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become another burden on the development unless addresses the internal,
external and natural challenges by Sustainable Universities that provide an
educational, cultural and teaching model through a sustainable development
strategy. This paper tends to illustrate the different challenges of
sustainable development in Iraq coupled with the full ignorance of the concept
and principles of sustainability and suggests a model for a sustainable
university. Although the suggested model is rather complicated, but it is
crucial to encompass the different effects of human resources on the
sustainable development capitals, at and beyond, the university campus.
Sustainable development has become a global priority. While a sustainable future cannot be achieved through changes and actions in one sector alone, education is a key component in working toward this goal. Universities in particular have a moral task as leaders in the ESD movement, and are important catalysts for moving towards a sustainable future. However, research shows that there is a general lack of engagement in, and knowledge of sustainability within the university community at large. This manuscript describes the Goggles Project which used street theatre as a creative way to engage the whole university community in discussions regarding sustainability and the role universities can and/or should play in achieving a sustainable future.
This paper shows how much citizens’ views are taken into account in local policy decision-making concerning the management of the coastal area of the Venice Lagoon. Through the application of a somewhat innovative version of the contingent valuation method (CVM), it is possible to understand how to set a good balance among economic development, the social dimension and environmental protection in a coastal zone. The methodology allows for a clear assessment of the economic value of non-use values. In 2010, an online survey was conducted in the Venice area to find out how local much citizens value two protected areas in the Venice Lagoon. Four hypotheses were tested to find out whether the age of respondents, the municipality where they live, their income level, and the visited and protected sites are factors determining a different willingness to pay for environmental protection. The economic, social and environmental situation of the coastal zone of the Venice Lagoon in 2010 was then compared to that of 2012 to try to draw conclusions on the level of sustainability of the management of the Venice coastal area. The comparison indicates that there have been some improvements in citizens’ participation in decision-making
This article, Charting the Course for Sustainable Small Island Tourist Development, addresses sustainability criteria for small island tourist development drawing on the history of development in the last decade in the Bocas del Toro archipelago of the Republic of Panama in the Caribbean Sea near the border of Costa Rica. Tax deferments for the development of vacation and resort properties spurred a boom in this island locale since the late 1980’s. Tourist Law 8 of the Panamanian constitution is referenced. Sustainability criteria of water supply and availability are suggested and outer island projects are discussed. Lessons are outlined and recommendations are made for permit qualifications that promote sustainable small island tourist development.