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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1124 matches for " subject "
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The Structure of Explanations and Counter-Explanations of Homosexuality  [PDF]
Fabrizzio Mc Manus
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.24035
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to revisit an ongoing controversy within the so called “Science Wars”; more specifically, I will address a particular topic within the “human nature” debate: the ontological and epistemological status of homosexuality. I claim that, in this particular chapter of the “Science Wars”, we are continually left in an explanatory impasse even when more data are collected, more rigorous experimental techniques are developed, more subtle arguments are offered and more pluralistic narratives are told. My diagnosis of the source of this impasse leads me to the conclusion that here we are dealing with a structural problem that cannot be solved with an elaboration of new models and theories that maintain an on- tology and an epistemology that are no longer suited as an explanans of human nature in general, and homosexuality in particular. Nevertheless, my analysis of the structural features of the biological explanations and the constructivist counter-explanations also leads me to the belief that, although biologists do not fully understand the intricacies of subjects, neither constructivists understand the facticity of evolution and the challenge that it implies. If so, then the subject might be the right target of explanation. And, if so, constructivists might be right about the uniqueness of human homosexuality as a modern, western phenomenon explainable in terms of subjectivities and identities that mold and are molded by desires and institutions. But, if they are, evolution is not expendable because now we are facing a most intriguing question: How is that we humans became subjects?
La figura del maestro como sujeto político: el lugar de los colectivos y redes pedagógicas en su agenciamiento1
Martínez,María Cristina;
Educere , 2006,
Abstract: the articles and publications published in colombia and latin america starting in the mid 90s announced that in the collectives and teacher networks the emergence of the teacher as a “subject of knowledge, subject of aspiration and subject of political action” was encouraged. we could say that there was a step forwards with the two added statements to “subject of knowledge” which had been construed in the pedagogical movement. later, and especially after the third encuentro iberoamericano de colectivos y redes de maestros (ibero -american meeting of collectives and teacher networks), the idea came around that the networks were configuring the teachers as political subjects. but, what does it mean to think of the teacher as a political subject? what is the extent of the reach of the collectives and pedagogical networks in the reconfiguration of the images built around the teacher in colombia? are other ways of being a teacher encouraged? this text aims to answer the previous questions which act as premises for its development.
Enunciar(se) desde la discapacidad
Levín Rojo, Elías;Espinoza, Mariana Denys;
Argumentos (México, D.F.) , 2009,
Abstract: report of a research process about the constitution of "disability subject" that emphasizes that enunciating themselves through media, disabled people can recognize themselves as subjects and generate a space to raise the disability discourse in equal conditions, contributing to build a singular subject, as well as a disability figure subject.
Students’ Subject Choice in Secondary Schools in Tanzania: A Matter of Students’ Ability and Interests or Forced Circumstances?  [PDF]
Joyce Lazaro Ndalichako, Aneth Anselmo Komba
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.28008
Abstract:

This study aimed at providing answers to two key questions: 1) Which subjects are most preferred by students in secondary schools? 2) What are the reasons behind the students’ interest, or lack thereof, in particular subjects? The study employed qualitative methodology using a multiple case study holistic design. The students in the studied schools served as the unit of analysis. The study involved a sample of 18 secondary schools that were purposefully selected. Data were collected using focus group discussions, observation and documentary review. The analysis involved the use of the Miles and Huberman’s model of qualitative data analysis. The findings show that the majority of students in secondary schools preferred arts subjects notably because of the challenges they experience in learning science. The reasons for students preference of a particular subject included the inspiration from significant others, commitment and support provided by the subject teachers, the availability of teachers and their teaching approaches and relevance of the subject to their daily life experiences. On the basis of these findings, it is recommended that the government should create a conducive learning environment, especially for community secondary schools, that will allow students to select subjects on the basis of their ability and interests.

The Outrageous Discourse of Psychoanalysis for Present-Day Academic Institutions  [PDF]
Pietro Barbetta
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.33021
Abstract: In the following essay I’m going to take a radical position concerning the tendency to eliminate psychoanalysis from the European Academic field and the failure of psychoanalysts and relational therapists to defend psychoanalysis from such aggression. My question is why in Italy—just to make a local example, which I am involved in—different kinds of psychoanalytical traditions are not able to defend themselves from this attack while in France, for another example, all the different branches of relational therapies have been able to unite in making a common effort to take a position for psychoanalysis. One of the main problems, in my opinion, concerns the constitutive marginality of psychoanalysis in relation to Academic Institutions. In my way of writing, I will use psychoanalysis, with “P” in capital character, when referred to Academia, and psychoanalysis, with no capital character, when referred to clinical practice.
The Participation in a Research and Study Group: A Collective Discourse Perspective  [PDF]
Maria Cristina Lima Paniago, Katia Alexandra de Godoi e Silva
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.622239
Abstract: This research aims to analyze the collective discourse from members of a research and study group on their participation. In order to achieve this goal, we use a quantitative and qualitative approach. For the analysis of quantitative questions, we choose to use graphics in order to illustrate the opinion of the group members. In the analysis of qualitative questions, we choose to bring the members opinions in a single speech, using the Collective Subject Discourse methodology. Overall, the results point to the lack of time of the members to participate in the group and to the importance of deepening and glimpsing other studies about participation.
Prevalence of Medication Non-Adherence among Psychiatric Patients in a Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria  [PDF]
Chidozie Donald Chukwujekwu, Olufisayo Kola Adesokun
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2017.54001
Abstract: Background: The consequences of non-adherence to prescribed medications by psychiatric patients for both patients and the health care system are myriad and grave. Aim: The study was designed to ascertain the prevalence of medication non-adherence among psychiatric patients and identify factors that aid this malady. Methods: This prospective, cross-sectional study was carried out within a 4 month period at the out-patient psychiatric clinic of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital; using the Medication Adherence Rating Scale (MARS) and a self designed questionnaire containing socio-demographic and psychiatric illness variables. Results: A total number of 111 patients who participated in the study were analyzed. The cohort comprises 22 (19.8%) schizophrenics, 38 (34.2%) mood disorder patients, 24 (21.6%) anxiety disorder patients, 10 (9.0%) patients suffering from substance abuse and 17 (15.3%) with other psychiatric diagnoses (somatoform and personality disorders). Most of the patients were male (53; 47.7%), aged between 21 - 30 yrs (44; 39.6%), unemployed (38; 34.2%), as single (58; 52.3%). The prevalence of non-adherence to medications among the cohort studied is 39.6%. There was a significant association between consistency in taking one’s medications and MARS scores but none between socio-demographic variables and MARS score. Conclusion: The rate of medication non adherence among the subjects in this study was 39.6%. The three most important reasons reported for this behaviour include: Feeling that they had recovered from their illness and hence have been cured, belief that their illness was of a spiritual origin and hence would not be amenable to orthodox medicine and the side effects of the medications. Non adherence to medication increases the risk of psychiatric morbidity and mortality and efforts at curbing this trend must be eclectic.
Determinants of Fruit and Vegetables Intake among Secondary School Pupils in the City of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso): A Cross-Sectional Study  [PDF]
Téné Marceline Yaméogo, Issiaka Sombié, Carole Gilberte Kyelem, Oumar Guira, Djingri Lankoandé, Bazoumana Coulibali, Mireille Marie Déborah Tapsoba, Alassane Ilboudo, Aimée Sankaye-Lagom Kissou, Abraham Bagbila, Apollinaire Sawadogo, Macaire Sampawinde Ouédraogo, Youssouf Joseph Drabo
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2018.81001
Abstract: According to WHO, eating at least five portions of fruit and vegetables a day at an early age is protective against cancers, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. The purpose of this study was to determine among secondary school pupils in the city of Bobo-Dioulasso, the level of observation of this recommendation and the associated factors. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from March to April 2016, among secondary school pupils in 1st Form, 4th Form and 7th Form of public and private secondary schools. The diet survey methods were the recalling of the last 24 hours associated with intake frequency questionnaire. An intake of less than one fruit (or a slice of a big fruit) per day and for vegetables, less than one portion of raw or cooked vegetables per day was considered insufficient. Results: A total of 1993 pupils were surveyed. The mean age was 17.5 ± 3.6 years and the sex ratio 0.7; 75.4% and 90.0% of pupils had insufficient daily intake of fruit and vegetables respectively. The determinants of this consumption deficiency were: Sex (male, OR = 1.7 (1.3 - 2.2)), secondary school (public, OR = 1.6 (1.3 - 2.0)), class (4th Form, OR = 2.5 (1.5 - 4.2)/7th Form, OR = 3.7 (2.7 - 5.1)), the mother (thin build, OR = 3.2 (2.0 - 5.3)/overweight/obesity, OR = 2.8 (1.6 - 4.7)) and physical inactivity (OR = 1.5 (1.2 - 2.0)). Conclusion: The promotion of a healthy diet among secondary school pupils should take into account the type of school, sex, educational level, physical activity and mothers’ influence.
Ethnocentrism and Nation. Reflection on Blocking Factors the Birth of the African Subject  [PDF]
Mbemba-Mpandzou Anselme
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2018.85043
Abstract: The article questions the concepts of ethnocentrism and nation in order to identify the universes of meaning that they contain and assess their relevance in the construction of the nation. From the perspective of this construction, obstacles strew this course and prevent the birth of the African subject, the very one who is the key. The purpose of the article is to give the necessary tools to hatch a national conscience, pledge of strengthening of patriotic bond and citizen. Without this national consciousness, it is impossible for the young African republics to become nations and to embark on the path of emergence.
A individualiza??o no trabalho automatizado
Carvalho, Maria Bernadete de;
ágora: Estudos em Teoria Psicanalítica , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-14982002000100002
Abstract: this article aims to place the division of the subject who emerged from the technical conditions of the contemporary industrial production. on the one hand, it investigates the distinctive features of the modern technical assemblies in order to apprehend its supposition of the subject. on the other hand, it approaches the entropy manifestations of technical working which reaches the workers as solutions found in the movement of individualization. it demonstrates that the modern technical conditions are demanding from the subjects the mark in the body as an active resource of individualization.
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