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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3415 matches for " tooth injuries "
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Urgências em traumatismos dentários: classifica??o, características e procedimentos
Sanabe, Mariane Emi;Cavalcante, Lícia Bezerra;Coldebella, Cármen Regina;Abreu-e-Lima, Fabio Cesar B. de;
Revista Paulista de Pediatria , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-05822009000400015
Abstract: objective: the aim of this literature review is to discuss the clinical aspects of dental urgencies related to dental traumatisms, providing more information for health professionals who work in emergency units, such as pediatricians or physicians on-call and nurses. data source: the studies were searched and selected in the pubmed and bireme databases, from the past 13 years. the keywords were: tooth injuries, deciduous tooth and permanent tooth. the inclusion criteria were: articles written in english and portuguese related to incidence, prevalence, cause, guidelines and case reports of dental traumatism. studies about dental bleaching in dental trauma, face bone trauma and reduced post-operative case reports were excluded. data synthesis: the data were briefly described so that it can be easily read and quickly accessible regarding procedures, urgency attention and correct choice for dental and fragment storage. conclusions: the knowledge on the subject, the agility to deal with urgent situations and the correct patient follow-up improve prognosis.
Knowledge on dental trauma and orthodontic tooth movement held by a group of orthodontists
Tondelli, Pedro Marcelo;Mendon?a, Marcos Rogério de;Cuoghi, Osmar Aparecido;Pereira, Alex Luiz Pozzobon;Busato, Mauro Carlos Agner;
Brazilian Oral Research , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-83242010000100013
Abstract: the objective of this work was to assess the knowledge about orthodontic tooth movement and dental trauma held by a group of orthodontists in specific areas of brazil. for this purpose, 166 questionnaires with 15 objective questions about this subject were distributed. one hundred and five questionnaires were properly filled and collected after 30 days. it was concluded that, except for avulsion, the knowledge on dental injuries held by the professionals interviewed was considered unsatisfactory, and about 40% of them were not acquainted with the recommendations for the orthodontic movement of traumatized teeth.
Epidemiologic survey of traumatic dental injuries in children seen at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Jesus, Marina Alvine de;Antunes, Lívia Azeredo A.;Risso, Patrícia de Andrade;Freire, Marcos Vinícius;Maia, Lucianne Cople;
Brazilian Oral Research , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-83242010000100015
Abstract: this epidemiologic survey aimed at assessing the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries in children seen at the federal university of rio de janeiro, brazil. the records of a total of 111 children (aged 0 to 6 years) seen from 2004 to 2006 in the dental trauma clinic were surveyed, comprising a total of 201 traumatized primary teeth. data pertaining to the child and to the trauma such as age, gender, etiology, teeth involved, type of traumatic injury, time elapsed between the trauma and seeking care, and the presence and kind of clinical and radiographic sequelae in the first visit were collected from the dental records. all variables studied were assessed by means of frequency analysis and the chi-square test (p < 0.05). a higher prevalence of trauma was observed in boys (56.7%) and in the age group from 0-3 years (73.8%). the most affected teeth were the central incisors (84.7%) and the most common trauma etiology was a fall from the child's own height (63.0%). the supporting tissues were the most affected. lateral luxation was the most frequent alteration observed (33.4%), followed by concussion (21.0%). coronal discoloration (17.7%) and external resorption (18.3%) were, respectively, the most prevalent clinical and radiographic sequelae. gender had no influence on the clinical (p = 0.54) and radiographic (p = 0.55) sequelae. even though age had no influence on radiographic sequelae (p = 0.41), clinical sequelae were more prevalent in children aged 0 to 3 years (p = 0.03). in conclusion, traumatisms in primary teeth were more prevalent in boys, and in 0-3-year-old children. luxation was the most frequent traumatic lesion, and coronal discoloration and external resorption were the most prevalent sequelae.
Luxation injuries in primary teeth: a retrospective study in children assisted at an emergency service
Assun??o, Luciana Reichert da Silva;Ferelle, Ant?nio;Iwakura, Maria Luiza Hiromi;Nascimento, Liliane Silva do;Cunha, Robson Frederico;
Brazilian Oral Research , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-83242011000200009
Abstract: the purpose of this study was to analyze luxation injuries in children between the ages of 0 and 5 years treated at an emergency service department. a total of 1,703 records, corresponding to a period of 10 years at the emergency center of the baby clinic at londrina state university, brazil, were analyzed. the age, gender, etiologic factors, type of injury, injured teeth, treatment and time interval between injury and treatment were determined for each patient. of the examined records, 409 patients met the study criteria and included a total of 679 injured teeth. statistical analyses were carried out using the chi-square test with the level of significance set at 5%. trauma incidence was higher in boys (57.0%) and in children less than two years of age (40.3%). falling while walking or running was the most predominant etiologic factor (37.7%), and the most prevalent type of injury was subluxation (32.6%). luxation injuries decreased with increasing age (p = 0.045). treatment usually occurred within the first 1-15 days and was significantly associated with the type of trauma (p = 0.041). "monitor only" was the treatment most frequently observed (74.0%). in conclusion, more luxation injuries were found in younger children, predominantly in boys. falls resulting from walking or running were the etiologic factor most observed, with subluxation as the most common type of trauma. treatment usually occurred within the first 15 days after the injury. despite the severity of these injuries, "monitor only" was the eligible treatment.
Avulsion of permanent teeth with open apex: a systematic review of the literature
Felipe G. Belladonna,Ane Poly,Jo?o M. S. Teixeira,Viviane D. M. A. Nascimento
RSBO , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: Considered the most serious of dental in Considered the most serious of dental injuries, uries,avulsion is known as the total displacement of tooth out of its socket. Treatment includes immediate replantation and its success is directly related to several factors. Objective: This paper aimed to review the literature in a systematic way on dental avulsion of in a systematic way on dental avulsion of permanent teeth with open apex, covering various topics such as: reason for avulsion; storage media; time out of the socket; use of antibiotics; splinting time; tooth vitality; presence of resorption and/or obliteration of pulp canal; and following-up time. Material and methods: PubMed/MedLine database and Dental Traumatology journal were searched, from May to June of 2011, and several studies comprising the current and classic literature were listed using the following terms: tooth avulsion, open apex, permanent and case report. Results and conclusion: Twelve cases reports were selected. Cases of dental trauma in open apex teeth may have a good Cases of dental trauma in open apex teeth may have a good prognosis if the following steps are taken: the hydration of the tooth and immediately replantation. It is important to search dental care, even if everything seems solved, and the tooth following-up should be performed periodically as informed by the dentist.
Dental trauma in individuals with severe cerebral palsy: prevalence and associated factors
Miamoto, Cristina Batista;Ramos-Jorge, Maria Letícia;Ferreira, Meire Coelho;Oliveira, Marise de;Vieira-Andrade, Raquel Gon?alves;Marques, Leandro Silva;
Brazilian Oral Research , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-83242011000400007
Abstract: the aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of dental trauma and associated factors among a sample of patients with severe cerebral palsy. the sample was made up of 120 individuals equally divided into two groups. the group with cerebral palsy was made up of 60 patients diagnosed with the spastic form of the disease. the control group was made up of 60 individuals with no mental impairment. questionnaires were used to collect information on individual, socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics. dental trauma was assessed based on the clinical chart of each participant, on a questionnaire and on a clinical evaluation to determine past injuries. mouth mirrors and millimeter periodontal probes (community periodontal index probe) were used to measure overjet. lip seal and breathing type were determined during the clinical exams and interviews. statistical analysis involved the chi-square test (p < 0.05) and multivariate logistic regression (forward stepwise procedure). the prevalence of dental trauma was greater among individuals with cerebral palsy (18%) than in the control group (5%), with the difference achieving statistical significance (p = 0.023). individuals with lip incompetence had a greater chance of exhibiting dental trauma (or [ci 95%] = 3.81 [1.19-12.24]). the prevalence of dental trauma among individuals with cerebral palsy was high. a lack of lip seal was identified as a factor directly associated to this prevalence.
Prevalência, necessidade de tratamento e fatores predisponentes do traumatismo na denti??o permanente de escolares de 11 a 13 anos de idade
Traebert, J.;Almeida, I. C. S.;Garghetti, C.;Marcenes, W.;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2004000200007
Abstract: the objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of traumatic injuries to the permanent incisors and the association with clinical predisposing factors and parents' schooling. a cross-sectional survey was conducted with schoolchildren aged 11 to 13 years in bigua?u, brazil. dental examinations were conducted by a dentist, and the criteria for traumatic dental injuries used in the children's dental health survey in the united kingdom were adopted. the study recorded the type of damage sustained, treatment performed or needed, the size of incisal overjet, and whether lip coverage was adequate. socio-demographic data included sex, age, and parents' level of schooling. a total of 2,260 children were examined, and prevalence rates were 10.4%, 10.6%, and 11.2% in 11, 12, and 13-year-old children, respectively. treatment need was 6.3 interventions per thousand incisors. male gender and overjet greater than 5mm were significantly related to having a traumatic dental injury. inadequate lip coverage and parents' educational level were not associated with dental trauma. the study concluded that male gender and incisal overjet greater than 5mm are associated with the occurrence of dental injury.
Management of root dilaceration in a central incisor after avulsion of primary tooth: a case report with a 6-year follow-up
Torriani, Dione Dias;Baldisseira, Elaine de Fatima Zanchin;Goettems, Marília Le?o;
Revista Odonto Ciência , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1980-65232011000400014
Abstract: purpose: to describe the management and six-year follow-up of a patient who suffered trauma in primary dentition and, as a consequence, presented root malformation in permanent tooth. case description: a 5-years-old boy sustained trauma in primary maxillary anterior teeth due to a bicycle fall. as consequence of avulsion of left central incisor, the boy presented root dilaceration of the permanent successor. radiography and clinical monitoring of the case were regularly performed. the tooth completed its eruption one year after sequel was detected and is currently successfully functional in the arch, despite the malformation. conclusion: this case reinforces the need of long term follow-up in order to avoid any risks of further tooth damage, intervening only when necessary.
Study of the Traumatic Injuries in Children Aged 1 to 3 Years in the City of Barueri, SP, Brazil
Carla Mari KAWABATA,Giselle Rodrigues de SANT’ANNA,Danilo Antonio DUARTE,Marília Fernandes MATHIAS
Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clínica Integrada , 2007,
Abstract: Objective: To determine the prevalence of traumatic injuries in theprimary dentition, and to verify which are the most frequent typesof trauma and the most commonly affected teeth in these events.Method: 1042 1-3-year-old children of both genders living in thecity of Barueri - SP, regularly attending municipal daycare centerswere enrolled in the study. Clinical data were collected and tablesand graphics were prepared for statistical analysis. Chi-squaretest was used for comparison of categorical data displayed asfrequencies (p<0.05).Results: 398 children (38.2%) [x2 = 46.478 (p<0.001)] had sufferedsome type of dental trauma; enamel fracture was the most prevalenttype of fracture (69.8%) and the most frequently involved primaryteeth were 61 (44.3%) and 51 (41.4%).Conclusion: Educative and/or preventive measures should bepart of the routine practice of the pediatric dentist both in the privateoffice and in community health policies. Additionally, this approachmotivates a new insight on the importance of providing counselingand information regarding the possibilities of traumatic dentalinjuries and their undesirable sequelae in children at an early age.
Sequelae of Trauma to Primary Dentition
Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clínica Integrada , 2006,
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the presence of clinical and radiographic signs of injury to the maxillary primary incisors and the children carers' knowledge about dental trauma ocurrence in a 45 children group from three to eight years old. Method: Before the clinical examination, the carers were asked about their children's dental trauma events. After that, took course the maxillary incisors clinical and radiographical examination, excluding the ones with caries, fillings, or pulpar treatments. Results: Discoloration (50.0%) was the most common present sign of trauma followed by avulsion (17.6%) and the pulp canal obliteration (56.3%) was the major result of the radiographical signal. Boys had more trauma recorded than girls and the maxillary central incisors were the most vulnerable to injury. Besides, the amount of trauma recorded by clinical and radiographic examination was bigger than that reported in the questionnaire by mothers or children carers. Conclusion: The results related in this study reinforce the need of immediate attention to trauma on deciduous dentition and long term observation of the developing permanent successor.
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