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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9004 matches for " urban governance "
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The Study of New Model for Urban Governance in Guangzhou  [PDF]
Jie Qu
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.52002
Abstract: With the development of China’s economy and society, citizens have strong will to participate in urban governance, but the failure of public participation has occurred occasionally. As one of the central cities in China, Guangzhou has taken the lead in embarking urban governance reformation, and set up a public advisory committee among the people’s livelihood projects to coordinate the relationship among all interests’ parties. This diversified participatory governance model has achieved significant results in practice, but also encountered new resistance. The paper explores the reasons why the Public Advisory Committee (CPA) model is hindered in other livelihood projects and puts forward some countermeasures to optimize the urban governance reform in Guangzhou.
Urban Geography and the Production of Socio-Environmental Inequalities  [PDF]
Marc Parés
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2013.46A2006
Abstract:

In this article we use the Urban Political Ecology approach to show that by analysing governance networks we can better understand the production of certain socio-environmental transformations that negatively affect some social groups while benefiting others. Drawing upon two case studies in the UK, the article explores the dialectical relationships between different modes of urban governance on one hand and the socio-environmental transformations fulfilled in each case study on the other hand. The article concludes that although urban regeneration policies are always constrained by the neoliberal established framework of power relations, policy outputs and outcomes could be very different from one place to another, shaping uneven socio-environmental constructions. Finally, we make some recommendations in order to stimulate the production of more sustainable communities in the future.

Urban Governance in the Changing Economic and Political Landscapes: A Comparative Analysis of Major Urban Centres of Tanzania  [PDF]
John Modestus Lupala
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2015.32013
Abstract: Urban development in many cities of the developing world has been facing innumerable challenges some of which are historical but others attributed to governance. While the changing socioeconomic and political landscapes have been shaping the pattern of urban governance in these cities, studies underscoring the link between central, local governments and the citizenry are scanty. This paper attempts to analyze urban governance in the Tanzanian context drawing empirical evidence and lessons from eight major urban centres of Tanzania. This paper is a product of the study that was carried out to examine the state of cities in eight (8) major urban centres of Tanzania between 2010 and 2013. It attempts to compare governance issues and develop some indices across major urban centres of Tanzania. The data collection methods included household interviews, review of official records, workshops, group discussion and reports from city coordinators. The results show that: although Tanzania has made some strides towards effective urban governance, the level of achievement varied from one city to another. Poor performance was noted on parameters of continued centralization of power by the central government, continued financial dependency on central government, limited participation and civic engagement of local communities in development projects and political undertakings. As a way forward it has been recommended that there is an urgent need to re-orient the on-going local government reform programmes to ensure that true decentralised functions, powers and mandates are exercised from below. This should be accompanied with capacity building to ensure effective participation of key stakeholders.
Desafíos para el desarrollo sostenible de las ciudades en América Latina y El Caribe
Winchester,Lucy;
EURE (Santiago) , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612006000200002
Abstract: the sustainable development of the cities of latin america and the caribbean poses important challenges for the urban territorial policies at their local, subnational, national and regional levels. it requires the convergence in the urban space of the necessity of internalizing the environmental costs (via improvement of the management and governability of the associated systems), assuming and solving social inequities (via improvement of urban habitability and the investement of capitals), and the recognition and approach to economic restrictions related to efficiency (by improving the offer of financing). this work discusses these themes in their social, economic and environmental dimensions, applied to the sustainable development of the human settlements in the region, focused both on present limitations and opportunities in this field, as well as on the regional process in terms of political reforms, implementation of programs and the development of projects. it is suggested that there are certain conditions or factors that systematically fail in the development and implementation of policies aiming at this objective. one of these factors refers to the governability of the system, meaning by this, the characteristics of the relationships between actors (urban management and political will included), and the formal and informal rules of the system. the latter incorporates the institutional and normative frame that governs politics. the other factor refers to the scarcity of development of mechanisms of financing for the sustainable urban development.
Urban Governance and Poverty Reduction in Uganda: Lessons from Foreign Aid Regime of Local Government Development Program  [PDF]
Shuaib Lwasa
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2015.31004
Abstract: Government of Uganda implemented the Local Government Development Program (LGDP) between 2000 and 2009 with support from multi-lateral and bi-lateral agencies. Unlike previous policies such as Structural Adjustment Programs (SAP’s) and Liberalization Policies, LGDP was designed to address poverty following a participatory approach. The participatory approach involved improvement of service delivery where local communities identified, prioritized and implemented development projects. This approach ensured demand-driven service delivery with a performance assessment strategy through multi-level budget framework meetings organized to prioritize and evaluate the project outcomes. LGDP aligned with the overarching Poverty Eradication Action Plan policy by improving services delivery within the mandate of Local Governments. The services included health, education, street lighting, water supply, drainage, waste collection among others as provided for by the Local Governments Act. Funding was provided as Conditional and non-conditional grants released in each financial year for two grouped items of Local Development Grants (LDG) and Capacity Building Grants (CBG). This paper examines the fundamentals of participatory local development planning conceived as a people-centered approach in decision-making and how it contributed to development in Uganda. The paper also critiques the implications of LGDP upon aid withdrawal and its implications on locally generated mobilization of resources for sustainability.
Land Access and Corruption Practices in the Peri-Urban Areas of Tanzania: A Review of Democratic Governance Theory  [PDF]
Said Nuhu, Chakupewa Joseph Mpambije
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.54025
Abstract: The level of corruption practices in the process of accessing land in peri-urban areas is agreeably enormous in Tanzania. The Democratic Governance Theory (DGT) anticipated curbing corruption in land related issues through advocating equality, equity, transparency and rule of law among others. This study aims to find out the extent at which the Democratic Governance Theory is upheld in Tanzania in a bid to fight corruption in the entire process of accessing land among the peri-urban dwellers. The study was conducted in Dar es Salaam City and deployed a case study methodology approach. Primary data employed household survey using questionnaire and in-depth interview with key informants where as secondary data collected includes government reports, research reports, books and articles. Findings from the study reveal that, despite emphasis of DGT’s by the Government of Tanzania corruption is still serious problem in land accessibility. Land accessibility procedure was seen to be complicated, non-transparent and too bureaucratic. Lastly, anti-corruption agencies were ineffective and inefficient, thus fail to check corrupt practices in the land circles. The study concluded that DGT has not adequately helped the country in the fight against corruption. The Government of Tanzania should therefore, consider comprehensive and participatory reforms in land tenure regime, land accessibility procedure and anti-corruption agencies. It is imperative to integrate modern information technology in the process of accessing land, so as to reduce frequent contact between land seekers and government officers.
Urban Development and Water Management in the Yangtze River Delta  [PDF]
Yan Wang, Wei Wu
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2018.62B002
Abstract:
Throughout the history of the world, the development of the cities are related to the large water systems and the ocean. Where the river is abundant, the trade and regional centres could be formed. However, along with the prosperity of the water-cities, massive urban construction and environmental issues are enormous challenges in human process. A “scientific” urban planning, “Sponge City”, “Resilient City”, regional and urban culture and characteristics get more and more attention. The theme of “water and city” is clearly of great historical value and practical significance for the new resilient urban and water management strategies. The paper will summarize characteristics of geographical, historical, socio-cultural and political realms in metropolitan deltas and the historical governance as well as the recent developments in the Yangtze River Delta. It will introduce urban development and water management in four water cities: the canal and the city-Yangzhou, the river and the city-Nanjing, the lake and the city-Suzhou and the sea and the city-Shanghai. And then it will analyze the inner motivation of the interaction between water and cities in Yangtze River Delta. Furthermore, learning from successful historical experiences, the paper will provide suggestions for future sustainable urban development.
Produktive Parallelgesellschaften“. Migration und Ordnung in der (neoliberalen) Stadt der Vielfalt“. Productive Parallel Societies“. Migration and Order in the (neoliberal) City of Diversity“
Mathias Rodatz
Behemoth : a Journal on Civilisation , 2012,
Abstract: Urban administrations in Germany have been governing districts as “concentrations of foreigners”, problematizing them as signs of disintegration and urban decay and introducing policies aiming at their dissolution. Recently, however, programs of city development and migration policy are suggesting that German cities should give up their policies of desegregation and start to view migrant districts as productive sites of “diversity” featuring resources for the “local economy” and “civil society”. The paper argues that the effects of this shift in policies may be twofold: on the one hand, neoliberal forms of governance result in the delegetimization of national-social (i.e. ethno-centric) conceptions of urban order and thereby of a systematic notion of urban state-racism in Germany. On the other hand the details of the new strategies show how the conceptions of “ethnicity”, migrant “networks” or “economies” are to be managed as orders of resources and risks. Under these conditions of neoliberalization, “diversity” may spell out an uncertainty of urban belonging for specific categories of “migrant communities”, whose otherness must continuously be proven not to be a risk to the neighborhood, but a means of productivity.
The challenges of urban renewal. Ten lessons from the catalan experience
Nel·lo,Oriol;
Análise Social , 2010,
Abstract: catalonia has a long history of local level urban renewal. with the approval of the law on neighbourhoods requiring special attention, considerable efforts have been made in order to extend these experiences to both metropolitan and regional spheres. such commitment has led to the implementation of comprehensive renewal programmes in 117 neighbourhoods. the article analyses the objectives, results, and drawbacks of this urban policy, focusing especially on inter-administrative relations and multilevel governance. the text reflects upon the following aspects: the transversal vision on urban renewal; the selection process; the comprehensive nature of actions performed; the role of public investment; the relationship between regional and local administrations; the potentialities and challenges of shared financing; local community involvement; capitalisation of experiences; evaluation of results; adaptation to change.
TRANSFORMING THIRD WORLD CITIES THROUGH GOOD URBAN GOVERNANCE: FRESH EVIDENCE
Franklin OBENG-ODOOM
Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management , 2009,
Abstract: Many Ghanaians believe that introducing multi-party elections at the metropolitan, municipal and district levels would ensure the election of competent people to manage the urban or local economy. This belief is premised on the assumption that electorates are informed and would vote for competent politicians. Using the 2008 elections in Ghana, it is argued that only a minority of electorates vote on issues; the majority vote along tribal and party lines; and based on how “humble” a politician is or simply based on monetocracy. This means that introducing elections into the local government system would not necessarily lead to a transformation of the local or urban economy; greater local democracy is not the answer to the housing problem, sanitation crisis, unemployment burden and the poverty challenge. There may be the need for a new form of local democracy.
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