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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13947 matches for " treatment. "
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Pharmaco-economical aspects of therapy of patients with peptic ulcers on out- and in-patient stages
Sosnovskay E.V.,Nikolaev N.A.
Saratov Journal of Medical Scientific Research , 2011,
Abstract: On the basis of retrospective stratified research of 298 patients (158 men and 140 women) with peptic ulcers, associated with helicobacter pylori, it was established that the treatment of patients of given category in ambulatory conditions has much more advantages from the pharmaco-economical point of view.
Disinfection of Primary Municipal Wastewater Effluents Using Continuous UV and Ozone Treatment  [PDF]
Yaneth Bustos, Mabel Vaca, Raymundo López, Erick Bandala, Luis Torres, Neftalí Rojas-Valencia
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2014.61003

UV radiation and ozonation were investigated as disinfection alternatives for the wastewater treatment plant. The inactivation of total and fecal coliforms using ozone and ultraviolet radiation as separate treatments was evaluated. Different ozone concentrations (3 to 40 mg O3/L) were applied and UV fluencies ranging from 8.5 to 12 mJ/cm2 at different pH values (from 5 to 9) were tested. Best results were obtained for ozone doses near 20 mg/min with removals of 72% and 78% of fecal and total coliforms, respectively. The ozone also was capable of oxidizing organic matter in the effluent measured as COD (the highest removal obtained was 36% for 20 mg O3/min). Maximum bacterial resistance was observed at pH 7 in both cases. The UV light offered a high bacterial inactivation (over 80%) and the lowest bacterial inactivation was observed at pH 7. Finally, we obtained the electric energy per order (EEO, kWh/m3/order), defined as the electric energy (kW-h) required to degrade a contaminant by one order of magnitude in a unit volume of contaminated water, being noteworthy that EEO values for the UV process resulted were lower than those determined for the process with ozone in all the water flow tested.

Factors Affecting Treatment Interruption among TB Patients in Lagos Nigeria: Is There Any Need for Treatment Supporters?  [PDF]
Olusola Adedeji Adejumo, Olusoji James Daniel, Andrew Folarin Otesanya, Temitope Ashipa, Esther Ngozi Adejumo, Husseine A. Abdur-Razzaq
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2016.76042
Abstract: Background: This study assessed treatment interruption of tuberculosis (TB) patients managed by treatment supporters and health care workers and other predictors of treatment interruption. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted. Four hundred and seventy new smear positive TB patients above 14 years of age were consecutively recruited between October 1 and December 31 2012 from 34 (23 public and 11 private) directly observed treatment short course (DOTS) facilities that offered TB treatment and microscopy services. They were followed up till treatment was completed. Logistic regression was used to assess the predictors of treatment interruption. Results: A significantly higher proportion of smokers (58.6% vs 38.3%, p = 0.030), patients supervised by treatment supporters (44.4% vs 34.7%, p = 0.032), patients not counselled before initiation of treatment (55.6% vs 38.2%, p = 0.041), patients managed at private DOTS facilities (50% vs 36.3%, p = 0.010) and TB/HIV co-infected patients (54.2% vs 38.6%, p = 0.038) had treatment interruption. Predictors of treatment interruption were supervision by treatment supporters, smoking, lack of pre-treatment counselling and TB/HIV co-infection. Conclusion: A higher proportion of patients supervised by treatment supporters had treatment interruption than those supervised by health care workers. There may be a need to review the concept of treatment supervision by treatment supporters in Lagos state Nigeria.
RETRACTED: Endotoxin Occurrence in Raw and Reclaimed Wastewater  [PDF]
Guizani Mokhtar, Funamizu Naoyuki
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2014.67066

Short Retraction Notice

The paper does not meet the standards of \"Journal of Water Resource and Protection\".

This article has been retracted to straighten the academic record. In making this decision the Editorial Board follows COPE's Retraction Guidelines. The aim is to promote the circulation of scientific research by offering an ideal research publication platform with due consideration of internationally accepted standards on publication ethics. The Editorial Board would like to extend its sincere apologies for any inconvenience this retraction may have caused.

Editor guiding this retraction: Prof. Dr. Jian Shen (EiC of JWARP).

The full retraction notice in PDF is preceding the original paper which is marked \"RETRACTED\".

A Review of Promising Electrocoagulation Technology for the Treatment of Wastewater  [PDF]
Mervat A. Sadik
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science (ACES) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/aces.2019.91009
Abstract: A review of the literature published on topics interrelated to electrochemical treatment within wastewater by using sacrificial anodes was presented. Electrocoagulation (EC) is a technique used for water and has a great ability on various wastewater treatments, industrial processed water, and medical treatment. It has potential in removing various pollutants such as chemical oxygen demand turbidity, ammonia, color, and suspended solid. One of the most necessities industries is Textile industries which release large volumes of wastewater that contains different dyes. Azo dyes contain strong N = N bond which is not easily broken by conventional methods. The discharge of this type of wastewater to natural watercourse can pose serious environmental impacts to aquatic life. Electrocoagulation (EC) method depends on several factors as electrode material, current density, operation time and PH. The review describes, discusses and compares the types of that electrode influencing the EC process in various wastewater and leachate. Both operating costs and electrical energy consumption values were found to vary greatly depending on the type of electrodes material and solution being treated.
Extractive orthopaedic treatment to compensate for skeletal Class III in preadolescents  [PDF]
Chiusolo Carmine, Gennaro Caiazzo, Luca Lombardo, Maria Paola Guarneri, Giuseppe Siciliani
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2011.12007
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of extractive or-thopaedic orthodontic treatment in mixed late denti-tion in two female patients presenting Class III mal-occlusion and hyperdivergent facial types due to maxillary retrusion. Materials and Methods: The or- thopaedic phase, carried out using posteroanterior extraoral traction combined with rapid palatal ex-panders, was followed by extraction of four premo-lars and application of bidimensional technique fixed appliances (Boston University). Results: We achieved functional and aesthetic improvement via normalisa-tion of the transversal dimensions and a sagittal in-crease in the maxilla while maintaining vertical sta-bility. The extractions permitted resolution of the crowding problem and normalisation of the overbite and overjet, and Class I molar and canine occlusion was achieved. Conclusions: Timely intervention and exploitation of extractive space to compensate for skeletal alterations using only orthopaedic orthodon-tic treatment can allow achievement of excellent re-sults.
Proteomic progress in studying tuberculosis from 2010 to 2011  [PDF]
Lijun Zhang, Douglas Lowrie, Honghao Zhou
Journal of Biophysical Chemistry (JBPC) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jbpc.2011.24045
Abstract: It is well accepted that rapid and early detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and understanding the mechanism of microbiologyhost interaction. Herein, we review the recently published papers related to TB proteomics from 2010 to 2011, including new technologies used in TB proteome research, diagnosis biomarkers of TB-associated diseases, disease pathogenesis and antigens for drug development. Through this review, we wish to offer some help for TB diagnosis and treatment.
Gender Domination in Nigerian Public Relations  [PDF]
Bonachristus Umeogu, Ojiakor Ifeoma
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2012.22020
Abstract: Does gender influence practice? This paper using the theory of agenda setting and constructionist theory of representation assesses the public relations profession in relation to the value, treatment and power accorded to the different gender in the course of their professional duties. It was found out that even though there are fewer men in number, the males have more power than their female counterparts. Also, gender, directly or indirectly influence treatment and value. This paper is highly significant in the face of the global call for equal playing ground for both male and female in all spheres of life.
Echo-guided pin-point compression can effectively repair pseudoaneurysms associated with catheter procedure  [PDF]
Toshiaki Yamanaka, Yoichi Nakamura, Yusuke Kawai, Sumiko Sato, Kazuaki Mineoi, Tadakatsu Yamada, Hideki Okayama, Yukio Kazatani, Hiroshi Ito
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2012.23026
Abstract: Background: Catheter intervention is occasionally complicated by a pseudoaneurysm at the puncture site. Although the feasibility of echo-guided repair of a pseudoaneurysm has been reported, this method does not always repair the pseudoaneurysm. We hypothesized that if the communication to the artery could be effectively closed by pin-point compression, the clot that forms in the residual lumen would effectively cover the communication. We studied the safety and efficacy of the echo-guided pinpoint compression procedure for repairing a pseudoaneurysm. Methods: Ten consecutive patients with a pseudoaneurysm were enrolled. We determined the site of communication by echography with a high-frequency linear probe. We performed pin-point compression on the communication point with the right index finger, and we confirmed closure of the communication by color Doppler. During compression, we monitored echo images to confirm clot formation. Results: A pseudoaneurysm was located on the femoral artery in 6 patients and on the brachial artery in 4 patients. The sizes of the pseudoaneurysms ranged from 13 to 40 mm in diameter. We successfully closed the communication with one-finger compression in all patients. During the compression, we observed clot formation in the residual lumen of the pseudoaneurysm in all patients by echography. The duration of compression ranged from 5 to 40 minutes (mean, 18 minutes). We succeeded in repairing the pseudoaneurysm in all patients using this method. The success of the procedure was also confirmed 24 hours later in all patients. Conclusions: Echo-guided pin-point compression of the communication might be an effective technique for repairing a pseudoaneurysm at the puncture site, and echography is useful for confirming the success of the procedure.
One-Month-Old Female Baby with Symmetrical Hydrocephalus: Treatment Option  [PDF]
Muhammad Shakil Ahmad Siddiqui, Khan Usmanghani, Ejaz Mohiuddin, Laeequr Rahman Malik
Chinese Medicine (CM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/cm.2012.33018
Abstract: A female infant, named Anum 1.8 kg was born on 9th August 2007 at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC) with a big head, Occipitofrontal Circumference (OFC) 36 cm. She was admitted on 29th August 2007 and was discharged on 5th September 2007 from Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre after the management of moderate birth asphyxia. Cranial ultrasound revealed moderate Hydrocephalus (symmetrical) with prominent third ventricle. Treatment and its effectiveness have been discussed.
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