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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4418 matches for " theories of migration "
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Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: Modern economies have a high dynamics because of the rapid fluctuations of macroeconomic variables and parameters. Moreover, globalization emphasises the interdependencies among national economies, increasing their production capacities but, at the same time, making them more vulnerable to external perturbations. Shocks resulting from this turmoil can be absorbed depending on the degree of macromarket flexibility: goods market, labour market and money market. This flexibility becomes even more important for the member states of some optimal currency areas (OCA) because it considers both the mobility of production factors and the symmetry of business cycle transmission; i.e. the correlation of macroeconomic policies. The authors of this paper intend to analyse the situation of the internal mobility of workers as a basis for labour market flexibility.
The Process of Migration and Integration: A Theoretical Inquiry
Aniella Mihaela VIERIU
Social Research Reports , 2013,
Abstract: Migration has been in the past and will be in the future a main concern for European societies. This subject is important especially because Romanian migration has exploded in the last decades and our country faces the repercussions of this phenomenon more and more often. That is one of the reasons why in this study we analyze this topic. Migration is linked in complex ways to class, gender, generation, ethnicity and other social cleavages, which are embodied in hierarchies of power and social status, in positions in home and host communities, in work and relationships- all of which may be transformed in the course of migratory process. This article is more than a theoretical inquiry on the process of migration; it is a classification of different approaches in the field of migration theories in an attempt to bring some order to the theoretical space. Several analyses of international migration have resulted in the publishing of numerous studies about integration. This paper analyses the process of migrants’ integration relying on several researches from different authors. This article ends with a brief outline of a critical realist approach to migration theory and with a discussion about migrants’ integration in host countries.
Towards understanding international migration determinants today: Theoretical perspective
Predojevi?-Despi? Jelena
Stanovni?tvo , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/stnv1001025p
Abstract: In times of global migration flows and ever increasing mobility of the workforce in the world, the necessity for constant deepening of theoretical knowledge is imposed as a basis for understanding main determinants of this phenomenon, and with an aim of directing the focus of migration researches towards more efficient overcoming of challenges and making use of the advantages which international migrations could bring both to origin, destination and transit countries. The main goal of this paper is to give a critical review on the development of the economic migrations theory, to state the main similarities and differences between various approaches and to point out to the main drawbacks and problems which the theoretical perspective is facing when studying the determinants of contemporary international labor migrations. The focus of the study refers to voluntary labor migrations with reference to migrations of the highly educated population, while the stress is on economic theories, although some of them are closely connected to sociological, geographical and anthropological theories. The development of the theory on international migrations has been started by micro theoretical models, namely, through the conceptualization of theories which place the individual in the focal point of research, who estimates the positive, namely negative sides of moving from one location to another. Economic models on the micro theoretical level cede more space to models of macro structure which research the social and economic structure within and between countries. There are many theoretical models which offer possible answers to the question on what are the main determinants of international migrations on the macro analytical level. Although every one of them tries to give an answer to the same question, they use different concepts, assumptions and frameworks of research. The reasons which bring about the initiation of international migrations can be significantly different from those which lead to their stabilization in time and space. Although differences in the income height, risks, employment possibilities, market expansion can all influence the continuation of spatial movement of population, new conditions which arise during migration begin to act as independent factors: development of migratory networks, institutionalized support to the development of trans-national activities, as well as changing the social context of work in countries of destination. Therefore, in the analysis of contemporary international migrations the necessity arises for a systematic appro
A Critical Thought about the Theoretical Approaches to Migration Policies and Argentine Experience  [PDF]
Julieta Nicolao
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.49015
Abstract: This paper presents a critical thought about the design of the most important components of the Argentine migration policies from 2004-2015, together with the main theoretical approaches which emerged from the different disciplines of the social sciences. This paper shows the growing diversity of data and processes related to the definition of migration policies and the need of analyzing the topics from the perspective of International Relations discipline.
Explicando el paleoamericano y su probable extinción, a través de inferencias comparativas y experimentales
Héctor M.,Pucciarelli;
Runa , 2009,
Abstract: on the basis of previous studies, we searched for samples comprising supposed paleoamerican and amerindian skulls that, in variable proportions, were discovered in the functional cranial basis america 12.sys . we worked with 49 samples randomly selected and arranged in seven sub-samples through seven groups, ordered in a decreasingly paleoamerican proportion. the aim was to build a model that simulates a migration-replacement effect, in which paleoamericans would be gradually banished in function of an amerindian expansion. amerindian prevalence at the end of the test would suggest that the effect considered was present, i.e. the theoretical replacement of paleoamericans by amerindians. only the first two samples of group i contained 100% paleoamericans (pericues and algonquinos), while the remaining five samples of the same group were lagoa santa, lauricocha, aguazuque, checua and tequendama-mosquera; all of them with variable proportions of the amerindian component. it was found that: a) paleoamericans represented 100% at the beginning of the trial, while at the end they were reduced to 2.4%; b) this process was progressively carried out through the seven steps in which the simulation lasted, to be ended at the slowest level. we were able to reach this objective completely because there were so many samples. the gaia index reached 97.6% of amerindian saturation, being the remnant attributed to stochastic factors. this implied that, according to our model, migration-replacement could be the possible cause of the paleoamerican extinction, resulting from a saturation process of the amerindian component.
Theoretical and spatial assessments of labor migrations from Turkey to MENA countries
Selver ?z?zen Kahraman
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper theoretical models of migration and the spatial-temporal distribution and characteristic of labor flows from Turkey to Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries are studied. Middle East and North Africa countries (MENA) began to demand workforce from Turkey in 1967. As a consequence of Turkish investments in some Arab countries, such countries as Saudi Arabia, Libya, Iraq, Jordan, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Kuwait began to demand workforce from Turkey in 1977. Other Middle East countries import workforce as an outcome of their own struggles except for those counties like Libya, Saudi Arabia and Israel. Labor flow From Turkey to Middle East: (i) it includes both highly skilled and unskilled workforce, (ii) workers mostly work in construction sectors. (iii) imported workforce usually works in some sectors which are underrated due to state policies and tradition and in which local people are unskilled and untrained, (iv) labor flow to Middle East has been affected by fluctuations in oil-prices and (v) it occurs from poor to rich countries, it does not occur from structurally less developed countries to industrially developed countries.
The Peculiarities of Knowledge Workers Migration in Europe and the World
Rasa Daug?lien?
Engineering Economics , 2007,
Abstract: The problem of knowledge workers migration is ex-tremely important in the knowledge economy conditions. Scientific researches point out the probability to assess the consequences of knowledge workers migration to the source country’s economy. However there are many mis-understandings in knowledge workers definitions. Con-sidering this the conception of knowledge workers is crystallised in this article. The basic theoretical findings are made on knowledge workers migration as well. There are analysed migration theories which should be used explaining the reasons and consequences of high skilled migration. Positive and negative effects of knowledge workers migration for “source” and “purpose” countries are highlighted in the article as well. The practical find-ings are based on analysis of knowledge workers migra-tion’s tendencies in Europe and the World. As the out-come of theoretical analysis the determinants affecting knowledge worker’s decision to migrate are systemised. The methods how to avoid or control the knowledge workers migration are suggested in the article.
Migration and discrimination – theoretical perspectives
Francisc Adrian Helstern
Sfera Politicii , 2012,
Abstract: Discrimination is one factor which operates amongst many in the social inclusion or exclusion of minorities and migrants. All liberal democracies guarantee fairly unqualified rights to freedom of internal movement and emigration but defend state powers to control immigration. The legitimacy of immigration control has been much discussed among political theorists. Old controversies between advocates of open borders and state rights to limit territorial admission have not been resolved, but recently debates have shifted towards more particular questions of special admission claims and constraints on state discretion.
Theories of Punishment in the Age of Mass Incarceration: A Closer Look at the Empirical Problem Silenced by Justificationism (The Brazilian Case)  [PDF]
Salo Carvalho
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2013.14006

The paper examines three central problems involving punitive social control in recent decades: first, the steady increase in the number of incarcerated people (the phenomenon of great confinement), with special emphasis on the Brazilian case; second, the way criminology interprets contemporary confinement (New Penology); and finally, the lack of a (dogmatic) criminal law theory on the reality of mass incarceration. Incarceration data are presented here as premises in order to inquire about the relations between the (normative-philosophical) theories regarding the justification of punishment and the (empirical) phenomena of mass incarceration. The questions behind the current reflection are therefore about what role criminal theories play in the expansion or contraction of the power to punish (potestas puniendi) and the explanations the justification models offer to the problem of hyper-punishment.

NOTES FROM THE EDITOR: Revisiting Migration
Teresa S. Encarnacion Tadem
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 2007,
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