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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 321 matches for " syntax. "
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Syntax score: The fallacies and remedies—A perspective  [PDF]
Pravin K. Goel, Roopali Khanna, Aditya Batra, Sanjeev K. Syal
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2013.37070
Abstract: The syntax score devised as a tool to grade complexity of coronary artery disease with a view to its suitability for PCI or otherwise on deeper introspection is fraught with some inherent limitations and fallacies largely as a result of the variability in coronary anatomy and the fixed nomenclature of the devised scoring system. We, in this special report, bring out the limitations and fallacies in the same and possible remedies presented as a viewpoint which may be useful to the interventional community at large.
The Syntax-Semantics-Prosody Interface in Legislative Language  [PDF]
Hongli Shi
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2014.53021
Abstract: Though Chinese and English legislative language share similarities in certain aspects, they contrast most sharply in their syntactic structures and representations, owing to a number of social, cultural and typological factors. Traditional works have directed most of their attention to the lexicon, i.e. the collection of technical terms which are indispensable to the working of law, and the analysis of idiosyncrasies of those terms. Not much effort, if any, has been at present devoted to the study of the syntactic properties of legislative language and the way syntactic computation interfaces with semantic layer, which, the author believes, play a more determinate role in the constructing and interpreting of legislative clauses. This paper first attempts to examine the syntax-semantics interface in Chinese and English legal clauses from the levels of recursion, locality of reference and the general principle of economy respectively, and then tries to study how the position and stress of a word affect the syntax-prosody interface and the information flow. In the end, it concludes that syntax is responsible for base meaning and while prosody highlights a part or parts of that meaning.
Research on the Application of Space Syntax in Urban Planning  [PDF]
Xi Chen
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2017.53B004
Abstract:
This paper presents the objective analysis of the application of space syntax in a large scale city design field and possible problems, and then introduces how to use quantitative techniques to enhance the science and rationality of the design on large scale city.
Adjectives in Hypotaxis: Proposed Dimensions for a Description of Syntagms in Modern Written Arabic
Marcin Michalski
Lingua Posnaniensis , 2009, DOI: 10.2478/v10122-009-0003-0
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to propose dimensions enabling a systematic description of biconstituent hypotactic adjectival syntagms in Modern Written Arabic. A dimension is conceived of as a set of homegeneous properties characterizing syntagms. A biconstituent hypotactic adjectival syntagm is a complex lingual sign constituted by two words that are bound by the relation of qualification; "adjectival" means that at least one of these words is an adjective. Adjectives are identified as a separate part of speech on the grounds of their attributive capability and concord with the qualified substantive. Nine dimensions are proposed that make it possible to characterize syntagms with regard to properties of their adjectival constituent, morphological indicators of qualification, linear properties, syntactic function of their constituents and reducibility of a syntagm to its qualificatum. The dimensions and properties they contain can be used for conducting a characterization of any biconstituent hypotactic adjectival syntagm, i.e. determining a set of nine properties it shows with regard to all nine dimensions.
Investigation and Analysis of Urban Spatial Structure around the Train Stations in Kitakyushu by Using Space Syntax and GIS  [PDF]
Jianan Liu, Danhua Wu, Fukahori Hidetosi, Weijun Gao
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2015.51010
Abstract: Although many methods of spatial analysis have been developed for a better understanding and modelling of urban space analysis, there is still a need for exploration of new analytical techniques for modelling urban spaces. Space Syntax models the spatial configurations of urban spaces by using a connectivity graph representation. Such a configuration of space identifies patterns that can be used to study urban structures and human behaviors. This paper tries to present a new methodology to investigate the urban spatial structure by using Space Syntax with the GIS information including land use, buildings’ characteristics and practical evaluations of the potential of the Space Syntax approach with GIS and multivariate analysis technique. Finally we try to offer some recommendations that attempt to improve the identified problems faced in Kitakyushu, Japan.
Flood Resilient Cities: A Syntactic and Metric Novel on Measuring the Resilience of Cities against Flooding, Gothenburg, Sweden  [PDF]
Ehsan Abshirini, Daniel Koch, Ann Legeby
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2017.95032
Abstract: Flooding is one of the most destructive natural disasters which have rapidly been growing in frequency and intensity all over the world. In this view, assessment of the resilience of the city against such disturbances is of high necessity in order to significantly mitigate the disaster effects of flooding on the city structures and the human lives. The aim of this paper is to develop a method to assess the resilience of a river city (the city of Gothenburg in Sweden), which is prone to flood Hazard, against such disturbances. By simulating flood inundation with different return periods, in the first step, the areas of impact are determined. To assess the resilience, two different methods are followed. One is a syntactic method grounded in the foreground network in space syntax theory and the other is based on measuring accessibility to the essential amenities in the city. In the first method, similarity and sameness parameters are defined to quantitatively measure the syntactic resilience in the city. In the next step, accessibility to amenities and the minimum distance to amenities before and after each disturbance is measured. The results, in general, show that such disturbances affect the city structure and the resilience of the city differently. For instance, the city is more resilient after flooding according to accessibility measures. This clearly means that the answer to the question of resilience is mainly dependent on “resilience of what and for what.”
Correlation between SYNTAX Score and Pattern of Risk Factors in Patients Referred for Coronary Angiography in Cardiology Department, Menoufia University  [PDF]
Ahmed Mokhtar El Kersh, Ahmed Ashraf Reda, Mohamed Gamal El Hadad, Khaled Hussein El-Sharnouby
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2018.88042
Abstract: Objectives: The role of SYNTAX (SX) score in assessing the complexity of coronary artery disease (CAD) is well established. In this study we investigate the relationship between conventional risk factors of CAD with its complexity using SX score. Methods: The study consisted of 52 patients with CAD who were admitted to Cardiology Department—Menoufia University Hospitals for elective coronary angiography. The overall SX score was calculated prospectively using the SX score algorithm. Then comparison was done between populations with and without each risk factor. Results: There was a statistically significant correlation between age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia and smoking with SX score results (p < 0.05) and an insignificant correlation regarding body mass index and gender (p > 0.05). In a multivariate regression analysis, including conventional risk factors of CAD as independent covariates, it revealed that aging, having diabetes mellitus and smoking were identified as significant independent risk factors for CAD complexity. Conclusion: Advanced age, having diabetes mellitus and cigarette smoking are considered to be independent risk factors for the complexity of CAD. Therefore, when these factors present, we expect that the SX score of the patient to be high indicating a complex CAD.
Análisis sintáctico funcional: principios, perspectivas y casos
Pinuer Rodríguez,Claudio;
Estudios filológicos , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0071-17132007000100011
Abstract: in this paper a revision of the epistemological principles, theoretical and methodological bases for a work on functional syntax is presented. for this purpose, a representative bibliography of the main functional schools is examined, mainly the north american functionalism as well as the european-spanish one. it is also included an evaluation of three grammatical topics which are described from a functional perspective and illustrated through a pragmatic-grammatical methodology that takes into account the syntactic, semantic and informative level. the most important results show the necessity of continuing advancing in the design of methods of empirical analysis for linguistic phenomena pragmatically conditioned. at the same time, the methodology used must include linguistic and pragmatic descriptors with emphasis on the interaction between them
O fen?meno da focaliza??o e a interface fonologia-sintaxe
GON?ALVES, Carlos Alexandre;
DELTA: Documenta??o de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-44501999000200005
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to describe the strategies of focalization in brazilian portuguese, observing the syntax-phonology interface. i defend the independence of prosody in the materialization of the phenomenon and, for this, i suggest a 'bilateral moderate dissocicionist' connection beetween this two subsystems of grammar.
Argumentos x núcleos focales: el estatus de clíticos que duplican SSNN en espa?ol
Correa, Paulo;
DELTA: Documenta??o de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-44502006000200001
Abstract: this paper presents a generative analysis of accusative clitics involved in clitic-doubling constructions in spanish. it will be shown that this kind of clitic does not constitute a single unitary element, but must be classified in two types, the anaphoric one and the deictic one. whereas the former have been analyzed in early works such as jaeggli (1982, 1986b), the occurrence of the latter may be related to the focalization of a constituent in situ. this analysis parallels with su?er (1995), treating negative concord as a polarity phenomena, once the present work reveals a correlation between the syntactic realization of negative words in negative polarity and the realization of a clitic doubling a focused np.
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