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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5168 matches for " women "
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The Roots of Heaven: The Politics of Housework, Reproduction, and Childcare
Arianne Loening
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 1990,
Abstract: Men's biological inability to become pregnant and to give birth gave men a reproductive consciousness of unfilled need which they tried to overcome by destroying matriarchal societies and nature and by establishing patriarchal institutions and cultures.
‘If Most Men are Against Us, Can We Call Ourselves Feminists?’: Young People’s Views of Feminism – East and West
Chilla Bulbeck
PORTAL : Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies , 2006,
Abstract: Based on a survey of 1700 largely young middle-class urban dwellers in ten countries in the Asia-Pacific region, this paper explores several dualist constructions of feminism.
Determining the Effectiveness of Cognitive Therapy on Mindfulness-Based in Marital Fatigue and Women Intimacy  [PDF]
Maryam Mosalla, Seyed Ali Aleyasin
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2017.84026
Abstract: This research aimed at determining the effectiveness of cognitive therapy based on mindfulness in marital fatigue and married women intimacy. The semi-experimental research design with witness group and evaluation for pretest-posttest was used. The study population consisted of married women, referred to health counseling center in the 1st district of Tehran during 2016 and lasted about 1 year. Using random sampling method, were selected 30 married women referred to health counseling center in the 1st district of Tehran, whom the main reason for their visit was declared incompatibility and marital conflict. And 15 of those who would like to participate in training mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, were in the experimental group and 15 others were in the witness group. For experimental group, were presented mindfulness-based interventions in 8 sessions every session in one and a half hours. In this study, to collect data was to use two questionnaires: measure marital intimacy and marital fatigue. After collecting the results, data were entered into the software Spss and assumptions were evaluated using analysis of covariance. The results showed that the average of experimental group compared with the control group after the intervention health was significantly different in variables like: physical fatigue, mental disability, emotional banality, and intimacy (p = 0.001). According to the findings above, it can be concluded that a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy training can reduce marital fatigue and as well as significantly effective in intimacy.
Urodynamic Findings in Young Women of Less Than Forty Years Old with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms  [PDF]
Hosein Karami, Alireza Bagher Tabrizi, Babak Javanmard, Hooman Mokhtarpour, Behzad Lotfi
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2012.21003
Abstract: Purpose: The aim of the study was to determine urodynamic findings in young women (<40 years old) with bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms. Materials and Methods: The records of 315 women were reviewed during 2002 to 2010. Those with neurological disease, history of urogenital malignancies, urethral stricture or trauma, acute UTI, unsterile urine analysis, congenital urological disease, pelvic organ prolapse, diabetes mellitus or a primary complaint of stress incontinence were excluded. All completed the American Urological Association Symptom Index (AUASI) and underwent urodynamic studies. Results: Bladder dysfunction was diagnosed in 78.4% of the patients with urge incontinence. Bladder and voiding phase dysfunction were found in 134 (42.5%) and 110 (34.9%) of patients, respectively. Occult neurological disease was later diagnosed in 10 women (3.17%) with urge incontinence and bladder dysfunction. Discussion: Urge incontinence and voiding symptoms are frequently associated with urodynamical abnormalities. Urge incontinence and bladder dysfunction may be a sign of occult neurological disease in this population. The presenting symptoms are useful in determining the advantage of urodynamic study in this population.
Suppressed response to hormonal contraceptives in women of Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan  [PDF]
Yasmeen Faiz Kazi, Sobia Saleem, Nasreen Kazi
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.511248
Abstract:

Objective: Contraception has gained gradual popularity in many parts of the developing world including Pakistan. Despite this increase in acceptance, the birth rate remains high. Failure of contraception has been reported in the literature, which made us aim to conduct this study. The efficiency of hormonal contraceptives in the study area was assessed and this is the first report from Pakistan. Methods: A total of 200 women (aged 20-30 and 31-40 years; n = 100 each) with minimum consistent use of hormonal contraceptives in the form of pills (Combined oral contraceptives) for 12 months were enrolled in this study. Blood samples were collected from women of each age group and corresponding control groups (n = 100) from local hospitals and reproductive health service center. Serum levels of the fertility hormones viz leutinizing and follicle stimulating hormones were measured through ELISA technique. Results: Our data revealed that over all in the both age groups, 72% women had normal, 16% increased and 12% showed decreased levels of leutinizing hormone (p > 0.05) and 67% women showed normal, 33% showed decreased and no increased levels were found for follicle stimulating hormone (p > 0.05). No age-wise significant difference in response was observed among both the age groups tested. Conclusion: Statistically insignificant difference in serum leutinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone seen among both the age groups of hormonal contraceptive users and control group indicates less effective hormonal contraception response in the study area.

Socio-Cultural Constraints of Female Sportsmanship in the Tunisian Society: A Category of Analysis  [PDF]
Samira Welhezi, Makram Zghibi, Najmeddine Ouesleti, Chamseddine Guinoubi, Najwa Jerbi, Mohamed Jabri
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2013.35030
Abstract:

This study focuses on the socio-cultural constraints in women’s access to the practice of competitive sport. Through a sociological approach, we explore the field of lived experiences from a population of twenty young Tunisian women practicing competitive sports. We have chosen this work for the qualitative method through semi-structured interview. The main objective of the research is to determine the socio-cultural constraints to women’s access to sports based on their past lived experiences in the field of sports. It comes to understand the challenges related to the issue of gender as to the sportsmanship of women in the Tunisian society. The patriarchal ideology deeply internalized by ancient traditions, is an indirect constraint that prevents access to sports by Tunisian women because it is a male issue. Stereo-types and prejudices are a source of social resistance that leads to the exclusion of women from the sporting scene indirectly and implicitly. The education received by the Tunisian girl justifies the social hierarchy between the sexes. They are under enormous pressure to respect the family traditions that are conflicting with the nature of sports. The female body is dependent to constraints imposed by the social environment. Its image is a constraint to the sportsmanship of women. The results show that gender allows us to analyze the social and cultural barriers to women’s sports.

Comparison of Partner Choice between Lesbians and Heterosexual Women  [PDF]
Vivianni Veloso, Regina Brito, Cibele Nazaré da Silva Camara
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.52021
Abstract:

Studies comparing preferred partner selection between homosexual and heterosexual women have shown that homosexual women exhibit patterns of choice that resemble both the heterosexual men and heterosexual women. This intersection between groups indicates that some characteristics valued by women may be intermediate between homosexual men and heterosexual women. This selection appears to be influenced by the type of relationship of the individual. Heterosexual women emphasize preference for characteristics related to physical health in short-term relationships. In long-term relationships, the emphasis is on the characteristics of good provision of resources and emotional investment. This study aimed to compare the preferences of the two groups of women in partner choice in the types of relationships mentioned. The participants were 100 homosexual and 55 heterosexual women in reproductive period. A questionnaire was used to collect information. The participants were contacted by indication, in LGBT bars or associations. There were similarities between groups with regard to the choices they made. The Macro-category attachment formation was requested more in the long-term and good genes was more appreciated in the short term. However, in both short and long term relationships homosexuals appreciated good genes more than heterosexuals. Heterosexual women valued good provision of resources more in long-term relationships. The reasons for these differences could be several, starting from social aspects all the way up to biological ones.

Tribal Values and Norms in Mongolia and Their Effect on Women’s Status  [PDF]
Shaul M. Gabbay
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.35017
Abstract: Roughly the size of Alaska, Mongolia is a landlocked country between Russia on its northern frontier and China on its southern border. With just over three million inhabitants, it is sparsely populated, with nearly half of the people living in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar, and in other provincial centers. The tribal networks in Mongolia are the main tenants of social structural characteristics in the society. In this paper, the effect of tribal values and norms on family structures particularly with regards to women is delineated analyzed and discussed. The influence and similarity to Muslim cultural tribal structures in and outside of Mongolia are used in a comparative sociological meta analysis methodology.
Nutritional Status of Diabetic Mothers and Health of Newborns in Western Algeria  [PDF]
Refka Ouramdane, Karima Bereksi-Reguig, Fadl Allah Abou-Bakr, Slimane Belbraouet
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.610089
Abstract: The aim of our work is the study of nutrition diabetic women, and the study of the health status of their newborns in West of Algeria. Our study was performed on 165 diabetic mothers aged 20 to 45 years and 161 newborns admitted to the hospital specialized in obstetrics and gynecology of Sidi Bel Abbes. A food survey and anthropometric study were achieved in our population, clinical and socioeconomic data were recorded in an identification card. Our results show that the average age of women with diabetes is 33.26 ± 5.15 ans. The socio-economic survey shows that 47.32% of women have an average monthly income; their education level is low with only 8.06% having a higher level. Anthropometric parameters show that 48.08% of elderly diabetic women aged 30 to 40 years are overweight BMI > 25. Dietary survey indicates that women experienced iron, calcium and vitamin B9 deficiency. The results of clinical data have shown the existence of gestational diabetes with a rate of 50.90%; macrosomia is dominant in their newborns with a rate of 22.26%. We noted the presence of hypoglycemia in 18.01% and inutero death in 12.42%.
Work, the Brazilian Women, and the Teaching Profession: Some Notes  [PDF]
Tania Antonelli Marcelino Brabo, Rosane Michelli de Castro, José Carlos Miguel
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.617194
Abstract: In this article, we present some notes on three distinct themes, but whose understanding requires an interdisciplinary analysis considering presenting aspects that intertwine and feature dependent ways from each other. Thus, the introduction presents the world of work aspects in our society, seeking to situate the important participation of all its processes, including women, through training processes of the production of knowledge on education. Then, we present a reflection on the work of women, double work shift and the division of labor between the sexes. Finally, we discuss some historical aspects about the woman in the teacher profession in Brazil.
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