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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2053 matches for " vaginal discharge "
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Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in gynae-outpatients: Experience from a tertiary health centre  [PDF]
Harpreet Kaur, Parveen Marwah, Surjit Kaur Bajwa, Amarjit Kaur Gill, Manjit Singh Bal
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.45043
Abstract: Background: Prospective analysis of 500 cases of vaginal discharge in tertiary health centre of Punjab. Objective: To study the prevalence of Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in 500 outpatient of 15 - 49 years age group with vaginal discharge and to evaluate the various factors influencing pattern of STIs. Method: All cases were subjected to cervical cytology, HIV ELISA, rapid plasma reagen (RPR) test for syphilis and Gram’s staining, Giemsa staining and wet mount study of vaginal discharge. Results: Prevalence of STIs was found to be 58% and majority of infection was caused by G. vaginalis, Candida and Trichomonas. Pap smear showed koilocytosis in 5.6%, mild dysplasia in 1.8% and carcinoma cervix in 1.2% cases. Conclusion: Vaginal discharge is a common gynaecological complaint and STIs are significant cause of vaginal discharge.
Bizarre Foreign Objects in the Genital Tract—Our Experience and Review of Literature  [PDF]
Sankhwar Pushplata, Misra Devyani, Jaiswar Shyam Pyari, Sujata Deo
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.47063

Foreign objects in the genital tract are commonly encountered by clinicians in all age groups. Patients may or may not be aware of its presence in the body. Usually presenting as offensive vaginal discharge, rare misplacement of these objects may result in fatal complications. Detailed history and clinical examination are central to diagnosis although imaging modalities may be required in misplaced objects. Proper management can prevent morbidity and mortality resulting from complications. Presented here is a series of three cases where patients presenting with varied complaints were diagnosed with genital foreign bodies and managed.

The Professional Medical Journal , 2004,
Abstract: Objective: To determine the frequency of bacterial vaginosis inpatients presenting with vaginal discharge in Gynaecological outpatient department. Place and Duration ofStudy: From July 2001 to April 2002 in the Gynaecological clinic of Unit-II at Services Hospital. Subject andMethods: Five hundred patients with vaginal discharge were selected for study. They were evaluated usingclinical composite criteria, whiff test, pH metry and microscopy for clue cells on wet mount. Bacterial vaginosiswas diagnosed if any three of the four characters were present Results: The overall frequency of bacterialvaginosis was 27%, 70% had coital frequency of more than twice a week and 40.7% had history of abortions.Conclusion: Bacterial vaginosis was the commonest cause of vaginal discharge in women attending theGynaecological clinic.
Comportamiento del Síndrome de flujo vaginal en el Consultorio 16, Policlínico Párraga
Puentes Rizo,Elisa María; Enríquez Domínguez,Bárbara; Jiménez Chacon,María Caridad; López Rodríguez,Pedro;
Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecolog?-a , 2009,
Abstract: objective: to determine vaginal discharge behavior syndrome and predisposing factors, as well as risk sexual behaviors, more frequent germs and its features. to identify also the more frequent age group. methods: we made an empirical, descriptive, observational, prospective and cross-sectional research on vaginal discharge syndrome behavior in patients seen in no. 16 family physician consulting room of "parraga" polyclinic, arroyo naranjo municipality, havana city in 2006 and 2007 years. sample included all female population aged 15 to 49 presenting vaginal discharge ruling out the pregnants and puerperant women. results: predominant age group was that aged 14 to 19 with 17,7%. fifteen and seventeen years old were the more frequent ages with a higher rate of sexual intercourses. more frequent predisposing factors included: no protection in sexual intercourse to 91,6%, and inappropriate genital cleaning to 66,1%. predominant feature of discharge was the homogenous, non-adherent, white-greyish, and fetid type. more frequent risk sexual behavior was the no protection intercourse in 91,6%, followed by a recent couple change in 43,3%. more common germ was gadnerella vaginalis followed by monilia. conclusions: predominant age group was that of adolescents and very young adults. predisposing factors included: no protection in sexual intercourse, and non-appropriate genital cleaning. there was an early onset of intercourses. more frequent germs were gadnerella vaginalis; followed by monilia and main feature was a homogenous non-adherent white-greyish and fetid discharge (with smell of fish). it is necessary to program workshops aimed to adolescents and young people concerning risked sexual behaviors, and vaginal infections linking the health area with community house and educational centers.
Prevalência e fatores associados à percep??o de ocorrência de corrimento vaginal patológico entre gestantes
Cesar, Juraci A.;Mendoza-Sassi, Raúl A.;González-Chica, David A.;Menezes, Eduardo H. M.;Brink, Günther;Pohlmann, Marcela;Fonseca, Tania M. V.;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2009001200017
Abstract: this study aims to determine the prevalence self-reported abnormal vaginal discharge and to identify associated risk factors in pregnant women in the municipality of rio grande, rio grande do sul state, brazil. a standardized questionnaire was applied to all pregnant women admitted for delivery in local maternity hospitals. the chi-square test was used to compare proportions, and poisson regression was applied using multivariate analysis. prevalence of vaginal discharge was 40%. adjusted analysis showed the following prevalence ratios for vaginal discharge: 1.6 (1.4-1.8) for adolescents; 1.3 (1.1-1.6) for 8 years of schooling or less; 1.3 (1.1-1.5) for alcohol consumption; 2.0 (1.8-2.2) for vaginal discharge in the previous pregnancy; 1.4 (1.3-1.6) for urinary tract infection in the current pregnancy; and 0.8 (0.7-0.9) for history of prematurity. local health services should target adolescent women, those with low schooling or low family income, and those with a history of vaginal discharge in the previous pregnancy or urinary tract infection in the current pregnancy.
Piómetra y gestación simultáneos en una perra: reporte de un caso
Orozco P,Sonia C; Quiroz H,Víctor H; Gómez G,Leonardo F; Villegas T,Juan P;
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias , 2005,
Abstract: simultaneous pyometra and gestation in a bitch
Prevalence of C.Trachomatis Infection among Ahvaz Females with Vaginal Discharge
Alireza Samarbaf-Zadeh,Mohammad Taghi Razi,Mishar Kelishadi
International Journal of Fertility & Sterility , 2007,
Abstract: Background: C. trachomatis is one of the most important agents of sexually transmitted diseases(STD). Untreated cases of vaginal infection with this bacterium may end up with infertility, scaring andectopic pregnancy. In most cases infection with C. trachomatis is silent (70-80%) but when overtinfection occurs the symptoms include: cervicitis, urethritis, and endometritis.Since prevalence of C. trachomatis was not studied in our city, this project was performed to evaluatethe role of this bacterial agent in vaginosis.Material and Methods: Two hundred and two specimens from vaginal discharge of out-patientsreferring to gynecology ward of Ahvaz hospitals were collected and tested for C. trachomatis by PCR.Results: Out of 202 specimens, 33 (16.3%) were positive for C. trachomatis.Conclusion: The findings of this study show a high prevalence of C. trachomatis which indicates thatspecial attention must be paid to detection and management of this infection.
Pattern of Vaginal Discharge and Associated Demographic Characteristics among Female Patients Seen at a Gynaecology Clinic in Northern Nigeria  [PDF]
Mohammed-Durosinlorun Amina, Muhammad-Idris Zainab, Abubakar Amina, Ojabo Augustine, Adesiyun Adebiyi
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1102231
Abstract: Background: Vaginal discharge is a common gynecological symptom seen among women provoking anxiety and fear of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Methods: This was a hospital based retrospective study done from November 2008 to March 2013. Records of 969 patients presenting to the gynaecology clinic with symptoms of “vaginal discharge” were retrieved and relevant data on demographics, discharge characteristics and frequency, associated risk factors and symptoms, as well as investigations were retrieved. Data were analyzed using the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) software, version 15. Relevant descriptive and bivariate analysis was done. Level of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Majority of the patients (54.9%) were aged between 21 and 30 years, and the mean age was 26.7 ± 7.9. More than half (53.3%) were of the Hausa ethnic group, Muslims (82.6%) and housewives (51.9%). In terms of colour only 28.2% was characterized; more commonly as whitish (16.9%) or milky (7.7%). About 560 patients (57.8%) had additional associated symptoms. The commonest organism cultured was Candida species in 252 patients (26%), followed by Staphylococcus aureus (15.6%) and Streptococcus species (0.8%). When compared, those with additional symptoms were more likely to present with whitish vaginal discharge, candidiasis and recurrence of symptoms (p < 0.05), than those who had no additional symptoms. Conclusions: Vaginal discharge is a common symptom among women but may not always be pathological. Candidiasis was the commonest infectious cause in this population though the symptom needs to be properly characterized, and investigated when required.
Aspectos clínicos, patogênese e diagnóstico de Trichomonas vaginalis
Maciel, Gisele de Paiva;Tasca, Tiana;De Carli, Geraldo Attilio;
Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-24442004000300005
Abstract: trichomonas vaginalis is the aethiologic agent of trichomoniasis, the sexually transmitted disease (std) non-viral most common in the world. this flagellate protozoan successfully reaches the parasitism in a hostile environment through some mechanisms which establish its pathogenicity and also through its capacity to evade the host immune response. trichomoniasis presents a large variety of clinical manifestations, from a totally asymptomatic infection to severe vaginitis. it has been associated to the increase in transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv), pelvic inflammatory disease, cervical cancer, infertility, and premature delivery and low birth weight of children born from infected mothers. the laboratorial inquiry is essential in diagnosis of this std, leads to the appropriate treatment and facilitates the control of the spread of t. vaginalis infection. the annual world prevalence of trichomoniasis is 180 million cases and in europe it is responsible for 41% of vaginitis cases. the treatment of trichomoniasis includes the same profilatic means devoted to others stds, such as secure sex practice and preservative use. metronidazole is the choose for the treatment of trichomoniasis, however, due to the fail in the single dose treatment and the imminent appearance of resistant strains, other therapeutic alternatives are been investigated.
Corrimento vaginal referido entre gestantes em localidade urbana no Sul do Brasil: prevalência e fatores associados
Fonseca, Tania M. V. da;Cesar, Juraci A.;Hackenhaar, Arnildo A.;Ulmi, Eduardo F.;Neumann, Nelson A.;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2008000300009
Abstract: the purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with self-reported vaginal discharge among pregnant women in the city of rio grande, south brazil. using a cross-sectional design, a standard interview was applied to pregnant women at home by previously trained interviewers, covering the following: demographic, reproductive, and socioeconomic data, household conditions, health care, and illnesses during pregnancy, including vaginal discharge. the chi-square test was used to compare proportions, and poisson regression was used in the multivariate analysis. among the 339 pregnant women interviewed, 52% reported vaginal discharge. the following variables were significantly associated with the outcome: age (prevalence rate, pr = 1.49), marital status (pr = 1.31), urinary tract infection (pr = 1.56), hyperglycemia (pr = 1.48), use of an intrauterine device (pr = 2.35), and history of preterm delivery (pr = 1.37), with oral contraception showing a protective effect (pr = 0.79). prevalence of self-reported discharge was high among this group of pregnant women. several risk factors were also identified for the disease under study. these findings can contribute to the implementation of preventive interventions.
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