabilitation. the region that has carried out most investigations was the southeast, followed by the northeast. many articles had no essential methodological information to allow the reader to understand the data, making it difficult to conduct searches in these databases.
Page 1 /73551
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.