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Counterfeit electronics have been reported
in a wide range of products, including computers, telecommunications equipment,
automobiles, avionics and military systems. Counterfeit electronic products
include everything from very inexpensive capacitors and resistors to costly
microprocessors to servers. This paper describes the counterfeit electronic
products problem, and discusses the implication of counterfeit electronics on
the electronic supply chain. We then present counterfeit detection and
prevention techniques for electronics.
Sustainable supply chain management has emerged as a key approach for enterprises aiming to become environmentally sustainable. The study will investigate the kinds of environmental management practices that are undertaken by companies in greening the supply chain and how these practices affect the environmental and operational performance of the companies. The study provides additional insight into the growing field of literature examining the relationships between environmental policies and operational performance.
This paper presents the business model and supply chain issues of Timothy hay business in Southern Alberta. Production, processing, marketing and distribution aspects of the business are described. Research was conducted using case-based field studies involving Timothy farmers, hay plant operators and forage research scientists. It is recommended that further research in raising yield of hay production and a better management of freight and exchange rate fluctuations will be greatly beneficial to this sector of business.