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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13492 matches for " urban space. "
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Landmarks in Urban Space as Signs  [PDF]
Havva Alkan Bala
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2016.44027
Abstract: A signal or a symbol has been sent with conscious. Urban space has signified elements like landmark. Landmarks as references signs orient the people. Landmarks are defined as an external point of reference that helps orienting in a familiar or an unfamiliar environment. This study is about to clear out the meaning of landmark for the city users who have perceived reference point with their memory and perception. In other words, this study is about discovering how the city affects the people who experience the urban space within semiotic of landmarks in Konya, Turkey. The method of this study is photo-elicitation to understand how people orient themselves in moving within urban space considering landmarks. Analysis of interview texts, there were six different type of landmarks as; city memory-historical, city landscape/ square, high rise/skyscraper, daily life/city usage, personal memory/personal perception, circulation pattern. In this study the semiology of communication studies codes established by society to produce messages consciously sent and received as signals, signs and symbols.
Research on the Application of Space Syntax in Urban Planning  [PDF]
Xi Chen
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2017.53B004
Abstract:
This paper presents the objective analysis of the application of space syntax in a large scale city design field and possible problems, and then introduces how to use quantitative techniques to enhance the science and rationality of the design on large scale city.
Urban Space and Representation in Literary Study  [PDF]
Long Shi, Qingwei Zhu
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.69015
Abstract: The questions of what a city is and how cities are represented in literary works have occupied the attention of many scholars. When literary works gives urban imaginative reality, and in turn the urban changes promotes the turn of literary texts. It is the textuality that is taken as the constant mutual construction between urban and fiction.
Urbanization and Its Impacts to Food Systems and Environmental Sustainability in Urban Space: Evidence from Urban Agriculture Livelihoods in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania  [PDF]
Wakuru Magigi
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.410130
Abstract:

Urbanisation is the key factor underpinning and catalysing changes in food systems, environmental quality, climate change and agriculture livelihoods in the overall urban ecosystem setting and its sustainability. The paper explores Dar es Salaam, a rapidly expanding city in Sub-Saharan Africa, and shows that urban agriculture provides urban ecosystem services and contributes to environmental sustainability. The interconnections of environmental justice, urban ecosystem services and climate change and variability found eminent feature that influence land governance, productivity and aesthetic value of the city. The study reaffirms the pivotal role urban agriculture which plays to enhance community health services and access to resources, with important implications on urban environmental sustainability and redistributive spatial land use planning policies and practices. The process of urbanisation, forms of urban agriculture and government strategies for enhanced urban food systems in the city economy have been highlighted. Equally, the process triggers the transformation of settlements from rural in character to modernity with an augmented land use conflicts. The results suggests that with increasing population, a clear spatial land use planning and management strategy is required to overcome the challenges and enhanced food systems and urban environmental sustainability in rapidly urbanizing cities like Dar es Salaam in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Modelling the Urban Interface by Using Fuzzy Logic  [PDF]
Havva Alkan-Bala, Taner üstünta?
Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research (JBCPR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jbcpr.2014.21006
Abstract: This paper discusses the validity of the urban interface dichotomy in the urban planning and scientific literature by means of a new approach and proposes a new model. Although the concept of “Urban Interface” (UI) is discussed widely in the context of urban-rural and/or natural-artificial environment, UI has been used in the computer and communication disciplines, as well as in economy, geography, regional planning, city planning and architecture. UI has also been used in relation to electronic traffic control systems in urban transportation. UI between buildings and city is a relatively new issue in the literature. UI is defined with variant paradigms since the phenomenon is uncertain. This article reports on the use of fuzzy logic to create a kind of expert system for evaluating architectural elements in the context of UI. Fuzzy is the mathematical models of verbal expression on the area of specialization. This study is useful because this study shows a way to transform non-intuitive and precise concepts to the measurable and accurate results into a model. In order to create a model, the definition of UI in literature is evaluated and according to this evaluation a definition in terms of architecture is determined. The model of this new definition is created with using fuzzy logic using the Fuzzy Tec software. The predictions and experiences of a designer are represented in the model, which has been designed to behave like an expert person. Therefore, it has been shown that the definition of “expert system” can be added to architectural software. Lastly, a model that can give a fuzzy logic system for determining the quality of Urban Interface with sixteen parameters has been presented to the scientific field.
Rehabilitation as a Catalyst of Sustaining a Living Heritage: The Case of Souk Waqif in Doha, Qatar  [PDF]
Djamel Boussaa
Art and Design Review (ADR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/adr.2014.23008
Abstract: In recent years, mixed use urban fabric has become one of the new concerns of urban planners, urban designers, and architects. In many historic centers, urban diversity has been achieved spontaneously and it responded to the local needs of people at that time. However, today this urban space diversity is being seriously threatened. Souk Waqif, is one of the last surviving historic urban spaces in Doha. Due to the rapid urbanisation following the discovery of oil in 1939 and the beginning of its exportation in 1949, many houses in the Souk have been abandoned to become shelters for low income workers. Overcrowding, neglect, and lack of maintenance have resulted in more dilapidation of the souk and make it look like an urban slum in the heart of Doha. This paper attempts to assess the level of diversity of urban spaces existing in the souk and tries to identify if they form threats to its authenticity. This research is based on empirical research, onsite observations and interviews with the users. The outcomes of the survey and of site visits can inform us about the quality of the area and how it can be enhanced in the future.
Effective Instructions in Design Process of Urban Public Spaces to Promote Sustainable Development  [PDF]
Mohsen Sanei, Mina Khodadad, Farid Panahi Ghadim
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2017.52019
Abstract: Public spaces in cities have long been the basis used for the expression of cultural values and social relations. Cultural and social systems have an old two-sided relation. This means that the establishment and continuity of social relationships strengthen the values and norms; on the other hand, culture determines the conditions and the formation of social relationships. Therefore, to create a bonding connection between people and the city, urban public spaces are the focal points which still need to be noticed more effectively by designers and managers. There are components which help the designers design more efficient urban public spaces and, as a consequence, there will be more vitality in cities. In today conditions, sustainability issues, as the solutions of having better future conditions, can considerably affect these components and give the society the opportunity of having more capable public spaces. Sum of studies in the field of sustainability and the subsequent sustainable public spaces researches mainly express three components of environment, economy and society, among which environment section is more significant than two others, so that the importance of climatic design components has been tangibly noted in public space designing. The aim of this paper is reviewing urban public spaces and sustainability notions and, as the result, reaching to some instructions for designing sustainable urban public spaces which have important impacts on these types of places. By doing this, not only the possibility of getting closer to the identity of cities, but also the necessary ground for the strong presence of sustainable urban public spaces in cities, are provided. The research method is descriptive-analytic and library research method is used for data collecting.
Necessity of Collaboration between Technology and Architectural Design in Order to Develop the Urban Space Quality  [PDF]
Mina Khodadad, Mohsen Sanei
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2017.54049
Abstract: Proper architectural design and appropriate usage of technology compatible with the environment in parts of a city which is called urban spaces, spaces such as parks, squares, sidewalks, shopping malls, leave a great impact on the quality of the urban life. Architectural design itself is born from technology; it means that, architecture is tied with science and technology, and is in direct contact with them. Technological innovations are one of the most important forces affecting the architectural changes. Nowadays, technological innovations are recognized as important and effective powers in development of sustainable environmental design. Today societies are constantly changing in terms of social, economic, political and technological alterations. Change is inevitable, and like all aspects of contemporary life, architecture should similarly offer an appropriate response to such changes for remaining sustainable, useful and appropriate. Architecture should also have a suitable response to laws and regulations of recent issues like safety, environment and energy conservation, and even personal security in architectural space. The purpose of this paper is, primarily an exploration of the concept of urban space, and in the second stage, it plans to review the fundamentals and impacts of using technology in urban spaces. The research method is descriptive-analytic and library research method is used for data collecting.
Descentralizar la memoria. Dos lógicas de intervención sobre el espacio urbano en la ciudad de Buenos Aires
Tufró,Manuel; Sanjurjo,Luis;
Universitas Humanística , 2010,
Abstract: urban space is one of the surfaces where the marks are inscribed to keep memory of the genocide perpetrated by the last military dictatorship in argentina. in the last yeards, various initiatives have intervened on urban space to produce a "descentralized memory" -not exclusionarily anchored-, in the so-called memory places. we began our inquiry by asking whether there is a single recognizable logic behind the practices of "memory descentralization" or whether, on the contrary, these practices of marking urban space correspond to different yuxtaposed grammars. this reflection will focus on the public space signalling policy the buenos aires city government has made, on one hand, and on the actions of urban space intervention made by the various commissions of collective "neighborhoods for memory and justice", especially the initiative intitled "tilings for memory".
Descentralizing memory. Two logics of urban space intervention on the city of Buenos Aires
Manuel Tufró,Luis Sanjurjo
Universitas Humanística , 2010,
Abstract: Urban space is one of the surfaces where the marks are inscribed to keep memory of the genocide perpetrated by the last military dictatorship in Argentina. In the last yeards, various initiatives have intervened on urban space to produce a “descentralized memory” —not exclusionarily anchored—, in the so-called memory places. We began our inquiry by asking whether there is a single recognizable logic behind the practices of “memory descentralization” or whether, on the contrary, these practices of marking urban space correspond to different yuxtaposed grammars. This reflection will focus on the public space signalling policy the Buenos Aires City Government has made, on one hand, and on the actions of urban space intervention made by the various commissions of collective “Neighborhoods for Memory and Justice”, especially the initiative intitled “Tilings for Memory”.
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