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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9447 matches for " urban policies "
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Explaining Design Dimensions of Ecological Greenways  [PDF]
Mohammadreza Pourjafar, Amir Moradi
Open Journal of Ecology (OJE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/oje.2015.53007
Abstract: Design of greenways is one of the most important planning tools in the promotion of quality of life of the city residents. Greenways are necessary due to their major role in increase of air quality and positive changes in the climate of the urban environments for keeping the environmental quality of the cities and considerably increasing aesthetic values of these environments. Protection of natural ecological systems, provision of extensive recreational opportunities for people in urban regions and rural districts, provision of economic benefits and protection of cultural values and historical heritage are the advantages of designing and creating greenways inside cities. The present paper which was conducted with descriptive-analytical method tried to explain design dimensions of ecological greenways in three urban physical, environmental and social-economic systems by studying suitable experimental concepts and samples in the world. In this regard, this paper studied five main goals of designing greenways: promotion of local and urban accesses with greenways, aesthetic aspects of urban landscapes, improvement of performance and distribution of activities by creating greenways, increase of efficiency and environmental aspects in the city and revival of social values considering economic sustainability and in this regard design strategies and policies were presented for each one of them based on these goals.
Matjaz Ursic
IIASS : Innovative Issues and Approaches in Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: Most cultural-led redevelopment projects in today’s global cities are devised with the clear objective of stimulating their economic growth. Redevelopment schemes usually aim to develop consumption services and urban settings to make the city more attractive for investors. In many cases, redevelopment has led to a diminishment in diversity of local cultural spaces in the inner-city areas. Historically and socially important services and institutions like Tokyo’s Tsukiji Fish Market tend to be relocated and replaced by less traditional and culturally less attractive spaces. This short-term strategy cannot really succeed in preserving or integrating local cultures, which may in the long run help Tokyo to become distinctively different from other global competing cities and to benefit from these advantages. The article analyses the plans to renovate or redevelop specific local consumption spaces in Tokyo, and explores what mechanisms and strategies are being used by the involved actors to accomplish their goals.
Entre el Estado y el mercado: resonancias geográficas y sustentabilidad social en Santiago de Chile
Sabatini,Francisco; Arenas,Federico;
EURE (Santiago) , 2000, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612000007900006
Abstract: the authors argue that the results of the post-1973 market-oriented urban policies in santiago have been strongly conditioned by the "geographical resonance," or spatial imprint, of the earlier state interventionism, as well as by the "border spaces" product of urban development between the city?s poor areas and today?s expanding modern neighborhoods and commercial areas. urban policies have no simple or direct impact on the city as implied nowadays by the popular approach of "territorial impacts" of capitalist restructuring and globalization, or in the project or policy assessment methodology, that is part of the private and public forms of urban management. geographical resonances and border spaces could even further paradoxical results, some of which are discussed in the article. the attention paid to these spatial complexities could provide better assessment of urban management initiatives and of the peculiarities of each city
Segregación Residencial en la Ciudad Latinoamericana
Rodríguez,Jorge; Arriagada,Camilo;
EURE (Santiago) , 2004, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612004008900001
Abstract: in spite of the growing relevance of the socioeconomic residential segregation (srs) in academic debates and public agendas in latin american and the caribbean, the evidence regarding its intensity and magnitude, its tendencies, its reproductive mechanisms and consequences, is fragmentary and weak. moreover there is little work on comparative indicators of socioeconomic residential segregation between countries (or even in a diachronic way for each country). in this regard, this document offers some pieces of empiric evidence about this social phenomenon, focused in latin america cities. it aims to contribute in four directions: (a) to advance in the measurement of the srs in the countries of the region; (b) to study its determinants, especially the intra-metropolitan migration patterns; (c) to explore disparities in behavior and life conditions between rich and poor areas, as first step for the study of the consequences of the srs; (d) to revise and to analyze policy options considering the international experience
?Formal o informal?
ARQ (Santiago) , 2003, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-69962003005300014
Abstract: the present article examines the informal phenomena that contribute to shape a city in parallel to the urban planning carried out by institutional actors. several examples and experiences along this line help to cast light on new forms of urban intervention that attempt to recuperate marginal zones of latin american cities.
Estratégias e discursos políticos em torno da reabilita??o de centros urbanos: Considera??es exploratórias a partir do caso do Porto
Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas , 2007,
Abstract: focusing on porto?s case, this paper explores the major guidelines of dominant tendencies in urban planning and management, which, as we know, are strongly influenced by the recent intensification of interurban competition and by the reinforcement of cities? role as spaces of production and reproduction of the logics which structure contemporary capitalism. based on both theoretical assessments and empirical data, the paper sets out the principles and scope of each one of the three generations of urban regeneration policies of porto?s centre and, by doing so, it investigates the major transformations in local urban policies throughout the last decades.
JURA : Journal of Urban and Regional Analysis , 2011,
Abstract: The French policy called “politique de la ville” that was institutionalized in the 80s, aimed to manage social contemporary problems of low cost housing built by the state in the 50s and 60s at the peripheries of cities following grand schemes (“grands ensembles”). Based on the study of the actors of this policy since its beginnings and of its underlying ideologies, this article shows that these districts are managed at present following the same patterns of thinking as the ones that engendered them. Since the 60s, the criticism of these grand schemes of low cost housing carried on by slogans such as “living environment” and “urban self-management” determined an answer from public authorities. However, I argue that these responses used different terms but continued in fact on same track. An ideology of spatial determinism and an ideal of social mix span all French urban policies since the 50s, while the idea of urban participation appears and then fades away. These ideologies were and continue being inherent in understanding the relations between space and society.
Looking at public spaces in contemporary Rome: an anthropological perspective on the study of cities
Monica Postiglione
Academicus : International Scientific Journal , 2013, DOI: 10.7336/academicus.2013.07.11
Abstract: Through the presentation of two case studies this paper aims to engage the theoretical debate on the persistence of public space in the contemporary city, and focuses the attention on the way people practice these spaces and on the policies which are regulating their uses. Starting from the description of different ways in which some urban spaces in Rome (Italy) are used by two different communities of people, one mainly composed by immigrants and the other by young city users, and the diverse ways in which their different practices are seen and tolerated, the aim of this paper is to reflect on public spaces. Observing how city users practice public spaces, and analysing the way in which these practices are considered, are particularly exciting perspectives that can offer an interesting vision of the spatial and social reality of the city and of hegemonic relations which govern it.
Sepúlveda Ocampo,Rubén; Larenas Salas,Jorge; Prado Barroso,Vanessa; Prat Waldron,Bárbara; álvarez González,Jun;
Revista INVI , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-83582009000300002
Abstract: different countries of the region are developing a series of projects to celebrate the bicentenary. in a context of competition for visibility, these plans are intended to promote country image by taking into account the concepts of globalization and neoliberalism. in the case of chile, initiatives are more focused on the future than the past of the nation. it is a turning point for chilean urban policies, where ciudad parque bicentenario, through the combination of basic concepts of quantity, quality and integration, is an example of this forward-looking approach expressed on housing-urban affairs. with a major role of the state, chile has gradually consolidated a housing policy and reduced the quantitative housing deficit. however, this policy had serious urban and social consequences; sociospatial segregation is one of them. the solution to these problems is, then, a task of the new policies. the "i love my neiighbourhood" programme (pqmb by its initials in spanish) is composed by elements that may coincide to those of fourth generation policies, namely, participation, integration and systematicity. this initiative represents an important turning point in first, second and third generation policies; which were thought to address the construction of housing units, urbanization and regularization respectively.
Violencia urbana: un asunto de ciudad
EURE (Santiago) , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612008000300006
Abstract: the city is the space where multiple social activities occur and where new and diverse forms of violence appear. this has been a major research topic in the last two decades, which has been analyzed in addition to other factors with particular effects on latin american cities. however, this has not been considered a phenomenon that is part of new forms of urban life, so we need innovative urban policies that are based in reality. we analyze violence by focusing on its causes and different forms, the city as a scenario for violence, the effects of violence on the city, and public space as a scenario for crime.
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