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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 11335 matches for " urban morphology "
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Urban Morphology: Comparative Study of Different Schools of Thought  [PDF]
Gelareh Sadeghi, Baofeng Li
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2019.74029
Abstract: Urban morphology can be described as methodical analyses of form, shape, map, origin, functions and structure of human-made urban fabric and its process of development over time. According to much research that has been conducted, urban morphology can be categorized as three main schools of British, Italian and French. This study will comparatively examine these urban morphology schools of thought. In terms of forming processes and procedures of urban form, British school is emphasized by scholars as it comprehensively considers the historical procedures. Furthermore, it seems that the methodical studies of British school are more precise compared to others.
Safe Place by Design: Urban Crime in Relation to Spatiality and Sociality  [PDF]
Hesam Kamalipour, Mohsen Faizi, Gholamhossein Memarian
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2014.22015
Abstract:

Different conceptions of crime in design practice, sociology, environmental psychology, and crimi- nology indicate an extensive articulation of crime in relation to the built environment and urban form in the city. Five decades of different studies on urban crime, crime prevention through environmental design, and fear of crime indicate an implicit and gradual movement from deterministic to possibilistic propositions in exploring the relationships between urban crime and environmental design both in theory and practice. Hence, the study firstly conducts a critical review on the issue of urban crime in relation to urban design, planning, and architecture disciplines. Categorizing different researches of urban crime in terms of their propositions and various dimensions of crime prevention through environmental design, the study proceeds to discuss the issue of crime in relation to spatiality and sociality in the city. Moreover, grounding the issue of safety in the context of place theory and avoiding deterministic and free-will approaches to urban crime, the study advocates for the necessity of mapping urban morphology, functional attributes, and spatial patterns in relation to socio-economic condition and demographic profiling. Thus, giving primacy to spatiality in relation to sociality and criticizing the absence of morphological mapping of urban crime, the study denotes the multi-scalar and multi-dimensional attributes of urban crime in relation to morphological, functional, perceptual, and social dimensions of a safe place by design.

Anatomía de la dispersión urbana en Barcelona
Mu?iz,Iván; García-López,Miquel-Angel;
EURE (Santiago) , 2013, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612013000100008
Abstract: there is no commonly accepted definition of urban sprawl, and therefore applied research has worked with different indicators aiming to grasp the diverse meanings assigned to the term. this study measures how the dispersion of population and employment in the barcelona metropolitan region (bmr) developed between 1986 and 2001. the dimensions that were investigated are divided into two groups. the first one involves dimensions of urban form (decentralization, low density and discontinuity), and the second, of urban structure. as opposed to some studies, where polycentrism and linear growth are presented as two forms of sprawl, in our case we contrast the idea of structured urban expansion (linear or poly-centric) with de structured urban expansion (amorphous, chaotic or random), identifying the latter with the fourth dimension of sprawl. the results suggest that population and employment in the bmr has become decentralized in a non-concentrated way and, in the case of population, the density has decreased. however, the bmr has not grown in a discontinuous or de-structured way, but quite the contrary.
índices de qualidade configuracional urbana caso do Distrito Federal, Brasil
Ribeiro,R?mulo; Holanda,Frederico; Coelho,Juliana;
EURE (Santiago) , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612012000200009
Abstract: there has been great progress in the search for understanding and analysis of urban systems, especially with the development of indices and indicators that express the characteristics and behavior offragments of the city. this study seeks to fill thegaps still persisting in that field with a proposal to "stitch" important urban indices, surveyedfrom large configurational dimension, as a way to compose a new vision of the city. the object of study is the federal district, brazil's capital, because of its segmented configuration, is a great experiment, because each segment of the city has intrinsic characteristics. the selected dimensions show in a general way that the urban center of the federal district, composed of the pilot plan and its surroundings, shows better results for all indices surveyed, while worst living conditions are foundfurther away from the center become the. despite this trend, many peripheral cities, which have the stigma of low status, have good results in certain respects.
Legitimidade espacial: uma discuss?o sobre muta??o e permanência das estruturas espaciais urbanas
LACERDA,NORMA; LEIT?O,LúCIA; ABíLIO DE QUEIROZ,PAULO;
EURE (Santiago) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612010000100006
Abstract: the aim of this essay is to demonstrate how specific processes of verticalization -particularly those in urban areas that become physkal supports for shared meanings and are, as such, transformed into symbol spaces for the inhabitants that built them- lead to the disappearance of a particular urban spatial organization, thereby clearly affecting the principles that govern the social practices of these inhabitants, including those related to spatial appropriation (experience). the hypothesis that is put forwards that these processes of verticalization are not spatially legitimate. the theoretical references are principally derived from norberto bobbio and max weber. empirical evidence to support this hypothesis is provided from the casa forte neighborhood in the city of recife, north east brazil.
Morphological comparison of Antakya and Konya’s historical urban pattern
Ay?e Sema Kubat,Mehmet Top?u
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: The present study focuses on the comparative examination of the changes that occurred in the physical structures of the cities through the morphological analysis of urban textures in the cases of two Anatolian cities, Konya and Antakya, which have been shaped through the influence of different cultures in historical period.Within the scope of the study, in identifying the morphological differences, the areas of the two cities that characterize urban pattern features were determined and examined through the analytical analysis method. In these examinations, first, the urban patterns selected from the two cities were compared in terms of numerical values by taking the road areas, green areas and built-up areas as basic indicators. Second, the physical formation and development periods and times of the cities of Antakya and Konya were comparatively evaluated by using aerial photographs, texture map analysis and visual materials such as pictures-photographs. As the result of the study, it was determined that the use of built-up areas, road areas and green areas showed similarities in terms of numerical levels. On the other hand, it was observed that the two cities showed differences in terms of spatial construction and perception. Accordingly, the differences observed in the spatial construction and perceptions of the cities were attributed to their different locational characteristics and to the fact that the cities were shaped through the influence of different cultures in historical period.
Last castles of the transforming cities in Turkey: 'Mahalle' as an urban structure since the Ottoman period
?mre ?zbek Eren
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This paper focuses on the case of 'mahalle' which is a special kind of neighborhood in Turkey, in terms of spatial and social movements in the context of urban transformation of the country. Mahalle has important effects on urban morphology and sociology since the Ottoman period. It has been either a structural part of the urban morphology or social and cultural organizer of the society. These roles and the meaning of mahalle have recently been changing in favor of global dynamics in the transforming cities. The aim of this paper is to emphasize 'mahalle' with its rich potentials and opportunities come through its history. Different districts were chosen from stanbul as case studies in order to analysis these opportunities and challenges. The results show that, mahalle is still alive and has important roles on urban morphology and urban life as a physical and social unit, while on the other hand it is on the way to be lost.
La morfología y los usos de las plazas urbanas y parroquiales de la ciudad de Maracaibo
Velásquez de González,Carmen V; Meléndez Urdaneta,Ledy A;
Opción , 2003,
Abstract: this article presents the results of research which sought to study the public plaza space and its relationship with users. the methodology included the analysis of morphological variables and the ways public space was used; integrating technical indicators and user opinions about the space. results are based on its application in plazas in maracaibo, venezuela. an urban scale typology is proposed.
INDUSTRIALIZATION AND INFORMAL SECTOR IN SHAPING THE CITY: CASE STUDY AHMEDABAD-INDIA
Rully Damayanti
Dimensi : Journal of Architecture and Built Environment , 2011,
Abstract: Industrial activity is a prime determinant in shaping city size and growth opportunities especially in developing country, like India. Since industrialization started in Ahmedabad in 1950s, the city becomes larger and larger in terms of population and size. The growth of Ahmedabad city is highly affected by three urban generators on eastern part of the city. The research’ aim is to identify and analyze the urban shape caused by the industrial activities and business activity that occupy public areas and streets. Since industrial activities became urban generators to change the use of land, from agriculture into developed land, it has affected the physical morphology of the urban areas. The research found that the existence of informal sector on these areas give an idea that industrial activity not only causes the change of land occupation, but also encourages the growth of informal commercial activity.
Componentes normativas de alta incidencia en la nueva morfología del Santiago Metropolitano: una revisión crítica de la norma de "Conjunto Armónico"
Schlack,Elke; Vicu?a,Magdalena;
EURE (Santiago) , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612011000200006
Abstract: increased height, higher residential density and typological differentiation regarding the environment are the main characteristics of buildings that are currently constructed int eh context of the chilean legalnorm known as "harmonic set". considering that this norm promotes the morphological and functional exception of such projects regarding their environment, it is maintained that this regulation could represent one way to regulate certain exceptional buildings in the city: those that today are known as mega-projects. this articule illustrates two moments in the evoluation of this legal norm. in both, the intent to form relevant urban archetypes can be clearly seen. it shows the evolution of this norm and exemplifies this process through cases from the initial period, associated with the compositional vision (1930-50), and a second period associated with the functionalist vision of the city (1960-80). the objectives associated with each period are compared and contrasted with the qualities that currently promote the legal norm of harmonic set. we reflect upon the pertienence of the norm, and discuss the possibilities that this instrument provides today for the creation of urban archetypes.
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