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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3395 matches for " violence. "
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A health’s view on violence
Paula Borges Jacques,Querubina Bringel Olinda
Revista Brasileira em Promo??o da Saúde , 2012,
Abstract: Violence is the intentional use of physical strength or power, actually or under threat, against oneself, someone else, or against a group or community, which results or has a high probability of resulting in injury, death or psychological damage, bad development or deprivation(1).In Brazil and in the world, a lot is told about violence, which is present in various forms in everyday life, whether in the country or in urban area. Cities have grown without proper planning, people have migrated, generating unsatisfied social demands in the large centers, television has invaded home and modified people’s thinking in great extension, families have loosen moral principles, governments do not set good examples...Therefore, violence has spread into all aspects of life, revealing itself in economics (exploitation of man by man, state coercion, material dependence, discrimination against women’s work, child labour, unfair impositions etc.), in politics (control by one or various parties, authoritarianism, exclusion of citizens from decision-making, revolution, war and armed conflict etc.), in ideology (implementation of official criteria, prohibition of free thought, censorship, manipulation of public opinion, advertisements and issues of violent nature), in religion (submission to clerical interests, strict control of thought, prohibition of other beliefs and persecution of “heretics”, etc.), within the family (exploitation of women and children etc..), in education (teachers and principals authoritarianism etc.), in the army (unquestioning obedience to commanders etc.), in the culture (excluding innovating trends, prohibiting publication of works, bureaucracies, etc.)... (2)It is health’s responsibility dealing with people affected by physical or psychological violence, in hospitals, ambulatory facilities or clinics... As researches in health are responsible for statistical data consolidation. In 2002, the World Health Organization (WHO) released its first report on violence and health, achieving a comprehensive review on the matter of violence (what it is, whom it affects and how to deal with it), bringing a closer look at the issue, which haunts governments of all countries(3). Since then, violence has advanced through the governmental and social sphere, onto its intersection with health, either in the resultant presented by mortality and morbidity indicators, or in the costs given rise by the public network of medical psychological and hospital support to the victims of violence, and also in the contribution for preventive strategies.The fact is that society
The Evaluation of Domestic Violence: The Case of Zonguldak  [PDF]
Tülin G. ??li, Mehmet Pekkaya, Hanifi Sever
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2014.41002

Domestic violence in general terms, refers to incidents in which one of the family members violently acts against to another member. It may occur between spouses, between parents and children, between children or between children and grandparents. However, the most frequent type of domestic violence is between male and female partners. Since “family” is the fundamental element of society, the reasons of domestic violence must be well-understood in order to implement correct precautions against it. The aim of this study is to provide an evaluation of domestic violence in the city of Zonguldak. In this respect, some important previous studies, and some remarkable statistics on Zonguldak are reviewed firstly. Upon that, domestic violence cases in Zonguldak city between 2009 and 2011 are investigated retrospectively.

Personality Disorders, Types of Violence, and Stress Responses in Female Who Perpetrate Intimate Partner Violence  [PDF]
Alicia Spidel, Caroline Greaves, Tonia L. Nicholls, Julie Goldenson, Donald G. Dutton
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.49A1002

Few studies have examined characteristics and correlates of females who display assaultive behaviours towards their intimate partners. Personality disorders, anger responses, type of violence perpetrated, and post-traumatic stress reactions in female perpetrated intimate violence are important factors in diagnosis, management, and treatment considerations. The present study examined the incidence of cluster B personality disorder traits in a non-clinical sample of self-identified females who perpetrate intimate partner violence (IPV). Results suggest differences in anger responses, nature and severity of violence perpetrated, and post-traumatic stress reactions across personality disorder categories. The numerous important applied implications and future research directions are discussed.

Perception of Partner Abuse and Its Impact on Marital Violence from Both Spouses  [PDF]
Claude Bélanger, Cynthia Mathieu, Hélène Brisebois
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.411123

Few studies have investigated bi-directional models of marital violence. Research suggests that female victims are also often perpetrators of violence. Accordingly, some researchers propose that we should test the hypothesis that the victim and perpetrator roles can be played by both men and women. The current study addresses this issue by attempting to understand the effect that perceptions of spousal violence will have on both partners’ level of marital violence. Our objectives were to verify the links between levels of violence and perceptions of violence by both partners, and actual self-reports of each type of violence perpetrated. We verified if self-reports and partner’s reports of violence would differ, if one partner’s abuses would influence the other partner’s abuses, and whether the spouse’s self-reported violence or the other spouse’s perception of that violence had a differential impact on the level of violence perpetrated. Twenty-three couples in which the male partner was undergoing treatment for marital violence took part in the study. Results indicate that for both partners perceptions of partner violence modulate the level of marital violence that is perpetrated. The link between perceptions and violent behaviors appears to explain female marital violence better than that it does for males. Implications based on these results are discussed.

Violência, educa??o e sociedade: um olhar sobre o Brasil contemporaneo
Pino, Angel;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302007000300007
Abstract: a daily topic in the brazilian press, violence has become a constant concern for brazilians. rich in violent events, both brazilian and international histories clearly show this phenomenon is neither new nor exclusive to brazil. novelty lies in the uncommon and daring forms it nowadays takes on in this country. this paper explores some of the most important ones the first one regards the conceptual aspects and shows the different meanings that define violence, crime and transgression; the violence-rationality relation is also discussed. the second one approaches the issue of the relation between violence and the historical, social, economical and political conditions of society. the last one discusses the role of education in general and of school education in particular to prepare the new generations to a kind of social relationships that makes violence unnecessary
La violencia, un problema de salud
Espín Falcón,Julio Cesar; Valladares González,Anais Marta; Abad Araujo,Jorge Carlos; Presno Labrador,Clarivel; Gener Arencibia,Nancy;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2008,
Abstract: violence has become a problem for public health all over the world. different types have been recognized: physical, psychological and sexual violence. their causes may vary depending on the sociocultural context. the present paper is aimed at identifying violence as a health problem and at describing the types of violence according to the characteristics of those who commit the violent act and to the nature of them.
Aggression questionnaire scores in extremely violent male prisoners, male bodybuilders, and healthy non-violent men  [PDF]
Henning V?r?y
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.33029

Two aggression questionnaires, the Revised Swedish Version (AQ-RSV) of the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ) and the shortened and refined version by Bryant and Smith (BS-AQ) were compared. Both questionnaires identified subscore levels of aggression and there were significant differences between the groups. On the AQ-RSV subscales, the violent inmates showed statistically significantly more aggression for Hostility (p = 0.000), Anger (p = 0.000), Physical Aggression (p = 0.000) and Verbal Aggression (p = 0.01) than the healthy (non-violent) men. The bodybuilders, all “on” performance-enhancing substances, scored significantly higher on the Physical Aggression subscale than the healthy men (p = 0.000). Compared to the bodybuilders, the violent inmates scored significantly higher on the Anger (p = 0.02) and Hostility (p = 0.002) subscales. For the BS-AQ, where general variance was higher than for the original AQ, some of the above mentioned relationships were different. The violent inmates still scored significantly higher than the healthy men for Hostility (p = 0.000), Anger (p = 0.006) and Physical Aggression (p = 0.000), but not for Verbal Aggression. The inmates scored significantly higher than the bodybuilders for Anger (p = 0.006) and Verbal Aggression (p = 0.006), and the bodybuilders scored higher than the healthy men on the Physical Aggression (p = 0.002) subscale only. These and other more complex relationships are discussed in the light of previous findings. Thus the BS-AQ resulted in more sharply defined relationships and, at the same time, showed some important differences between the groups studied. Verbal Aggression does not seem to distinguish violent inmates from healthy men. Angry bodybuilders tend to express their aggression through Physical Aggression.

Obstetric Outcome of Pregnancies Complicated by Domestic Violence  [PDF]
Mathias Ankama, Adekunle O. Oguntayo, Jefry T. Akuse
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.411095

Background: Domestic violence is a pattern of assault and behavior perpetrated by one partner against the other. Historically most of those oppressed by domestic violence have been women. The lifetime prevalence of domestic violence against women is 10% - 69%. Though this violence might have started or escalated during pregnancy, pregnancy specific prevalence is between 1% - 20%. The objective was to determine the prevalence and obstetric complications. Domestic violence is against pregnant women in tertiary clinic of a developing nation. Methodology: It was a hospital based cross-sectional case control study conducted within the period of one year. Close ended questionnaires were administered. Result: Two hundred and seventy patients were recruited. The lifetime prevalence of physical violence against women was 28.5%. 12.5% (5/40) of victims smoke cigarettes; the prevalence of alcohol intake by the victims was 45%. 72.5% of partners of victims smoke as compared to 25.5% of partners of non victims. Unemployed women were victims of domestic violence far more than the employed women. Pregnant women who are victims of physical violence are more likely to suffer adverse pregnancy outcome. Violence in pregnancy is quite commoner than most of the conditions routinely screened for during antenatal care. The association of such violence with significant maternal and fetal/neonatal morbidity and mortality emphasizes the fact that domestic violence is not just a social problem but a feto-maternal health hazard that requires the input of every stakeholder to address.

The Relationship between Youth Violence, Victimization, and Educational Outcomes  [PDF]
Andrew R. Wilczak
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2014.44033
Abstract: Prior research on the relationship between adolescent violence, victimization, and educational attainment has largely focused on the relationship between victimization experiences and later educational outcomes. Lost in this line of inquiry is a) the relationship between one’s own violent behavior and later educational outcomes and b) the overlap between being a victim and being a perpetrator. The aim of this project is to address those limitations in the literature. Findings show that being both a victim and perpetrator of violence significantly increase the risk of dropping out of school and not attending college. Both aspects of violence have their own unique negative effect on the risk of limited future attainment. While this does not suggest that these youth are definitively at risk for limited achievement later in life, it does suggest that their path to future success is severely inhibited by these violent experiences.
Assessment of Violence and Associated Factors among Rural High School Female Students, in Hadiya Zone, Southern Nation and Nationalities Peoples’ Region, Ethiopia, 2013  [PDF]
Taye Letta, Amsalu Feleke, Lemma Derseh
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1100659

The objective of this study is to assess violence and associated factors among rural high school female students in Hadiya zone, Ethiopia. A school based cross-sectional quantitative study was employed. Multistage sampling technique was used to select study subjects. Self administered questionnaires were used to collect the data and study was conducted on 801 rural high school female students in Hadiya Zone from March 25 to April 25/2013. The overall percentage of physical, sexual or psychological violence was found to be 62.20% during their high school education. Using alcohol by students and their parents, mother education was the risk factors for the occurrence of physical violence. Alcohol used by students and parents father education and marital status highly attributes to sexual violence. Alcohol used by student and mother occupation was variables associated to psychological violence. This finding concludes that violence is highly prevalent among rural high school female students in Hadiya zone and use of alcohol, marital status, parental education and occupation were the main contributing factors. School officials and other concerned organizations should strengthen the communication with students, parents and community leaders about the physical, sexual and psychological violence.

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