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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 925 matches for " urbanization "
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Globalization Impacts on Chinese Politics and Urbanization  [PDF]
Jamie P. Halsall, Ian G. Cook
Chinese Studies (ChnStd) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/chnstd.2013.22012
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to critically explore the complex debates on the contemporary growth of China’s urban economies. It has been well documented that China is the second largest economy in the world and is seen to be a major player in the financial markets. Over the last decade China has experienced a dramatic urban transformation and globalization is a key factor in the change in China from Maoist production cities to Dengist cities of consumption, albeit with a strong export-oriented production element. As this paper will argue, without the impact of Globalization, the recent development of China as a key economic power could not have taken place. The findings of this research revealed however, that the Chinese State has also played a key role, intertwined as it is with the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
A Comparative Study on the Alteration of Industrial Structure in Chinese and American Urbanizations  [PDF]
Linxiu Huang
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2014.49059
Abstract: Urbanization is internally related to economic growth and industrial structure. Whether China may fall into the mid-income trap, to some extent, depends on the benign interaction between the advancement of urbanization and the upgrade of industrial structure. The present paper, by a comparative analysis of relevant issues in China and the United States, is intended to find out the features of interaction in the experiences of the United States so as to get inspirations in policy making in China.
Detection on Resources Consumption Drag of Urbanization in China  [PDF]
Yaobin Liu, Guixin Wang, Shuming Bao
Natural Resources (NR) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2010.12008
Abstract: A unique model of resources consumption drag of urbanization is developed by employing the neo-classical production model and the urbanization relation model. By using this model, it is viable to estimate the resources consumption drag, measured as the reduced speed of urbanization from resources consumption and environmental services. In terms of reduced urbanization process, the aggregated and disaggregated effects from some crucial resources, such as energy, land and water, are calculated and presented. The results show that the drags from energy consumption, land and water in process of China’s urbanization are 0.1061, 0.0036 and 0.1914 percent point respectively and the aggregate drag arrives 0.3010 percent point. With the increasing population and the developing urbanization process in China, the constraints of resources, water and energy in particular cannot be eliminated and the drags will be enhanced and hence the pressure of further urbanization process is still a relatively serious problem.
An Empirical Study on the Factors of Chinese Urbanization Process and Policy Proposals about the “New-Type” Urbanization  [PDF]
Qinhua Pan, Ruofan Xu
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.29003
Abstract:

First of all, this thesis will compile negative effects of this process since the reform and opening-up policy was enacted. And then the policy background, the connotation and the main function of new-type urbanization will be introduced. Followed by an empirical study, this thesis will also analyze the main factors of traditional urbanization and make corresponding policy proposals for modern urbanization nowadays.

Cultural Consciousness of Chinese Ethnic Minority under the Economic Globalization —Illustrated by the Case of Ethnic Yi in Yunnan  [PDF]
Hongyu Xie, Jidong Yi, Jianhou Gan
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.24030
Abstract: Culture is the soul of a nation, and national culture is the sign which distinguishes other ethnics. National culture is the direct reflection of cultural consciousness in real life, and cultural consciousness is the basic of national culture. The ethnical culture is easy to be impacted by the foreign culture under the rapid development of information globalization in China. As study subjects, 291 people of Shilin Autonomous in Yunnan province answered the questionnaire and investigator also made a random interview among the 291 people. Through the questionnaires and statistical analysis of the EXCEL 2003 and DELPHL method, the conclusion is the following: the ethnic cultural consciousness of Yi people in Shilin Autonomous County is rather weak today in China, the most obvious aspects showed on the ethnical language, folk dancing and costumes, festive culture and so on. At last, this paper suggested that people should protect their own culture under the strong urbanization and economic development. How to protect and develop the culture of the ethnic minority is an urgent matter in China.
Effect of Urbanization on Child Safety  [PDF]
Hossein Kazemeini, Alireza Moghisi, Aminda Amanolahi, Hamed Barekati, Shila Ghadami
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.57034
Abstract: Background: The world’s population living in urban areas has grown up from 14% to over 50%. This study was designed aiming to compare injuries related mortality and morbidity in Urban vs Rural settings among children in Iran. Methods: Data were gathered from a household survey. A t-test was used to analyze the relationship between outcomes. Achievements: Injury in all ages accounts for 17% of all deaths in Iran. 20% of death in children is due to injuries. Children in urban settings sustain injuries due to traffic accident, airway blockage and fall from height more than rural children. About 63.5% of morbidity related to injuries occurs in private homes or in residential areas e.g. yards and compounds. In these injuries, no significant statistically difference was found between rural vs. urban setting (p ≤ 0.05). Conclusion: Beside area level measures as an index for considering urbanization, other elements including quality of roads, distances from markets and so on should be considered as well. Safety for children is an important element to be provided prior to planning cities by urban developers. Expansion of the International Safe Community program is a potential solution.
Urbanization, Culture and the Dutch Origins of the European Enlightenment
Wijnand W. Mijnhardt
BMGN : Low Countries Historical Review , 2010,
Abstract: The Dutch Republic currently plays a prominent role in the big debates on the origins and nature of the European Enlightenment. However, relatively little attention has been devoted to the role played by urbanization in this. This contribution focuses on the specific form of urbanization that took place in Holland, and a compelling relationship is established between urbanization in the coastal provinces and a series of political and religious issues that were of decisive importance in the early European Enlightenment. The high watermark of this Dutch contribution can be found in the period 1680-1730. After this, and closely related to the decrease in urbanization and the social problems associated with economic decline, the Dutch Enlightenment would acquire a character all of its own, unfamiliar to other Europeans.
Book review: Urbanization and Urban Growth in the Caribbean by Malcolm Cross (Cambridge University Press, 1979)
Sealey, Neil E.
College Forum , 1981,
Abstract: Review article of: Urbanization and Urban Growth in the Caribbean by Malcolm Cross (Cambridge University Press, 1979)
Changes in Temperatures in Okayama Area Compared with Different Urbanization Areas, Japan  [PDF]
Noriko Sakano, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Shoko Murakami, Takeshi Suzue, Tomohiro Hirao, Keiki Ogino
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2011.22018
Abstract: To investigate the changes in temperatures in Okayama area compared with different levels of three urbanization areas such as Tsuyama, Tokyo areas and Hachijo island in Japan. Data of temperatures in Okayama (1891-2009), Tsuyama (1943-2009), Tokyo areas (1876-2009) and Hachijo Island (1907-2009) in Japan was obtained from Japan Meteorological Agency. Changes in temperatures in 4 areas in Japan were analyzed and compared. By using data from 1943 to 2009, some parameters of temperatures were significantly correlated with years. The change in parameters of temperatures in Hachijo Island was calmest among 4 areas. The changes in mean temperature in August and in a year in Okayama area for 50 years were the highest (August: 1.55?C, Year: 2.05?C) among 4 areas. In addition, correlation coefficient rate between years and the number of days over 35?C in August in Okayama area was highest (r = 0.407, p = 0.0037). Parameters of temperatures were gradually increased with years in Okayama area, especially in recent years. However, those associations were not clearly noted in Hachijo Island. In conclusion, global warming in Okayama might be accelerated more rapidly than that in Tokyo area in recent 50 years.
Urban Sprawl and the Challenges for Urban Planning  [PDF]
Maurício Polidoro, José Augusto de Lollo, Mirian Vizintim Fernandes Barros
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2012.39117
Abstract: Dispersed urbanization, urban planning and management instruments such as zoning, and urban expansion zones, have become increasingly consistent in leading cities toward an uncertain and chaotic future. The urban perimeters of municipalities have been used increasingly in favor agents of the reproduction of unequal urban space, aggravating the process of socio-spatial segregation, the formation of urban gaps and real estate speculation. Inherent to this process, infrastructure, one of the most important components of urban land and one of the most costly for local governments, has become increasingly dispersed and obsolete in the midst of the disordered occupation of the city’s land. Based on the above, this paper aims to analyze the phenomenon of urban sprawl in the city of Londrina by means of geotechnologies and to identify the impacts that the form of land occupation the city has employed may cause on the current and future scenario of the municipality in general. To this end, thematic maps were drawn up from multiple sources, which, allied to a review of the literature, indicate that the municipality of Londrina exhibits intense characteristics of the phenomenon of urban sprawl, leading to consequences for territorial ordering and the egalitarian spatial distribution of essential services to the population.
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